General Information
Symbol
Dmel\Csp
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
Cysteine string protein
Annotation Symbol
CG6395
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0004179
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
Cysteine string protein (Csp) is a synaptic vesicle-associated co-chaperone of Hsc70 that is vital for presynaptic proteostasis and maintenance of synaptic function. Csp protein substrates include SNARE proteins and shi, which mediate synaptic vesicle exo- and endocytosis respectively. [Date last reviewed: 2016-06-23]
Also Known As
Dcsp, l(3)03988, ab49
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
3L:22,267,382..22,273,745 [+]
Recombination map
3-47
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
GO Summary Ribbons
Families, Domains and Molecular Function
Gene Group Membership (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt, Sequence Similarities)
-
Molecular Function (see GO section for details)
Experimental Evidence
-
Predictions / Assertions
-
Summaries
Gene Group Membership
HEAT SHOCK PROTEIN 40/DNAJ CO-CHAPERONES -
The Heat Shock Protein 40 (Hsp40) family of co-chaperones are essential factors in the Hsp70 chaperone cycle. The Hsp40 family is diverse in size and structure, but a number of them are about 40kDa and have been identified as products of heat shock genes. Their defining feature is the DnaJ or J-domain corresponding to the N-terminal 70 amino acids of the Escherichia coli co-chaperone DnaJ. (Adapted from FBrf0173155).
UniProt Contributed Function Data
May have an important role in presynaptic function.
(UniProt, Q03751)
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
6
Number of Unique Polypeptides
4

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\Csp or the JBrowse view of Dmel\Csp for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model
Gene model reviewed during 5.47
Annotated transcripts do not represent all possible combinations of alternative exons and/or alternative promoters.
Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.
Gene model reviewed during 5.55
Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0078493
2832
223
FBtr0078494
1842
249
FBtr0078495
2226
228
FBtr0334746
1498
244
FBtr0334747
2895
244
FBtr0344983
2028
249
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
2.9, 2.3 (northern blot)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0078145
23.8
223
5.03
FBpp0078146
26.9
249
5.32
FBpp0078147
24.6
228
5.04
FBpp0306787
26.2
244
5.30
FBpp0306788
26.2
244
5.30
FBpp0311238
26.9
249
5.32
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

The group(s) of polypeptides indicated below share identical sequence to each other.

249 aa isoforms: Csp-PB, Csp-PF
244 aa isoforms: Csp-PD, Csp-PE
Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
249, 223 (aa); 34, 32 (kD observed); 27, 24 (kD predicted)
Comments
External Data
Post Translational Modification
Fatty acylated. Heavily palmitoylated in the cysteine string motif.
(UniProt, Q03751)
Crossreferences
InterPro - A database of protein families, domains and functional sites
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Nucleotide / Polypeptide Records
 
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\Csp using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (11 terms)
Molecular Function (0 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (0 terms)
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Biological Process (6 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (4 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
non-traceable author statement
inferred from sequence or structural similarity
Cellular Component (5 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (4 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from sequence or structural similarity
Expression Data
Expression Summary Ribbons
Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
Transcript Expression
northern blot
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
radioisotope in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
Csp transcripts are detected in adult head RNA on northern blots.
Csp transcripts are detected in the retina and in the entire brain cellular rind.
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
immunolocalization
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
mass spectroscopy
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
Csp is expressed in central brain neuropils. It is broadly seen in the R1-R6 terminals, but appears especially to line the borders facing the cartridge interior. Using immunoelectron microscopy, Csp is detected in the photoreceptor cells close to the T-bar ribbon surrounded by synaptic vesicles.
In the adult prothorax and neck, Csp immunoreactivity is observed in the type I boutons of motor neurons innervating ventral cervical muscles, prothoracic sternal anterior rotator muscle 31, and prothoracic sternal adductor muscle 33. Csp immunoreactivity is not detected in Type II boutons.
Csp protein is enriched in the neuropil of the larval ventral ganglion, where synapses occur.
Csp protein is detected presynaptically at larval and adult neuromuscular junctions. Synaptic boutons are strongly stained. In the CNS, Synapse rich regions of the neuropil are stained, but the surrounding cell bodies are not. One isoform is detected predominantly in photoreceptor terminals but not at motor nerve terminals. Csp protein is thought to be associated with synaptic vesicles.
Marker for
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Expression Deduced from Reporters
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\Csp in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
Alleles, Insertions, and Transgenic Constructs
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 37 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Allele of Csp
Class
Mutagen
Associated Insertion
Stocks
Known lesion
    0
    Yes
      0
      Yes
        0
        --
        Other relevant insertions
        miscellaneous insertions
        Name
        Expression Data
        Transgenic Constructs ( 26 )
        For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
        Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of Csp
        Allele of Csp
        Mutagen
        Associated Transgenic Construct
        Stocks
        Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of Csp
        Deletions and Duplications ( 7 )
        Phenotypes
        For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
        Lethality
        Allele
        Other Phenotypes
        Allele
        Phenotype manifest in
        Allele
        Orthologs
        Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
        Homo sapiens (Human) (3)
        Species\Gene Symbol
        Score
        Best Score
        Best Reverse Score
        Alignment
        Complementation?
        Transgene?
        13 of 15
        Yes
        Yes
        10 of 15
        No
        Yes
         
        4 of 15
        No
        Yes
        Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
        Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (3)
        Species\Gene Symbol
        Score
        Best Score
        Best Reverse Score
        Alignment
        Complementation?
        Transgene?
        12 of 15
        Yes
        Yes
        11 of 15
        No
        Yes
        4 of 15
        No
        Yes
        Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (3)
        12 of 13
        Yes
        Yes
        10 of 13
        No
        Yes
        4 of 13
        No
        Yes
        Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (3)
        3 of 12
        Yes
        Yes
        1 of 12
        No
        Yes
        1 of 12
        No
        Yes
        Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (5)
        13 of 15
        Yes
        Yes
        13 of 15
        Yes
        Yes
        10 of 15
        No
        Yes
        8 of 15
        No
        Yes
        6 of 15
        No
        Yes
        Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (3)
        11 of 15
        Yes
        Yes
        1 of 15
        No
        Yes
        1 of 15
        No
        No
        Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (4)
        1 of 9
        Yes
        Yes
        1 of 9
        Yes
        No
        1 of 9
        Yes
        No
        1 of 9
        Yes
        Yes
        Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (5)
        2 of 15
        Yes
        No
        2 of 15
        Yes
        No
        1 of 15
        No
        No
        1 of 15
        No
        No
        1 of 15
        No
        No
        Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (8)
        2 of 12
        Yes
        Yes
        1 of 12
        No
        No
        1 of 12
        No
        Yes
        1 of 12
        No
        No
        1 of 12
        No
        No
        1 of 12
        No
        Yes
        1 of 12
        No
        Yes
        1 of 12
        No
        No
        Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG09190F3A )
        Organism
        Common Name
        Gene
        AAA Syntenic Ortholog
        Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
        Drosophila melanogaster
        fruit fly
        Drosophila suzukii
        Spotted wing Drosophila
        Drosophila simulans
        Drosophila sechellia
        Drosophila erecta
        Drosophila yakuba
        Drosophila ananassae
        Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
        Drosophila persimilis
        Drosophila willistoni
        Drosophila virilis
        Drosophila mojavensis
        Drosophila grimshawi
        Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG09150C1S )
        Organism
        Common Name
        Gene
        Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
        Musca domestica
        House fly
        Glossina morsitans
        Tsetse fly
        Lucilia cuprina
        Australian sheep blowfly
        Mayetiola destructor
        Hessian fly
        Aedes aegypti
        Yellow fever mosquito
        Aedes aegypti
        Yellow fever mosquito
        Anopheles darlingi
        American malaria mosquito
        Anopheles gambiae
        Malaria mosquito
        Culex quinquefasciatus
        Southern house mosquito
        Culex quinquefasciatus
        Southern house mosquito
        Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W0BPX )
        Organism
        Common Name
        Gene
        Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
        Bombyx mori
        Silkmoth
        Apis florea
        Little honeybee
        Apis mellifera
        Western honey bee
        Bombus impatiens
        Common eastern bumble bee
        Bombus terrestris
        Buff-tailed bumblebee
        Linepithema humile
        Argentine ant
        Megachile rotundata
        Alfalfa leafcutting bee
        Nasonia vitripennis
        Parasitic wasp
        Dendroctonus ponderosae
        Mountain pine beetle
        Tribolium castaneum
        Red flour beetle
        Pediculus humanus
        Human body louse
        Pediculus humanus
        Human body louse
        Rhodnius prolixus
        Kissing bug
        Cimex lectularius
        Bed bug
        Acyrthosiphon pisum
        Pea aphid
        Zootermopsis nevadensis
        Nevada dampwood termite
        Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X0BNM )
        Organism
        Common Name
        Gene
        Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
        Ixodes scapularis
        Black-legged tick
        Stegodyphus mimosarum
        African social velvet spider
        Stegodyphus mimosarum
        African social velvet spider
        Tetranychus urticae
        Two-spotted spider mite
        Tetranychus urticae
        Two-spotted spider mite
        Daphnia pulex
        Water flea
        Daphnia pulex
        Water flea
        Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G0QJP )
        Organism
        Common Name
        Gene
        Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
        Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
        Purple sea urchin
        Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
        Purple sea urchin
        Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
        Purple sea urchin
        Ciona intestinalis
        Vase tunicate
        Gallus gallus
        Domestic chicken
        Gallus gallus
        Domestic chicken
        Human Disease Model Data
        FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
          Alleles Reported to Model Human Disease (Disease Ontology)
          Download
          Models ( 0 )
          Allele
          Disease
          Evidence
          References
          Interactions ( 0 )
          Allele
          Disease
          Interaction
          References
          Comments ( 0 )
           
          Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
          Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
          Functional Complementation Data
          Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
          Interactions
          Summary of Physical Interactions
          esyN Network Diagram
          Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
          Select Layout:
          Legend:
          Protein
          RNA
          Selected Interactor(s)
          Interactions Browser

          Please look at the Interaction Group reports for full details of the physical interactions
          RNA-protein
          Interacting group
          Assay
          References
          protein-protein
          Interacting group
          Assay
          References
          Summary of Genetic Interactions
          esyN Network Diagram
          esyN Network Key:
          Suppression
          Enhancement

          Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
          Starting gene(s)
          Interaction type
          Interacting gene(s)
          Reference
          Starting gene(s)
          Interaction type
          Interacting gene(s)
          Reference
          External Data
          Linkouts
          BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
          DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
          InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
          Pathways
          Gene Group - Pathway Membership (FlyBase)
          External Data
          Linkouts
          KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
          Reactome - An open-source, open access, manually curated and peer-reviewed pathway database.
          Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
          Chromosome (arm)
          3L
          Recombination map
          3-47
          Cytogenetic map
          Sequence location
          3L:22,267,382..22,273,745 [+]
          FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
          Cytogenetic map
          Evidence for location
          79D3-79D3
          Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{lacW}l(3)j1B10j1B10 and P{lacW}l(3)j2C4j2C4
          Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
          Cytogenetic map
          Notes
          References
          79E1-79E2
          (determined by in situ hybridisation)
          Determined by comparing Celera genomic sequence with sequence from BDGP BAC and P1 clones.
          Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
          Location
          Left of (cM)
          Right of (cM)
          Notes
          Stocks and Reagents
          Stocks (16)
          Genomic Clones (7)
           

          Please Note FlyBase no longer curates genomic clone accessions so this list may not be complete

          cDNA Clones (173)
           

          Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

          cDNA clones, fully sequences
          BDGP DGC clones
          Other clones
          Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

          For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

          cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
          RNAi and Array Information
          Linkouts
          DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
          GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
          Antibody Information
          Laboratory Generated Antibodies
           
          Commercially Available Antibodies
          Other Information
          Relationship to Other Genes
          Source for database identify of
          Source for identity of: Csp CG6395
          Source for database merge of
          Source for merge of: Csp l(3)03988
          Source for merge of: Csp anon-WO02059370.50
          Additional comments
          Source for merge of Csp anon-WO02059370.50 was sequence comparison ( date:051113 ).
          Other Comments
          Candidate stable intronic sequence RNA (sisRNA) identified within CDS of this gene.
          The J-domain of Csp is important for minimising asynchronous release shortly after the evoked EJP.
          The J-domain of Csp is important in maintaining normal Ca[2+] resting levels in synaptic terminals.
          Csp has multiple functions at synaptic terminals. Csp plays a direct role in exocytosis downstream from Ca2+ entry. Csp seems to increase the Ca2+ sensitivity of the exocytotic machinery.
          Mutations in Csp affect calcium secretion coupling of evoked exocytosis but not vesicle recycling.
          Fluorescent Ca-sensitive dye, Ca Crimson, is used to monitor presynaptic Ca dynamics.
          An analysis of the excitatory postsynaptic currents from depolarized motor nerve terminals leads to the conclusion that Csp protein is involved in neurotransmitter release and helps to synchronise evoked neurotransmitter release at nerve terminals.
          Biochemical characterisation of Csp suggests that fatty acyl groups do not form the main anchor of Csp in membranes as the complete removal of this modification does not dissociate Csp from the membrane.
          n-syb and Csp proteins are targetted to synaptic vesicles.
          Neuromuscular transmission is impaired presynaptically in Csp mutant larvae. Csp mutations disrupt depolarisation-secretion coupling, depolarisation fails to trigger transmitter release. This disruption explains the cellular basis of the temperature sensitive paralysis of the mutant larvae.
          A RNA helicase, member of the DEAD box protein family, is the adjacent transcript unit to Csp that expresses two RNA transcripts.
          Csp gene product is required for stabilizing the components of the neurotransmitter release machinery, lack of Csp gene product causes block of synaptic transmissions at high temperatures.
          Csp expression pattern has been studied: MAB ab49 antibodies were used to screen cDNA expression libraries to identify clones coding for recognized protein fragments.
          Origin and Etymology
          Discoverer
          Etymology
          Identification
          External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 72 )
          Sequence Crossreferences
          NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
          GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
          GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
          RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
          UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
          UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
          Other crossreferences
          BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
          InterPro - A database of protein families, domains and functional sites
          Linkouts
          BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
          Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones
          DPiM - Drosophila Protein interaction map
          DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
          DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
          Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
          FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
          FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
          FlyCyc Genes - Genes from a BioCyc PGDB for Dmel
          Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
          Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
          FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
          GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
          iBeetle-Base - RNAi phenotypes in the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum)
          InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
          KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
          KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
          MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
          MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
          modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
          Reactome - An open-source, open access, manually curated and peer-reviewed pathway database.
          Synonyms and Secondary IDs (24)
          Reported As
          Symbol Synonym
          CSP
          (Luo et al., 2017, Zhang et al., 2017, Xu et al., 2016, Kim et al., 2015, Uytterhoeven et al., 2015, Chaturvedi et al., 2014, Liu et al., 2014, Mao et al., 2014, Mhatre et al., 2014, Podufall et al., 2014, Vanlandingham et al., 2014, Chang et al., 2013, Duncan et al., 2013, Estes et al., 2013, Nahm et al., 2013, Ohyama and Schulze, 2013.7.28, Weaver et al., 2013, Xiong et al., 2013, Beck et al., 2012, Dimitroff et al., 2012, Füger et al., 2012, Jin et al., 2012, Kim et al., 2012, Wishart et al., 2012, Brooks et al., 2011, Chan et al., 2011, Henthorn et al., 2011, Liu et al., 2011, Miśkiewicz et al., 2011, Moua et al., 2011, Paddock et al., 2011, Uytterhoeven et al., 2011, Wang et al., 2011, Yu et al., 2011, Chouhan et al., 2010, Fei et al., 2010, Hamanaka and Meinertzhagen, 2010, Hamanaka et al., 2010, Jiao et al., 2010, Lee et al., 2010, Lorenzo et al., 2010, Loveall and Deitcher, 2010, Mosca and Schwarz, 2010, Phillips et al., 2010, Singh et al., 2010, Vijayakrishnan et al., 2010, Williamson et al., 2010, Edwards and Meinertzhagen, 2009, Fischer et al., 2009, Gilestro et al., 2009, Johnson et al., 2009, Kumar et al., 2009, Ren et al., 2009, Zhang et al., 2009, Barkus et al., 2008, Borycz et al., 2008, Caygill and Johnston, 2008, Liebl et al., 2008, Mast et al., 2008, Ratnaparkhi et al., 2008, Rezával et al., 2008, Toda et al., 2008, Bao et al., 2007, Besse et al., 2007, Rolls et al., 2007, Stowers and Isacoff, 2007, Wagner et al., 2007, Zeng et al., 2007, Zhang et al., 2007, Ataman, 2006, Baqri et al., 2006, Chu et al., 2006, Dudu et al., 2006, Huang et al., 2006, Rister and Heisenberg, 2006, Wagh et al., 2006, Ayyub et al., 2005, Bao et al., 2005, Bronk et al., 2005, Consoulas et al., 2005, Martin et al., 2005, Murthy et al., 2005, Wu et al., 2005, Koh et al., 2004, Rivlin et al., 2004, Aravamudan and Broadie, 2003, Fabian-Fine et al., 2003, Verstreken et al., 2003, Wucherpfennig et al., 2003, Chen et al., 2002, Guichet et al., 2002, Mathew et al., 2002, Verstreken et al., 2002, Bronk et al., 2001, Gunawardena and Goldstein, 2001, Lloyd et al., 2000, Matos et al., 2000, Beumer et al., 1999, Reist et al., 1998, Zinsmaier, 1998.4.1, Gonzalez-Gaitan and Jackle, 1997, Linial and Parnas, 1996, Bate and Broadie, 1995)
          anon-WO02059370.50
          Name Synonyms
          Cysteine string protein 3
          Secondary FlyBase IDs
          • FBgn0010827
          • FBgn0066009
          Datasets (0)
          Study focus (0)
          Experimental Role
          Project
          Project Type
          Title
          References (328)