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General Information
Symbol
Dmel\DptA
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
Diptericin A
Annotation Symbol
CG12763
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0004240
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Summary
Diptericin A (DptA) encodes an immune inducible antibacterial peptide with activity against Gram-negative bacteria. It is expressed in the fat body during the systemic immune response and in various epithelia. Its expression is regulated at the transcriptional level by the immune deficiency pathway. [Date last reviewed: 2019-03-07] (FlyBase Gene Snapshot)
Also Known As

Diptericin, Dpt, Dipt, Dip, DiptA

Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2R:18,865,765..18,866,260 [+]
Recombination map
2-86
RefSeq locus
NT_033778 REGION:18865765..18866260
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Gene Ontology (GO) Annotations (6 terms)
Molecular Function (0 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (0 terms)
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Biological Process (6 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (5 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from expression pattern
inferred from high throughput mutant phenotype
inferred from expression pattern
inferred from high throughput mutant phenotype
inferred from direct assay
inferred from high throughput expression pattern
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from sequence or structural similarity
Cellular Component (0 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (0 terms)
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Gene Group (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt)
Belongs to the attacin/sarcotoxin-2 family. (P24492)
Protein Signatures (InterPro)
    -
    Summaries
    Gene Snapshot
    Diptericin A (DptA) encodes an immune inducible antibacterial peptide with activity against Gram-negative bacteria. It is expressed in the fat body during the systemic immune response and in various epithelia. Its expression is regulated at the transcriptional level by the immune deficiency pathway. [Date last reviewed: 2019-03-07]
    Gene Group (FlyBase)
    ANTIMICROBIAL PEPTIDES - OTHER -
    Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are small secreted peptides with antifungal or antibacterial activity. AMPs are part of the innate immune response. The AMP-OTHER gene group encompasses AMPs that are single gene family members in D.mel. (Adapted from FBrf0241672.)
    Protein Function (UniProtKB)
    Required to resist Gram-negative bacterial infections, regulated by Dredd.
    (UniProt, P24492)
    Gene Model and Products
    Number of Transcripts
    1
    Number of Unique Polypeptides
    1

    Please see the JBrowse view of Dmel\DptA for information on other features

    To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

    Protein Domains (via Pfam)
    Isoform displayed:
    Pfam protein domains
    InterPro name
    classification
    start
    end
    Protein Domains (via SMART)
    Isoform displayed:
    SMART protein domains
    InterPro name
    classification
    start
    end
    Comments on Gene Model

    Gene model reviewed during 5.50

    Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
    Transcript Data
    Annotated Transcripts
    Name
    FlyBase ID
    RefSeq ID
    Length (nt)
    Assoc. CDS (aa)
    FBtr0086620
    496
    106
    Additional Transcript Data and Comments
    Reported size (kB)
    Comments
    External Data
    Crossreferences
    Polypeptide Data
    Annotated Polypeptides
    Name
    FlyBase ID
    Predicted MW (kDa)
    Length (aa)
    Theoretical pI
    RefSeq ID
    GenBank
    FBpp0085802
    11.3
    106
    6.77
    Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

    There is only one protein coding transcript and one polypeptide associated with this gene

    Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
    Reported size (kDa)

    106 (aa); 9 (kD predicted)

    Comments
    External Data
    Crossreferences
    Linkouts
    Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
    Mapped Features

    Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\DptA using the Feature Mapper tool.

    External Data
    Crossreferences
    Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
    Linkouts
    Expression Data
    Expression Summary Ribbons
    Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
    For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
    Transcript Expression
    Additional Descriptive Data

    Dpt transcripts are expressed in response to inoculation with a bacterial suspension. They are detected in adult males 2 hours after inoculation and reach a peak at 4 hours after inoculation. A similar response was observed in larvae and late pupae. A low level of Dpt transcripts was observed in untreated pupae and adults.

    Marker for
     
    Subcellular Localization
    CV Term
    Polypeptide Expression
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Marker for
     
    Subcellular Localization
    CV Term
    Evidence
    References
    Expression Deduced from Reporters
    Reporter: P{Dipt2.2-lacZ}
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    High-Throughput Expression Data
    Associated Tools

    GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

    View Dmel\DptA in GBrowse 2
    RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
    Reference
    See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
    Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
    Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
    External Data and Images
    Linkouts
    BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
    EMBL-EBI Single Cell Expression Atlas
    FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
    Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
    Images
    Alleles, Insertions, Transgenic Constructs, and Aberrations
    Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 6 )
    For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
     
    Other relevant insertions
    Transgenic Constructs ( 10 )
    For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
    Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of DptA
    Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of DptA
    Aberrations (Deficiencies and Duplications) ( 2 )
    Inferred from experimentation ( 2 )
    Inferred from location ( 0 )
    Alleles Representing Disease-Implicated Variants
    Phenotypes
    Orthologs
    Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0)
    Homo sapiens (Human) (0)
    No records found.
    Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0)
    Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (0)
    No records found.
    Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (0)
    No records found.
    Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (0)
    No records found.
    Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (0)
    No records found.
    Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (0)
    No records found.
    Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (0)
    No records found.
    Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
    No records found.
    Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (0)
    No records found.
    Ortholog(s) in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
    No orthologies identified
    Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
    No non-Drosophilid orthologies identified
    Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
    No non-Dipteran orthologies identified
    Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
    No non-Insect Arthropod orthologies identified
    Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
    No non-Arthropod Metazoa orthologies identified
    Paralogs
    Paralogs (via DIOPT v8.0)
    Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (6)
    2 of 10
    1 of 10
    1 of 10
    1 of 10
    1 of 10
    1 of 10
    Human Disease Associations
    FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
      Disease Model Summary Ribbon
      Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
      Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
      Allele
      Disease
      Evidence
      References
      Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 0 )
      Human Ortholog
      Disease
      Evidence
      References
      Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 1 )
      Allele
      Disease
      Interaction
      References
      Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0 and OMIM)
      Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
      Homo sapiens (Human)
      Gene name
      Score
      OMIM
      OMIM Phenotype
      DO term
      Complementation?
      Transgene?
      Functional Complementation Data
      Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
      Interactions
      Summary of Physical Interactions
      esyN Network Diagram
      Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
      Select Layout:
      Legend:
      Protein
      RNA
      Selected Interactor(s)
      Interactions Browser

      Please see the Physical Interaction reports below for full details
      RNA-RNA
      Physical Interaction
      Assay
      References
      RNA-protein
      Physical Interaction
      Assay
      References
      Summary of Genetic Interactions
      esyN Network Diagram
      Starting gene(s)
      Interaction type
      Interacting gene(s)
      Reference
      Starting gene(s)
      Interaction type
      Interacting gene(s)
      Reference
      External Data
      Linkouts
      DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
      InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
      Pathways
      Signaling Pathways (FlyBase)
      Metabolic Pathways
      External Data
      Linkouts
      KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
      Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
      Chromosome (arm)
      2R
      Recombination map
      2-86
      Cytogenetic map
      Sequence location
      2R:18,865,765..18,866,260 [+]
      FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
      Cytogenetic map
      Evidence for location
      55F8-55F8
      Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{PZ}l(2)0370903709 and P{lacW}prodk08810
      Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
      Cytogenetic map
      Notes
      References
      56A-56A
      (determined by in situ hybridisation)
      Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
      Location
      Left of (cM)
      Right of (cM)
      Notes
      Stocks and Reagents
      Stocks (5)
      Genomic Clones (19)
      cDNA Clones (19)
       

      Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

      cDNA clones, fully sequenced
      BDGP DGC clones
      Other clones
      Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

      For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

      cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
      Other clones
      RNAi and Array Information
      Linkouts
      DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
      GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
      Antibody Information
      Laboratory Generated Antibodies
       
      Commercially Available Antibodies
       
      Other Information
      Relationship to Other Genes
      Source for database identify of

      Source for identity of: DptA Dpt

      Source for database merge of
      Additional comments
      Other Comments

      Identified as a gene with significant level of mRNA cycling as assessed by expression analysis using high density oligonucleotide arrays with probe generated from adult heads harvested over six time points over the course of a day. Shows alteration in expression in a Clk mutant background.

      In a sample of 79 genes with multiple introns, 33 showed significant heterogeneity in G+C content among introns of the same gene and significant positive correspondence between the intron and the third codon position G+C content within genes. These results are consistent with selection adding against preferred codons at the start of genes.

      Ecol\lacZDpt.PR adults are pricked with a sterile needle dipped in culture pellets of various living microorganisms (distinct bacterial strains, fungal spores or hyphae). Pricking results in a low but clearly detectable expression of all antimicrobial genes and these genes are induced above the background level by specific classes of microorganism.

      Antibacterial genes are not induced in L.boulardi resistant strains of Drosophila suggesting they cannot be involved directly in the antiparasitoid response.

      The κB motifs of Dpt and CecA1 are not functionally equivalent. Mutants carrying no copies of dl and a single copy of Dif retain their full capacity to express the Dpt and CecA1 genes in response to bacterial challenge.

      Genes encoding antibacterial peptides are regulated in a manner distinct from that of Drs, encoding the antifungal peptide.

      The response to Dipt::lacZ reporter constructs to bacterial challenge is ecdysteroid-dependent, being much reduced on a ecd1 or dor mutant background.

      The increase, or maturation, of Dpt promoter activity during the third larval instar in response to bacterial challenge is ecdysteroid- dependent, as demonstrated using wild type and ecd1 or dor22 mutant larvae.

      Transcription is not strongly induced by hymenopteran parasitoids.

      A 45kD protein that binds sequence-specifically to the Dpt promoter GAAANN motif in fat body and blood cell extracts has been identified.

      Ecol\lacZ reporter gene constructs demonstrate that a 2.2kb upstream sequence can only confer full bacterial inducibility when it carries both 17bp motifs in the proximal promoter region.

      Analysis of the Dpt promoter defined two 17bp repeats essential for LPS inducibility. Addition of extra copies of the 17bp repeat increases the level of transcription on LPS induction. A specific DNA-protein binding activity present only in induced blood cells and fat body suggests an induction mechanism similar to that of mammalian NF-κB.

      Dpt shows at least 4 distinct expression phases: young larvae, late third instar larvae, pupae and adults. The complexity may be related to the presence of multiple copies of response elements in the Dpt upstream sequences.

      Isolated from a cDNA library using probes complementary to residues 38-43 of Phormia diptericin A.

      Origin and Etymology
      Discoverer
      Etymology
      Identification
      External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 61 )
      Sequence Crossreferences
      NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
      GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
      RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
      UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
      Other crossreferences
      BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
      Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center (DGRC) cDNA clones
      EMBL-EBI Single Cell Expression Atlas
      Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
      Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
      GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
      KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
      MARRVEL_MODEL
      modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
      Linkouts
      DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
      DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
      FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
      FlyCyc Genes - Genes from a BioCyc PGDB for Dmel
      FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
      InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
      KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
      Synonyms and Secondary IDs (31)
      Reported As
      Symbol Synonym
      Dpt
      (Kosakamoto et al., 2020, Nonaka et al., 2020, Sharma et al., 2020, Yuan et al., 2020, Yurkevych et al., 2020, Zhang et al., 2020, Araki et al., 2019, Chowdhury et al., 2019, Hanson et al., 2019, Hanson et al., 2019, Kano and Yagi, 2019, Kopp and Park, 2019, Singh and Tapadia, 2019, Troha et al., 2019, Abhyankar et al., 2018, Barajas-Azpeleta et al., 2018, Troha et al., 2018, Ueda et al., 2018, Bozler et al., 2017, Dostálová et al., 2017, Kim et al., 2017, Wang et al., 2017, Costechareyre et al., 2016, Guillou et al., 2016, Liu et al., 2016, Neyen et al., 2016, Piegholdt et al., 2016, Sekihara et al., 2016, Zhou et al., 2016, Beebe et al., 2015, Dudzic et al., 2015, Fan et al., 2015, Jones et al., 2015, Kanoh et al., 2015, Momiuchi et al., 2015, Xia et al., 2015, Yamamoto-Hino et al., 2015, Chen et al., 2014, Engel et al., 2014, Guo et al., 2014, Haller et al., 2014, Ruiz et al., 2014, Stronach et al., 2014, Varma et al., 2014, Zhu et al., 2014, Aparicio et al., 2013, Clark et al., 2013, Durdevic et al., 2013, Favrin et al., 2013, Gendrin et al., 2013, Short and Lazzaro, 2013, Yagi et al., 2013, An et al., 2012, Bosco-Drayon et al., 2012, Chakrabarti et al., 2012, Choi and Hyun, 2012, Kalajdzic et al., 2012, Marek and Kagan, 2012, Neyen et al., 2012, Rera et al., 2012, Tsuzuki et al., 2012, Wu et al., 2012, Fullaondo et al., 2011, Kikuchi et al., 2011, Zaidman-Rémy et al., 2011, Zhao and Haddad, 2011, Becker et al., 2010, Buchon et al., 2010, Zhao et al., 2010, Buchon et al., 2009, Charroux and Royet, 2009, Cronin et al., 2009, Ha et al., 2009, Sackton and Clark, 2009, Wei et al., 2009, Wiklund et al., 2009, Zhang and Palli, 2009, Aggarwal et al., 2008, Deddouche et al., 2008, Flatt et al., 2008, Jin et al., 2008, Lhocine et al., 2008, Libert et al., 2008, Linder et al., 2008, Reed et al., 2008, Ryu et al., 2008, Scherfer et al., 2008, Sekiya et al., 2008, Tang et al., 2008, Wigby et al., 2008, Domanitskaya et al., 2007, Harari-Steinberg et al., 2007, Reiter et al., 2007, Brun et al., 2006, Kaneko et al., 2006, Scherfer et al., 2006, Tang et al., 2006, Greene et al., 2005, Kocks et al., 2005, Lee et al., 2005, Park et al., 2005, Domazet-Loso and Tautz, 2003, Leulier et al., 2003, Leulier et al., 2003, Yajima et al., 2003, Rutschmann et al., 2002, Tauszig-Delamasure et al., 2002)
      diptericin
      Name Synonyms
      Diptericin
      (Deng et al., 2020, Hanson and Lemaitre, 2020, Iwashita et al., 2020, Ozakman and Eleftherianos, 2020, Aalto et al., 2019, Ji et al., 2019, Sanchez Bosch et al., 2019, Westfall et al., 2019, Yadav and Eleftherianos, 2019, Akagi et al., 2018, Garschall and Flatt, 2018, Hleihel et al., 2018, Hori et al., 2018, Sherri et al., 2018, Su et al., 2018, Yuan et al., 2018, Capo et al., 2017, Duneau et al., 2017, Jones et al., 2017, Tavignot et al., 2017, Akbar et al., 2016, Allen et al., 2016, Helenius et al., 2016, Ji et al., 2016, Neyen et al., 2016, Sekihara et al., 2016, Xiong et al., 2016, Arefin et al., 2015, Bandarra et al., 2015, Castillo et al., 2015, Shirinian et al., 2015, Terhzaz et al., 2015, Wu et al., 2015, Yamamoto-Hino et al., 2015, Binggeli et al., 2014, Chakrabarti et al., 2014, Goto et al., 2014, Haller et al., 2014, Ji et al., 2014, Tan et al., 2014, Varma et al., 2014, Zhou et al., 2014, Aparicio et al., 2013, Clark et al., 2013, Dantoft et al., 2013, Ferrandon, 2013, Furihata et al., 2013, Gendrin et al., 2013, Oh et al., 2013, Quintin et al., 2013, Vandersmissen et al., 2013, Yagi et al., 2013, An et al., 2012, Bier and Guichard, 2012, Bosco-Drayon et al., 2012, Choi and Hyun, 2012, Keebaugh and Schlenke, 2012, Longworth et al., 2012, Marek and Kagan, 2012, Neyen et al., 2012, Petersen et al., 2012, Tsuzuki et al., 2012, Wu et al., 2012, Akbar et al., 2011, Akhouayri et al., 2011, Chtarbanova and Imler, 2011, Clark et al., 2011, Esfahani and Engström, 2011, Fellous and Lazzaro, 2011, Kuraishi et al., 2011, Limmer et al., 2011, Mulcahy et al., 2011, Opota et al., 2011, Ragab et al., 2011, Schmidt et al., 2011, Wang et al., 2011, Zaidman-Rémy et al., 2011, Zhao et al., 2011, Aymeric et al., 2010, Becker et al., 2010, Buchon et al., 2010, Goto et al., 2010, Haghayeghi et al., 2010, Kurata, 2010, Lemos et al., 2010, Moule et al., 2010, Paquette et al., 2010, Radyuk et al., 2010, Tanji et al., 2010, Yagi et al., 2010, Zhao et al., 2010, Buchon et al., 2009, Buchon et al., 2009, Carpenter et al., 2009, Charroux and Royet, 2009, Choi et al., 2009, Costa et al., 2009, Diangelo et al., 2009, Ertürk-Hasdemir et al., 2009, Gendrin et al., 2009, Wei et al., 2009, Wiklund et al., 2009, Aggarwal et al., 2008, Bergeret et al., 2008, Deddouche et al., 2008, Flatt et al., 2008, Goto et al., 2008, Jin et al., 2008, Lhocine et al., 2008, Maillet et al., 2008, Reed et al., 2008, Ryu et al., 2008, Scherfer et al., 2008, Schmidt et al., 2008, Sekiya et al., 2008, Tang et al., 2008, Vonkavaara et al., 2008, Dijkers and O'Farrell, 2007, Harari-Steinberg et al., 2007, Helenius et al., 2007, Lesch et al., 2007, Pal et al., 2007, Tanji et al., 2007, Taylor and Kimbrell, 2007, Valanne et al., 2007, Waterhouse et al., 2007, Wu et al., 2007, Kambris et al., 2006, Leulier et al., 2006, Libert et al., 2006, Liehl et al., 2006, Matova and Anderson, 2006, Mulinari et al., 2006, Senger et al., 2006, Zraly et al., 2006, Johansson et al., 2005, Sano et al., 2005, Shin et al., 2005, Zhou et al., 2005, Bassett et al., 2003, Leulier et al., 2003, Yajima et al., 2003, Chen et al., 2002, Ligoxygakis et al., 2002, Naitza et al., 2002, Roxstrom-Lindquist et al., 2002, Rutschmann et al., 2002, Tauszig-Delamasure et al., 2002, Kimbrell and Beutler, 2001, Lindmark et al., 2001, Luo et al., 2001, Rutschmann et al., 2000, Reichhart, 1992.2.19)
      Diptericin (A)
      Diptericin precursor
      diptericin
      (Badinloo et al., 2018, Wei et al., 2018, Lee et al., 2017, Park et al., 2016, Regan et al., 2016, Shiratsuchi et al., 2016, Bandarra et al., 2015, Kutch and Fedorka, 2015, Shirinian et al., 2015, Verma and Tapadia, 2015, Hang et al., 2014, Verma and Tapadia, 2014, Bonnay et al., 2013, Fontenele et al., 2013, Gonzalez et al., 2013, Kemp et al., 2013, Nelson et al., 2013, Bier and Guichard, 2012, Bitra et al., 2012, Chambers et al., 2012, Hamilos et al., 2012, Igboin et al., 2012, Jones et al., 2012, Kounatidis and Ligoxygakis, 2012, Lemaitre et al., 2012, Meinander et al., 2012, Overend et al., 2012, Rera et al., 2012, Verma and Tapadia, 2012, Wang et al., 2012, Douglas et al., 2011, Igboin et al., 2011, Anbutsu and Fukatsu, 2010, Garbuzov and Tatar, 2010, Mabery and Schneider, 2010, Radyuk et al., 2010, Avadhanula et al., 2009, Berkey et al., 2009, Brown et al., 2009, Guntermann et al., 2009, Hashimoto et al., 2009, Luce-Fedrow et al., 2009, Merkle et al., 2009, Okado et al., 2009, Saleh et al., 2009, Shia et al., 2009, Stergiopoulos et al., 2009, Wagner et al., 2009, Zhang and Palli, 2009, Jones et al., 2008, Kapelnikov et al., 2008, Lee and Edery, 2008, Malagoli et al., 2008, Ratnaparkhi and Courey, 2008, Ratnaparkhi et al., 2008, Sibley et al., 2008, Silverman et al., 2008, Avet-Rochex et al., 2007, Brennan et al., 2007, Copley et al., 2007, Domanitskaya et al., 2007, Ferrarese et al., 2007, Hallem et al., 2007, Huh et al., 2007, Ren et al., 2007, Bischoff et al., 2006, Delaney et al., 2006, Johansson et al., 2006, Kaneko et al., 2006, Kim et al., 2006, Kim et al., 2006, Avet-Rochex et al., 2005, Delaney et al., 2005, Tsuda et al., 2005, Zerofsky et al., 2005, Leclerc and Reichhart, 2004, Agaisse et al., 2003, Cha et al., 2003, Janssens and Beyaert, 2003, Leulier et al., 2003, Fauvarque et al., 2002, Ligoxtgakis, 2002, Mukae et al., 2002, Wicker et al., 1990)
      Secondary FlyBase IDs
        Datasets (0)
        Study focus (0)
        Experimental Role
        Project
        Project Type
        Title
        References (616)