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General Information
Symbol
Dmel\kl-2
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
male fertility factor kl2
Annotation Symbol
CG17866
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0001313
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Summary
Contribute a Gene Snapshot for this gene.
Also Known As

kl2, Lms2

Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
Y:573,088..664,173 [+]
Recombination map
Y-
RefSeq locus
NC_024512 REGION:573088..664173
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Gene Ontology (GO) Annotations (8 terms)
Molecular Function (4 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (0 terms)
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (4 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
enables ATP binding
inferred from electronic annotation with InterPro:IPR011704
(assigned by InterPro )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000743491
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000743491
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000743491
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from sequence or structural similarity with UniProtKB:A8JDH8
Biological Process (1 term)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (0 terms)
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000743491
(assigned by GO_Central )
Cellular Component (3 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (0 terms)
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
is_active_in axoneme
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN002472922
(assigned by GO_Central )
traceable author statement
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000743491
(assigned by GO_Central )
is_active_in motile cilium
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000840371
(assigned by GO_Central )
Protein Family (UniProt)
-
Summaries
Gene Group (FlyBase)
AXONEMAL INNER ARM DYNEIN HEAVY CHAINS -
Dynein heavy chains are minus end-directed microtubule motor proteins. Axonemal dynein complexes interact with adjacent microtubules in the axoneme. Coordinated binding and release of the axonemal dyneins slide the microtubules relative to each other causing the axoneme to bend driving ciliary and flagellar motion. Axonemal inner arm dynein heavy chains are the microtubule-binding motor protein of the dynein inner arm. (Adapted from FBrf0230280).
Phenotypic Description (Red Book; Lindsley and Zimm 1992)
kl-2
Males deficient or mutant for kl-2 are sterile; primary ultrastructural lesion not identified. Such sterile males lack a 300-325 kilodalton sperm polypeptide thought to be a structural component of the axoneme (Goldstein, Hardy, and Lindsley, 1982, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 79: 7404-09; Hardy, Lindsley, Livak, Lewis, Sivertsen, Joslyn, Edwards, and Bonaccorsi, 1984, Genetics 107: 591-610).
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
1
Number of Unique Polypeptides
1

Please see the JBrowse view of Dmel\kl-2 for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model

Gene model reviewed during 6.01

Gene model reviewed during 6.02

Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0346722
13386
4459
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\kl-2 using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Linkouts
Expression Data
Expression Summary Ribbons
Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
Transcript Expression
Additional Descriptive Data
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
mass spectroscopy
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
Expression Deduced from Reporters
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\kl-2 in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
EMBL-EBI Single Cell Expression Atlas
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
Alleles, Insertions, Transgenic Constructs, and Aberrations
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 17 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Other relevant insertions
Transgenic Constructs ( 1 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of kl-2
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of kl-2
Aberrations (Deficiencies and Duplications) ( 70 )
Inferred from experimentation ( 70 )
Gene partially disrupted in
Inferred from location ( 0 )
    Alleles Representing Disease-Implicated Variants
    Phenotypes
    For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
    Lethality
    Allele
    Sterility
    Allele
    Other Phenotypes
    Allele
    Phenotype manifest in
    Allele
    Orthologs
    Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0)
    Homo sapiens (Human) (18)
    Species\Gene Symbol
    Score
    Best Score
    Best Reverse Score
    Alignment
    Complementation?
    Transgene?
    11 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    3 of 15
    No
    No
    3 of 15
    No
    No
    3 of 15
    No
    No
    3 of 15
    No
    No
    3 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    1 of 15
    No
    No
    1 of 15
    No
    No
    1 of 15
    No
    No
    1 of 15
    No
    Yes
    1 of 15
    No
    No
    1  
    Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0)
    Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (18)
    Species\Gene Symbol
    Score
    Best Score
    Best Reverse Score
    Alignment
    Complementation?
    Transgene?
    11 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    3 of 15
    No
    No
    3 of 15
    No
    No
    3 of 15
    No
    No
    3 of 15
    No
    No
    3 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    1 of 15
    No
    Yes
    1 of 15
    No
    No
    1 of 15
    No
    No
    1 of 15
    No
    No
    Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (16)
    7 of 13
    Yes
    Yes
    3 of 13
    No
    No
    3 of 13
    No
    No
    3 of 13
    No
    No
    3 of 13
    No
    No
    2 of 13
    No
    No
    2 of 13
    No
    No
    2 of 13
    No
    No
    2 of 13
    No
    Yes
    2 of 13
    No
    No
    1 of 13
    No
    No
    1 of 13
    No
    No
    1 of 13
    No
    No
    1 of 13
    No
    No
    1 of 13
    No
    No
    1 of 13
    No
    No
    Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (15)
    8 of 12
    Yes
    Yes
    3 of 12
    No
    No
    2 of 12
    No
    Yes
    2 of 12
    No
    No
    2 of 12
    No
    No
    2 of 12
    No
    No
    2 of 12
    No
    No
    2 of 12
    No
    No
    2 of 12
    No
    No
    1 of 12
    No
    No
    1 of 12
    No
    No
    1 of 12
    No
    No
    1 of 12
    No
    No
    1 of 12
    No
    Yes
    1 of 12
    No
    No
    Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (14)
    11 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    3 of 15
    No
    No
    3 of 15
    No
    No
    3 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    2 of 15
    No
    No
    1 of 15
    No
    No
    1 of 15
    No
    No
    1 of 15
    No
    Yes
    1 of 15
    No
    Yes
    Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (4)
    1 of 15
    Yes
    No
    1 of 15
    Yes
    No
    1 of 15
    Yes
    No
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (0)
    No records found.
    Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (1)
    1 of 15
    Yes
    No
    Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (1)
    1 of 12
    Yes
    No
    Ortholog(s) in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091900AQ )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    AAA Syntenic Ortholog
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Drosophila sechellia
    Drosophila yakuba
    Drosophila ananassae
    Drosophila willistoni
    Drosophila mojavensis
    Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG0915000I )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Musca domestica
    House fly
    Glossina morsitans
    Tsetse fly
    Glossina morsitans
    Tsetse fly
    Lucilia cuprina
    Australian sheep blowfly
    Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W000I )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Bombyx mori
    Silkmoth
    Danaus plexippus
    Monarch butterfly
    Danaus plexippus
    Monarch butterfly
    Heliconius melpomene
    Postman butterfly
    Heliconius melpomene
    Postman butterfly
    Apis florea
    Little honeybee
    Apis mellifera
    Western honey bee
    Bombus impatiens
    Common eastern bumble bee
    Bombus impatiens
    Common eastern bumble bee
    Bombus terrestris
    Buff-tailed bumblebee
    Linepithema humile
    Argentine ant
    Megachile rotundata
    Alfalfa leafcutting bee
    Nasonia vitripennis
    Parasitic wasp
    Dendroctonus ponderosae
    Mountain pine beetle
    Tribolium castaneum
    Red flour beetle
    Tribolium castaneum
    Red flour beetle
    Pediculus humanus
    Human body louse
    Cimex lectularius
    Bed bug
    Acyrthosiphon pisum
    Pea aphid
    Acyrthosiphon pisum
    Pea aphid
    Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X000F )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Strigamia maritima
    European centipede
    Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G00X8 )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Ciona intestinalis
    Vase tunicate
    Ciona intestinalis
    Vase tunicate
    Ciona intestinalis
    Vase tunicate
    Gallus gallus
    Domestic chicken
    Paralogs
    Paralogs (via DIOPT v8.0)
    Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (14)
    5 of 10
    5 of 10
    5 of 10
    5 of 10
    4 of 10
    4 of 10
    4 of 10
    3 of 10
    3 of 10
    3 of 10
    3 of 10
    3 of 10
    2 of 10
    2 of 10
    Human Disease Associations
    FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
      Disease Model Summary Ribbon
      Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
      Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
      Allele
      Disease
      Evidence
      References
      Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 1 )
      Human Ortholog
      Disease
      Evidence
      References
      Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
      Allele
      Disease
      Interaction
      References
      Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0 and OMIM)
      Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
      Functional Complementation Data
      Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
      Interactions
      Summary of Physical Interactions
      esyN Network Diagram
      Interactions Browser
      Summary of Genetic Interactions
      esyN Network Diagram
      Starting gene(s)
      Interaction type
      Interacting gene(s)
      Reference
      Starting gene(s)
      Interaction type
      Interacting gene(s)
      Reference
      External Data
      Linkouts
      DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
      Pathways
      Signaling Pathways (FlyBase)
      Metabolic Pathways
      External Data
      Linkouts
      Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
      Chromosome (arm)
      Y
      Recombination map
      Y-
      Cytogenetic map
      Sequence location
      Y:573,088..664,173 [+]
      FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
      Cytogenetic map
      Evidence for location
      h10-h11
      Left limit from complementation mapping against T(Y;2)R155 (FBrf0039037) Right limit from complementation mapping against In(YL)S16L (FBrf0039037)
      Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
      Cytogenetic map
      Notes
      References
      Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
      Location

      Y-

      Left of (cM)
      Right of (cM)
      Notes
      Stocks and Reagents
      Stocks (1)
      Genomic Clones (2)
       

      Please Note FlyBase no longer curates genomic clone accessions so this list may not be complete

      cDNA Clones (158)
       

      Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

      cDNA clones, fully sequenced
      BDGP DGC clones
      Other clones
        Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

        For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

          cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
          RNAi and Array Information
          Linkouts
          DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
          GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
          Antibody Information
          Laboratory Generated Antibodies
           
          Commercially Available Antibodies
           
          Other Information
          Relationship to Other Genes
          Source for database identify of
          Source for database merge of

          Source for merge of: kl-2 CG17866

          Additional comments

          Source for merge of kl-2 CG17866 was sequence comparison ( date:001108 ).

          Williamson (1972) reported five EMS induced complementing alleles.

          Other Comments

          Sequence of transcript(s) changed in r6 genomic release relative to r5 release.

          Transiently named CG40438 in release 3 of the genome annotation.

          Males deficient or mutant for kl-2 are sterile; primary ultrastructural lesion not identified. Such sterile males lack a 300-325 kilodalton sperm polypeptide thought to be a structural component of the axoneme (Goldstein, Hardy and Lindsley, 1982; Hardy, Lindsley, Livak, Lewis, Sivertsen, Joslyn, Edwards and Bonaccorsi, 1984).

          Origin and Etymology
          Discoverer
          Etymology
          Identification
          External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 47 )
          Sequence Crossreferences
          NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
          GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
          GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
          RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
          UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
          Linkouts
          DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
          DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
          FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
          FlyCyc Genes - Genes from a BioCyc PGDB for Dmel
          FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
          Synonyms and Secondary IDs (9)
          Datasets (0)
          Study focus (0)
          Experimental Role
          Project
          Project Type
          Title
          References (87)