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General Information
Symbol
Dmel\ena
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
enabled
Annotation Symbol
CG15112
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0000578
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Summary
enabled (ena) encodes the sole Drosophila member of the Ena/VASP family. It acts as a processive actin polymerase, stimulating actin addition at the barbed end. It has roles in both epithelial morphogenesis and CNS pathfinding. [Date last reviewed: 2019-03-07] (FlyBase Gene Snapshot)
Also Known As

l(2)02029, VASP, enb

Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2R:19,141,632..19,163,705 [+]
Recombination map
2-88
RefSeq locus
NT_033778 REGION:19141632..19163705
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Gene Ontology (GO) Annotations (32 terms)
Molecular Function (2 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from physical interaction with UniProtKB:O44924
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from physical interaction with UniProtKB:P25843
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:Abi; FB:FBgn0020510
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:Zyx; FB:FBgn0011642
inferred from physical interaction with UniProtKB:P00522
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000128518
(assigned by GO_Central )
Biological Process (23 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (23 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
involved_in axon guidance
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:robo1; FB:FBgn0005631
involved_in axonogenesis
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:cindr; FB:FBgn0027598
inferred from mutant phenotype
involved_in dorsal closure
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:arm; FB:FBgn0000117
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
involved_in head involution
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from direct assay
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Cellular Component (7 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (7 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
colocalizes_with adherens junction
inferred from direct assay
located_in axon
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
located_in dendrite
inferred from direct assay
located_in filopodium tip
inferred from direct assay
located_in lamellipodium
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Gene Group (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt)
Belongs to the Ena/VASP family. (Q8T4F7)
Summaries
Gene Snapshot
enabled (ena) encodes the sole Drosophila member of the Ena/VASP family. It acts as a processive actin polymerase, stimulating actin addition at the barbed end. It has roles in both epithelial morphogenesis and CNS pathfinding. [Date last reviewed: 2019-03-07]
Protein Function (UniProtKB)
Functions, together with Abl, trio and fra, in a complex signaling network that regulates axon guidance at the CNS midline. Required in part for robo-mediated repulsive axon guidance. May be involved in lamellipodial dynamics.
(UniProt, Q8T4F7)
Summary (Interactive Fly)

VASP homolog and SH3 domain protein - acts as processive actin polymerase, stimulating actin addition at the barbed end - cytoskeletal adaptor protein acting in epithelial morphogenesis - implicated in axonal outgrowth and fasciculation

Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
7
Number of Unique Polypeptides
5

Please see the JBrowse view of Dmel\ena for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model

Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.

Gene model reviewed during 5.50

Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0086583
3370
684
FBtr0086584
3669
834
FBtr0086582
3806
684
FBtr0100174
2878
687
FBtr0100176
3446
684
FBtr0114623
4107
980
FBtr0340450
4417
664
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)

3.4 (longest cDNA)

Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0085767
72.0
684
9.65
FBpp0085768
89.3
834
9.59
FBpp0085766
72.0
684
9.65
FBpp0099530
72.3
687
9.73
FBpp0099532
72.0
684
9.65
FBpp0113115
104.8
980
9.89
FBpp0309392
69.6
664
9.80
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

The group(s) of polypeptides indicated below share identical sequence to each other.

684 aa isoforms: ena-PA, ena-PC, ena-PE
Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)

684 (aa); 80 (kD observed); 72 (kD predicted)

Comments
External Data
Subunit Structure (UniProtKB)

Interacts with Abl and Src SH3 domains. Binds, in vitro and in vivo, the cytoplasmic domain of robo. Interacts with Zyx102EF and chic.

(UniProt, Q8T4F7)
Post Translational Modification

Tyrosine phosphorylated on multiple sites by Abl kinase. In vitro, phosphorylation on specific tyrosine residues inhibits interaction with Abl and Src SH3 domains.

(UniProt, Q8T4F7)
Domain

The EVH2 domain is comprised of 3 regions. Block A is a thymosin-like domain required for G-actin binding. The KLKR motif within this block is essential for the G-actin binding and for actin polymerization. Block B is required for F-actin binding and subcellular location, and Block C for tetramerization.

(UniProt, Q8T4F7)
Crossreferences
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\ena using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Expression Data
Expression Summary Ribbons
Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
Transcript Expression
in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
organism

Comment: maternally deposited

Additional Descriptive Data
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
immunolocalization
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data

ena protein is expressed in somatic gonadal precursor cells from embryonic stage 12 though gonad coalescence.

ena localizes to the surface of male germline stem cells facing the hub.

ena protein localizes to adherens junctions and the cytoplasm, from after cellularization, through gastrulation and into the extended germband stage. After germband extension, ena protein remains at adherens junctions and concentrates at epidermal tricellular junctions; it is uniformly localized around the amnioserosal cell cortex. During dorsal closure, ena protein becomes concentrated along the front of leading-edge cells, becoming strongly enriched in spots at leading edge adherens junctions, but remaining at tricellular junctions. ena protein is especially enriched in the single row of cells per segment that initiate segmental grooves and in cells at the anterior edge of the dorsal fold that lead during head involution.

ena protein localizesto adherens junctions.

During the initialstages of dorsal closure, as leading edge cells begin to elongate, ena protein surrounds the cell membrane but is enriched at sites of cell-cell contact and at adherens junctions of leading edge cells. As closure proceeds, ena protein accumulates at uniformly high levels at the adherens junctions of leading edge cells. ena protein localizes to the cytoplasm in a stripe of epidermal cells at the segmental boundary. ena protein is also observed in the embryonic hindgut, in axons of the embryonic CNS, in adherens junctions of imaginal disc epithelial cells, and in the specialized junctions of the photoreceptor rhabdomeres.

ena protein is first detected in embryonic stage 10 and by stage 11 is found in the endoderm and ectoderm of the extended germ band. During germ band retraction, expression becomes restricted to the CNS and by stage 15 is found primarily in the commissural and longitudinal axons of the CNS. During late embryogenesis, ena is localized primarily to the longitudinal axons.

Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
colocalizes_with adherens junction
inferred from direct assay
located_in axon
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
located_in dendrite
inferred from direct assay
located_in filopodium tip
inferred from direct assay
located_in lamellipodium
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Expression Deduced from Reporters
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\ena in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
EMBL-EBI Single Cell Expression Atlas
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
FlyExpress - Embryonic expression images (BDGP data)
  • Stages(s) 1-3
  • Stages(s) 7-8
  • Stages(s) 13-16
Alleles, Insertions, Transgenic Constructs, and Aberrations
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 46 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Other relevant insertions
Transgenic Constructs ( 23 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of ena
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of ena
Aberrations (Deficiencies and Duplications) ( 15 )
Alleles Representing Disease-Implicated Variants
Phenotypes
For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
Lethality
Allele
Other Phenotypes
Allele
Phenotype manifest in
Allele
actin filament & egg chamber | germ-line clone
filopodium & embryonic leading edge cell, with Scer\GAL4en-e16E
follicle cell & actin filament, with Scer\GAL4CY2
follicle cell & actin filament | somatic clone
nurse cell & actin filament, with Scer\GAL4VP16.mat.αTub67C
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0)
Homo sapiens (Human) (6)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
9 of 15
Yes
Yes
8 of 15
No
Yes
7 of 15
No
Yes
 
1  
2 of 15
No
No
1  
2 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (6)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
10 of 15
Yes
Yes
6  
8 of 15
No
Yes
6 of 15
No
Yes
2 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (6)
6 of 13
Yes
Yes
5 of 13
No
Yes
4 of 13
No
Yes
2 of 13
No
No
2 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (6)
7 of 12
Yes
Yes
5 of 12
No
Yes
5 of 12
No
Yes
2 of 12
No
No
2 of 12
No
No
2 of 12
No
No
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (9)
10 of 15
Yes
Yes
8 of 15
No
Yes
7 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
2 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (1)
7 of 15
Yes
Yes
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (0)
No records found.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
No records found.
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (1)
1 of 12
Yes
Yes
Ortholog(s) in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091906TV )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
AAA Syntenic Ortholog
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Drosophila suzukii
Spotted wing Drosophila
Drosophila simulans
Drosophila sechellia
Drosophila erecta
Drosophila yakuba
Drosophila ananassae
Drosophila willistoni
Drosophila virilis
Drosophila mojavensis
Drosophila grimshawi
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG09150CRL )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Musca domestica
House fly
Glossina morsitans
Tsetse fly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Anopheles darlingi
American malaria mosquito
Anopheles gambiae
Malaria mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W0EZB )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X0EYY )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G0QTE )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Paralogs
Paralogs (via DIOPT v8.0)
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (2)
3 of 10
1 of 10
Human Disease Associations
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
Disease Model Summary Ribbon
Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
Allele
Disease
Evidence
References
Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 0 )
Human Ortholog
Disease
Evidence
References
Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 4 )
Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0 and OMIM)
Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
Homo sapiens (Human)
Gene name
Score
OMIM
OMIM Phenotype
DO term
Complementation?
Transgene?
Functional Complementation Data
Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
Dmel gene
Ortholog showing functional complementation
Supporting References
Interactions
Summary of Physical Interactions
esyN Network Diagram
Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
Select Layout:
Legend:
Protein
RNA
Selected Interactor(s)
Interactions Browser

Please see the Physical Interaction reports below for full details
protein-protein
Physical Interaction
Assay
References
RNA-RNA
Physical Interaction
Assay
References
Summary of Genetic Interactions
esyN Network Diagram
esyN Network Key:
Suppression
Enhancement

Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
Starting gene(s)
Interaction type
Interacting gene(s)
Reference
Starting gene(s)
Interaction type
Interacting gene(s)
Reference
External Data
Subunit Structure (UniProtKB)
Interacts with Abl and Src SH3 domains. Binds, in vitro and in vivo, the cytoplasmic domain of robo. Interacts with Zyx102EF and chic.
(UniProt, Q8T4F7 )
Linkouts
BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
Pathways
Signaling Pathways (FlyBase)
Metabolic Pathways
External Data
Linkouts
Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
Chromosome (arm)
2R
Recombination map
2-88
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2R:19,141,632..19,163,705 [+]
FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
Cytogenetic map
Evidence for location
56B5-56C1
Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{lacW}prodk08810 and P{PZ}ena02029&P{lacW}corak08713
Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
Cytogenetic map
Notes
References
56C1-56C2
(determined by in situ hybridisation)
Determined by deficiency mapping (details unspecified).
Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
Location
Left of (cM)
Right of (cM)
Notes
Stocks and Reagents
Stocks (26)
Genomic Clones (29)
cDNA Clones (90)
 

Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

cDNA clones, fully sequenced
BDGP DGC clones
Other clones
Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
RNAi and Array Information
Linkouts
DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
Antibody Information
Laboratory Generated Antibodies
 
Commercially Available Antibodies
 
Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank - Monoclonal antibodies for use in research
Other Information
Relationship to Other Genes
Source for database identify of
Source for database merge of

Source for merge of: enb l(2)02029

Additional comments
Other Comments

dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene tested in RNAi screen for effects on Kc167 and S2R+ cell morphology.

RNAi screen using dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene causes a phenotype when assayed in Kc167 and S2R+ cells: reduced F-actin and altered cell shape. Kc167 cells show change from round to spindle-shaped, with the formation of F-actin puncta and microtubule extensions.

dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene is tested in an RNAi screen for effects on actin-based lamella formation.

ena mediates part of robo's repulsive signal in the central nervous system.

ena protein can bind directly to chic protein. The proline-rich region of ena is responsible for this interaction.

ena has a function in dendritic development.

ena protein is directly phosphorylated by Abl protein.

Mutant phenotype indicates a role for the ena protein in the organisation of the embryonic PNS and CNS. A critical function of Abl is to phosphorylate and negatively regulate ena protein during neural development.

Alleles act as suppressors of Abl mutant phenotype.

Mutations in ena suppress the Abl mutant phenotype.

A screening procedure was used to recover second-site mutations that would shift the lethal phase of Abl mutant homozygotes and Nrt mutant heterozygotes from embryonic or larval stages back to pupal.

Origin and Etymology
Discoverer
Etymology
Identification
External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 78 )
Sequence Crossreferences
NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
Other crossreferences
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center (DGRC) cDNA clones
EMBL-EBI Single Cell Expression Atlas
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
iBeetle-Base - RNAi phenotypes in the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum)
KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
MARRVEL_MODEL
modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
Linkouts
BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank - Monoclonal antibodies for use in research
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
FlyCyc Genes - Genes from a BioCyc PGDB for Dmel
FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
Synonyms and Secondary IDs (11)
Reported As
Symbol Synonym
Ena
(Deng et al., 2021, Ricolo et al., 2021, Baker, 2020, Davidson and Wood, 2020, La Marca and Richardson, 2020, Martin, 2020, Popkova et al., 2020, Meltzer et al., 2019, Enomoto et al., 2018, Franz et al., 2018, Richardson and Portela, 2018, Baker, 2017, Gilmour et al., 2017, Richardson and Portela, 2017, Ducuing and Vincent, 2016, Rogers et al., 2016, Flores-Benitez and Knust, 2015, Gaspar et al., 2015, Loya et al., 2014, Lu et al., 2014, Nowotarski et al., 2014, Wang et al., 2014, Winkelman et al., 2014, Huelsmann et al., 2013, Lucas et al., 2013, Matsui and Lai, 2013, Sander et al., 2013, Weavers and Skaer, 2013, Coló et al., 2012, Förster and Luschnig, 2012, Gates, 2012, Najafov et al., 2012, Nose, 2012, Wang et al., 2012, Laplante and Nilson, 2011, Razzell et al., 2011, Tucker et al., 2011, Oliva and Sierralta, 2010, Rousset et al., 2010, Sánchez-Soriano et al., 2010, Delon and Brown, 2009, Fricke et al., 2009, Loya et al., 2009, Mulinari and Häcker, 2009, Alves-Silva et al., 2008, Homem and Peifer, 2008, Nowotarski et al., 2008, Santiago-Martínez et al., 2008, Stevens et al., 2008, Vernier and Stevens, 2008, Vincent et al., 2008, Artabazon et al., 2007, Gates et al., 2007, Johnson et al., 2006, Price et al., 2006, Bogdan et al., 2005, Leyssen et al., 2005, Martin et al., 2005, Merianda et al., 2005, Biyasheva et al., 2004, Martin et al., 2004, Baas and Luo, 2001, Bateman and Van Vactor, 2001, Baum et al., 2001, Giger and Kolodkin, 2001, Grevengoed et al., 2001, Ramel and Katz, 2001, Suzuki et al., 2001, Bashaw et al., 2000, De Strooper and Annaert, 2000, Lin and Greenberg, 2000, Machesky, 2000, Takagi et al., 2000, Ui-Tei and Miyata, 2000, Andersen, 1999, Gallo and Letourneau, 1999, Garrity, 1999, Siegrist et al., 1998, Wills et al., 1998, Wills et al., 1998)
ena
(DeAngelis et al., 2021, Dobramysl et al., 2021, Onur et al., 2021, Deng et al., 2020, Feuillette et al., 2020, Kiss et al., 2020, López-Gay et al., 2020, McNeill et al., 2020, Meltzer and Schuldiner, 2020.6.25, Ueoka et al., 2020, Wolterhoff et al., 2020, Bernardoni et al., 2019, Deshpande et al., 2019, Myat et al., 2019, Ohsawa, 2019, Yolland et al., 2019, Baranski et al., 2018, Forest et al., 2018, Gene Disruption Project members, 2018-, Hao et al., 2018, Ikawa and Sugimura, 2018, Mortensen et al., 2018, Nithianandam and Chien, 2018, Pinheiro et al., 2017, Qu et al., 2017, Taylor et al., 2017, Yang and Veraksa, 2017, Becker et al., 2016, Clandinin and Owens, 2016-, Harris, 2016.8.24, Sakuma et al., 2016, Segal et al., 2016, Squarr et al., 2016, Horan et al., 2015, Ashwal-Fluss et al., 2014, Bassett et al., 2014, Chen et al., 2014, Huelsmann, 2014.12.18, Nowotarsky and Peifer, 2014.10.31, Pézeron et al., 2014, Rudrapatna et al., 2014, Kwon et al., 2013, Kwon et al., 2013, Lucas et al., 2013, Newquist et al., 2013, Sano et al., 2012, Srinivasan et al., 2012, Takahashi et al., 2012, Becam et al., 2011, Choi et al., 2011, Friedman et al., 2011, Gervais and Casanova, 2011, Gonçalves-Pimentel et al., 2011, Kuzina et al., 2011, Tucker et al., 2011, Xiong and Rebay, 2011, Blanco et al., 2010, Gervais and Casanova, 2010, Gettings et al., 2010, Merdes, 2010.2.24, Song et al., 2010, Yu et al., 2010, Gates et al., 2009, Homem and Peifer, 2009, Johnson and Cagan, 2009, Lin et al., 2009, Nowotarski and Peifer, 2009.9.30, Dimitrova et al., 2008, FlyBase Curators, 2008-, Lyulcheva et al., 2008, Matusek et al., 2008, Prokopenko and Chia, 2008, Rezával et al., 2008, Song et al., 2008, Corrigall et al., 2007, Fox and Peifer, 2007, Gates et al., 2007, Joly et al., 2007, Prokopenko and Chia, 2007, Riedl et al., 2007, Stuart et al., 2007, Yang and Bashaw, 2006, Keleman et al., 2005, Li et al., 2005, Martin et al., 2005, Ayoob et al., 2004, Stanyon et al., 2004)
Secondary FlyBase IDs
  • FBgn0010503
  • FBgn0063438
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