General Information
Symbol
Dmel\Dad
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
Daughters against dpp
Annotation Symbol
CG5201
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0020493
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
Daughters against dpp (Dad) encodes the inhibitory SMAD in the BMP/Dpp pathway. It is involved in growth regulation and developmental patterning. [Date last reviewed: 2018-10-04]
Also Known As
1883, l(3)j1E4
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
3R:17,054,007..17,070,408 [+]
Recombination map
3-59
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
GO Summary Ribbons
Families, Domains and Molecular Function
Gene Group Membership (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt, Sequence Similarities)
-
Summaries
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
3
Number of Unique Polypeptides
1

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\Dad or the JBrowse view of Dmel\Dad for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model
Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.
Gene model reviewed during 5.49
Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0083393
3767
568
FBtr0083394
3550
568
FBtr0100160
3751
568
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
3.8 (longest cDNA)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0082834
63.6
568
7.87
FBpp0082835
63.6
568
7.87
FBpp0099512
63.6
568
7.87
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

The group(s) of polypeptides indicated below share identical sequence to each other.

568 aa isoforms: Dad-PA, Dad-PB, Dad-PC
Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
568 (aa); 63.6 (kD predicted)
Comments
External Data
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\Dad using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (20 terms)
Molecular Function (3 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Biological Process (16 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (16 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Cellular Component (1 term)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (0 terms)
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from electronic annotation with InterPro:IPR013019
(assigned by InterPro )
Expression Data
Transcript Expression
in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
Dad transcript is expressed at the A/P boundary of the wing disc, in a stripe overlapping but broader than that of dpp.
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
Additional Descriptive Data
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
Expression Deduced from Reporters
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\Dad in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
Alleles, Insertions, Transgenic Constructs and Phenotypes
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 31 )
Transgenic Constructs ( 11 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of Dad
Allele of Dad
Mutagen
Associated Transgenic Construct
Stocks
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of Dad
GAL4 construct
Name
Expression Data
vital-reporter construct
Name
Expression Data
Deletions and Duplications ( 5 )
Summary of Phenotypes
For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
Lethality
Allele
Other Phenotypes
Allele
Phenotype manifest in
Allele
eye disc & peripodial epithelium, with Scer\GAL4c311
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Homo sapiens (Human) (8)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
7 of 15
Yes
Yes
 
7 of 15
Yes
Yes
 
1 of 15
No
No
 
1 of 15
No
No
 
1 of 15
No
No
 
1 of 15
No
No
 
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (8)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
8 of 15
Yes
Yes
8 of 15
Yes
Yes
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (7)
7 of 13
Yes
Yes
5 of 13
No
Yes
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (9)
6 of 12
Yes
Yes
3 of 12
No
Yes
3 of 12
No
Yes
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (12)
7 of 15
Yes
Yes
6 of 15
No
Yes
6 of 15
No
Yes
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (6)
4 of 15
Yes
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
2 of 15
No
No
2 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (0)
No orthologs reported.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
No orthologs reported.
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (0)
No orthologs reported.
Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091905RT )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
AAA Syntenic Ortholog
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Drosophila melanogaster
fruit fly
Drosophila suzukii
Spotted wing Drosophila
Drosophila simulans
Drosophila sechellia
Drosophila erecta
Drosophila yakuba
Drosophila ananassae
Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
Drosophila persimilis
Drosophila willistoni
Drosophila virilis
Drosophila mojavensis
Drosophila grimshawi
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091506PK )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Musca domestica
House fly
Glossina morsitans
Tsetse fly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W0569 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X052P )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G0P9F )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Human Disease Model Data
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
    Alleles Reported to Model Human Disease (Disease Ontology)
    Download
    Models ( 0 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Evidence
    References
    Interactions ( 2 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Interaction
    References
    Comments ( 0 )
     
    Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
    Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
    Functional Complementation Data
    Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
    Interactions
    Summary of Physical Interactions
    Summary of Genetic Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    esyN Network Key:
    Suppression
    Enhancement

    Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    suppressible
    suppressible
    External Data
    Linkouts
    BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
    Pathways
    Gene Group - Pathway Membership (FlyBase)
    External Data
    Linkouts
    KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
    Reactome - An open-source, open access, manually curated and peer-reviewed pathway database.
    SignaLink - A signaling pathway resource with multi-layered regulatory networks.
    Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
    Chromosome (arm)
    3R
    Recombination map
    3-59
    Cytogenetic map
    Sequence location
    3R:17,054,007..17,070,408 [+]
    FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Evidence for location
    89E11-89E11
    Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{EP}CG5208EP562&P{EP}DadEP3196 and P{PZ}l(3)0788207882
    Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Notes
    References
    89E10-89E11
    (determined by in situ hybridisation)
    89E-89F
    (determined by in situ hybridisation)
    Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
    Location
    Left of (cM)
    Right of (cM)
    Notes
    Stocks and Reagents
    Stocks (24)
    Genomic Clones (18)
    cDNA Clones (66)
     

    Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

    cDNA clones, fully sequences
    BDGP DGC clones
    Other clones
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

    For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

    cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
    BDGP DGC clones
    RNAi and Array Information
    Linkouts
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    Antibody Information
    Laboratory Generated Antibodies
     
    Commercially Available Antibodies
     
    Other Information
    Relationship to Other Genes
    Source for database identify of
    Source for database merge of
    Source for merge of: Dad anon- EST:fe1F5
    Source for merge of: Dad l(3)j1E4
    Source for merge of: Dad EP3196
    Additional comments
    Dad can antagonize BMP signalling in Xenopus embryos.
    Other Comments
    Area matching Drosophila DAD gene, Acc. No. AB004232.
    Dad may be capable of antagonizing signals from both the Dpp/BMP and TGF-beta/Activin TGF-beta subfamilies.
    Overexpression of Dad, Hsap\MADH6 or Hsap\MADH7 have comparable, truncated leg phenotypes.
    Dad mutations have no effect on salivary gland formation.
    Loss of function alleles of Dad, enhance the CycEJP mutant eye phenotype.
    Transcription of Dad is induced by the dpp signal. The Dad product shows weak homology to Mad.
    The pattern organizing mechanism governed by dpp may involve a negative feedback circuit mediated by Dad.
    The transcription of Dad is induced by dpp, while the action of Dad antagonizes dpp.
    Origin and Etymology
    Discoverer
    Etymology
    Identification
    External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 67 )
    Crossreferences
    NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
    GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
    RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
    UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
    Other crossreferences
    KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
    Reactome - An open-source, open access, manually curated and peer-reviewed pathway database.
    Linkouts
    ApoDroso - Functional genomic database for photoreceptor development, survival and function
    BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones
    DPiM - Drosophila Protein interaction map
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
    FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
    FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
    Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
    Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
    FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    iBeetle-Base - RNAi phenotypes in the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum)
    Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
    InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
    KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
    modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
    SignaLink - A signaling pathway resource with multi-layered regulatory networks.
    Synonyms and Secondary IDs (16)
    Reported As
    Symbol Synonym
    Dad
    (Beer and Wehman, 2017, Chen et al., 2017, Erceg et al., 2017, Jeibmann et al., 2017, Li et al., 2017, Liu and Jin, 2017, Takemura and Nakato, 2017, Transgenic RNAi Project members, 2017-, Barton et al., 2016, Djabrayan and Casanova, 2016, Sharifkhodaei et al., 2016, Beich-Frandsen et al., 2015, Bieli et al., 2015, Carrillo et al., 2015, Charbonnier et al., 2015, Dolezal et al., 2015, Gene Disruption Project members, 2015-, Golovnin et al., 2015, Lu et al., 2015, Wang et al., 2015, West et al., 2015, Ashwal-Fluss et al., 2014, Corrigan et al., 2014, Roy et al., 2014, Tseng et al., 2014, Bausek, 2013, Chang et al., 2013, Guo et al., 2013, Jin et al., 2013, Li et al., 2013, Li et al., 2013, Mbodj et al., 2013, Paul et al., 2013, Peterson and O'Connor, 2013, Saunders et al., 2013, Umulis and Othmer, 2013, Weavers and Skaer, 2013, Xin et al., 2013, Xu et al., 2013, Zhu et al., 2013, Japanese National Institute of Genetics, 2012.5.21, Kagey et al., 2012, Leiblich et al., 2012, Lu et al., 2012, Raftery and Umulis, 2012, Spokony and White, 2012.11.14, Awofala, 2011, Dworkin et al., 2011, Eliazer and Buszczak, 2011, Galindo et al., 2011, Harris and Ashe, 2011, Kirilly et al., 2011, König et al., 2011, Liu et al., 2011, Ogiso et al., 2011, Wang et al., 2011, Ables and Drummond-Barbosa, 2010, Ballard et al., 2010, Chen et al., 2010, Firth et al., 2010, Leatherman and Dinardo, 2010, Li et al., 2010, Sato et al., 2010, Guo and Wang, 2009, Jaramillo et al., 2009, Umemori et al., 2009, Widmann and Dahmann, 2009, Ziv et al., 2009, Chang et al., 2008, Franciscovich et al., 2008, Jin et al., 2008, Kamiya et al., 2008, Kucherenko et al., 2008, Ng, 2008, Pinto et al., 2008, Shen et al., 2008, Wang et al., 2008, Yakoby et al., 2008, Yakoby et al., 2008, Zahedi et al., 2008, Zartman et al., 2008, Zhao et al., 2008, Buszczak et al., 2007, Crickmore and Mann, 2007, de Navascués and Modolell, 2007, Goold and Davis, 2007, Grammont, 2007, Gregory et al., 2007, Quinones-Coello, 2007, Song et al., 2007, Tyler et al., 2007, Wada et al., 2007, Yavari et al., 2007, Zeitlinger et al., 2007, Zeng et al., 2007, Chen and Schupbach, 2006, Choksi et al., 2006, Dudu, 2006, Dudu et al., 2006, Dworkin and Gibson, 2006, Molnar et al., 2006, Narbonne-Reveau et al., 2006, Payne and Braun, 2006, Stultz et al., 2006, Ward et al., 2006, Jordan et al., 2005, Kirilly et al., 2005, Kruger, 2005, Rogulja and Irvine, 2005, Xi and Xie, 2005, Bunt and Hime, 2004, Martin-Castellanos and Edgar, 2002, Xie and Spradling, 1998)
    EP3196
    anon-EST:fe1F5
    dad
    (Powers and Srivastava, 2018, Heo et al., 2017, Li et al., 2017, Revaitis et al., 2017, Zhang et al., 2017, Deshpande et al., 2016, Huang et al., 2016, Lee et al., 2016, Testa and Dworkin, 2016, Wang et al., 2016, Yu et al., 2016, Ayyaz et al., 2015, Bieli et al., 2015, Denes et al., 2015, Fried and Iber, 2015, Liu et al., 2015, Menon et al., 2015, Zhao et al., 2015, Liu et al., 2014, Nahm et al., 2013, Shi et al., 2013, Boulanger et al., 2012, Fuentes-Medel et al., 2012, Hadar et al., 2012, Pennetier et al., 2012, Ziv et al., 2012, Goldstein et al., 2011, Hamaratoglu et al., 2011, Kaneko et al., 2011, Ogiso et al., 2011, Oh and Irvine, 2011, Rodal et al., 2011, Szuperák et al., 2011, Wartlick et al., 2011, Ballard et al., 2010, Bunt et al., 2010, Leatherman and Dinardo, 2010, Nahm et al., 2010, Ninov et al., 2010, Vuilleumier et al., 2010, Weiss et al., 2010, Xia et al., 2010, Cruz et al., 2009, Foronda et al., 2009, Hayashi et al., 2009, Liu et al., 2009, McKay et al., 2009, Umemori et al., 2009, Chang et al., 2008, Chau et al., 2008, Franciscovich et al., 2008, Jiang et al., 2008, O'Connor-Giles et al., 2008, Shen et al., 2008, Barrio et al., 2007, Lindner et al., 2007, O'Keefe et al., 2007, Shravage et al., 2007, Tanaka et al., 2007, Umemori et al., 2007, Weiss et al., 2007, Xu et al., 2007, Dworkin and Gibson., 2006, Mohit et al., 2006, Molnar et al., 2006, Narbonne-Reveau et al., 2006, Weiss et al., 2006, Eaton and Davis, 2005, Sotillos and De Celis, 2005, Gilboa and Lehmann, 2004, Shivdasani and Ingham, 2003, Adachi-Yamada and O'Connor, 2002, Cavodeassi et al., 2002, Nakagoshi et al., 2002, Ribeiro et al., 2002, Sanyal and Ramaswami, 2002, Sweeney and Davis, 2002, Kubota et al., 2000, Kyoda et al., 2000, Marty et al., 2000, Kudoh, 1999, Kudoh, 1999, Podos and Ferguson, 1999, Cho and Blitz, 1998, Henderson and Andrew, 1998, Horsfield et al., 1998, Whitman, 1998)
    Secondary FlyBase IDs
    • FBgn0024521
    • FBgn0025250
    • FBgn0062662
    Datasets (0)
    Study focus (0)
    Experimental Role
    Project
    Project Type
    Title
    References (330)