Open Close
General Information
Symbol
Dmel\CtBP
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
C-terminal Binding Protein
Annotation Symbol
CG7583
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0020496
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
Also Known As

dCtBP, G9, l(3)G9

Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
3R:13,011,649..13,026,275 [+]
Recombination map

3-53

RefSeq locus
NT_033777 REGION:13011649..13026275
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Gene Ontology (GO) Annotations (22 terms)
Molecular Function (8 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (6 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:h; FB:FBgn0001168
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:kni; FB:FBgn0001320
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:sna; FB:FBgn0003448
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Biological Process (11 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (10 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from electronic annotation with InterPro:IPR006139, InterPro:IPR006140
(assigned by InterPro )
Cellular Component (3 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
colocalizes_with polytene chromosome
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Protein Family (UniProt)
Belongs to the D-isomer specific 2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase family. (O46036)
Summaries
Gene Group (FlyBase)
TORC REMODELING COMPLEX -
ToRC (Toutatis-containing chromatin remodeling complex) is ISWI ATPase-containing complex that facilitates nucleosome assembly. (Adapted from FBrf0217777).
OTHER CH-OH OXIDOREDUCTASES, NAD OR NADP AS ACCEPTOR -
The Other CH-OH oxidoreductases, NAD or NADP as acceptor group, is a collection of oxidoreductases that do not fit into any of the other major CH-OH oxidoreductases, NAD or NADP as acceptor group.
Pathway (FlyBase)
Positive Regulators of Wnt-TCF Signaling Pathway -
Positive regulators of canonical Wnt signaling up-regulate the pathway, resulting in the enhancement of transcriptional regulation mediated by β-catenin (arm).
Negative Regulators of Wnt-TCF Signaling Pathway -
Negative regulators of canonical Wnt signaling down-regulate the pathway, resulting in the attenuation of transcriptional regulation mediated by β-catenin (arm).
Protein Function (UniProtKB)
Corepressor targeting diverse transcription regulators. Hairy-interacting protein required for embryonic segmentation and hairy-mediated transcriptional repression.
(UniProt, O46036)
Phenotypic Description (Red Book; Lindsley and Zimm 1992)
l(3)87De
Escapers resemble MesB, but without the abdomen effect. Interacts with MesB in trans heterozygotes (Skinner, Cole, and Chovnick).
Summary (Interactive Fly)
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
10
Number of Unique Polypeptides
7

Please see the JBrowse view of Dmel\CtBP for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model

Annotated transcripts do not represent all supported alternative splices within 5' UTR.

Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.

Gene model reviewed during 5.47

Gene model reviewed during 6.19

Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0082699
3959
386
FBtr0082701
1719
386
FBtr0082700
4383
386
FBtr0082702
3946
386
FBtr0100161
2612
476
FBtr0334513
4556
383
FBtr0334514
2590
473
FBtr0334515
2627
481
FBtr0334516
2382
379
FBtr0334517
2612
476
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)

4.0, 3.5, 2.7, 2.5 (northern blot)

Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0082167
42.3
386
6.98
FBpp0082169
42.3
386
6.98
FBpp0082168
42.3
386
6.98
FBpp0082170
42.3
386
6.98
FBpp0099514
50.7
476
6.82
FBpp0306580
41.9
383
6.98
FBpp0306581
50.4
473
6.82
FBpp0306582
51.2
481
6.82
FBpp0306583
41.3
379
6.77
FBpp0306584
50.7
476
6.82
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

The group(s) of polypeptides indicated below share identical sequence to each other.

386 aa isoforms: CtBP-PA, CtBP-PB, CtBP-PC, CtBP-PD
Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)

459, 386, 381 (aa)

Comments

CtBP protein interacts with h protein. The region of h protein required for the interaction was mapped to a 25aa region immediately upstream of the C-terminal WRPW motif. Deletion of 5 amino acids within this region (PLSLV) completely abolishes binding of h protein to CtBP protein. The region of the CtBP protein required for the interaction maps to the first 376 amino acids which are common to all four isoforms of CtBP protein that have been identified.

External Data
Subunit Structure (UniProtKB)

Homodimer. Interacts with hairy (h), knirps (kni), snail (sna), and Enhancer of split m-delta (HLHm-delta). Complex may be involved in transcriptional repression. Interacts also with adenovirus E1A protein.

(UniProt, O46036)
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Nucleotide / Polypeptide Records
 
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\CtBP using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Expression Data
Expression Summary Ribbons
Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
Transcript Expression
Polypeptide Expression
immunolocalization
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
mass spectroscopy
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data

CtBP protein is expressed in all cells of the eye-antennal disc, and is enriched anterior to the morphogenetic furrow.

Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
colocalizes_with polytene chromosome
inferred from direct assay
Expression Deduced from Reporters
Reporter: P{CtBP-GAL4.S}
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\CtBP in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
Alleles, Insertions, and Transgenic Constructs
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 41 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Other relevant insertions
Transgenic Constructs ( 41 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of CtBP
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of CtBP
Deletions and Duplications ( 18 )
Phenotypes
For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
Lethality
Allele
Sterility
Allele
Other Phenotypes
Allele
Phenotype manifest in
Allele
scutellum & macrochaeta | maternal effect
scutum & macrochaeta | maternal effect
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0)
Homo sapiens (Human) (5)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
14 of 15
Yes
Yes
12 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (4)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
14 of 15
Yes
Yes
13 of 15
No
Yes
2 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (4)
12 of 13
Yes
Yes
10 of 13
No
Yes
2 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (6)
8 of 12
Yes
Yes
8 of 12
Yes
Yes
3 of 12
No
Yes
2 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (8)
13 of 15
Yes
Yes
13 of 15
Yes
Yes
11 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (2)
11 of 15
Yes
Yes
3 of 15
No
No
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (2)
3 of 9
Yes
Yes
3  
2 of 9
No
Yes
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (5)
3 of 15
Yes
No
3 of 15
Yes
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (3)
3 of 12
Yes
Yes
2 of 12
No
Yes
1 of 12
No
No
Ortholog(s) in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091907SH )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
AAA Syntenic Ortholog
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Drosophila suzukii
Spotted wing Drosophila
Drosophila simulans
Drosophila sechellia
Drosophila erecta
Drosophila yakuba
Drosophila ananassae
Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
Drosophila persimilis
Drosophila willistoni
Drosophila virilis
Drosophila mojavensis
Drosophila grimshawi
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091505OW )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Musca domestica
House fly
Glossina morsitans
Tsetse fly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Anopheles darlingi
American malaria mosquito
Anopheles gambiae
Malaria mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W05N0 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X05J1 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G08GS )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Paralogs
Paralogs (via DIOPT v8.0)
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (5)
4 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
Human Disease Associations
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
    Disease Model Summary Ribbon
    Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
    Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Evidence
    References
    Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 0 )
    Human Ortholog
    Disease
    Evidence
    References
    Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 1 )
    Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0 and OMIM)
    Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
    Functional Complementation Data
    Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
    Interactions
    Summary of Physical Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
    Select Layout:
    Legend:
    Protein
    RNA
    Selected Interactor(s)
    Interactions Browser

    Please see the Physical Interaction reports below for full details
    protein-protein
    Physical Interaction
    Assay
    References
    Summary of Genetic Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    esyN Network Key:
    Suppression
    Enhancement

    Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    External Data
    Subunit Structure (UniProtKB)
    Homodimer. Interacts with hairy (h), knirps (kni), snail (sna), and Enhancer of split m-delta (HLHm-delta). Complex may be involved in transcriptional repression. Interacts also with adenovirus E1A protein.
    (UniProt, O46036 )
    Linkouts
    BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
    MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    Pathways
    Signaling Pathways (FlyBase)
    Positive Regulators of Wnt-TCF Signaling Pathway -
    Positive regulators of canonical Wnt signaling up-regulate the pathway, resulting in the enhancement of transcriptional regulation mediated by β-catenin (arm).
    Negative Regulators of Wnt-TCF Signaling Pathway -
    Negative regulators of canonical Wnt signaling down-regulate the pathway, resulting in the attenuation of transcriptional regulation mediated by β-catenin (arm).
    Metabolic Pathways
    External Data
    Linkouts
    KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
    Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
    Chromosome (arm)
    3R
    Recombination map

    3-53

    Cytogenetic map
    Sequence location
    3R:13,011,649..13,026,275 [+]
    FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Evidence for location
    87D8-87D9
    Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{lacW}Vha55j2E9 and P{PZ}CtBP03463
    Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Notes
    References
    87D6-87D14
    (determined by in situ hybridisation)
    87D7-87D9
    (determined by in situ hybridisation)
    87D5-87D9
    (determined by in situ hybridisation)
    Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
    Location
    Left of (cM)
    Right of (cM)
    Notes
    Stocks and Reagents
    Stocks (24)
    Genomic Clones (20)
    cDNA Clones (264)
     

    Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

    cDNA clones, fully sequenced
    BDGP DGC clones
    Other clones
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

    For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

    cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
    Other clones
    RNAi and Array Information
    Linkouts
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    Antibody Information
    Laboratory Generated Antibodies
    Commercially Available Antibodies
     
    Other Information
    Relationship to Other Genes
    Source for database identify of
    Source for database merge of

    Source for merge of: CtBP BcDNA:GH07572

    Additional comments

    Source for merge of CtBP BcDNA:GH07572 was a shared cDNA ( date:030728 ).

    Other Comments

    DNA-protein interactions: genome-wide binding profile assayed for CtBP protein in Kc167 cells; see Chromatin_types_NKI collection report. Individual protein-binding experiments listed under "Samples" at GEO_GSE22069 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE22069).

    Upon wg signalling, the CtBP product exhibits transcription coactivator activity, which is dependent upon at least the arm protein. In the absence of wg signalling, the CtBP product exhibits transcription repressor activity.

    dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene has been transfected into Kc cells.

    dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene used in a cell-based RNAi assay to identify components or modifiers of the JAK/STAT pathway.

    CtBP contributes quantitatively, rather than qualitatively, to transcriptional repression.

    The brk co-repressors gro and CtBP are alternately used for repressing some dpp-responsive genes, whereas for repressing other, distinct, target genes they are not required.

    CtBP can function as either a co-activator or co-repressor of transcription in a context-dependent manner. The regions of CtBP required for activation and repression are separable.

    CtBP and gro repressors mediate separate pathways of transcriptional repression, and the two proteins can inhibit one another when both bind the same repressor.

    CtBP mediates transcriptional repression by the kni, Kr and sna products in the Drosophila embryo.

    In vitro binding assays, gene dosage studies and transgenic repression assays suggest that CtBP is essential for kni-mediated repression in the early embryo. sna may also require CtBP.

    A protein component of h-mediated repression, identified in a yeast interaction screen. CtBP interacts specifically and directly with a small, previously uncharacterised C-terminal region of h.

    Maternal CtBP is essential for proper embryonic segmentation.

    Identification: Enhancer trap screen designed to discover genes involved in the cellular aspects of defense mechanisms, as well as in melanotic tumor formation processes linked to blood cell disregulation.

    The autosomal "FLP-DFS" technique (using the P{ovoD1-18} P{FRT(whs)} P{hsFLP} chromosomes) has been used to identify the specific maternal effect phenotype for the zygotic lethal mutation.

    CtBP escapers resemble mesB, but without the abdomen effect. Interacts with mesB in transheterozygotes.

    Origin and Etymology
    Discoverer
    Etymology
    Identification
    External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 95 )
    Sequence Crossreferences
    NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
    GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
    GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
    RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
    UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
    UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
    Other crossreferences
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center (DGRC) cDNA clones
    Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
    Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
    Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    iBeetle-Base - RNAi phenotypes in the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum)
    KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
    modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
    SignaLink - A signaling pathway resource with multi-layered regulatory networks.
    Linkouts
    BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
    DPiM - Drosophila Protein interaction map
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
    FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
    FlyCyc Genes - Genes from a BioCyc PGDB for Dmel
    FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
    Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
    InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
    KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
    MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    Synonyms and Secondary IDs (24)
    Reported As
    Symbol Synonym
    BcDNA:GH07572
    CtBP
    (Carnesecchi et al., 2020, Parhad et al., 2020, Perez-Gomez et al., 2020, Vissers et al., 2020, Flint Brodsly et al., 2019, Guo et al., 2019, Guo et al., 2019, Herrera and Bach, 2019, Kim et al., 2019, Shokri et al., 2019, Bi et al., 2018, Bischof et al., 2018, Eusebio et al., 2018, Salazar and Yamamoto, 2018, Tamirisa et al., 2018, Houtz et al., 2017, Hu et al., 2017.6.13, Neuert et al., 2017, Rohde et al., 2017, Shukla et al., 2017, Zehender et al., 2017, Ables et al., 2016, Contreras-Cornejo et al., 2016, Morimoto et al., 2016, Zhang et al., 2016, Chen et al., 2015, Kang et al., 2015, Kok et al., 2015, Schertel et al., 2015, Ashwal-Fluss et al., 2014, Mannervik, 2014, Miller et al., 2014, Nagel and Preiss, 2014, Voog et al., 2014, Zacharioudaki and Bray, 2014, Czech et al., 2013, Das et al., 2013, Itoh et al., 2013, Mbodj et al., 2013, Moshkin et al., 2013, Schertel et al., 2013, Upadhyai and Campbell, 2013, Wang et al., 2013, Aoki et al., 2012, Domanitskaya and Schüpbach, 2012, Emelyanov et al., 2012, Japanese National Institute of Genetics, 2012.5.21, Rincon-Arano et al., 2012, Technau et al., 2012, Tokusumi et al., 2012, Abruzzi et al., 2011, Bhambhani et al., 2011, Datta et al., 2011, Endo et al., 2011, Kurth et al., 2011, Nagel and Preiss, 2011, Toku et al., 2011, Walrad et al., 2011, Zhang and Arnosti, 2011, Acharya et al., 2010, Basu and Atchison, 2010, Filion et al., 2010, Itasaki and Hoppler, 2010, Müller et al., 2010, Song et al., 2010, van Steensel et al., 2010, Birkholz et al., 2009, Mohammad et al., 2009, Moshkin et al., 2009, Nie et al., 2009, Payankaulam and Arnosti, 2009, Bhambhani et al., 2008, Estella and Mann, 2008, Leatherman and DiNardo, 2008, Maier et al., 2008, Protzer et al., 2008, Qi et al., 2008, Warrior et al., 2008, Akdemir et al., 2007, Bhambhani, 2007.11.5, Burnett et al., 2007, Buszczak et al., 2007, Goodfellow et al., 2007, Maines et al., 2007, Mani-Telang and Arnosti, 2007, Mani-Telang et al., 2007, Nagel et al., 2007, Parrish et al., 2007, Fang et al., 2006, He and Axelrod, 2006, Koelzer and Klein, 2006, Liebl et al., 2006, Mani et al., 2006, Molnar et al., 2006, Mukherjee et al., 2006, Stadeli, 2006, Muller et al., 2005, Nagel et al., 2005, Struffi and Arnosti, 2005, Wong et al., 2005, Hamada and Bienz, 2004, Jafar-Nejad and Bellen, 2004, Sutrias-Grau and Arnosti, 2004, Taylor-Harding et al., 2004, Cowden and Levine, 2003)
    dCtBP
    (Miller et al., 2019, Itoh et al., 2013, Lee et al., 2012, Abed et al., 2011, Nègre et al., 2011, Reddy et al., 2010, Cai and Laughon, 2009, Matyash et al., 2009, Stern et al., 2009, Biryukova and Heitzler, 2008, Biryukova and Heitzler, 2008, Branco et al., 2008, Maier et al., 2008, Yao et al., 2008, Bhambhani et al., 2007, Metzger et al., 2007, Nibu et al., 2007, Stern et al., 2007, Orian, 2006, Nibu, 2005, Anonymous, 2004, Durst and Hiebert, 2004, Fang et al., 2004, Pagans et al., 2004, Taylor-Harding et al., 2004, Chinnadurai, 2003, Driscoll and Gerstbrein, 2003, Nibu and Levine, 2003, Nibu et al., 2003, Subramanian and Chinnadurai, 2003, Badenhorst et al., 2002, Barolo and Posakony, 2002, Barolo et al., 2002, Jennings, 2002, Kumar et al., 2002, Nibu et al., 2002, Rosenberg and Parkhurst, 2002, Saller et al., 2002, Sutrias-Grau and Arnosti, 2002, Wheeler et al., 2002, Zoghbi and Botas, 2002, Arnosti et al., 2001, Corado and Small, 2001, Gergen et al., 2001, Kulkarni and Arnosti, 2001, Molloy et al., 2001, Morel et al., 2001, Nibu and Levine, 2001, Phippen et al., 2001, Rosenberg et al., 2001, Ryu et al., 2001, Sutrias-Grau and Arnosti, 2001, Arnosti et al., 2000, Chen and Courey, 2000, Corado et al., 2000, Fernandez-Funez et al., 2000, Glass and Rosenfeld, 2000, Hemavathy et al., 2000, Keller et al., 2000, Phippen et al., 2000, Wen et al., 2000, Arnosti et al., 1999, Fathke et al., 1999, La Rosee-Borggreve et al., 1999, Mao and Arnosti, 1999, Satijn and Otte, 1999, Zhang and Levine, 1999, Ashraf and Ip, 1998, Nibu, 1998.3.5, Nibu et al., 1998, Nibu et al., 1998, Phippen et al., 1998, Poortinga et al., 1998, Poortinga et al., 1997)
    l(3)03463
    l(3)03464
    l(3)87De
    Secondary FlyBase IDs
    • FBgn0002353
    • FBgn0010799
    • FBgn0024810
    • FBgn0047318
    Datasets (1)
    Study focus (1)
    Experimental Role
    Project
    Project Type
    Title
    • transgene_used
    Protein profiling reveals five principal chromatin types in Drosophila cells.
    References (306)