General Information
Symbol
Dmel\polo
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
polo
Annotation Symbol
CG12306
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0003124
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
In progress.Contributions welcome.
Also Known As
l(3)01673, l(3)77Aa, Polo kinase
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
3L:20,309,654..20,313,466 [+]
Recombination map
3-47
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
GO Summary Ribbons
Families, Domains and Molecular Function
Gene Group Membership (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt, Sequence Similarities)
Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. Ser/Thr protein kinase family. CDC5/Polo subfamily. (P52304)
Molecular Function (see GO section for details)
Summaries
Gene Group Membership
OTHER CONVENTIONAL PROTEIN KINASE DOMAIN KINASES -
The group of 'other conventional protein kinase domain kinases' consists of kinases with a conventional eukaryotic protein kinase domain that do not fit into any of the other major groups. This grouping is described in FBrf0201870.
UniProt Contributed Function Data
May play a role in regulating both nuclear and cytoplasmic aspects of the mitotic cycle (PubMed:1660828). Regulates localization of the augmin complex during mitosis by ensuring its location on mitotic spindles (PubMed:24829288). Also regulates augmin complex localization during male meiosis by promoting its placement at kinetochores while preventing its association with spindle microtubules (PubMed:24829288).
(UniProt, P52304)
Phenotypic Description from the Red Book (Lindsley and Zimm 1992)
polo: polo
Maternal-effect mitotic mutation and male meiotic mutation. The wild type allele functions in the early embryo and in the imaginal and neuroblast cells of the larva. About 7% of polo1 homozygotes (offspring of polo1/+ females mated to polo1/+ or polo1/polo1 males) survive to adulthood, but most of them die as late third instar larvae, their imaginal disks and neuroblast cells failing to proliferate. polo2 homozygotes (offspring of polo2/+ females mated to polo2/+ males) never eclose, dying as early third-instar larvae. Some polo1/polo2 heterozygotes (less than 7%) survive, but show very abnormal cuticle formation in the abdominal tergites. Offspring of surviving polo1/polo1 females die very early in development, the embryos showing an abnormal distribution of nuclei that fail to cellularize and then become polyploid before breaking down. Spindles of these embryonic nuclei are highly branched and have broad, barrel-shaped poles. In third instar larvae homozygous for polo1, many of the neuroblast cells show mitotic abnormalities. In anaphase, the chromosomes are often in a circular arrangement and may or may not be polyploid or aneuploid; these chromosomes, however, are never fragmented and seem to undergo normal condensation. In anaphase, chromosomes frequently lie in a random orientation at one or both poles. Surviving polo1/polo1 males are fertile, but often show meiotic abnormalities. Many of the meiotic spindles are irregular in shape and structure amd a high frequency of nondisjunction occurs, mostly in the second meiotic division.
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
2
Number of Unique Polypeptides
1

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\polo or the JBrowse view of Dmel\polo for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model
Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.
Gene model reviewed during 5.45
Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0074839
2980
576
FBtr0100318
2324
576
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
2.5, 2.2 (northern blot)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0074608
67.0
576
9.19
FBpp0099722
67.0
576
9.19
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

The group(s) of polypeptides indicated below share identical sequence to each other.

576 aa isoforms: polo-PA, polo-PB
Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
576 (aa); 65 (kD observed)
Comments
A GFP-polo construct was used as a marker for centrosomes,mitotic spindles, kinetochores, and the midbody during early embryogenesis.
External Data
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Nucleotide / Polypeptide Records
 
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\polo using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (37 terms)
Molecular Function (4 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from electronic annotation with InterPro:IPR000719, InterPro:IPR002290
(assigned by InterPro )
non-traceable author statement
inferred from sequence or structural similarity
Biological Process (21 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (20 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:Map205; FB:FBgn0002645
inferred from high throughput mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
non-traceable author statement
non-traceable author statement
Cellular Component (12 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (12 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Expression Data
Transcript Expression
in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
northern blot
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
polo transcripts are present throughout development and are particularly abundant in early embryos and adult females. They are observed throuhgout the syncytial embryo and in a cortical layer in the blastoderm embryo by in situ hybridization. Following cellularization, the polo transcript distribution broadly correlates with regions of the embyro undergoing divisions. polo transcripts are also found in larval tissues containing diploid cells such as testis, imaginal discs, and brain. Within these, expression is strongest in cells undergoing proliferation. In the brain, these include the proliferating centers in the optic lobes and the parts of the ventral ganglion giving rise to thoracic innervation.
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
distribution deduced from reporter or direct label
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
immunolocalization
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
polo protein is present at low levels in the oocyte until stage S11 or S12 after which it fills the oocyte cytoplasm from stage S12 to S13 on.
polo protein localizes to the kinetochore at nuclear envelope breakdown.
polo protein localizes at centrosomes early in mitosis and simultaneously, some staining is associated with metaphase chromosomes. Centrosome staining is progressively lost during anaphse-telophase with a concurrent increase in midbody staining. By the end of telophase, staining is only found in the midbody.
Marker for
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
Expression Deduced from Reporters
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\polo in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
Alleles, Insertions, Transgenic Constructs and Phenotypes
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 30 )
Transgenic Constructs ( 29 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of polo
Allele of polo
Mutagen
Associated Transgenic Construct
Stocks
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of polo
Deletions and Duplications ( 8 )
Summary of Phenotypes
For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
Lethality
Allele
Sterility
Allele
Other Phenotypes
Allele
Phenotype manifest in
Allele
meiosis II & aster | female
meiosis II & spindle | female
meiotic cell cycle & spindle | male
meiotic metaphase II & spindle | female
meiotic telophase II & contractile ring | female
mitosis & nuclear chromosome
neuroblast & centrosome & larva
neuroblast & larval brain
neuroblast & larval brain | somatic clone
neuroblast & mitotic anaphase & larva
spermatocyte & midbody
spermatocyte & pericentriolar material
spermatocyte & spindle
spindle & neuroblast
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Homo sapiens (Human) (5)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
15 of 15
Yes
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
2 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
Yes
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (5)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
Mmus\Plk1
15 of 15
Yes
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
2 of 15
No
No
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (5)
13 of 13
Yes
Yes
4 of 13
No
Yes
4 of 13
No
Yes
3 of 13
No
Yes
2 of 13
No
No
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (5)
11 of 12
Yes
Yes
4 of 12
No
Yes
2 of 12
No
Yes
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
Yes
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (6)
14 of 15
Yes
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
2 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (3)
14 of 15
Yes
Yes
11 of 15
No
Yes
7 of 15
No
Yes
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (1)
1 of 9
Yes
No
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (1)
15 of 15
Yes
Yes
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (1)
11 of 12
Yes
Yes
Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091904JS )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
AAA Syntenic Ortholog
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Drosophila melanogaster
fruit fly
Drosophila suzukii
Spotted wing Drosophila
Drosophila simulans
Drosophila sechellia
Drosophila erecta
Drosophila yakuba
Drosophila ananassae
Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
Drosophila persimilis
Drosophila willistoni
Drosophila virilis
Drosophila mojavensis
Drosophila grimshawi
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091502HW )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Musca domestica
House fly
Glossina morsitans
Tsetse fly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Anopheles darlingi
American malaria mosquito
Anopheles gambiae
Malaria mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W08M2 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X08HN )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G0D89 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Human Disease Model Data
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
Alleles Reported to Model Human Disease (Disease Ontology)
Download
Models ( 0 )
Allele
Disease
Evidence
References
Interactions ( 3 )
Comments ( 0 )
 
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
Homo sapiens (Human)
Gene name
Score
OMIM
OMIM Phenotype
Complementation?
Transgene?
Functional Complementation Data
Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
Interactions
Summary of Physical Interactions
esyN Network Diagram
Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
Select Layout:
Legend:
Protein
RNA
Selected Interactor(s)
Interactions Browser

Please look at the Interaction Group reports for full details of the physical interactions
RNA-protein
Interacting group
Assay
References
protein-protein
Interacting group
Assay
References
Summary of Genetic Interactions
esyN Network Diagram
esyN Network Key:
Suppression
Enhancement

Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
Starting gene(s)
Interaction type
Interacting gene(s)
Reference
Starting gene(s)
Interaction type
Interacting gene(s)
Reference
External Data
Linkouts
BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
Pathways
Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
Chromosome (arm)
3L
Recombination map
3-47
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
3L:20,309,654..20,313,466 [+]
FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
Cytogenetic map
Evidence for location
77B2-77B3
Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{lacW}l(3)L1243L1243&P{lacW}Mi-2j3D4 and P{PZ}eRF100103
Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
Cytogenetic map
Notes
References
77B1-77B2
(determined by in situ hybridisation)
77B-77B
(determined by in situ hybridisation) 77B3--7 (determined by in situ hybridisation)
77A-77A
(determined by in situ hybridisation)
77A3-77A3
(determined by in situ hybridisation)
Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
Location
3-46.8 +/- 0.1
3-46
Left of (cM)
Right of (cM)
Notes
Stocks and Reagents
Stocks (25)
Genomic Clones (15)
 

Please Note FlyBase no longer curates genomic clone accessions so this list may not be complete

cDNA Clones (211)
 

Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

cDNA clones, fully sequences
BDGP DGC clones
Other clones
Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
RNAi and Array Information
Linkouts
DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
Antibody Information
Laboratory Generated Antibodies
 
monoclonal, polyclonal
Commercially Available Antibodies
 
Other Information
Relationship to Other Genes
Source for database identify of
Source for database merge of
Source for merge of: polo l(3)01673
Source for merge of: polo l(3)77Aa
Source for merge of: polo l(3)S025604 l(3)S132408
Source for merge of: polo anon-WO0172774.3
Additional comments
Source for merge of polo anon-WO0172774.3 was sequence comparison ( date:051113 ).
Other Comments
polo is required for efficient recruitment of pericentriolar material.
RNAi screen using dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene causes decreased γ-tubulin staining at the spindle pole and detachment of the pole when assayed in S2 cells. This phenotype can be observed when the screen is performed with or without Cdc27 dsRNA.
polo acts as a tumor suppressor in the larval brain.
S2 cells treated with dsRNA generated against this gene show reduced phagocytosis of Candida albicans compared to untreated cells.
S2 cells transfected with dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene show metaphase arrest.
When dsRNA constructs are made and transiently transfected into S2 cells in RNAi experiments, an increase in the proportion of G2/M phase cells, an increase, a decrease in cytokinetic index in mitotic index, a decrease in the ratio of cells in prometaphase and metaphase versus the total number of mitotic cells, a whole range of mitotic abnormalities, spindle abnormalities, centrosome abnormalities (no γ-tubulin at the poles) are seen.
dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene tested in RNAi screen for effects on Kc167 and S2R+ cell morphology.
RNAi screen using dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene causes a phenotype when assayed in Kc167 and S2R+ cells: cell morphology is aberrant and there is an increased frequency of microtubule-based mitotic spindles, indicative of a failure in mitosis.
Females homozygous for hypomorphic mutations in polo show defects both in the organisation of the central microtubule organising centre at meiosis II and in sperm aster formation.
polo is required at multiple stages during spermatogenesis.
polo protein kinase, in embryos, has a narrow peak of activity during late anaphase-telophase, separable from the peak of cdc2 activity.
A series of biochemical experiments demonstrate that polo is a Ser/Thr protein kinase which has to be phosphorylated to show kinase activity. Putative substrates (a β-tubulin and an 85kD microtubule-associated protein) can be specifically phosphorylated by polo.
Five genes essential for cell cycle progression, polo, mgr, asp, stg and gnu, are recombined onto a single chromosome, EMS mutations are isolated that fail to complement this chromosome. Genes encoding proteins that interact with the products of any of the five genes are isolated.
Mutations in polo lead to a variety of spindle defects including monopolar structures in larval brains and multipolar spindles in male meiosis. Embryos from mothers transheterozygous for mutations in polo and scant show bipolar spindles that have a centrosome only at one pole.
Defined by insertion of P{SUPor-P}.
polo gene product immunoprecipitated from single Drosophila embryos can phosphorylate casein in vitro, and the kinase activity peaks cyclically at late anaphase/telophase. This contrasts with the cycling of CycB-associated cdc2 histone H1 kinase, which is maximal upon entry into mitosis during the rapid syncitial mitoses. The polo product may regulate microtubule behaviour.
Immunocytological approach is used to address the behaviour of essential mitotic gene products in embryonic cell cycles.
polo has been cloned and sequences. It encodes a putative serine-threonine protein kinase.
Origin and Etymology
Discoverer
Etymology
Identification
External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 53 )
Crossreferences
NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
Linkouts
BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones
DPiM - Drosophila Protein interaction map
DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
SignaLink - A signaling pathway resource with multi-layered regulatory networks.
Synonyms and Secondary IDs (16)
Reported As
Symbol Synonym
anon-WO0172774.3
l(3)S025604
l(3)S132408
polo
(Al-Ramahi et al., 2018, Hughes et al., 2018, Brose et al., 2017, Cheng et al., 2017, Hsu and Drummond-Barbosa, 2017, Das et al., 2016, Kong et al., 2016, Lee et al., 2016, Mao et al., 2016, Ramdas Nair et al., 2016, Varadarajan et al., 2016, Bouleau and Tricoire, 2015, Chittaranjan et al., 2015, Di Cara et al., 2015, Eisman et al., 2015, Fischer et al., 2015, Kanoh et al., 2015, Peng et al., 2015, Sanchez-Alvarez et al., 2015, Carmena et al., 2014, Hughes et al., 2014, Kitazawa et al., 2014, Nakayama et al., 2014, Riparbelli et al., 2014, Savoian and Glover, 2014, Sopko et al., 2014, Tipping and Perrimon, 2014, Vinayagam et al., 2014, Bonner et al., 2013, Kwon et al., 2013, Moshkin et al., 2013, Noatynska et al., 2013, Schertel et al., 2013, Whitfield et al., 2013, Yin et al., 2013, Zhan et al., 2013, Ahmad et al., 2012, Azad et al., 2012, Giansanti et al., 2012, Habermann et al., 2012, Japanese National Institute of Genetics, 2012.5.21, Joyce et al., 2012, Korenjak et al., 2012, Lesch and Page, 2012, McKee et al., 2012, Miller et al., 2012, Pek et al., 2012, Tao et al., 2012, Michaut et al., 2011, Ouyang et al., 2011, Pinto et al., 2011, Rangone et al., 2011, Reis et al., 2011, Szafer-Glusman et al., 2011, Wang et al., 2011, Chang et al., 2010, Ebrahimi et al., 2010, Januschke and Gonzalez, 2010, Müller et al., 2010, Royou et al., 2010, Anderson et al., 2009, Christensen et al., 2009.2.28, Gilliland et al., 2009, Liu et al., 2009, Venken et al., 2009, Zhang et al., 2009, Archambault et al., 2008, Bakal et al., 2008, Castellanos et al., 2008, Chia et al., 2008, Christensen et al., 2008.4.15, Dobbelaere et al., 2008, Godinho and Tavares, 2008, Mattila et al., 2008, McClure and Schubiger, 2008, Schuldiner et al., 2008, Somma et al., 2008, Von Stetina et al., 2008, Wittkopp et al., 2008, Basto et al., 2007, Brittle et al., 2007, Buszczak et al., 2007, Georlette et al., 2007, Gilliland et al., 2007, Gilliland et al., 2007, Goshima et al., 2007, Jiang et al., 2007, Kaplow et al., 2007, Magalhaes et al., 2007, Slack et al., 2007, Stuart et al., 2007, Wang et al., 2007, Williams et al., 2007, Xiang et al., 2007, Xing et al., 2007, Yi et al., 2007, Cesario et al., 2006, Delcros et al., 2006, Foglietti et al., 2006, Mirouse et al., 2006, Mukai et al., 2006, Pearson et al., 2006, Rivera, 2006, Slack et al., 2006, Stroschein-Stevenson et al., 2006, Clarke et al., 2005, Gatt et al., 2005, Jang et al., 2005, Lake and Hawley, 2005, Laviolette et al., 2005, Liebl and Featherstone, 2005, Loop et al., 2004, Stanyon et al., 2004, Blagden and Glover, 2003, Carpenter, 2003, Leismann and Lehner, 2003)
Secondary FlyBase IDs
  • FBgn0010758
  • FBgn0016019
  • FBgn0027987
  • FBgn0028177
  • FBgn0046400
Datasets (0)
Study focus (0)
Experimental Role
Project
Project Type
Title
References (344)