Open Close
General Information
Symbol
Dmel\DptA
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
Diptericin A
Annotation Symbol
CG12763
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0004240
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
Diptericin A (DptA) encodes an immune inducible antibacterial peptide with activity against Gram-negative bacteria. It is expressed in the fat body during the systemic immune response and in various epithelia. Its expression is regulated at the transcriptional level by the immune deficiency pathway. [Date last reviewed: 2019-03-07]
Also Known As
Diptericin, Dpt, Dipt, Dip, DiptA
Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2R:18,865,765..18,866,260 [+]
Recombination map
2-86
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Gene Group (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt)
Belongs to the attacin/sarcotoxin-2 family. (P24492)
Protein Signatures (InterPro)
Molecular Function (GO)
[Detailed GO annotations]
Experimental Evidence
-
Predictions / Assertions
-
Summaries
Gene Group (FlyBase)
ANTIMICROBIAL PEPTIDES - OTHER -
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are small secreted peptides with antifungal or antibacterial activity. AMPs are part of the innate immune response. The AMP-OTHER gene group encompasses AMPs that are single gene family members in D.mel. (Adapted from FBrf0241672.)
Protein Function (UniProtKB)
Required to resist Gram-negative bacterial infections, regulated by Dredd.
(UniProt, P24492)
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
1
Number of Unique Polypeptides
1

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\DptA or the JBrowse view of Dmel\DptA for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model
Gene model reviewed during 5.50
Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0086620
496
106
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0085802
11.3
106
6.77
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

There is only one protein coding transcript and one polypeptide associated with this gene

Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
106 (aa); 9 (kD predicted)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
InterPro - A database of protein families, domains and functional sites
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\DptA using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (8 terms)
Molecular Function (0 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (0 terms)
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Biological Process (7 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (5 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from high throughput mutant phenotype
inferred from expression pattern
inferred from high throughput mutant phenotype
inferred from direct assay
inferred from high throughput expression pattern
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (5 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN002212156
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from sequence or structural similarity
non-traceable author statement
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN002212156
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN002212156
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN002212156
(assigned by GO_Central )
Cellular Component (1 term)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (0 terms)
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN002212156
(assigned by GO_Central )
Expression Data
Expression Summary Ribbons
Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
Transcript Expression
Additional Descriptive Data
Dpt transcripts are expressed in response to inoculation with a bacterial suspension. They are detected in adult males 2 hours after inoculation and reach a peak at 4 hours after inoculation. A similar response was observed in larvae and late pupae. A low level of Dpt transcripts was observed in untreated pupae and adults.
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
Additional Descriptive Data
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
Expression Deduced from Reporters
Reporter: P{Dipt2.2-lacZ}
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\DptA in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Images
Alleles, Insertions, and Transgenic Constructs
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 0 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Other relevant insertions
Transgenic Constructs ( 9 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of DptA
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of DptA
Deletions and Duplications ( 2 )
Phenotypes
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Homo sapiens (Human) (0)
No records found.
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (0)
No records found.
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (0)
No records found.
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (0)
No records found.
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (0)
No records found.
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (0)
No records found.
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (0)
No records found.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
No records found.
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (0)
No records found.
Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
No orthologies identified
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
No non-Drosophilid orthologies identified
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
No non-Dipteran orthologies identified
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
No non-Insect Arthropod orthologies identified
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
No non-Arthropod Metazoa orthologies identified
Paralogs
Paralogs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (6)
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
Human Disease Associations
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
    Disease Model Summary Ribbon
    Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
    Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Evidence
    References
    Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 0 )
    Human Ortholog
    Disease
    Evidence
    References
    Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Interaction
    References
    Comments on Models/Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
     
    Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1 and OMIM)
    Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
    Homo sapiens (Human)
    Gene name
    Score
    OMIM
    OMIM Phenotype
    DO term
    Complementation?
    Transgene?
    Functional Complementation Data
    Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
    Interactions
    Summary of Physical Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
    Select Layout:
    Legend:
    Protein
    RNA
    Selected Interactor(s)
    Interactions Browser

    Please see the Physical Interaction reports below for full details
    RNA-RNA
    Physical Interaction
    Assay
    References
    RNA-protein
    Physical Interaction
    Assay
    References
    Summary of Genetic Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    External Data
    Linkouts
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
    Pathways
    Gene Group - Pathway Membership (FlyBase)
    External Data
    Linkouts
    KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
    Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
    Chromosome (arm)
    2R
    Recombination map
    2-86
    Cytogenetic map
    Sequence location
    2R:18,865,765..18,866,260 [+]
    FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Evidence for location
    55F8-55F8
    Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{PZ}l(2)0370903709 and P{lacW}prodk08810
    Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Notes
    References
    56A-56A
    (determined by in situ hybridisation)
    Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
    Location
    Left of (cM)
    Right of (cM)
    Notes
    Stocks and Reagents
    Stocks (6)
    Genomic Clones (19)
    cDNA Clones (19)
     

    Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

    cDNA clones, fully sequences
    BDGP DGC clones
    Other clones
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

    For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

    cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
    Other clones
    RNAi and Array Information
    Linkouts
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    Antibody Information
    Laboratory Generated Antibodies
     
    Commercially Available Antibodies
     
    Other Information
    Relationship to Other Genes
    Source for database identify of
    Source for identity of: DptA Dpt
    Source for database merge of
    Additional comments
    Other Comments
    Identified as a gene with significant level of mRNA cycling as assessed by expression analysis using high density oligonucleotide arrays with probe generated from adult heads harvested over six time points over the course of a day. Shows alteration in expression in a Clk mutant background.
    In a sample of 79 genes with multiple introns, 33 showed significant heterogeneity in G+C content among introns of the same gene and significant positive correspondence between the intron and the third codon position G+C content within genes. These results are consistent with selection adding against preferred codons at the start of genes.
    Ecol\lacZDpt.PR adults are pricked with a sterile needle dipped in culture pellets of various living microorganisms (distinct bacterial strains, fungal spores or hyphae). Pricking results in a low but clearly detectable expression of all antimicrobial genes and these genes are induced above the background level by specific classes of microorganism.
    Antibacterial genes are not induced in L.boulardi resistant strains of Drosophila suggesting they cannot be involved directly in the antiparasitoid response.
    The κB motifs of Dpt and CecA1 are not functionally equivalent. Mutants carrying no copies of dl and a single copy of Dif retain their full capacity to express the Dpt and CecA1 genes in response to bacterial challenge.
    Genes encoding antibacterial peptides are regulated in a manner distinct from that of Drs, encoding the antifungal peptide.
    The response to Dipt::lacZ reporter constructs to bacterial challenge is ecdysteroid-dependent, being much reduced on a ecd1 or dor mutant background.
    The increase, or maturation, of Dpt promoter activity during the third larval instar in response to bacterial challenge is ecdysteroid- dependent, as demonstrated using wild type and ecd1 or dor22 mutant larvae.
    Transcription is not strongly induced by hymenopteran parasitoids.
    A 45kD protein that binds sequence-specifically to the Dpt promoter GAAANN motif in fat body and blood cell extracts has been identified.
    Ecol\lacZ reporter gene constructs demonstrate that a 2.2kb upstream sequence can only confer full bacterial inducibility when it carries both 17bp motifs in the proximal promoter region.
    Analysis of the Dpt promoter defined two 17bp repeats essential for LPS inducibility. Addition of extra copies of the 17bp repeat increases the level of transcription on LPS induction. A specific DNA-protein binding activity present only in induced blood cells and fat body suggests an induction mechanism similar to that of mammalian NF-κB.
    Dpt shows at least 4 distinct expression phases: young larvae, late third instar larvae, pupae and adults. The complexity may be related to the presence of multiple copies of response elements in the Dpt upstream sequences.
    Isolated from a cDNA library using probes complementary to residues 38-43 of Phormia diptericin A.
    Origin and Etymology
    Discoverer
    Etymology
    Identification
    External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 61 )
    Sequence Crossreferences
    NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
    GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
    RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
    UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
    Other crossreferences
    BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center (DGRC) cDNA clones
    Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
    Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    InterPro - A database of protein families, domains and functional sites
    KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
    KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
    modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
    Linkouts
    DPiM - Drosophila Protein interaction map
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
    FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
    FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
    InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
    KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
    Synonyms and Secondary IDs (27)
    Reported As
    Symbol Synonym
    Dpt
    (Araki et al., 2019, Chowdhury et al., 2019, Hanson et al., 2019, Kopp and Park, 2019, Singh and Tapadia, 2019, Abhyankar et al., 2018, Barajas-Azpeleta et al., 2018, Troha et al., 2018, Ueda et al., 2018, Bozler et al., 2017, Dostálová et al., 2017, Kim et al., 2017, Wang et al., 2017, Costechareyre et al., 2016, Guillou et al., 2016, Liu et al., 2016, Neyen et al., 2016, Piegholdt et al., 2016, Sekihara et al., 2016, Zhou et al., 2016, Beebe et al., 2015, Dudzic et al., 2015, Fan et al., 2015, Jones et al., 2015, Kanoh et al., 2015, Momiuchi et al., 2015, Xia et al., 2015, Yamamoto-Hino et al., 2015, Chen et al., 2014, Engel et al., 2014, Guo et al., 2014, Haller et al., 2014, Ruiz et al., 2014, Stronach et al., 2014, Varma et al., 2014, Zhu et al., 2014, Aparicio et al., 2013, Clark et al., 2013, Durdevic et al., 2013, Favrin et al., 2013, Gendrin et al., 2013, Short and Lazzaro, 2013, Yagi et al., 2013, An et al., 2012, Bosco-Drayon et al., 2012, Chakrabarti et al., 2012, Choi and Hyun, 2012, Kalajdzic et al., 2012, Marek and Kagan, 2012, Neyen et al., 2012, Rera et al., 2012, Tsuzuki et al., 2012, Wu et al., 2012, Fullaondo et al., 2011, Kikuchi et al., 2011, Zaidman-Rémy et al., 2011, Zhao and Haddad, 2011, Becker et al., 2010, Buchon et al., 2010, Zhao et al., 2010, Buchon et al., 2009, Charroux and Royet, 2009, Cronin et al., 2009, Ha et al., 2009, Sackton and Clark, 2009, Wei et al., 2009, Wiklund et al., 2009, Zhang and Palli, 2009, Aggarwal et al., 2008, Deddouche et al., 2008, Flatt et al., 2008, Jin et al., 2008, Lhocine et al., 2008, Libert et al., 2008, Linder et al., 2008, Reed et al., 2008, Ryu et al., 2008, Scherfer et al., 2008, Sekiya et al., 2008, Tang et al., 2008, Wigby et al., 2008, Domanitskaya et al., 2007, Harari-Steinberg et al., 2007, Reiter et al., 2007, Brun et al., 2006, Kaneko et al., 2006, Scherfer et al., 2006, Tang et al., 2006, Greene et al., 2005, Kocks et al., 2005, Lee et al., 2005, Park et al., 2005, Domazet-Loso and Tautz, 2003, Leulier et al., 2003, Leulier et al., 2003, Yajima et al., 2003, Rutschmann et al., 2002, Tauszig-Delamasure et al., 2002)
    diptericin
    Name Synonyms
    Diptericin
    (Aalto et al., 2019, Westfall et al., 2019, Akagi et al., 2018, Garschall and Flatt, 2018, Hleihel et al., 2018, Hori et al., 2018, Sherri et al., 2018, Su et al., 2018, Yuan et al., 2018, Capo et al., 2017, Duneau et al., 2017, Jones et al., 2017, Tavignot et al., 2017, Akbar et al., 2016, Allen et al., 2016, Helenius et al., 2016, Ji et al., 2016, Neyen et al., 2016, Sekihara et al., 2016, Arefin et al., 2015, Bandarra et al., 2015, Castillo et al., 2015, Shirinian et al., 2015, Terhzaz et al., 2015, Wu et al., 2015, Yamamoto-Hino et al., 2015, Binggeli et al., 2014, Chakrabarti et al., 2014, Goto et al., 2014, Haller et al., 2014, Ji et al., 2014, Tan et al., 2014, Varma et al., 2014, Zhou et al., 2014, Aparicio et al., 2013, Clark et al., 2013, Dantoft et al., 2013, Ferrandon, 2013, Furihata et al., 2013, Gendrin et al., 2013, Oh et al., 2013, Quintin et al., 2013, Vandersmissen et al., 2013, Yagi et al., 2013, An et al., 2012, Bier and Guichard, 2012, Bosco-Drayon et al., 2012, Choi and Hyun, 2012, Keebaugh and Schlenke, 2012, Longworth et al., 2012, Marek and Kagan, 2012, Neyen et al., 2012, Petersen et al., 2012, Tsuzuki et al., 2012, Wu et al., 2012, Akbar et al., 2011, Akhouayri et al., 2011, Chtarbanova and Imler, 2011, Clark et al., 2011, Esfahani and Engström, 2011, Fellous and Lazzaro, 2011, Kuraishi et al., 2011, Limmer et al., 2011, Mulcahy et al., 2011, Opota et al., 2011, Ragab et al., 2011, Schmidt et al., 2011, Wang et al., 2011, Zaidman-Rémy et al., 2011, Zhao et al., 2011, Aymeric et al., 2010, Becker et al., 2010, Buchon et al., 2010, Goto et al., 2010, Haghayeghi et al., 2010, Kurata, 2010, Lemos et al., 2010, Moule et al., 2010, Paquette et al., 2010, Radyuk et al., 2010, Tanji et al., 2010, Yagi et al., 2010, Zhao et al., 2010, Buchon et al., 2009, Buchon et al., 2009, Carpenter et al., 2009, Charroux and Royet, 2009, Choi et al., 2009, Costa et al., 2009, Diangelo et al., 2009, Ertürk-Hasdemir et al., 2009, Gendrin et al., 2009, Wei et al., 2009, Wiklund et al., 2009, Aggarwal et al., 2008, Bergeret et al., 2008, Deddouche et al., 2008, Flatt et al., 2008, Goto et al., 2008, Jin et al., 2008, Lhocine et al., 2008, Maillet et al., 2008, Reed et al., 2008, Ryu et al., 2008, Scherfer et al., 2008, Schmidt et al., 2008, Sekiya et al., 2008, Tang et al., 2008, Vonkavaara et al., 2008, Dijkers and O'Farrell, 2007, Harari-Steinberg et al., 2007, Helenius et al., 2007, Lesch et al., 2007, Pal et al., 2007, Tanji et al., 2007, Taylor and Kimbrell, 2007, Valanne et al., 2007, Waterhouse et al., 2007, Wu et al., 2007, Kambris et al., 2006, Leulier et al., 2006, Libert et al., 2006, Liehl et al., 2006, Matova and Anderson, 2006, Mulinari et al., 2006, Senger et al., 2006, Zraly et al., 2006, Johansson et al., 2005, Sano et al., 2005, Zhou et al., 2005, Bassett et al., 2003, Leulier et al., 2003, Yajima et al., 2003, Chen et al., 2002, Ligoxygakis et al., 2002, Naitza et al., 2002, Roxstrom-Lindquist et al., 2002, Rutschmann et al., 2002, Tauszig-Delamasure et al., 2002, Kimbrell and Beutler, 2001, Lindmark et al., 2001, Luo et al., 2001, Rutschmann et al., 2000, Reichhart, 1992.2.19)
    Diptericin precursor
    Drosomycin
    diptericin
    (Badinloo et al., 2018, Wei et al., 2018, Lee et al., 2017, Park et al., 2016, Regan et al., 2016, Shiratsuchi et al., 2016, Bandarra et al., 2015, Kutch and Fedorka, 2015, Shirinian et al., 2015, Verma and Tapadia, 2015, Hang et al., 2014, Verma and Tapadia, 2014, Bonnay et al., 2013, Fontenele et al., 2013, Gonzalez et al., 2013, Kemp et al., 2013, Nelson et al., 2013, Bier and Guichard, 2012, Bitra et al., 2012, Chambers et al., 2012, Hamilos et al., 2012, Igboin et al., 2012, Jones et al., 2012, Kounatidis and Ligoxygakis, 2012, Lemaitre et al., 2012, Meinander et al., 2012, Overend et al., 2012, Rera et al., 2012, Verma and Tapadia, 2012, Wang et al., 2012, Douglas et al., 2011, Igboin et al., 2011, Anbutsu and Fukatsu, 2010, Garbuzov and Tatar, 2010, Mabery and Schneider, 2010, Radyuk et al., 2010, Avadhanula et al., 2009, Berkey et al., 2009, Brown et al., 2009, Guntermann et al., 2009, Hashimoto et al., 2009, Luce-Fedrow et al., 2009, Merkle et al., 2009, Okado et al., 2009, Saleh et al., 2009, Shia et al., 2009, Stergiopoulos et al., 2009, Wagner et al., 2009, Zhang and Palli, 2009, Jones et al., 2008, Kapelnikov et al., 2008, Lee and Edery, 2008, Malagoli et al., 2008, Ratnaparkhi and Courey, 2008, Ratnaparkhi et al., 2008, Sibley et al., 2008, Silverman et al., 2008, Avet-Rochex et al., 2007, Brennan et al., 2007, Copley et al., 2007, Domanitskaya et al., 2007, Ferrarese et al., 2007, Hallem et al., 2007, Huh et al., 2007, Ren et al., 2007, Bischoff et al., 2006, Delaney et al., 2006, Johansson et al., 2006, Kaneko et al., 2006, Kim et al., 2006, Kim et al., 2006, Avet-Rochex et al., 2005, Delaney et al., 2005, Tsuda et al., 2005, Zerofsky et al., 2005, Leclerc and Reichhart, 2004, Agaisse et al., 2003, Cha et al., 2003, Janssens and Beyaert, 2003, Leulier et al., 2003, Fauvarque et al., 2002, Ligoxtgakis, 2002, Mukae et al., 2002, Wicker et al., 1990)
    Secondary FlyBase IDs
      Datasets (0)
      Study focus (0)
      Experimental Role
      Project
      Project Type
      Title
      References (569)