General Information
Symbol
Dmel\ena
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
enabled
Annotation Symbol
CG15112
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0000578
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
Enabled is the sole Drosophila member of the Ena/VASP family. It acts as a processive actin polymerase, stimulating actin addition at the barbed end. It has roles in both epithelial morphogenesis and CNS pathfinding. [Date last reviewed: 2016-08-25]
Also Known As
l(2)02029, enb, VASP
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2R:19,141,632..19,163,705 [+]
Recombination map
2-88
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
GO Summary Ribbons
Families, Domains and Molecular Function
Gene Group Membership (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt, Sequence Similarities)
Belongs to the Ena/VASP family. (Q8T4F7)
Molecular Function (see GO section for details)
Experimental Evidence
Predictions / Assertions
Summaries
UniProt Contributed Function Data
Functions, together with Abl, trio and fra, in a complex signaling network that regulates axon guidance at the CNS midline. Required in part for robo-mediated repulsive axon guidance. May be involved in lamellipodial dynamics.
(UniProt, Q8T4F7)
Interactive Fly
VASP homolog and SH3 domain protein - acts as processive actin polymerase, stimulating actin addition at the barbed end - cytoskeletal adaptor protein acting in epithelial morphogenesis - implicated in axonal outgrowth and fasciculation
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
7
Number of Unique Polypeptides
5

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\ena or the JBrowse view of Dmel\ena for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model
Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.
Gene model reviewed during 5.50
Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0086583
3370
684
FBtr0086584
3669
834
FBtr0086582
3806
684
FBtr0100174
2878
687
FBtr0100176
3446
684
FBtr0114623
4107
980
FBtr0340450
4417
664
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
3.4 (longest cDNA)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0085767
72.0
684
9.65
FBpp0085768
89.3
834
9.59
FBpp0085766
72.0
684
9.65
FBpp0099530
72.3
687
9.73
FBpp0099532
72.0
684
9.65
FBpp0113115
104.8
980
9.89
FBpp0309392
69.6
664
9.80
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

The group(s) of polypeptides indicated below share identical sequence to each other.

684 aa isoforms: ena-PA, ena-PC, ena-PE
Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
684 (aa); 80 (kD observed); 72 (kD predicted)
Comments
External Data
Subunit Structure (UniProtKB)
Interacts with Abl and Src SH3 domains. Binds, in vitro and in vivo, the cytoplasmic domain of robo. Interacts with Zyx102EF and chic.
(UniProt, Q8T4F7)
Post Translational Modification
Tyrosine phosphorylated on multiple sites by Abl kinase. In vitro, phosphorylation on specific tyrosine residues inhibits interaction with Abl and Src SH3 domains.
(UniProt, Q8T4F7)
Domain
The EVH2 domain is comprised of 3 regions. Block A is a thymosin-like domain required for G-actin binding. The KLKR motif within this block is essential for the G-actin binding and for actin polymerization. Block B is required for F-actin binding and subcellular location, and Block C for tetramerization.
(UniProt, Q8T4F7)
Crossreferences
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\ena using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (37 terms)
Molecular Function (3 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from physical interaction with UniProtKB:O44924
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:Zyx; FB:FBgn0011642
inferred from physical interaction with UniProtKB:P25843
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:Abi; FB:FBgn0020510
inferred from physical interaction with UniProtKB:P00522
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from sequence or structural similarity
Biological Process (26 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (24 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:robo1; FB:FBgn0005631
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:arm; FB:FBgn0000117
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from direct assay
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Cellular Component (8 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (8 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Expression Data
Expression Summary Ribbons
Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
Transcript Expression
in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
organism

Comment: maternally deposited

Additional Descriptive Data
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
immunolocalization
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
ena protein is expressed in somatic gonadal precursor cells from embryonic stage 12 though gonad coalescence.
ena protein localizesto adherens junctions.
During the initialstages of dorsal closure, as leading edge cells begin to elongate, ena protein surrounds the cell membrane but is enriched at sites of cell-cell contact and at adherens junctions of leading edge cells. As closure proceeds, ena protein accumulates at uniformly high levels at the adherens junctions of leading edge cells. ena protein localizes to the cytoplasm in a stripe of epidermal cells at the segmental boundary. ena protein is also observed in the embryonic hindgut, in axons of the embryonic CNS, in adherens junctions of imaginal disc epithelial cells, and in the specialized junctions of the photoreceptor rhabdomeres.
ena protein is first detected in embryonic stage 10 and by stage 11 is found in the endoderm and ectoderm of the extended germ band. During germ band retraction, expression becomes restricted to the CNS and by stage 15 is found primarily in the commissural and longitudinal axons of the CNS. During late embryogenesis, ena is localized primarily to the longitudinal axons.
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Expression Deduced from Reporters
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\ena in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
FlyExpress - Embryonic expression images (BDGP data)
  • Stages(s) 1-3
  • Stages(s) 7-8
  • Stages(s) 13-16
Alleles, Insertions, and Transgenic Constructs
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 42 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Allele of ena
Class
Mutagen
Associated Insertion
Stocks
Known lesion
    Yes
      0
      --
        0
        --
          0
          --
            0
            --
            Other relevant insertions
            insertion of mobile activating element
            Name
            Expression Data
            Transgenic Constructs ( 21 )
            For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
            Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of ena
            Allele of ena
            Mutagen
            Associated Transgenic Construct
            Stocks
            Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of ena
            Deletions and Duplications ( 15 )
            Phenotypes
            For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
            Lethality
            Allele
            Other Phenotypes
            Allele
            Phenotype manifest in
            Allele
            actin filament & egg chamber | germ-line clone
            filopodium & embryonic leading edge cell, with Scer\GAL4en-e16E
            follicle cell & actin filament, with Scer\GAL4CY2
            follicle cell & actin filament | somatic clone
            nurse cell & actin filament, with Scer\GAL4VP16.mat.αTub67C
            Orthologs
            Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
            Homo sapiens (Human) (4)
            Species\Gene Symbol
            Score
            Best Score
            Best Reverse Score
            Alignment
            Complementation?
            Transgene?
            9 of 15
            Yes
            Yes
            6 of 15
            No
            Yes
            5 of 15
            No
            Yes
             
             
            1 of 15
            No
            No
            Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
            Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (4)
            Species\Gene Symbol
            Score
            Best Score
            Best Reverse Score
            Alignment
            Complementation?
            Transgene?
            Mmus\Enah
            10 of 15
            Yes
            Yes
            5 of 15
            No
            Yes
            4 of 15
            No
            Yes
            1 of 15
            No
            No
            Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (3)
            6 of 13
            Yes
            Yes
            4 of 13
            No
            Yes
            3 of 13
            No
            Yes
            Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (3)
            3 of 12
            Yes
            Yes
            3 of 12
            Yes
            Yes
            3 of 12
            Yes
            Yes
            Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (5)
            9 of 15
            Yes
            Yes
            6 of 15
            No
            Yes
            5 of 15
            No
            Yes
            4 of 15
            No
            Yes
            1 of 15
            No
            Yes
            Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (1)
            6 of 15
            Yes
            Yes
            Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (0)
            No orthologs reported.
            Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
            No orthologs reported.
            Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (1)
            1 of 12
            Yes
            Yes
            Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091906TV )
            Organism
            Common Name
            Gene
            AAA Syntenic Ortholog
            Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
            Drosophila melanogaster
            fruit fly
            Drosophila suzukii
            Spotted wing Drosophila
            Drosophila simulans
            Drosophila sechellia
            Drosophila erecta
            Drosophila yakuba
            Drosophila ananassae
            Drosophila willistoni
            Drosophila virilis
            Drosophila mojavensis
            Drosophila grimshawi
            Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG09150CRL )
            Organism
            Common Name
            Gene
            Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
            Musca domestica
            House fly
            Glossina morsitans
            Tsetse fly
            Lucilia cuprina
            Australian sheep blowfly
            Mayetiola destructor
            Hessian fly
            Aedes aegypti
            Yellow fever mosquito
            Anopheles darlingi
            American malaria mosquito
            Anopheles gambiae
            Malaria mosquito
            Culex quinquefasciatus
            Southern house mosquito
            Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W0EZB )
            Organism
            Common Name
            Gene
            Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
            Bombyx mori
            Silkmoth
            Danaus plexippus
            Monarch butterfly
            Heliconius melpomene
            Postman butterfly
            Apis florea
            Little honeybee
            Apis mellifera
            Western honey bee
            Bombus impatiens
            Common eastern bumble bee
            Bombus terrestris
            Buff-tailed bumblebee
            Linepithema humile
            Argentine ant
            Megachile rotundata
            Alfalfa leafcutting bee
            Nasonia vitripennis
            Parasitic wasp
            Dendroctonus ponderosae
            Mountain pine beetle
            Tribolium castaneum
            Red flour beetle
            Pediculus humanus
            Human body louse
            Rhodnius prolixus
            Kissing bug
            Rhodnius prolixus
            Kissing bug
            Cimex lectularius
            Bed bug
            Cimex lectularius
            Bed bug
            Cimex lectularius
            Bed bug
            Cimex lectularius
            Bed bug
            Acyrthosiphon pisum
            Pea aphid
            Zootermopsis nevadensis
            Nevada dampwood termite
            Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X0EYY )
            Organism
            Common Name
            Gene
            Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
            Strigamia maritima
            European centipede
            Ixodes scapularis
            Black-legged tick
            Stegodyphus mimosarum
            African social velvet spider
            Stegodyphus mimosarum
            African social velvet spider
            Tetranychus urticae
            Two-spotted spider mite
            Daphnia pulex
            Water flea
            Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G0QTE )
            Organism
            Common Name
            Gene
            Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
            Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
            Purple sea urchin
            Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
            Purple sea urchin
            Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
            Purple sea urchin
            Ciona intestinalis
            Vase tunicate
            Gallus gallus
            Domestic chicken
            Gallus gallus
            Domestic chicken
            Human Disease Model Data
            FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
              Alleles Reported to Model Human Disease (Disease Ontology)
              Download
              Models ( 0 )
              Allele
              Disease
              Evidence
              References
              Interactions ( 0 )
              Allele
              Disease
              Interaction
              References
              Comments ( 0 )
               
              Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
              Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
              Homo sapiens (Human)
              Gene name
              Score
              OMIM
              OMIM Phenotype
              Complementation?
              Transgene?
              Functional Complementation Data
              Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
              Dmel gene
              Ortholog showing functional complementation
              Supporting References
              Interactions
              Summary of Physical Interactions
              esyN Network Diagram
              Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
              Select Layout:
              Legend:
              Protein
              RNA
              Selected Interactor(s)
              Interactions Browser

              Please look at the Interaction Group reports for full details of the physical interactions
              protein-protein
              Interacting group
              Assay
              References
              RNA-RNA
              Interacting group
              Assay
              References
              Summary of Genetic Interactions
              esyN Network Diagram
              esyN Network Key:
              Suppression
              Enhancement

              Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
              Starting gene(s)
              Interaction type
              Interacting gene(s)
              Reference
              Starting gene(s)
              Interaction type
              Interacting gene(s)
              Reference
              External Data
              Subunit Structure (UniProtKB)
              Interacts with Abl and Src SH3 domains. Binds, in vitro and in vivo, the cytoplasmic domain of robo. Interacts with Zyx102EF and chic.
              (UniProt, Q8T4F7 )
              Linkouts
              BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
              DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
              InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
              Pathways
              Gene Group - Pathway Membership (FlyBase)
              External Data
              Linkouts
              Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
              Chromosome (arm)
              2R
              Recombination map
              2-88
              Cytogenetic map
              Sequence location
              2R:19,141,632..19,163,705 [+]
              FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
              Cytogenetic map
              Evidence for location
              56B5-56C1
              Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{lacW}prodk08810 and P{PZ}ena02029&P{lacW}corak08713
              Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
              Cytogenetic map
              Notes
              References
              56C1-56C2
              (determined by in situ hybridisation)
              Determined by deficiency mapping (details unspecified).
              Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
              Location
              Left of (cM)
              Right of (cM)
              Notes
              Stocks and Reagents
              Stocks (27)
              Genomic Clones (29)
              cDNA Clones (90)
               

              Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

              cDNA clones, fully sequences
              BDGP DGC clones
              Other clones
              Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

              For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

              cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
              RNAi and Array Information
              Linkouts
              DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
              GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
              Antibody Information
              Laboratory Generated Antibodies
               
              Commercially Available Antibodies
               
              Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank - Monoclonal antibodies for use in research
              Other Information
              Relationship to Other Genes
              Source for database identify of
              Source for database merge of
              Source for merge of: enb l(2)02029
              Additional comments
              Other Comments
              dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene tested in RNAi screen for effects on Kc167 and S2R+ cell morphology.
              RNAi screen using dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene causes a phenotype when assayed in Kc167 and S2R+ cells: reduced F-actin and altered cell shape. Kc167 cells show change from round to spindle-shaped, with the formation of F-actin puncta and microtubule extensions.
              dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene is tested in an RNAi screen for effects on actin-based lamella formation.
              ena mediates part of robo's repulsive signal in the central nervous system.
              ena protein can bind directly to chic protein. The proline-rich region of ena is responsible for this interaction.
              ena has a function in dendritic development.
              ena protein is directly phosphorylated by Abl protein.
              Mutant phenotype indicates a role for the ena protein in the organisation of the embryonic PNS and CNS. A critical function of Abl is to phosphorylate and negatively regulate ena protein during neural development.
              Alleles act as suppressors of Abl mutant phenotype.
              Mutations in ena suppress the Abl mutant phenotype.
              A screening procedure was used to recover second-site mutations that would shift the lethal phase of Abl mutant homozygotes and Nrt mutant heterozygotes from embryonic or larval stages back to pupal.
              Origin and Etymology
              Discoverer
              Etymology
              Identification
              External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 78 )
              Sequence Crossreferences
              NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
              GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
              RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
              UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
              UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
              Other crossreferences
              BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
              Linkouts
              BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
              Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones
              DPiM - Drosophila Protein interaction map
              DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
              DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
              Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank - Monoclonal antibodies for use in research
              Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
              FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
              FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
              FlyCyc Genes - Genes from a BioCyc PGDB for Dmel
              Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
              Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
              FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
              GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
              iBeetle-Base - RNAi phenotypes in the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum)
              Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
              InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
              KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
              MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
              MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
              modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
              Synonyms and Secondary IDs (11)
              Reported As
              Symbol Synonym
              Ena
              (Enomoto et al., 2018, Franz et al., 2018, Richardson and Portela, 2018, Baker, 2017, Gilmour et al., 2017, Richardson and Portela, 2017, Ducuing and Vincent, 2016, Rogers et al., 2016, Flores-Benitez and Knust, 2015, Gaspar et al., 2015, Loya et al., 2014, Lu et al., 2014, Nowotarski et al., 2014, Wang et al., 2014, Winkelman et al., 2014, Huelsmann et al., 2013, Lucas et al., 2013, Matsui and Lai, 2013, Sander et al., 2013, Weavers and Skaer, 2013, Coló et al., 2012, Förster and Luschnig, 2012, Gates, 2012, Najafov et al., 2012, Nose, 2012, Wang et al., 2012, Laplante and Nilson, 2011, Razzell et al., 2011, Tucker et al., 2011, Oliva and Sierralta, 2010, Rousset et al., 2010, Sánchez-Soriano et al., 2010, Delon and Brown, 2009, Fricke et al., 2009, Loya et al., 2009, Mulinari and Häcker, 2009, Alves-Silva et al., 2008, Homem and Peifer, 2008, Nowotarski et al., 2008, Santiago-Martínez et al., 2008, Stevens et al., 2008, Vernier and Stevens, 2008, Vincent et al., 2008, Artabazon et al., 2007, Gates et al., 2007, Johnson et al., 2006, Price et al., 2006, Bogdan et al., 2005, Leyssen et al., 2005, Martin et al., 2005, Merianda et al., 2005, Biyasheva et al., 2004, Martin et al., 2004, Baas and Luo, 2001, Bateman and Van Vactor, 2001, Baum et al., 2001, Giger and Kolodkin, 2001, Grevengoed et al., 2001, Ramel and Katz, 2001, Suzuki et al., 2001, Bashaw et al., 2000, De Strooper and Annaert, 2000, Lin and Greenberg, 2000, Machesky, 2000, Takagi et al., 2000, Ui-Tei and Miyata, 2000, Andersen, 1999, Gallo and Letourneau, 1999, Garrity, 1999, Siegrist et al., 1998, Wills et al., 1998, Wills et al., 1998)
              ena
              (Baranski et al., 2018, Forest et al., 2018, Gene Disruption Project members, 2018-, Ikawa and Sugimura, 2018, Mortensen et al., 2018, Qu et al., 2017, Taylor et al., 2017, Yang and Veraksa, 2017, Becker et al., 2016, Clandinin and Owens, 2016-, Harris, 2016.8.24, Sakuma et al., 2016, Segal et al., 2016, Squarr et al., 2016, Horan et al., 2015, Ashwal-Fluss et al., 2014, Bassett et al., 2014, Chen et al., 2014, Huelsmann, 2014.12.18, Nowotarsky and Peifer, 2014.10.31, Pézeron et al., 2014, Rudrapatna et al., 2014, Kwon et al., 2013, Kwon et al., 2013, Lucas et al., 2013, Newquist et al., 2013, Sano et al., 2012, Takahashi et al., 2012, Becam et al., 2011, Choi et al., 2011, Friedman et al., 2011, Gervais and Casanova, 2011, Gonçalves-Pimentel et al., 2011, Kuzina et al., 2011, Tucker et al., 2011, Xiong and Rebay, 2011, Blanco et al., 2010, Gervais and Casanova, 2010, Gettings et al., 2010, Merdes, 2010.2.24, Song et al., 2010, Yu et al., 2010, Gates et al., 2009, Homem and Peifer, 2009, Johnson and Cagan, 2009, Lin et al., 2009, Nowotarski and Peifer, 2009.9.30, Dimitrova et al., 2008, FlyBase Curators, 2008-, Lyulcheva et al., 2008, Matusek et al., 2008, Prokopenko and Chia, 2008, Rezával et al., 2008, Song et al., 2008, Corrigall et al., 2007, Fox and Peifer, 2007, Gates et al., 2007, Joly et al., 2007, Prokopenko and Chia, 2007, Riedl et al., 2007, Stuart et al., 2007, Yang and Bashaw, 2006, Keleman et al., 2005, Li et al., 2005, Martin et al., 2005, Ayoob et al., 2004, Stanyon et al., 2004)
              Secondary FlyBase IDs
              • FBgn0010503
              • FBgn0063438
              Datasets (0)
              Study focus (0)
              Experimental Role
              Project
              Project Type
              Title
              References (333)