General Information
Symbol
Dmel\gcm
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
glial cells missing
Annotation Symbol
CG12245
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0014179
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
Glial cells missing is an essential zinc finger transcription factor that determines the fate of the lateral glial cells. It is involved in the differentiation of plasmatocytes, tendon cells and specific neurons. [Date last reviewed: 2016-06-30]
Also Known As
glide/gcm, glide
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2L:9,579,498..9,581,745 [-]
Recombination map
2-35
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
GO Summary Ribbons
Families, Domains and Molecular Function
Gene Group Membership (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt, Sequence Similarities)
-
Summaries
Gene Group Membership
GLIAL CELL MISSING TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS -
Glia cell missing (GCM) transcription factors are sequence-specific DNA binding proteins that regulate transcription. These proteins are characterized by a 150 amino acid DNA binding region known as GCM domain. GCM transcription factors are involved in the differentiation of neuron precursor cells into glia cells. (Adapted from FBrf0157175).
UniProt Contributed Function Data
Transcription factor that induces gliogenesis. It determines the choice between glial and neuronal fates. Also has a role in the differentiation of the plasmatocyte/macrophage lineage of hemocytes.
(UniProt, Q27403)
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
2
Number of Unique Polypeptides
1

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\gcm or the JBrowse view of Dmel\gcm for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model
Gene model reviewed during 5.47
Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0079855
1911
504
FBtr0335492
2173
504
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
2.2 (northern blot)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0079451
56.2
504
7.08
FBpp0307464
56.2
504
7.08
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

The group(s) of polypeptides indicated below share identical sequence to each other.

504 aa isoforms: gcm-PA, gcm-PB
Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\gcm using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (33 terms)
Molecular Function (5 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (4 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Biological Process (27 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (21 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (8 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Cellular Component (1 term)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Expression Data
Transcript Expression
No Assay Recorded
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
head mesoderm anlage

Comment: anlage in statu nascendi

RT-PCR
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
gcm transcripts are detected in medulla neuropil glial cells as well as in streams of glial cells migrating within the outer proliferation center to reach the medulla neuropil.
In the larval visual system, gcm transcript is expressed not only in specific glial subtypes, but also in the lineage that gives rise to lamina neurons.
gcm expression is observed in the larval optic lobe in some glial subtypes and in a lineage that gives rise to lamina neurons. Expression begins in glial precursor cells at the lamina margins that will give rise to epithelial and marginal glial cells. Expression is also observed in neruonal precursors in the lamina.
expressed first in presumptive glial cell of dbd lineage after decrease in nub expression.
gcm transcripts are first detected by in situ hybridization in the head region of the embryo at the end of the blastoderm stage. At stage 10, expression is still very prominent in the procephalic mesoderm. Additionally staining is seem in one cell per hemisegment in the lateral ectoderm which may correspond to PNS. A second, more medially located cell, may be the longitudinal glioblast. By stage 11, expression decreases in the hemocyte lineage and becomes more prominent in glial cells of the PNS and CNS. The staining pattern appears d fferent in the thoracic and abdominal segments reflecting the different organization of the glial cells. No signal is observed in cells migrating from the procephalic mesoderm after stage 11.
gcm transcripts are expressed in glial precursors and immature glial cells during a short period of gliogenesis. Expression is first detected in early stage 11 in the longitudinal glioblast. By mid stage 11, 2-3 other cells per hemisegment express gcm. Two of these have been identified as NB6-4 and the medial-most cell body glial cell (VUM support cell). By early stage 12, expression is detected in several other cells which are also developing glial cells. Expression fades during stage 12 and is hardly detectable in stage 13. Enhancer trap expression was used to trace the gcm-expressing cells to later developmental stages. It was found that gcm is expressed in all glial precursors and immature glial cells except those derived from the mesectoderm. Outside of the CNS, gcm is expressed in the most anterior region of the presumptive mesoderm beginning at the cellular blastoderm stage, in the brain neurogenic region, and in the PNS neurogenic region.
gcm transcripts are initially expressed in an anterior ventral patch in the cellular blastoderm embryo. During gastrulation, these cells invaginate at the end of the ventral furrow just anterior to the cephalic furrow in an area that gives rise to the cephalic mesoderm. Cephalic expression fades after stage 10. During stages 11-12, in each hemisegment, two patches of 3-5 ectodermal cells sequentially and transiently express gcm. From each patch, a single large blast cell delaminates and maintains gcm expression. These are tentatively identified as the peripheral glioblast and the longitudinal glioblast. By late stage 11, all of the progeny of these glioblasts as well as additional glial cells express gcm. Glial expression is gone by stage 15. In the brain lobes, gcm is expressed in a complex pattern through stage 17. In the PNS, gcm is transiently expressed in all repo-positive glia along peripheral axon pathways and associated with sensory organs.
Marker for
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
immunolocalization
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
gcm is first detected in stage 10 embryos in one lateral cell thought to be a longitudinal glial cell. In stage 11 and 13 embryos, it is expressed in a number of CNS precursor cells including glial cells. By stage 15 staining has tailed off and is observed in scattered puncta.
gcm protein is detected in nuclei in a subset of cells in the glial precursor cell areas at the margin of the lamina and in lamina precursor cells.
In the larval visual system, gcm protein is expressed not only in specific glial subtypes, but also in the lineage that gives rise to lamina neurons.
gcm protein is initially expressed in an anterior ventral patch in the cellular blastoderm embryo. During gastrulation, these cells invaginate at the end of the ventral furrow just anterior to the cephalic furrow in an area that gives rise to the cephalic mesoderm. Cephalic expression fades after stage 10. During stages 11-12, in each hemisegment, two patches of 3-5 ectodermal cells sequentially and transiently express gcm. From each patch, a single large blast cell delaminates and maintains gcm expression. These are tentatively identified as the peripheral glioblast and the longitudinal glioblast. By late stage 11, all of the progeny of these glioblasts as well as additional glial cells express gcm and expression is gone by stage 15. In the brain lobes, gcm is expressed in a complex pattern through stage 17. In the PNS, gcm is transiently expressed in all repo-positive glia along peripheral axon pathways and associated with sensory organs.
Marker for
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
Expression Deduced from Reporters
Reporter: M{gcm-FLAG.BAC}
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Reporter: P{GawB}gcmrA87.C
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Reporter: P{GawB}gcmrA87.P
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Reporter: P{gcm-GAL4.6}
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Reporter: P{PZ}gcmP
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Reporter: P{PZ}gcmrA87
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Reporter: P{sgcm-GAL4}
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\gcm in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
FlyExpress - Embryonic expression images (BDGP data)
  • Stages(s) 4-6
  • Stages(s) 7-8
  • Stages(s) 9-10
  • Stages(s) 11-12
  • Stages(s) 13-16
Alleles, Insertions, Transgenic Constructs and Phenotypes
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 32 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Allele of gcm
Class
Mutagen
Associated Insertion
Stocks
Known lesion
    0
    --
      0
      --
      Other relevant insertions
      Transgenic Constructs ( 31 )
      For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
      Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of gcm
      Allele of gcm
      Mutagen
      Associated Transgenic Construct
      Stocks
      Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of gcm
      GAL4 construct
      Name
      Expression Data
      Deletions and Duplications ( 24 )
      Summary of Phenotypes
      For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
      Lethality
      Allele
      Sterility
      Allele
      Other Phenotypes
      Allele
      Phenotype manifest in
      Allele
      medulla cortex & glial cell | somatic clone, with Scer\GAL4Act5C.PI
      mesothoracic tergum & macrochaeta | supernumerary (with gcmN7-4)
      mesothoracic tergum & macrochaeta | supernumerary (with gcmPyx)
      mesothoracic tergum & macrochaeta | supernumerary | conditional ts
      mesothoracic tergum & macrochaeta | supernumerary | conditional ts, with Scer\GAL4hs.PB
      metathoracic laterotergite & macrochaeta | supernumerary
      scutellum & macrochaeta | supernumerary
      scutum & macrochaeta | supernumerary
      sense organ & wing
      wing & neuron | supernumerary | somatic clone
      wing & sensillum campaniformium | supernumerary | somatic clone, with Scer\GAL4Act5C.PI
      wing & thecogen cell | somatic clone
      Orthologs
      Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
      Homo sapiens (Human) (2)
      Species\Gene Symbol
      Score
      Best Score
      Best Reverse Score
      Alignment
      Complementation?
      Transgene?
      9 of 15
      Yes
      Yes
       
      8 of 15
      No
      Yes
      Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
      Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (2)
      Species\Gene Symbol
      Score
      Best Score
      Best Reverse Score
      Alignment
      Complementation?
      Transgene?
      9 of 15
      Yes
      Yes
      9 of 15
      Yes
      Yes
       
      Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (2)
      9 of 13
      Yes
      Yes
      8 of 13
      No
      Yes
       
      Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (2)
      8 of 12
      Yes
      Yes
      5 of 12
      No
      Yes
      Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (1)
      9 of 15
      Yes
      Yes
      Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (0)
      No orthologs reported.
      Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (0)
      No orthologs reported.
      Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
      No orthologs reported.
      Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (0)
      No orthologs reported.
      Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG0919081P )
      Organism
      Common Name
      Gene
      AAA Syntenic Ortholog
      Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
      Drosophila melanogaster
      fruit fly
      Drosophila suzukii
      Spotted wing Drosophila
      Drosophila simulans
      Drosophila sechellia
      Drosophila erecta
      Drosophila yakuba
      Drosophila ananassae
      Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
      Drosophila persimilis
      Drosophila willistoni
      Drosophila virilis
      Drosophila mojavensis
      Drosophila grimshawi
      Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091509A3 )
      Organism
      Common Name
      Gene
      Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
      Musca domestica
      House fly
      Musca domestica
      House fly
      Glossina morsitans
      Tsetse fly
      Glossina morsitans
      Tsetse fly
      Lucilia cuprina
      Australian sheep blowfly
      Lucilia cuprina
      Australian sheep blowfly
      Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W0A9T )
      Organism
      Common Name
      Gene
      Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
      Bombyx mori
      Silkmoth
      Danaus plexippus
      Monarch butterfly
      Heliconius melpomene
      Postman butterfly
      Apis florea
      Little honeybee
      Apis mellifera
      Western honey bee
      Bombus impatiens
      Common eastern bumble bee
      Bombus terrestris
      Buff-tailed bumblebee
      Linepithema humile
      Argentine ant
      Megachile rotundata
      Alfalfa leafcutting bee
      Nasonia vitripennis
      Parasitic wasp
      Dendroctonus ponderosae
      Mountain pine beetle
      Tribolium castaneum
      Red flour beetle
      Pediculus humanus
      Human body louse
      Rhodnius prolixus
      Kissing bug
      Cimex lectularius
      Bed bug
      Acyrthosiphon pisum
      Pea aphid
      Zootermopsis nevadensis
      Nevada dampwood termite
      Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X0A5Z )
      Organism
      Common Name
      Gene
      Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
      Strigamia maritima
      European centipede
      Ixodes scapularis
      Black-legged tick
      Stegodyphus mimosarum
      African social velvet spider
      Tetranychus urticae
      Two-spotted spider mite
      Daphnia pulex
      Water flea
      Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G06SW )
      Organism
      Common Name
      Gene
      Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
      Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
      Purple sea urchin
      Gallus gallus
      Domestic chicken
      Gallus gallus
      Domestic chicken
      Human Disease Model Data
      FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
      Alleles Reported to Model Human Disease (Disease Ontology)
      Download
      Models ( 3 )
      Allele
      Disease
      Evidence
      References
      model of  infertility
      in combination with gcmrA87.P
      model of  infertility
      inferred from mutant phenotype
      in combination with gcmrA87
      inferred from mutant phenotype
      Interactions ( 2 )
      Allele
      Disease
      Interaction
      References
      Comments ( 0 )
       
      Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
      Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
      Functional Complementation Data
      Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
      Interactions
      Summary of Physical Interactions
      esyN Network Diagram
      Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
      Select Layout:
      Legend:
      Protein
      RNA
      Selected Interactor(s)
      Interactions Browser

      Please look at the Interaction Group reports for full details of the physical interactions
      RNA-RNA
      Interacting group
      Assay
      References
      protein-protein
      Interacting group
      Assay
      References
      Summary of Genetic Interactions
      esyN Network Diagram
      esyN Network Key:
      Suppression
      Enhancement

      Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
      Starting gene(s)
      Interaction type
      Interacting gene(s)
      Reference
      Starting gene(s)
      Interaction type
      Interacting gene(s)
      Reference
      External Data
      Linkouts
      BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
      DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
      InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
      Pathways
      Gene Group - Pathway Membership (FlyBase)
      External Data
      Linkouts
      Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
      Chromosome (arm)
      2L
      Recombination map
      2-35
      Cytogenetic map
      Sequence location
      2L:9,579,498..9,581,745 [-]
      FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
      Cytogenetic map
      Evidence for location
      30B12-30B12
      Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{EP}Oatp30BEP890 and P{EP}EP361&P{EP}peloEP2160
      Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
      Cytogenetic map
      Notes
      References
      30B9-30B12
      30B-30C
      (determined by in situ hybridisation)
      30C-30C
      (determined by in situ hybridisation)
      Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
      Location
      Left of (cM)
      Right of (cM)
      Notes
      Stocks and Reagents
      Stocks (19)
      Genomic Clones (16)
       

      Please Note FlyBase no longer curates genomic clone accessions so this list may not be complete

      cDNA Clones (10)
       

      Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

      cDNA clones, fully sequences
      BDGP DGC clones
        Other clones
        Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

        For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

        cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
        BDGP DGC clones
          RNAi and Array Information
          Linkouts
          DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
          GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
          Antibody Information
          Laboratory Generated Antibodies
          Commercially Available Antibodies
           
          Other Information
          Relationship to Other Genes
          Source for database identify of
          Source for database merge of
          Additional comments
          Other Comments
          hkb triggers gcm autoregulation via direct physical interaction.
          gcm and gcm2 cooperate with the hh pathway to regualte neurogenesis in the lamina.
          Lack of both gcm and gcm2 eliminates all lateral glial cells.
          N signalling positively regulates gcm expression in the context of subperineurial glial cell development.
          gcm is required for the formation of subperineurial glial cells.
          The decision to express gcm in the sensory organ lineage is dependent upon cell-cell communication.
          mira and pros seem to be upstream of gcm in the cascade of cell fate decision in the NB6-4T lineage.
          Restricted expression of gcm is required for the developmental program of embryonic plasmatocytes.
          gcm is necessary to induce glial differentiation in the peripheral nervous system.
          Gliogenesis depends on gcm through asymmetric division of neuroglioblasts.
          gcm can induce gliogenesis in mesodermal cells, indicating that gliogenesis does not require a ground neural state.
          gcm is required in the hemocyte/macrophage cell lineage.
          On the basis of structural as well as functional criteria gcm is a transcription factor with novel DNA binding domain that recognises the motif AT(G/A)CGGGT.
          gcm encodes a novel DNA binding protein, which has its DNA binding activity localised within the N-terminal 181 amino acids. The protein binds with high specificity to the sequence, (A/G)CCCGCAT. Eleven such gcm binding sequences are found in the upstream region of the repo gene.
          gcm is necessary for glial cell fate commitment. Mutations prevent glial cell determination in the embryonic central and peripheral nervous system. Absence of glial cells is the consequence of a cell fate switch from glia to neurones.
          Mutations at gcm have severely disrupted longitudinal connectives. gcm was identified during an enhancer detector screen, imprecise excisions of the P-element generated severe alleles in which the longitudunal connectives have few axons in most segments. Expression patterns of mutant alleles indicate that the gcm mutation disrupts early steps of glial development. gcm may be an upstream element in the cascade that controls the repo expression.
          Phenotypic analysis reveals that glial/neuron determination is governed by a single molecule, gcm. All CNS cells are originally bipotential so that they can differentiate into both neurons and glial cells with neuronal differentiation as a default. They differentiate into neurons when gcm is absent while they differentiate into glial cells when gcm is present.
          Cloning, molecularly characterisation and genetic analysis of gcm.
          gcm is involved in the migratory, not rotatory, aspect of lateral chordotonal (Lch) neuron development.
          Origin and Etymology
          Discoverer
          Etymology
          Identification
          External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 36 )
          Crossreferences
          NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
          GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
          GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
          RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
          UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
          UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
          Other crossreferences
          BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
          Linkouts
          ApoDroso - Functional genomic database for photoreceptor development, survival and function
          BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
          Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones
          DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
          DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
          Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
          FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
          FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
          Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
          FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
          GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
          Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
          InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
          KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
          modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
          Synonyms and Secondary IDs (18)
          Reported As
          Symbol Synonym
          gcm
          (Bazzi et al., 2018, Losada-Perez, 2018, Ogiyama et al., 2018, Shen et al., 2018, Karaiskos et al., 2017, Transgenic RNAi Project members, 2017-, Altenhein et al., 2016, Cattenoz et al., 2016, Gupta et al., 2016, Suzuki et al., 2016, Cattenoz and Giangrande, 2015, Ghosh et al., 2015, Kim et al., 2015, Schertel et al., 2015, Flici et al., 2014, Jones, 2014, Shklyar et al., 2014, Cattenoz and Giangrande, 2013, Freeman and Rowitch, 2013, Laneve et al., 2013, Wang et al., 2013, Carney et al., 2012, Garcia et al., 2012, Johnson et al., 2012, Popkova et al., 2012, Spokony and White, 2012.5.22, Stork et al., 2012, Ding et al., 2011, Flici et al., 2011, Hadjieconomou et al., 2011, Hartl et al., 2011, Kucherenko et al., 2011, Marcu et al., 2011, Viktorin et al., 2011, Berger et al., 2010, Frise et al., 2010, Kazemian et al., 2010, Wright et al., 2010, Ho et al., 2009, Jacques et al., 2009, Southall and Brand, 2009, Awasaki et al., 2008, Beckervordersandforth et al., 2008, Ho et al., 2008, Kucherenko et al., 2008, Kwong et al., 2008, Mandalaywala et al., 2008, Miller et al., 2008, Soustelle et al., 2008, Stork et al., 2008, Colonques et al., 2007, Hülsmeier et al., 2007, Jones and Lamberton, 2007, Kim et al., 2007, Pereanu et al., 2007, Pereanu et al., 2007, Ratnaparkhi and Zinn, 2007, Soustelle and Giangrande, 2007, Altenhein et al., 2006, Banerjee et al., 2006, Choksi et al., 2006, Kang et al., 2006, Liebl et al., 2006, Parker et al., 2006, Serpe and O'Connor, 2006, Younossi-Hartenstein et al., 2006, Chotard et al., 2005, Freeman, 2005, Schwabe et al., 2005, Paladi and Tepass, 2004, Iwasaki et al., 2003)
          l(2)N7-4
          ucc
          Secondary FlyBase IDs
          • FBgn0014259
          Datasets (0)
          Study focus (0)
          Experimental Role
          Project
          Project Type
          Title
          References (287)