General Information
Symbol
Dmel\ush
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
u-shaped
Annotation Symbol
CG2762
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0003963
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
u-shaped (ush) encodes a member of the Friend of GATA (FOG) multi-type zinc finger protein family, which bind GATA factors (like those encoded by srp or pnr). These complexes can interface with major signal transduction pathways such as TGFbeta, Hedgehog, JAK/STAT and Insulin/PI3K to regulate diverse biological processes such as embryonic development, heart, blood and neural development and body size. [Date last reviewed: 2018-09-06]
Also Known As
FOG, dFOG
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2L:476,220..540,560 [+]
Recombination map
2-1.5
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
GO Summary Ribbons
Families, Domains and Molecular Function
Gene Group Membership (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt, Sequence Similarities)
Belongs to the FOG (Friend of GATA) family. (Q9VPQ6)
Summaries
Gene Group Membership
C2H2 ZINC FINGER TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS -
Zinc finger C2H2 transcription factors are sequence-specific DNA binding proteins that regulate transcription. They possess DNA-binding domains that are formed from repeated Cys2His2 zinc finger motifs. (Adapted from PMID:1835093, FBrf0220103 and FBrf0155739).
UniProt Contributed Function Data
Transcription regulator that modulates expression mediated by transcription factors of the GATA family such as pnr and srp. Represses transcription of proneural achaete-scute complex (AS-C), which is usually activated by pnr. Involved in cardiogenesis, blood, and eye development. During hematopoiesis, it is required to restrict the number of crystal cells, probably via its interaction with the isoform SrpNC of srp. Negatively regulates expression of sr. Probably acts by interacting with the GATA-type zinc finger of proteins such as pnr and srp, possibly antagonizing the interaction between the GATA-type zinc finger and some cofactor.
(UniProt, Q9VPQ6)
Phenotypic Description from the Red Book (Lindsley and Zimm 1992)
ush: u-shaped
Embryonic lethal. No shortening of the germ band. Lateral fusion of anterior and posterior hypoderm.
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
5
Number of Unique Polypeptides
4

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\ush or the JBrowse view of Dmel\ush for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model
Gene model reviewed during 5.44
Stop-codon suppression (UGA) postulated; FBrf0216884.
gene_with_stop_codon_read_through ; SO:0000697
Gene model reviewed during 5.42
Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.
Gene model reviewed during 5.46
Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0078063
4752
1191
FBtr0310027
4654
1198
FBtr0329895
4482
1212
FBtr0333012
4242
1175
FBtr0333013
6084
1198
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
4.7 (northern blot)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0077723
124.5
1191
6.35
FBpp0301730
125.4
1198
6.55
FBpp0302929
127.2
1212
6.35
FBpp0305227
122.8
1175
6.50
FBpp0305228
125.4
1198
6.55
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

The group(s) of polypeptides indicated below share identical sequence to each other.

1198 aa isoforms: ush-PB, ush-PE
Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
1191 (aa); 123 (kD predicted)
Comments
External Data
Subunit Structure (UniProtKB)
Interacts with pnr, although weak this interaction is essential. Interacts with the isoform SrpNC of srp. Interacts with CtBP corepressor.
(UniProt, Q9VPQ6)
Domain
The CCHC FOG-type zinc fingers 1, 4 and 5 directly bind to GATA-type zinc fingers. The Tyr residue adjacent to the last Cys of the CCHC FOG-type zinc finger is essential for the interaction with GATA-type zinc fingers.
(UniProt, Q9VPQ6)
Crossreferences
InterPro - A database of protein families, domains and functional sites
PDB - An information portal to biological macromolecular structures
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\ush using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (28 terms)
Molecular Function (6 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:srp; FB:FBgn0003507
inferred from mutant phenotype
(assigned by UniProt )
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (4 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000311050
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from electronic annotation with InterPro:IPR013087
(assigned by InterPro )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000311050
(assigned by GO_Central )
Biological Process (21 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (13 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (13 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Cellular Component (1 term)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000311050
(assigned by GO_Central )
Expression Data
Transcript Expression
No Assay Recorded
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
antennal anlage

Comment: reported as procephalic ectoderm anlage

central brain anlage

Comment: reported as procephalic ectoderm anlage

dorsal head epidermis anlage

Comment: reported as procephalic ectoderm anlage

visual anlage

Comment: reported as procephalic ectoderm anlage

northern blot
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference

Comment: reference states 4-8 hr AEL

Additional Descriptive Data
ush transcript is detected in early embryos, in third instar larvae, pupae, and at low levels in adults. In situ hybridization to late third instar larval imaginal discs show ush expression to be restricted to specific domains. These domains include the future dorsal-most region of the thorax, part of the hinge region, and the posterior pleura.
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
immunolocalization
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
The product of ush cDNA transfected into Cos cells localizes to the nucleus. In embryos, ush protein localizes to the nucleus of the cells in which it is expressed.
ush protein is expressed in blood cell lineages. ush is not expressed in crystal cell lineages during later embryonic stages.
Marker for
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
Expression Deduced from Reporters
Reporter: P{GawB}ushMD751
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\ush in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
FlyExpress - Embryonic expression images (BDGP data)
  • Stages(s) 4-6
  • Stages(s) 7-8
  • Stages(s) 9-10
  • Stages(s) 11-12
  • Stages(s) 13-16
Alleles, Insertions, Transgenic Constructs and Phenotypes
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 43 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Allele of ush
Class
Mutagen
Associated Insertion
Stocks
Known lesion
Other relevant insertions
miscellaneous insertions
Name
Expression Data
Transgenic Constructs ( 35 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of ush
Allele of ush
Mutagen
Associated Transgenic Construct
Stocks
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of ush
Deletions and Duplications ( 9 )
Summary of Phenotypes
For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
Lethality
Allele
Other Phenotypes
Allele
Phenotype manifest in
Allele
dorsocentral bristle & axon
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Homo sapiens (Human) (3)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
5 of 15
Yes
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
1 of 15
No
Yes
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (3)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
5 of 15
Yes
Yes
 
4 of 15
No
Yes
 
1 of 15
No
Yes
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (2)
4 of 13
Yes
Yes
1 of 13
No
Yes
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (3)
2 of 12
Yes
Yes
2 of 12
Yes
Yes
1 of 12
No
Yes
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (3)
4 of 15
Yes
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (1)
1 of 15
Yes
Yes
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (0)
No orthologs reported.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
No orthologs reported.
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (0)
No orthologs reported.
Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091902K5 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
AAA Syntenic Ortholog
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Drosophila melanogaster
fruit fly
Drosophila suzukii
Spotted wing Drosophila
Drosophila simulans
Drosophila sechellia
Drosophila erecta
Drosophila yakuba
Drosophila ananassae
Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
Drosophila persimilis
Drosophila willistoni
Drosophila virilis
Drosophila mojavensis
Drosophila grimshawi
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG09150132 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Musca domestica
House fly
Glossina morsitans
Tsetse fly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Anopheles darlingi
American malaria mosquito
Anopheles gambiae
Malaria mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W04O6 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X04KR )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G0GCP )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Human Disease Model Data
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
    Alleles Reported to Model Human Disease (Disease Ontology)
    Download
    Models ( 0 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Evidence
    References
    Interactions ( 1 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Interaction
    References
    Comments ( 0 )
     
    Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
    Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
    Functional Complementation Data
    Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
    Interactions
    Summary of Physical Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
    Select Layout:
    Legend:
    Protein
    RNA
    Selected Interactor(s)
    Interactions Browser

    Please look at the Interaction Group reports for full details of the physical interactions
    RNA-RNA
    Interacting group
    Assay
    References
    protein-protein
    Interacting group
    Assay
    References
    Summary of Genetic Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    esyN Network Key:
    Suppression
    Enhancement

    Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    External Data
    Subunit Structure (UniProtKB)
    Interacts with pnr, although weak this interaction is essential. Interacts with the isoform SrpNC of srp. Interacts with CtBP corepressor.
    (UniProt, Q9VPQ6 )
    Linkouts
    BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
    Pathways
    Gene Group - Pathway Membership (FlyBase)
    External Data
    Linkouts
    Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
    Chromosome (arm)
    2L
    Recombination map
    2-1.5
    Cytogenetic map
    Sequence location
    2L:476,220..540,560 [+]
    FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Evidence for location
    21D1-21E2
    Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{lacW}l(2)k09610k09610&P{lacW}Sk09538a and P{PZ}l(2)1068510685&P{lacW}Tango14k00619
    Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Notes
    References
    Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
    Left of (cM)
    Right of (cM)
    Notes
    Stocks and Reagents
    Stocks (27)
    Genomic Clones (37)
    cDNA Clones (29)
     

    Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

    cDNA clones, fully sequences
    BDGP DGC clones
    Other clones
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

    For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

    cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
    RNAi and Array Information
    Linkouts
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    Antibody Information
    Laboratory Generated Antibodies
     
    Commercially Available Antibodies
     
    Other Information
    Relationship to Other Genes
    Source for database identify of
    Source for identity of: ush CG2762
    Source for database merge of
    Additional comments
    Other Comments
    S2-derived S2-NP cells are treated with dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against ush to assess the role of this gene in Stat92E tyrosine phosphorylation.
    ush is required for os-induced Stat92E phosphorylation.
    ush is a negative regulator of hemocoel, heart and eye development.
    Identified as a gene with significant level of mRNA cycling as assessed by expression analysis using high density oligonucleotide arrays with probe generated from adult heads harvested over six time points over the course of a day.
    ush has a critical role in several diverse processes of mesoderm differentiation and heart formation.
    The pnr/ush complex serves as a repressor and a transcriptional activator, respectively for wg and ush expression.
    The dpp gradient may regulate notal wg expression through induction of pnr and ush.
    pnr and ush are main effectors of the regulation of wg expression in the presumptive notum.
    pnr and ush provide positional information for the patterning of the dorsocentral mechanosensory bristle cluster.
    ush encodes a zinc-finger protein that regulates the proneural genes ac and sc during bristle formation.
    A member of the ush-group of genes which are required for maintenance of the amnioserosa once it has differentiated.
    Mutants affect amnioserosa differentiation as well as germ band retraction.
    Mutations in zygotic gene ush do not interact with RpII140wimp.
    Zygotically active locus involved in the terminal developmental program in the embryo.
    Origin and Etymology
    Discoverer
    Etymology
    Identification
    External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 57 )
    Crossreferences
    NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
    GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
    GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
    RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
    UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
    UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
    Other crossreferences
    BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
    InterPro - A database of protein families, domains and functional sites
    PDB - An information portal to biological macromolecular structures
    Linkouts
    BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
    FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
    FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
    Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
    Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
    FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    iBeetle-Base - RNAi phenotypes in the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum)
    Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
    InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
    KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
    modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
    Synonyms and Secondary IDs (14)
    Reported As
    Symbol Synonym
    l(2)19
    ush
    (Baldeosingh et al., 2018, Liu et al., 2017, Transgenic RNAi Project members, 2017-, Brookheart and Duncan, 2016, Clandinin and Owens, 2016-, Gao et al., 2016, Gomez et al., 2016, Sandler and Stathopoulos, 2016, Sandler and Stathopoulos, 2016, Duff et al., 2015, Morán et al., 2015, Newton et al., 2015, Sawala et al., 2015, Schertel et al., 2015, Vedanayagam and Garrigan, 2015, Vlisidou and Wood, 2015, Winstanley et al., 2015, Bausek and Zeidler, 2014, Bischof, 2014.10.20, Gonzalez et al., 2014, Kim and Choe, 2014, Salazar-Jaramillo et al., 2014, Valanne, 2014, de Celis et al., 2013.9.11, Saunders et al., 2013, Schertel et al., 2013, Amoyel and Bach, 2012, Belozerov et al., 2012, Garcia et al., 2012, Hainaut et al., 2012, Hironaka et al., 2012, Holmqvist et al., 2012, Japanese National Institute of Genetics, 2012.5.21, Jin et al., 2012, Kennell et al., 2012, Lada et al., 2012, Gao et al., 2011, Gieger et al., 2011, Jungreis et al., 2011, Avet-Rochex et al., 2010, Campos et al., 2010, Fromental-Ramain et al., 2010, Heitzler, 2010.5.12, Pauli et al., 2010, Simone and DiNardo, 2010, Sorrentino, 2010, Stofanko et al., 2010, Boettiger and Levine, 2009, Gao et al., 2009, Hyun et al., 2009, Stern et al., 2009, Wheeler et al., 2009, Biryukova and Heitzler, 2008, Khokhar et al., 2008, Kwon et al., 2008, Kwong et al., 2008, Lee et al., 2008, Miles et al., 2008, Wang et al., 2008, Zhou et al., 2008, Baeg et al., 2007, de Navascués and Modolell, 2007, Fernández et al., 2007, Lecuyer et al., 2007, Letizia et al., 2007, Liang et al., 2007, Sorrentino et al., 2007, Tokusumi et al., 2007, Wada et al., 2007, Mizutani et al., 2006, Sandmann et al., 2006, Sellin et al., 2006, Simpson et al., 2006, Scuderi and Letsou, 2005, Stathopoulos and Levine, 2005)
    Secondary FlyBase IDs
      Datasets (0)
      Study focus (0)
      Experimental Role
      Project
      Project Type
      Title
      References (251)