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General Information
Symbol
Dmel\sax
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
saxophone
Annotation Symbol
CG1891
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0003317
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Enzyme Name (EC)
Receptor protein serine/threonine kinase (2.7.11.30)
Gene Snapshot
saxophone (sax) encodes a type I BMP receptor. Together with the BMP receptors encoded by tkv and put, it transduces signaling of the BMP ligands encoded by dpp, gbb and scw, in a wide variety of developmental processes including embryonic and imaginal disc patterning. [Date last reviewed: 2019-03-14]
Also Known As
Brk43E
Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2R:7,806,484..7,810,067 [+]
Recombination map
2-57
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Gene Group (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt)
-
Catalytic Activity (EC)
Experimental Evidence
ATP + [receptor-protein] = ADP + [receptor-protein] phosphate (2.7.11.30)
Predictions / Assertions
-
Summaries
Pathway (FlyBase)
BMP Signaling Pathway Core Components -
The Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP) signaling pathway is one of two branches of Transforming Growth Factor-β family signaling in Drosophila. The binding of a BMP family dimer to a heterodimeric serine/threonine kinase receptor complex results in the phosphorylation of Mad, a member of the Smad family. Mad forms a complex with the co-Smad, Med. This complex translocates into the nucleus and regulates the transcription of target genes in concert with other nuclear cofactors. (Adapted from FBrf0236482.)
Gene Group (FlyBase)
TGF-BETA TYPE I RECEPTORS -
The Transforming Growth Factor-β Receptor (TGF-βR) family are transmembrane serine/threonine kinases. They form heterodimeric receptor complexes composed of type I and type II subunits. Upon ligand binding, the constitutively active type II receptor phosphorylates the type I receptor which, in turn, phosphorylates a member of the Smad family. (Adapted from FBrf0236482.)
Phenotypic Description (Red Book; Lindsley and Zimm 1992)
sax: saxophone (T. Schupbach and E. Wieschaus)
Maternal effect lethal, female sterile. Embryos from homozygous mothers gastrulate abnormally. The cephalic furrow is more pronounced than in wildtype. The phenotype is reminiscent of the zygotic embryonic lethal mutaton twisted gastrulaton (twg).
Summary (Interactive Fly)
receptor s/t kinase - a type I Dpp receptor - necessary for the specification of the dorsal-most cell fate (amnioserosa) which requires the highest levels of Dpp activity - together with the BMP receptors Tkv and Put, Sax transduces signaling of the BMP ligands Dpp, Gbb and Scw in the embryo and in imaginal disc patterning
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
3
Number of Unique Polypeptides
3

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\sax or the JBrowse view of Dmel\sax for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model
Gene model reviewed during 5.40
Gene model reviewed during 5.49
Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0088832
2415
570
FBtr0088833
2716
535
FBtr0308825
2451
582
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
3 (northern blot)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0087908
64.2
570
6.80
FBpp0087909
60.1
535
7.33
FBpp0300982
65.9
582
7.73
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

None of the polypeptides share 100% sequence identity.

Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
Comments
External Data
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\sax using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (28 terms)
Molecular Function (8 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (4 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
contributes_to BMP binding
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:Dad; FB:FBgn0020493
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (4 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from electronic annotation with InterPro:IPR017194
(assigned by InterPro )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000583675
(assigned by GO_Central )
non-traceable author statement
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN002356032
(assigned by GO_Central )
Biological Process (16 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (12 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from high throughput mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:dpp; FB:FBgn0000490
inferred from high throughput mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (6 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN002356032
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000583675
(assigned by GO_Central )
non-traceable author statement
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN002758232
(assigned by GO_Central )
Cellular Component (4 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from physical interaction with UniProtKB:P50488
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:put; FB:FBgn0003169
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:wit; FB:FBgn0024179
inferred from high throughput direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (4 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN002356032
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from sequence or structural similarity with MGI:MGI:87911
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN002758232
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000583675
(assigned by GO_Central )
Expression Data
Expression Summary Ribbons
Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
Transcript Expression
No Assay Recorded
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
organism

Comment: maternally deposited

Additional Descriptive Data
sax transcripts are expressed ubiquitously in all tissues and at all stages of development.
Uniform sax expression was observed in early embryos. While the levels decline in later embryos, expression remains ubiquitous.
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
Additional Descriptive Data
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from physical interaction with UniProtKB:P50488
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:put; FB:FBgn0003169
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:wit; FB:FBgn0024179
inferred from high throughput direct assay
Expression Deduced from Reporters
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\sax in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
FlyExpress - Embryonic expression images (BDGP data)
  • Stages(s) 1-3
  • Stages(s) 4-6
  • Stages(s) 7-8
  • Stages(s) 11-12
  • Stages(s) 13-16
Alleles, Insertions, and Transgenic Constructs
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 23 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Other relevant insertions
Transgenic Constructs ( 37 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of sax
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of sax
Deletions and Duplications ( 13 )
Phenotypes
For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
Lethality
Allele
Sterility
Allele
Other Phenotypes
Allele
Phenotype manifest in
Allele
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Homo sapiens (Human) (7)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
12 of 15
Yes
Yes
 
8 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
No
 
3 of 15
No
No
3 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
 
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (7)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
12 of 15
Yes
Yes
8 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
No
3 of 15
No
No
3 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (8)
10 of 13
Yes
Yes
6 of 13
No
Yes
3 of 13
No
No
3 of 13
No
No
2 of 13
No
No
2 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (6)
5 of 12
Yes
Yes
2 of 12
No
No
2 of 12
No
No
2 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (10)
12 of 15
Yes
Yes
7 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (3)
5 of 15
Yes
No
2 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (7)
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
No
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
No records found.
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (0)
No records found.
Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091904HI )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
AAA Syntenic Ortholog
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Drosophila melanogaster
fruit fly
Drosophila suzukii
Spotted wing Drosophila
Drosophila simulans
Drosophila sechellia
Drosophila erecta
Drosophila yakuba
Drosophila ananassae
Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
Drosophila persimilis
Drosophila willistoni
Drosophila virilis
Drosophila mojavensis
Drosophila grimshawi
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091503IG )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Musca domestica
House fly
Glossina morsitans
Tsetse fly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Anopheles darlingi
American malaria mosquito
Anopheles gambiae
Malaria mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W05EX )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X05B2 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G0BIU )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Paralogs
Paralogs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (4)
5 of 10
4 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
Human Disease Associations
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
Disease Model Summary Ribbon
Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
Allele
Disease
Evidence
References
Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 2 )
Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
Allele
Disease
Interaction
References
Comments on Models/Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
 
Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1 and OMIM)
Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
Functional Complementation Data
Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
Interactions
Summary of Physical Interactions
esyN Network Diagram
Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
Select Layout:
Legend:
Protein
RNA
Selected Interactor(s)
Interactions Browser

Please see the Physical Interaction reports below for full details
protein-protein
Physical Interaction
Assay
References
RNA-RNA
Physical Interaction
Assay
References
Summary of Genetic Interactions
esyN Network Diagram
esyN Network Key:
Suppression
Enhancement

Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
Starting gene(s)
Interaction type
Interacting gene(s)
Reference
Starting gene(s)
Interaction type
Interacting gene(s)
Reference
suppressible
enhanceable
External Data
Linkouts
BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
Pathways
Gene Group - Pathway Membership (FlyBase)
BMP Signaling Pathway Core Components -
The Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP) signaling pathway is one of two branches of Transforming Growth Factor-β family signaling in Drosophila. The binding of a BMP family dimer to a heterodimeric serine/threonine kinase receptor complex results in the phosphorylation of Mad, a member of the Smad family. Mad forms a complex with the co-Smad, Med. This complex translocates into the nucleus and regulates the transcription of target genes in concert with other nuclear cofactors. (Adapted from FBrf0236482.)
External Data
Linkouts
KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
SignaLink - A signaling pathway resource with multi-layered regulatory networks.
Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
Chromosome (arm)
2R
Recombination map
2-57
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2R:7,806,484..7,810,067 [+]
FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
Cytogenetic map
Evidence for location
43E18-43E18
Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{EP}CanB2EP774 and P{lacW}lin19k01207&P{lacW}rnh1k07624
Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
Cytogenetic map
Notes
References
43E-43E
(determined by in situ hybridisation)
43E-43F
(determined by in situ hybridisation)
Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
Left of (cM)
Right of (cM)
Notes
Stocks and Reagents
Stocks (22)
Genomic Clones (17)
 

Please Note FlyBase no longer curates genomic clone accessions so this list may not be complete

cDNA Clones (65)
 

Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

cDNA clones, fully sequences
BDGP DGC clones
Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
RNAi and Array Information
Linkouts
DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
Antibody Information
Laboratory Generated Antibodies
 
Commercially Available Antibodies
 
Other Information
Relationship to Other Genes
Source for database identify of
Source for identity of: sax CG1891
Source for database merge of
Additional comments
Other Comments
dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene tested in RNAi screen for effects on Kc167 and S2R+ cell morphology.
Loss of function alleles of sax suppress the CycEJP mutant eye phenotype.
dpp/tkv signaling is obligatorily required, while scw/sax signaling is necessary but not sufficient for dorsal patterning in the embryo.
Mutations in dpp or its receptor sax accelerate germline stem cell loss and retard stem cell division.
sax protein functions similarly in the anterior and posterior compartment. sax regulates salm through its role in anterior posterior patterning of the wing pouch.
sax protein participates in the determination of the anterior posterior margin fate in the developing wing pouch, even at the extreme anterior edge. sax and tkv interact with the same developmental pathways required for proper anterior posterior patterning of the wing.
grk and sax function control dpp expression in the posterior follicular epithelium during oogenesis.
sax is required in the germline for oogenesis to proceed normally.
There is at least partial overlap of function of the sax and tkv receptors in vivo.
Specification of distinct cell fates in response to different concentrations of dpp product may be achieved combinatorially by the sax and tkv receptors. sax is required for the specification of the amnioserosa.
Isolated in a PCR screen for receptor protein serine/threonine kinase candidates.
Mutations in sax result in a maternal effect phenotype with defects during the early stages of gastrulation.
Origin and Etymology
Discoverer
Etymology
Identification
External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 64 )
Sequence Crossreferences
NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
Other crossreferences
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center (DGRC) cDNA clones
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
iBeetle-Base - RNAi phenotypes in the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum)
KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
SignaLink - A signaling pathway resource with multi-layered regulatory networks.
Linkouts
BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
DPiM - Drosophila Protein interaction map
DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
Synonyms and Secondary IDs (10)
Reported As
Symbol Synonym
STK-B
sax
(Held et al., 2019, Huichalaf et al., 2019, Whittle and Extavour, 2019, Ameku et al., 2018, Gene Disruption Project members, 2018-, Hoyer et al., 2018, Kang et al., 2018, Lee et al., 2018, Le et al., 2018, Monedero Cobeta et al., 2018, Tseng et al., 2018, Wang et al., 2018, Houtz et al., 2017, Jeibmann et al., 2017, Song et al., 2017, Transgenic RNAi Project members, 2017-, Wells et al., 2017, Garaulet et al., 2016, Moulton and Letsou, 2016, Sarov et al., 2016, Testa and Dworkin, 2016, Ayyaz et al., 2015, Luo et al., 2015, Smendziuk et al., 2015, Bischof, 2014.10.20, Kang et al., 2014, Sopko et al., 2014, Sulkowski et al., 2014, Beckwith et al., 2013, Chauhan et al., 2013, Curtis et al., 2013, Saunders et al., 2013, Schertel et al., 2013, Hazelett et al., 2012, Japanese National Institute of Genetics, 2012.5.21, Le and Wharton, 2012, Peterson et al., 2012, Sun et al., 2012, Dutko and Mullins, 2011, Dworkin et al., 2011, Miller et al., 2011, Pilgram et al., 2011, Quijano et al., 2011, Schwank et al., 2011, Yuva-Aydemir et al., 2011, Ballard et al., 2010, Ball et al., 2010, Ellis et al., 2010, Fritsch et al., 2010, Higashi-Kovtun et al., 2010, Kang and Bier, 2010, Saja et al., 2010, Debat et al., 2009, Evans et al., 2009, Iovino et al., 2009, Twombly et al., 2009, Miguel-Aliaga et al., 2008, Ng, 2008, Beltran et al., 2007, Buff et al., 2007, Christensen and Cook, 2007.3.22, Cordero et al., 2007, Goold and Davis, 2007, Kazama et al., 2007, Li et al., 2007, Wang et al., 2007, Bangi and Wharton, 2006, Dworkin and Gibson, 2006, Dworkin and Gibson., 2006, Li and Li, 2006, Kirilly et al., 2005, Marques, 2005, Yamashita et al., 2005, Baines, 2004, Stanyon et al., 2004, Rawson et al., 2003, Gim et al., 2001, Twombly et al., 1996, Nellen et al., 1994, Xie et al., 1994)
Secondary FlyBase IDs
    Datasets (0)
    Study focus (0)
    Experimental Role
    Project
    Project Type
    Title
    References (327)