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General Information
Symbol
Dmel\mts
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
microtubule star
Annotation Symbol
CG7109
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0004177
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
microtubule star (mts) encodes the catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 2A. It is involved in various developmental processes and signaling pathways, such as Hh signaling and Wingless signaling. [Date last reviewed: 2018-09-06]
Also Known As

PP2A, PP2A-C, PP2A catalytic subunit, protein phosphatase 2A, PP2Ac

Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2L:7,827,650..7,833,576 [+]
Recombination map

2-29

RefSeq locus
NT_033779 REGION:7827650..7833576
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Protein Family (UniProt)
Belongs to the PPP phosphatase family. PP-2A subfamily. (P23696)
Molecular Function (GO)
[Detailed GO annotations]
Experimental Evidence
Predictions / Assertions
-
Summaries
Gene Group (FlyBase)
PHOSPHOPROTEIN PHOSPHATASES -
The Phosphoprotein Phosphatase (PPP) family members are serine/threonine phosphatases. They often function in association with regulatory subunits. (Adapted from PMID:11230548 and PMID:19879837).
WRD-PROTEIN PHOSOPHATASE 2A COMPLEX -
wrd-PP2A is a serine/threonine phosphatase complex characterized by the presence of a wrd regulatory B' subunit. (Adapted from FBrf0232706.)
WDB-PROTEIN PHOSOPHATASE 2A COMPLEX -
wdb-PP2A is a serine/threonine phosphatase complex characterized by the presence of a wdb regulatory B' subunit. (Adapted from FBrf0232706.)
TWS-PROTEIN PHOSOPHATASE 2A COMPLEX -
tws-PP2A is a serine/threonine phosphatase complex characterized by the presence of a tws regulatory B subunit. (Adapted from FBrf0232706.)
STRIATIN-INTERACTING PHOSPHATASE AND KINASE COMPLEX -
Striatin interacting phosphatase and kinase (STRIPAK)/STRIPAK-like complexes contain a protein phosphatase type 2A (mts), a striatin (Cka) and other regulatory subunits. Kinases, such as GckIII, are often associated with the complex (FBrf0211636). The STRIPAK complex has a regulatory role in many signaling pathways and cellular processes. (Adapted from FBrf0223805).
Pathway (FlyBase)
Positive Regulators of Wnt-TCF Signaling Pathway -
Positive regulators of canonical Wnt signaling up-regulate the pathway, resulting in the enhancement of transcriptional regulation mediated by β-catenin (arm).
Negative Regulators of Insulin-like Receptor Signaling Pathway -
Negative regulators of the Insulin-like Receptor signaling pathway suppress Insulin-like receptor (InR) activation or the activity of intracellular effectors. (Adapted from FBrf0232297, FBrf0230017 and FBrf0229989).
Negative Regulators of Hippo Signaling Pathway -
The Hippo signaling pathway is an intracellular kinase cascade in which hpo kinase in complex with sav, phosphorylates wts kinase which, in turn, phosphorylates yki transcriptional co-activator leading to its cytosolic retention. Negative regulators of the pathway promote the nuclear accumulation of yki, enhancing yki-mediated transcriptional regulation and the expression of genes that positively regulate tissue growth (Adapted from FBrf0224870).
Positive Regulators of Hedgehog Signaling Pathway -
Positive regulators of hedgehog signaling down-regulation the pathway, enhancing the activation of transcription of hh-responsive genes.
Negative Regulators of Hedgehog Signaling Pathway -
Negative regulators of hedgehog signaling down-regulation the pathway, resulting in the repression of transcription of hh-responsive genes.
Summary (Interactive Fly)

catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 2A - regulates asymmetric cell division, cell cycle, Hedgehog pathway, Notch signaling & visual signal transduction

Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
3
Number of Unique Polypeptides
1

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\mts or the JBrowse view of Dmel\mts for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model

Gene model reviewed during 5.52

Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.

Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0079525
2051
309
FBtr0343416
3102
309
FBtr0343417
1507
309
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)

2.5, 1.6 (northern blot)

2.3, 1.5 (northern blot)

Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0079148
35.5
309
4.97
FBpp0310062
35.5
309
4.97
FBpp0310063
35.5
309
4.97
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

The group(s) of polypeptides indicated below share identical sequence to each other.

309 aa isoforms: mts-PA, mts-PB, mts-PC
Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)

309 (aa); 35.42 (kD predicted)

Comments
External Data
Post Translational Modification

Reversibly methyl esterified on Leu-309 by leucine carboxyl methyltransferase 1 (LCMT1) and protein phosphatase methylesterase 1 (PPME1). Carboxyl methylation influences the affinity of the catalytic subunit for the different regulatory subunits, thereby modulating the PP2A holoenzyme's substrate specificity, enzyme activity and cellular localization (By similarity).

(UniProt, P23696)
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Nucleotide / Polypeptide Records
 
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\mts using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (30 terms)
Molecular Function (2 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Biological Process (23 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (23 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:l(2)gl; FB:FBgn0002121
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:par-6; FB:FBgn0026192
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:smo; FB:FBgn0003444
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:hh; FB:FBgn0004644
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Cellular Component (5 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (4 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from high throughput direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from sequence or structural similarity
Expression Data
Expression Summary Ribbons
Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
Transcript Expression
in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
organism

Comment: maternally deposited

northern blot
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
radioisotope in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data

The 1.5kb mts transcript is strongly expressed in eary embryos and decreases about 60% in late embryos and larvae. It is also detected in adults.

The 2.3kb mts transcript is strongly expressed in early embryos and is reduced ~20fold in late embryos and larvae.

Expression was observed in cryostat sections at several different stages of development. In adult females, basal levels of Pp2A-29B transcripts are detected in all tissues. High levels of expression are observed in the ovary in the nurse cells and oocytes. Slightly elevated levels are observed in the brain and the gut. In early embryos, transcripts are evenly distributed at high levels. In later embryos, the levels decline but slightly higher levels are seen in the developing CNS than in surrounding tissue. In third instar larvae, transcripts are enriched in the supraesophageal ganglion but are at very low levels in the neuropil. Elevated levels are observed in imaginal discs and salivary glands. In early embryos, in situ hybridization reveals uniform expression. Enrichment is observed in neuroblasts at germ band extension and in the ventral nerve cord and supraesophageal ganglion at later embryonic stages. In addition elevated levels are observed in the gonads.

The 2.3 and 1.5 kb mts transcripts are expressed throughout development. Expression is especially high in 0-4 hr embryos.

Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
mass spectroscopy
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data

Pp2A-29B and mts proteins show the same cytoplasmic localization in embryos and imaginal discs as the tws protein. In syncytial blastoderm embryos the protein is found in the cytoplasmic region surrounding the cortical layer of nuclei. The protein is cytoplasmic in pole cells. In cycle 14 embryos, the protein is located throughout the cytoplasm of interphase cells, and throughout the whole cell as it progresses through mitosis. In dividing third larval instar brain neuroblasts, the protein is detected in the cytoplasm of interphase and mitotic cells.

Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from high throughput direct assay
Expression Deduced from Reporters
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\mts in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
FlyExpress - Embryonic expression images (BDGP data)
  • Stages(s) 1-3
  • Stages(s) 4-6
  • Stages(s) 7-8
  • Stages(s) 9-10
  • Stages(s) 11-12
  • Stages(s) 13-16
Alleles, Insertions, and Transgenic Constructs
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 21 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Other relevant insertions
Transgenic Constructs ( 16 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of mts
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of mts
Deletions and Duplications ( 34 )
Partially disrupted in
Phenotypes
For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
Lethality
Allele
Sterility
Allele
Other Phenotypes
Allele
Phenotype manifest in
Allele
bouton & neuromuscular junction | larval stage, with Scer\GAL4elav.PLu
microtubule & neuromuscular junction | larval stage, with Scer\GAL4elav.PLu
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Homo sapiens (Human) (14)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
14 of 15
Yes
Yes
11 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
No
3 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
 
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
 
1 of 15
No
No
 
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
Yes
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (13)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
13 of 15
Yes
Yes
12 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (13)
10 of 13
Yes
Yes
7 of 13
No
Yes
7 of 13
No
Yes
3 of 13
No
No
3 of 13
No
No
2 of 13
No
Yes
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (12)
12 of 12
Yes
Yes
10 of 12
No
Yes
3 of 12
No
No
3 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (16)
12 of 15
Yes
Yes
12 of 15
Yes
Yes
8 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
No
3 of 15
No
No
3 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (45)
13 of 15
Yes
Yes
3 of 15
No
No
3 of 15
No
No
3 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
Yes
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (9)
9 of 9
Yes
Yes
9 of 9
Yes
Yes
8 of 9
No
Yes
5 of 9
No
Yes
5 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
No
1 of 9
No
No
1 of 9
No
No
1 of 9
No
No
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (13)
12 of 15
Yes
Yes
12 of 15
Yes
Yes
3 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
Yes
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (5)
10 of 12
Yes
Yes
8 of 12
No
Yes
2 of 12
No
Yes
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG09190B5L )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
AAA Syntenic Ortholog
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Drosophila suzukii
Spotted wing Drosophila
Drosophila simulans
Drosophila sechellia
Drosophila erecta
Drosophila yakuba
Drosophila ananassae
Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
Drosophila persimilis
Drosophila willistoni
Drosophila virilis
Drosophila mojavensis
Drosophila grimshawi
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091506WC )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Musca domestica
House fly
Glossina morsitans
Tsetse fly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Anopheles darlingi
American malaria mosquito
Anopheles gambiae
Malaria mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W07AS )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X07TC )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G0B6S )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Paralogs
Paralogs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (18)
6 of 10
5 of 10
5 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
Human Disease Associations
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
    Disease Model Summary Ribbon
    Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
    Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Evidence
    References
    Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 0 )
    Human Ortholog
    Disease
    Evidence
    References
    Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Interaction
    References
    Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1 and OMIM)
    Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
    Functional Complementation Data
    Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
    Interactions
    Summary of Physical Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
    Select Layout:
    Legend:
    Protein
    RNA
    Selected Interactor(s)
    Interactions Browser

    Please see the Physical Interaction reports below for full details
    protein-protein
    Physical Interaction
    Assay
    References
    Summary of Genetic Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    esyN Network Key:
    Suppression
    Enhancement

    Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    External Data
    Linkouts
    BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
    MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    Pathways
    Signaling Pathways (FlyBase)
    Positive Regulators of Wnt-TCF Signaling Pathway -
    Positive regulators of canonical Wnt signaling up-regulate the pathway, resulting in the enhancement of transcriptional regulation mediated by β-catenin (arm).
    Negative Regulators of Insulin-like Receptor Signaling Pathway -
    Negative regulators of the Insulin-like Receptor signaling pathway suppress Insulin-like receptor (InR) activation or the activity of intracellular effectors. (Adapted from FBrf0232297, FBrf0230017 and FBrf0229989).
    Negative Regulators of Hippo Signaling Pathway -
    The Hippo signaling pathway is an intracellular kinase cascade in which hpo kinase in complex with sav, phosphorylates wts kinase which, in turn, phosphorylates yki transcriptional co-activator leading to its cytosolic retention. Negative regulators of the pathway promote the nuclear accumulation of yki, enhancing yki-mediated transcriptional regulation and the expression of genes that positively regulate tissue growth (Adapted from FBrf0224870).
    Positive Regulators of Hedgehog Signaling Pathway -
    Positive regulators of hedgehog signaling down-regulation the pathway, enhancing the activation of transcription of hh-responsive genes.
    Negative Regulators of Hedgehog Signaling Pathway -
    Negative regulators of hedgehog signaling down-regulation the pathway, resulting in the repression of transcription of hh-responsive genes.
    Metabolic Pathways
    External Data
    Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
    Chromosome (arm)
    2L
    Recombination map

    2-29

    Cytogenetic map
    Sequence location
    2L:7,827,650..7,833,576 [+]
    FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Evidence for location
    28D1-28D2
    Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{EP}EP2178 and P{PZ}mts02496
    Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Notes
    References
    28D1-28D2
    (determined by in situ hybridisation)
    28D-28D
    (determined by in situ hybridisation)
    28D2-28D4
    (determined by in situ hybridisation)
    Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
    Location
    Left of (cM)
    Right of (cM)
    Notes
    Stocks and Reagents
    Stocks (28)
    Genomic Clones (14)
     

    Please Note FlyBase no longer curates genomic clone accessions so this list may not be complete

    cDNA Clones (328)
     

    Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

    cDNA clones, fully sequences
    BDGP DGC clones
    Other clones
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

    For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

    cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
    Other clones
    RNAi and Array Information
    Linkouts
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    Antibody Information
    Laboratory Generated Antibodies
     
    Commercially Available Antibodies
     
    Cell Signaling Technology - Commercial vendor for primary antibodies and antibody conjugates.
    Other Information
    Relationship to Other Genes
    Source for database identify of
    Source for database merge of

    Source for merge of: mts CG7109

    Additional comments
    Other Comments

    mts is required for efficient recruitment of pericentriolar material.

    dsRNA directed against this gene has been used in a screen for genes required for constitutive protein secretion.

    S2 cells treated with dsRNA generated against this gene show reduced phagocytosis of Candida albicans compared to untreated cells.

    Identified as a potential component of the hh signalling pathway in a genome-wide RNAi screen. dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed affects the extent of expression of a hh signaling reporter construct in Clone 8 cells.

    dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene tested in RNAi screen for effects on Kc167 and S2R+ cell morphology.

    RNAi screen using dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene causes a phenotype when assayed in Kc167 cells: change from round to spindle-shaped, with the formation of F-actin puncta and microtubule extensions. Alterations of cell shape are also evident in S2R+ cells; cells become round and detached.

    Identification: Enhancer trap expression pattern survey for loci expressed in the ring gland.

    Lack of mts causes a block in mitosis and uncouples the centrosome cycle from the nuclear cycle and prevents the attachment of microtubules to the kinetochore.

    Encodes the catalytic subunit of PP2A.

    The mts product positively and negatively regulates Ras85D-mediated photoreceptor development.

    A screen to identify mutations affecting the Ras85D signalling pathway identified alleles of phl, Dsor1, rl, aop, βggt-I, mts, ksr and phyl.

    mts has been molecularly cloned and developmental expression patterns examined.

    A mts cDNA has been cloned and sequenced.

    Origin and Etymology
    Discoverer
    Etymology
    Identification
    External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 91 )
    Sequence Crossreferences
    NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
    GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
    GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
    RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
    UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
    UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
    Other crossreferences
    BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center (DGRC) cDNA clones
    Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
    Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
    Reactome - An open-source, open access, manually curated and peer-reviewed pathway database.
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    iBeetle-Base - RNAi phenotypes in the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum)
    KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
    modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
    SignaLink - A signaling pathway resource with multi-layered regulatory networks.
    Linkouts
    BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
    Cell Signaling Technology - Commercial vendor for primary antibodies and antibody conjugates.
    Cell Signaling Technology - Commercial vendor for primary antibodies and antibody conjugates.
    DPiM - Drosophila Protein interaction map
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
    FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
    FlyCyc Genes - Genes from a BioCyc PGDB for Dmel
    FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
    Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
    InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
    MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    Synonyms and Secondary IDs (34)
    Reported As
    Symbol Synonym
    DmPp2A-28D
    l(2)02496
    l(2)s5286
    mts
    (Kim et al., 2019, La Marca et al., 2019, Ugrankar et al., 2018, Wang et al., 2018, Ashton-Beaucage and Therrien, 2017, Lee et al., 2017, Neisch et al., 2017, Yamada et al., 2017, Agrawal and Hardin, 2016, Chen et al., 2016, Clandinin and Owens, 2016-, Sakuma et al., 2016, Schwartz et al., 2016, Wang et al., 2016, Zhang et al., 2016, Andreazza et al., 2015, Lipinszki et al., 2015, Liu et al., 2015, Sopko et al., 2015, Sun and Buttitta, 2015, Ugrankar et al., 2015, Bulat et al., 2014, Faisal et al., 2014, Sopko et al., 2014, Bonke et al., 2013, Carter, 2013, Kwon et al., 2013, Schertel et al., 2013, Wehr et al., 2013, Zhu et al., 2013, Bánréti et al., 2012, Belozerov et al., 2012, Murray et al., 2012, Wang et al., 2012, Abruzzi et al., 2011, Bao et al., 2011, Friedman et al., 2011, Maher et al., 2011, Ouyang et al., 2011, Su et al., 2011, Wang et al., 2011, Chang et al., 2010, Müller et al., 2010, Ribeiro et al., 2010, Salzer et al., 2010, Jia et al., 2009, Krahn et al., 2009, Kunttas-Tatli et al., 2009, Moazzen et al., 2009, Ogawa et al., 2009, Viquez et al., 2009, Wang et al., 2009, Zhang et al., 2009, Casso et al., 2008, Casso et al., 2008, Chen et al., 2008, Dobbelaere et al., 2008, Kotadia et al., 2008, Kunttas et al., 2008, Stofanko et al., 2008, Wang et al., 2008, Bielinski and Mumby, 2007, Casso et al., 2007, Chen et al., 2007, Chen et al., 2007, Kadrmas et al., 2007, Ramel et al., 2007, Stuart et al., 2007, Christensen and Cook, 2006.8.29, Christensen and Cook, 2006.8.29, Christensen and Cook, 2006.8.29, Christensen and Cook, 2006.12.5, Stroschein-Stevenson et al., 2006, Viquez et al., 2006, Nybakken et al., 2005, Wheeler et al., 2004)
    Secondary FlyBase IDs
    • FBgn0010514
    • FBgn0010703
    • FBgn0031953
    Datasets (0)
    Study focus (0)
    Experimental Role
    Project
    Project Type
    Title
    References (232)