HP1, Su(var)2-5, HP1a, heterochromatin protein 1, HP-1
Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.
Gene model reviewed during 5.45
Homodimer; probably associates with Su(var)3-9. Interacts with Mcm10. Interacts (via chromoshadow domain) with piwi (via N-terminal region).
Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\Su(var)205 using the Feature Mapper tool.
GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signalsView Dmel\Su(var)205 in GBrowse 2
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Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.
For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.
DNA-protein interactions: genome-wide binding profile assayed for Su(var)205 protein in Kc167 cells; see Chromatin_types_NKI collection report. Individual protein-binding experiments listed under "Samples" at GEO_GSE22069 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE22069).
Expression is enriched in embryonic gonads.
The Su(var)205 protein modulates chromosomal integrity, histone modifications and transcription in a sex-specific manner.
Su(var)205 may facilitate the coalescence of dispersed middle repetitive sequences, and organise the heterochromatic structure responsible for the variegated silencing of nearby euchromatic genes.
Su(var)205 is required for normal transcriptional activation of heterochromatic genes.
Mutations in Su(var)205 suppress telomeric Position Effect Variegation (PEV) on the fourth chromosome, but not the second and third chromosomes.
The Su(var)205 product, HP1, targets the chromatin of transposon insertions and binds more densely at a site with repeated sequences susceptible to heterochromatin formation. Sufficient density of Su(var)205 protein association is a necessary step in heterochromatin formation and gene silencing.
Actr13E colocalises with Su(var)205 in the centric heterochromatin throughout prepupal development and the two proteins undergo a series of changes in nuclear distribution that coincide with major shifts in nuclear functions.
Naturally occurring regulatory P-elements inserted at the telomere of the X chromosome have been isolated in a genomic context devoid of other P-elements. One or two copies of autonomous P-elements at this site (1A) are sufficient to elicit a strong P repression in the germline. Regulatory properties of the P-elements at 1A are strongly impaired by mutation of Su(var)205.
Su(var)205 protein contains a second chromo domain-like motif, the 'chromo shadow domain', in the C-terminal part of the protein.
Studies of the embryonic lethality of mutants demonstrates that in addition to its effect on position-effect variegation, Su(var)205 is also required for normal nuclear morphology and mitosis.
The intracellular localisation of Su(var)205 in the diploid nuclei of embryos before and after developmental changes that occur between cycles 10 and 14 is studied.
Point mutations in the chromo domain of Su(var)205 abolish its ability to promote homeotic gene silencing. The chromo domain has chromosome binding activity. Pc also has a chromo domain, a chimeric Su(var)205-Pc protein (the chromo domain of Pc in the context of Su(var)205) causes mislocalisation of Su(var)205 to Pc binding sites and expression in transgenic flies promotes heterochromatin mediated gene silencing. Results support the view that the chromo domain homology reflects a common mechanistic basis for homeotic and heterochromatic silencing.
Su(var)205 is multiply phosphorylated in tissues, predominantly at Ser and Thr residues. Maternally synthesised Su(var)205 protein is under phosphorylated. At 1.5-2 hours of development, when cytologically visible heterochromatin appears, the more phosphorylated Su(var)205 isoforms appear. Results are consistent with a role for phosphorylation of Su(var)205 in the assembly and maintenance of heterochromatin.
Heterochromatin-associated Su(var)205 gene product appears in euchromatic chromosomal regions that are inactivated as a result of position-effect variegation.
Analysis of the subcellular localisation of Ecol\lacZ-Su(var)205 fusion proteins shows that amino acids 152-206 form the nuclear localisation domain and amino acids 95 to 206 form the heterochromatin binding domain of the Su(var)205 protein.
Su(var)205 homologue has been cloned from D.virilis : a high degree of conservation in N- and C-terminal domains of the encoded DNA-binding protein "HP1" suggests that these domains could interact with other macromolecules in the formation of the condensed structure of heterochromatin.
Su(var)205 gene product is an essential protein that functions as a part of an epigenetic mechanism capable of generating and maintaining an inactive chromatin structure.
Alleles show additive effects with mod alleles on suppression of In(1)wm4 position effect variegation.
Su(var)205 protein, detected by the C1A9 antibody in polytene chromosomes, is preferentially located in the beta-heterochromatin, the basal regions of the polytene chromosome arms and throughout chromosome 4.
Triplo-dependent enhancer of variegation.
The variegation enhancer phenotype is due to increase in gene dosage: independently derived duplications of Su(var)205 act as enhancers and reversion of the dominant enhancer phenotype corresponds with the loss of the duplication.
triplo-enhancer; duplications for the locus cause enhancement of variegation (Tartof, Bishop, Jones, Hobbs and Locke, 1989).
Encodes a nonhistone chromosomal protein, which by immunofluorescent staining of polytene chromosomes with a monoclonal antibody, is localized to α, β, and intercalary heterochromatin as well as chromosome 4 (FBrf0045031).