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General Information
Symbol
Dmel\bnl
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
branchless
Annotation Symbol
CG4608
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0014135
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
branchless (bnl) encodes a Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) receptor for secreted FGF ligands that utilizes the intracellular Ras-MAP kinase pathway. It contributes to embryonic tracheal migration. [Date last reviewed: 2019-09-12]
Also Known As

FGF, l(3)06916, fibroblast growth factor

Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
3R:19,794,073..19,836,817 [-]
Recombination map

3-67

RefSeq locus
NT_033777 REGION:19794073..19836817
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Gene Ontology (GO) Annotations (27 terms)
Molecular Function (4 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:btl; FB:FBgn0285896
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000160075
(assigned by GO_Central )
traceable author statement
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000160075
(assigned by GO_Central )
Biological Process (19 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (14 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
involved_in cytoneme assembly
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:btl; FB:FBgn0285896
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:sty; FB:FBgn0014388
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:stumps; FB:FBgn0020299
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from expression pattern
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:bnl; FB:FBgn0014135
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (7 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000160075
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000160075
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000160075
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000160075
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000160075
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000160075
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000160075
(assigned by GO_Central )
Cellular Component (4 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
colocalizes_with cytoneme
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
located_in cytoplasm
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000160075
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from sequence or structural similarity with UniProtKB:P05230
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000160075
(assigned by GO_Central )
Gene Group (FlyBase)
Pathway (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt)
-
Summaries
Gene Group (FlyBase)
FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTORS -
Fibroblast Growth Factors (FGFs) are a family of secreted ligands that bind and activate Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor tyrosine kinases. (Adapted from FBrf0179928).
Pathway (FlyBase)
FGFR Core Components -
Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor (FGFR) signaling pathway is initiated by the binding of secreted FGFs - bnl or ths/pyr to receptor tyrosine kinases btl or htl, respectively, to initiate signaling primarily via the canonical Ras/Raf/MAP kinase (ERK) cascade. (Adapted from FBrf0221038).
Summary (Interactive Fly)
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
3
Number of Unique Polypeptides
2

Please see the JBrowse view of Dmel\bnl for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model

Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.

Gene model reviewed during 5.54

Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0083795
3632
770
FBtr0300123
4295
760
FBtr0344549
4073
760
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)

4 (northern blot)

Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0083206
84.1
770
9.97
FBpp0289400
82.9
760
9.97
FBpp0310902
82.9
760
9.97
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

The group(s) of polypeptides indicated below share identical sequence to each other.

760 aa isoforms: bnl-PC, bnl-PD
Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)

770 (aa); 84 (kD predicted)

Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
InterPro - A database of protein families, domains and functional sites
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\bnl using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Expression Data
Expression Summary Ribbons
Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
Transcript Expression
in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
northern blot
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data

In the wing disc, transcript was detected in between 15 and 60 and 80 and 150 columnar epithelial cells in early and late third instar larvae, respectively. The cells straddle the anterior/posterior compartment border and are dosal to the prospective wing blade.

bnl is expressed in embyros with a peak at 5-11hr and is not expressed at later stages. By in situ hybridization, bnl expression is first observed around the cephalic furrow and the posterior transverse furrow. Starting in stage 11, bnl transcripts are expressed dynamically in clusters outside the tracheal system at every position where a major tracheal branch will bud.

Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
immunolocalization
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data

bnl protein is expressed in the presumptive vas deferens and male accessory gland of the male genital disc of third instar larvae.

Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
colocalizes_with cytoneme
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Expression Deduced from Reporters
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\bnl in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
FlyExpress - Embryonic expression images (BDGP data)
  • Stages(s) 4-6
  • Stages(s) 7-8
  • Stages(s) 9-10
  • Stages(s) 11-12
  • Stages(s) 13-16
Alleles, Insertions, and Transgenic Constructs
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 23 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Other relevant insertions
Transgenic Constructs ( 24 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of bnl
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of bnl
Deletions and Duplications ( 7 )
Phenotypes
For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
Lethality
Allele
Other Phenotypes
Allele
Phenotype manifest in
Allele
air sac tracheoblast of dorsal mesothoracic disc & filopodium
air sac tracheoblast of dorsal mesothoracic disc & filopodium | somatic clone | cell non-autonomous
embryonic tracheal system & filopodium | ectopic, with Scer\GAL4btl.PS
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0)
Homo sapiens (Human) (22)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
7 of 15
Yes
Yes
6 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
0  
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (22)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
7 of 15
Yes
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (22)
5 of 13
Yes
Yes
5 of 13
Yes
Yes
5 of 13
Yes
Yes
5 of 13
Yes
Yes
5 of 13
Yes
Yes
4 of 13
No
Yes
4 of 13
No
Yes
4 of 13
No
Yes
4 of 13
No
Yes
4 of 13
No
Yes
4 of 13
No
Yes
4 of 13
No
Yes
4 of 13
No
Yes
3 of 13
No
Yes
3 of 13
No
Yes
3 of 13
No
Yes
3 of 13
No
Yes
3 of 13
No
Yes
3 of 13
No
Yes
3 of 13
No
Yes
2 of 13
No
Yes
1 of 13
No
Yes
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (19)
6 of 12
Yes
Yes
5 of 12
No
Yes
5 of 12
No
Yes
5 of 12
No
Yes
4 of 12
No
Yes
4 of 12
No
Yes
4 of 12
No
Yes
4 of 12
No
Yes
4 of 12
No
Yes
4 of 12
No
Yes
4 of 12
No
Yes
3 of 12
No
Yes
3 of 12
No
Yes
3 of 12
No
Yes
3 of 12
No
Yes
3 of 12
No
Yes
2 of 12
No
Yes
1 of 12
No
Yes
1 of 12
No
Yes
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (32)
6 of 15
Yes
Yes
6 of 15
Yes
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (2)
6 of 15
Yes
Yes
1 of 15
No
Yes
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (0)
No records found.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
No records found.
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (0)
No records found.
Ortholog(s) in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091909BR )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
AAA Syntenic Ortholog
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Drosophila suzukii
Spotted wing Drosophila
Drosophila simulans
Drosophila sechellia
Drosophila erecta
Drosophila yakuba
Drosophila ananassae
Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
Drosophila persimilis
Drosophila willistoni
Drosophila virilis
Drosophila mojavensis
Drosophila grimshawi
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091507PH )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Musca domestica
House fly
Musca domestica
House fly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Anopheles darlingi
American malaria mosquito
Anopheles gambiae
Malaria mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W0ICO )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X0IGE )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
No non-Arthropod Metazoa orthologies identified
Paralogs
Paralogs (via DIOPT v8.0)
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (1)
1 of 10
Human Disease Associations
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
Disease Model Summary Ribbon
Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
Allele
Disease
Evidence
References
Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 10 )
Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
Allele
Disease
Interaction
References
Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0 and OMIM)
Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
Homo sapiens (Human)
Gene name
Score
OMIM
OMIM Phenotype
DO term
Complementation?
Transgene?
Functional Complementation Data
Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
Interactions
Summary of Physical Interactions
esyN Network Diagram
Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
Select Layout:
Legend:
Protein
RNA
Selected Interactor(s)
Interactions Browser

Please see the Physical Interaction reports below for full details
RNA-protein
Physical Interaction
Assay
References
Summary of Genetic Interactions
esyN Network Diagram
esyN Network Key:
Suppression
Enhancement

Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
Starting gene(s)
Interaction type
Interacting gene(s)
Reference
Starting gene(s)
Interaction type
Interacting gene(s)
Reference
External Data
Linkouts
BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
Pathways
Signaling Pathways (FlyBase)
FGFR Core Components -
Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor (FGFR) signaling pathway is initiated by the binding of secreted FGFs - bnl or ths/pyr to receptor tyrosine kinases btl or htl, respectively, to initiate signaling primarily via the canonical Ras/Raf/MAP kinase (ERK) cascade. (Adapted from FBrf0221038).
Metabolic Pathways
External Data
Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
Chromosome (arm)
3R
Recombination map

3-67

Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
3R:19,794,073..19,836,817 [-]
FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
Cytogenetic map
Evidence for location
92B2-92B3
Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{EP}EP650 and P{PZ}l(3)1058510585
Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
Cytogenetic map
Notes
References
92B2-92B3
(determined by in situ hybridisation)
92B-92B
(determined by in situ hybridisation) 92B2--3 (determined by in situ hybridisation)
92B-92B
(determined by in situ hybridisation)
Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
Location
Left of (cM)
Right of (cM)
Notes
Stocks and Reagents
Stocks (17)
Genomic Clones (34)
cDNA Clones (11)
 

Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

cDNA clones, fully sequenced
BDGP DGC clones
Other clones
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

    For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

    cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
    BDGP DGC clones
    RNAi and Array Information
    Linkouts
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    Antibody Information
    Laboratory Generated Antibodies
     

    polyclonal

    Commercially Available Antibodies
     
    Other Information
    Relationship to Other Genes
    Source for database identify of

    Source for identity of: bnl CG4608

    Source for database merge of
    Additional comments
    Other Comments

    Haploinsufficient locus (not associated with strong haplolethality or haplosterility).

    RNAi generated by PCR using primers directed to this gene causes a cell growth and viability phenotype when assayed in Kc167 and S2R+ cells.

    bnl expressed in each trunk visceral mesodermal parasegment serves as a guide for the initial budding of tracheal visceral branches.

    sr acts co-operatively with bnl to facilitate extension of tracheal branches.

    Oxygen deprivation stimulates expression of bnl.

    bnl acts as a chemoattractant that guides the terminal branches of trachea during embryogenesis.

    dpp plays a dual role during tracheal cell migration. dpp controls the region-specific activation of bnl in the dorsal part of the embryo. dpp expression dorsal and ventral to the tracheal placode at the onset of migration instructs groups of tracheal cells with respect to their migration behaviour. Results suggest that other factors in addition to bnl dictate the direction of migration along the dorsoventral axis: some of these factors might be recognised by tracheal cells only upon the reception of the dpp signal.

    bnl locus is haploinsufficient.

    bnl is a key determinant of the tracheal branching pattern. bnl is required for tracheal branching and is expressed dynamically in clusters of cells surrounding the developing tracheal system at each position where a new branch will form and grow out. Misexpression of bnl activates later programs of tracheal gene expression and branching, resulting in massive networks of branches. bnl appears to function as a ligand for btl.

    The bnl gene is required for primary branching during tracheal development. The expression pattern suggests that bnl might encode a signal that induces the formation or directs the outgrowth of tracheal branches.

    Origin and Etymology
    Discoverer
    Etymology
    Identification
    External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 84 )
    Sequence Crossreferences
    NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
    GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
    GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
    RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
    UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
    Other crossreferences
    BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center (DGRC) cDNA clones
    Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
    Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
    Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    InterPro - A database of protein families, domains and functional sites
    KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
    modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
    SignaLink - A signaling pathway resource with multi-layered regulatory networks.
    Linkouts
    ApoDroso - Functional genomic database for photoreceptor development, survival and function
    BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
    FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
    FlyCyc Genes - Genes from a BioCyc PGDB for Dmel
    FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
    Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
    InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
    MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    Synonyms and Secondary IDs (16)
    Reported As
    Symbol Synonym
    bnl
    (Feuillette et al., 2020, Aberle, 2019, Best, 2019, Kockel et al., 2019, Kondo and Hayashi, 2019, Mele and Johnson, 2019, Sauerwald et al., 2019, Schumacher, 2019, Sohr et al., 2019, Texada et al., 2019, Whittle and Extavour, 2019, Du et al., 2018, Hall et al., 2018, Jia et al., 2018, Du et al., 2017, Koch et al., 2017, Transgenic RNAi Project members, 2017-, Calleja et al., 2016, Clandinin and Owens, 2016-, Miao and Hayashi, 2016, Moulton and Letsou, 2016, Ricolo et al., 2016, Cheng and Andrew, 2015, Gene Disruption Project members, 2015-, Grifoni et al., 2015, Matsuda et al., 2015, Peterson and Krasnow, 2015, Verhulst and van de Zande, 2015, Zhai et al., 2015, Ashwal-Fluss et al., 2014, Butí et al., 2014, Chen and Krasnow, 2014, Ciglar et al., 2014, Kuuluvainen et al., 2014, Caviglia and Luschnig, 2013, Chu et al., 2013, Grubbs et al., 2013, Hirabayashi et al., 2013, Mortimer and Moberg, 2013, Muha and Müller, 2013, Terriente-Felix et al., 2013, Cook et al., 2012, Japanese National Institute of Genetics, 2012.5.21, Mukherjee et al., 2012, Chatterjee et al., 2011, Gervais and Casanova, 2011, Luo et al., 2011, McNeil et al., 2011, Roy et al., 2011, Roy et al., 2011, Chanut-Delalande et al., 2010, Guenin et al., 2010, Wang et al., 2010, Zhan et al., 2010, Cairrao et al., 2009, Christensen et al., 2009.5.6, Christensen et al., 2009.5.6, Hazelett et al., 2009, Kadam et al., 2009, Mortimer and Moberg, 2009, Centanin et al., 2008, Christensen et al., 2008.9.29, Araujo et al., 2007, Buszczak et al., 2007, Georlette et al., 2007, Inoue and Hayashi, 2007, Jakobsen et al., 2007, Lindner et al., 2007, Lindner et al., 2007, Minidorff et al., 2007, Minidorff et al., 2007, Sandmann et al., 2007, Stahl et al., 2007, Urbach, 2007, Yan and Lin, 2007, Zeitlinger et al., 2007, Zhang et al., 2007, Girard et al., 2006, Jarvis et al., 2006, Krause et al., 2006, Molnar et al., 2006, Merabet et al., 2005, Wolf et al., 2002, Pickeral et al., 2000)
    l(3)neo52
    Secondary FlyBase IDs
    • FBgn0010906
    • FBgn0013633
    Datasets (0)
    Study focus (0)
    Experimental Role
    Project
    Project Type
    Title
    References (321)