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General Information
D. melanogaster
Deficiency (3R) Toll
FlyBase ID
Feature type
Also Known As
Df(3R)Tl9QRX, Tl9QRX, Df(3R)Tl9QRX
Computed Breakpoints include
Sequence coordinates
Member of large scale dataset(s)
Nature of Aberration
Cytological Order
Class of aberration (relative to wild type)
Causes alleles
Carries alleles
Transposon Insertions
Formalized genetic data

bk2 hits Tl

Genetic mapping information

The 97D1-2 breakpoint is located in the 6.0 kb EcoRI fragment of the Toll clone (Hashimoto, Hudson and Anderson, 1988, Cell 52: 269-79)

Comments on Cytology

Limits of break 1 from polytene analysis (FBrf0042050) Left limit of break 2 from inclusion of Tl (FBrf0042050) Right limit of break 2 from polytene analysis (FBrf0059186)

Sequence Crossreferences
DNA sequence
Protein sequence
Gene Deletion and Duplication Data
Genes Deleted / Disrupted
Genes NOT Deleted / Disrupted
Genes Duplicated
Complementation Data
Completely duplicated
Partially duplicated
Molecular Data
Completely duplicated
Partially duplicated
Genes NOT Duplicated
Complementation Data
Molecular Data
Affected Genes Inferred by Location
    Phenotypic Data
    In combination with other aberrations

    Df(3R)Tl-X/Df(3R)ro-XB3 embryos show altered targeting of the ISNb pathway. The nerve endings at the cleft between muscles 6 and 7 are reduced in size, the nerve terminals synapsed to muscle M12 are greatly reduced and the nerve terminals synapsed to muscle M13 are expanded compared to controls.

    Inferred to overlap with: Df(3R)Espl3.

    Df(3R)Tl-X/Df(3R)ro80b animals fail to hatch, but have no obvious morphological abnormalities in the gut, nervous system or musculature. The unhatched larvae do not perform normal hatching behaviour; the frequency of head swinging is reduced by 97% compared to wild type and reiterated cycles of head swinging are almost never seen, in contrast to wild type. On mechanical removal from the eggshell at 36 hours after egg laying, the larvae appear normal in morphology and respond to a touch on the side by twitching their bodies and retracting their heads, as is seen for wild-type larvae, although some mutant larvae are slower to respond. Df(3R)Tl-X/Df(3R)ro-XB3 embryos hatch.

    Hemocyte density in the hemolymph of Df(3R)Tl-X/Df(3R)ro-XB3 larvae is significantly lower than in the hemolymph of control larvae.

    Df(3R)Tl-X/Df(3R)ro-XB3 transheterozygotes are Tl null embryos. RP3 motoneuron axon pathfinding is normal, but the growth cone often misinnervates non-target muscle cells. SNa growth cones develop normally but SNb growth cones lose targeting accuracy. SNb ending at muscle 15/16 cleft appear thicker than normal and innervation at muscle 6/7 cleft is often either missing or reduced in size.

    Df(3R)ro-XB3/Df(3R)Tl-X embryos have an altered number of RP neurons. They have ectopically placed motor endings on muscles 6 and 7 and lack normal cleft endings.

    NOT in combination with other aberrations

    In Df(3R)Tl-X/Df(3R)ro-XB3 embryos, 12.1% of hemisegments lack normal innervation of muscle fibers 7 and 6 (though innervation of muscles 15 and 16 is normal), and 29.4% of hemisegments have ectopic endings on muscle fibers 7 and 6 (compared to 0% for muscles 15 and 16). Aberrant numbers of RP motoneurons were detected in 15.5% of hemisegments per embryo, and the positioning of cells is noticeably more irregular than in wild type. The most common phenotype is a hemisegment missing one RP motoneuron in the position of either RP1 or RP4. 86% of mutant animals examined show this phenotype. Embryos and larvae (both Df(3R)Tl-X/Df(3R)ro-XB3 and deficiency heterozygotes) show an average of 46.1% of hemisegments per larva with one or more errors in the muscle pattern. Errors include duplications, missing fibers and misinserted fibers.

    Heterozygosity for this deletion has no effect on the mutant ovarian phenotype of ovoD2.

    heterozygous females viable heterozygous females fertile

    Stocks (1)
    Notes on Origin


    Balancer / Genotype Variants of the Aberration
    Separable Components
    Other Comments
    Synonyms and Secondary IDs (15)
    References (52)