General Information
Symbol
Dmel\Pdf
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
Pigment-dispersing factor
Annotation Symbol
CG6496
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0023178
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
Pigment-dispersing factor (Pdf) is a secreted biologically active neuropeptide that acts via a specific G-protein-coupled receptor to trigger intracellular signaling. Pdf has a prominent role in the physiology of circadian rhythms, as well as contributing to other processes such as control of flight and digestion. [Date last reviewed: 2016-12-01]
Also Known As
PDH, PAP, cPDH, Drm-PDF
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
3R:26,455,462..26,456,141 [-]
Recombination map
3-91
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
GO Summary Ribbons
Families, Domains and Molecular Function
Gene Group Membership (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt, Sequence Similarities)
Belongs to the arthropod PDH family. (O96690)
Protein Domains/Motifs
Molecular Function (see GO section for details)
Experimental Evidence
Predictions / Assertions
Summaries
Gene Group Membership
NEUROPEPTIDES -
Neuropeptides are secreted into the extracellular space where they interact with cell surface receptors (usually G protein coupled receptors). They are extremely diverse, acting as neurotransmitters, neuromodulators, hormones or growth factors. (Adapted from FBrf0211443 and PMID:27813667).
UniProt Contributed Function Data
Neuropeptide PDF is the main transmitter regulating circadian locomotor rhythms. Required to maintain behavioral rhythms under constant conditions by coordinating pacemaker interactions in the circadian system. Ectopic expression induces long periods, while its absence leads to short periods.
(UniProt, O96690)
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
1
Number of Unique Polypeptides
1

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\Pdf or the JBrowse view of Dmel\Pdf for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model
Gene model reviewed during 5.47
Gene model reviewed during 5.44
Gene model reviewed during 5.53
Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0085024
680
102
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
0.8 (northern blot)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0084396
11.5
102
8.30
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

There is only one protein coding transcript and one polypeptide associated with this gene

Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
102, 18 (aa)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
InterPro - A database of protein families, domains and functional sites
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\Pdf using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (18 terms)
Molecular Function (3 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from physical interaction with UniProtKB:Q9W4Y2
(assigned by UniProt )
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from electronic annotation with InterPro:IPR009396
(assigned by InterPro )
non-traceable author statement
traceable author statement
non-traceable author statement
(assigned by UniProt )
Biological Process (12 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (11 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from expression pattern
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:ITP; FB:FBgn0035023
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from direct assay
inferred from mutant phenotype
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from expression pattern
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (4 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
traceable author statement
non-traceable author statement
traceable author statement
non-traceable author statement
traceable author statement
Cellular Component (3 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Expression Data
Transcript Expression
in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
northern blot
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
Transcript levels are higher in heads of male flies than female flies. There is no robust or regular oscillation of Pdf expression evident in males or females.
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
distribution deduced from reporter (Gal4 UAS)
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
immunolocalization
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
s-LNv Pdf neuron

Comment: expression dependent on Zeitgeber time

inferred from author statements
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
Pdf-protein is expressed in adult pacemaker neurons s-LNv. Labeling at the axon terminals is strongest at Zeitgeber time 2 and 5.
Pdf protein is expressed in all of the l-LNv and four of the five s-LNv neurons. It also labels their projections to the medulla.
Pdf immunolocalization is exclusively found in the cytoplasm and arborizations of the neurons it is expressed in.
Expression of Pdf in the lateral neurons is first detected at about 6 hours into the first instar larval stage.
Pdf protein in the adult is expressed in the s-LNv Pdf positive neurons, l-LNv neurons and the Pdf neurons in the tritocerebrum. On the third instar larval stage it is expressed in the s-LNv Pdf neurons and Pdf neurons of the abdominal neuromere.
Pdf gene is expressed in three cell types of the adults: four of the five small LNv neurons, two to four neurons close to the tritocerebrum, and four to six neurons of the abdominal neuromere.
Pdf is expressed in the small LNvs which are located in both anterior brain hemispheres between the central brain and medulla at the level of the esophageal foramen. The large LNvs give rise to a network of fibers that cover the anterior medulla and, via the posterior optic tract, the posterior medulla. Pdf staining generally appears weaker in the s-LNv Pdf neurons than the l-LNv neurons.
Pdf is first seen expressed within four of the five s-LNv neurons 4-5hrs after hatching and is maintained through to adulthood. In late L1 larvae, Pdf expression is seen within 2-4 cells lying close to the dorsal cortex, and expression is also seen within eight neurons of the eighth abdominal neuromere. Both of these expression patterns remain into adulthood, though the Pdf expression in the cells of the fused adult abdominal ganglion is found only in four (with an occasional 2 extra) neurons. At approximately 50% of pupation, Pdf is expressed in the l-LNv neurons - 6-8 cells located in the lateral protocerebrum, generally anterior and dorsal to the s-LNv neuronal cluster, and continues through to adulthood. At the same time, Pdf expression becomes evident in 2-4 anterioventrally located cells close to the tritocerebrum, but this expression is lost by four days post-eclosion.
Marker for
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Expression Deduced from Reporters
Reporter: P{GMR61G12-GAL4}
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Reporter: P{Pdf-GAL4.P0.5}
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Reporter: P{Pdf-GAL4.P1.0}
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Reporter: P{Pdf-GAL4.P1.4}
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Reporter: P{Pdf-GAL4.P2.4}
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Reporter: P{Pdf-GAL80.S}
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Reporter: P{Pdf-lexA-VP16.S}
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\Pdf in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
FlyExpress - Embryonic expression images (BDGP data)
  • Stages(s) 13-16
Alleles, Insertions, Transgenic Constructs and Phenotypes
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 1 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Allele of Pdf
Class
Mutagen
Associated Insertion
Stocks
Known lesion
    Yes
    Other relevant insertions
    Transgenic Constructs ( 10 )
    For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
    Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of Pdf
    Allele of Pdf
    Mutagen
    Associated Transgenic Construct
    Stocks
    Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of Pdf
    characterization construct
    UAS construct
    Name
    Expression Data
    Deletions and Duplications ( 3 )
    Summary of Phenotypes
    For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
    Lethality
    Allele
    Other Phenotypes
    Allele
    Phenotype manifest in
    Allele
    Orthologs
    Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
    Homo sapiens (Human) (0)
    No orthologs reported.
    Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
    Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (0)
    No orthologs reported.
    Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (0)
    No orthologs reported.
    Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (0)
    No orthologs reported.
    Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (0)
    No orthologs reported.
    Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (0)
    No orthologs reported.
    Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (0)
    No orthologs reported.
    Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
    No orthologs reported.
    Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (0)
    No orthologs reported.
    Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG09190JJ4 )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    AAA Syntenic Ortholog
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Drosophila melanogaster
    fruit fly
    Drosophila suzukii
    Spotted wing Drosophila
    Drosophila simulans
    Drosophila sechellia
    Drosophila erecta
    Drosophila yakuba
    Drosophila ananassae
    Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
    Drosophila persimilis
    Drosophila willistoni
    Drosophila virilis
    Drosophila mojavensis
    Drosophila grimshawi
    Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG09150K6L )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Musca domestica
    House fly
    Musca domestica
    House fly
    Glossina morsitans
    Tsetse fly
    Lucilia cuprina
    Australian sheep blowfly
    Aedes aegypti
    Yellow fever mosquito
    Anopheles darlingi
    American malaria mosquito
    Anopheles gambiae
    Malaria mosquito
    Culex quinquefasciatus
    Southern house mosquito
    Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W0S9U )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Danaus plexippus
    Monarch butterfly
    Cimex lectularius
    Bed bug
    Zootermopsis nevadensis
    Nevada dampwood termite
    Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X0SO1 )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Daphnia pulex
    Water flea
    Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
    No non-Arthropod Metazoa orthologies identified
    Human Disease Model Data
    FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
      Alleles Reported to Model Human Disease (Disease Ontology)
      Download
      Models ( 0 )
      Allele
      Disease
      Evidence
      References
      Interactions ( 0 )
      Allele
      Disease
      Interaction
      References
      Comments ( 0 )
       
      Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
      Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
      Homo sapiens (Human)
      Gene name
      Score
      OMIM
      OMIM Phenotype
      Complementation?
      Transgene?
      Functional Complementation Data
      Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
      Interactions
      Summary of Physical Interactions
      esyN Network Diagram
      Interactions Browser
      Summary of Genetic Interactions
      esyN Network Diagram
      esyN Network Key:
      Suppression
      Enhancement

      Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
      Starting gene(s)
      Interaction type
      Interacting gene(s)
      Reference
      Starting gene(s)
      Interaction type
      Interacting gene(s)
      Reference
      External Data
      Linkouts
      DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
      Pathways
      Gene Group - Pathway Membership (FlyBase)
      External Data
      Linkouts
      Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
      Chromosome (arm)
      3R
      Recombination map
      3-91
      Cytogenetic map
      Sequence location
      3R:26,455,462..26,456,141 [-]
      FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
      Cytogenetic map
      Evidence for location
      97B3-97B3
      Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{PZ}l(3)rQ197rQ197 and P{lacW}scribj7B3
      Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
      Cytogenetic map
      Notes
      References
      97B-97B
      (determined by in situ hybridisation)
      Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
      Left of (cM)
      Right of (cM)
      Notes
      Stocks and Reagents
      Stocks (8)
      Genomic Clones (12)
       

      Please Note FlyBase no longer curates genomic clone accessions so this list may not be complete

      cDNA Clones (2)
       

      Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

      cDNA clones, fully sequences
      BDGP DGC clones
      Other clones
      Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

      For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

      cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
      BDGP DGC clones
        Other clones
          RNAi and Array Information
          Linkouts
          DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
          GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
          Antibody Information
          Laboratory Generated Antibodies
          Commercially Available Antibodies
           
          Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank - Monoclonal antibodies for use in research
          Other Information
          Relationship to Other Genes
          Source for database identify of
          Source for database merge of
          Source for merge of: Pdf BcDNA:RH08487
          Source for merge of: Pdf anon-WO0140519.261 anon-WO0140519.3
          Additional comments
          Source for merge of Pdf BcDNA:RH08487 was TrEMBL update ( date:020807 ).
          Source for merge of Pdf anon-WO0140519.261 anon-WO0140519.3 was sequence comparison ( date:051113 ).
          Other Comments
          Pdf is required for maintenance of circadian rhythms when flies are kept in constant darkness.
          Pdf levels and cycling in the LNv neurons is unaffected in Fmr1 mutants.
          Pdf appears to be an important circadian mediator whose expression and function are downstream of the clockworks.
          Mutations in Pdf result in abnormalities in locomotor circadian rhythms.
          Isolated to investigate relevence to modulation of circadian rhythms.
          Origin and Etymology
          Discoverer
          Etymology
          Identification
          External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 30 )
          Crossreferences
          NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
          GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
          GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
          RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
          UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
          Other crossreferences
          BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
          InterPro - A database of protein families, domains and functional sites
          Linkouts
          Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones
          DPiM - Drosophila Protein interaction map
          DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
          DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
          Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank - Monoclonal antibodies for use in research
          Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
          FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
          FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
          Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
          Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
          FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
          GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
          Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
          KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
          modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
          Synonyms and Secondary IDs (28)
          Reported As
          Symbol Synonym
          BcDNA:RH08487
          PDF
          (Croset et al., 2018, Diesner et al., 2018, Helfrich-Förster, 2018, Nässel, 2018, Top and Young, 2018, Abruzzi et al., 2017, Allen et al., 2017, Artiushin and Sehgal, 2017, Dubowy and Sehgal, 2017, He et al., 2017, Kohsaka et al., 2017, Liu and Jin, 2017, Ni et al., 2017, Schoofs et al., 2017, Goda et al., 2016, Nikhil et al., 2016, Yoshii et al., 2016, Beckwith and Ceriani, 2015, Giebultowicz and Long, 2015, Head et al., 2015, Lerner et al., 2015, Liu et al., 2015, Means et al., 2015, Tataroglu and Emery, 2015, Zwarts et al., 2015, Anderson and Adolphs, 2014, Cavanaugh et al., 2014, Chen et al., 2014, Depetris-Chauvin et al., 2014, Hermann-Luibl et al., 2014, Kunst et al., 2014, Lamba et al., 2014, Vecsey et al., 2014, Weiss et al., 2014, Zheng et al., 2014, Duvall and Taghert, 2013, Erion and Sehgal, 2013, Garbe et al., 2013, Górska-Andrzejak, 2013, Griffith, 2013, Hermann et al., 2013, Lee, 2013, Li et al., 2013, Lim and Allada, 2013, Pírez et al., 2013, Sim and Denlinger, 2013, Zhang and Emery, 2013, Zhang et al., 2013, Gonzalo-Gomez et al., 2012, Grima et al., 2012, Ishimoto et al., 2012, Jepson et al., 2012, Kaun et al., 2012, Kauranen et al., 2012, Ling et al., 2012, Luo and Sehgal, 2012, Pirooznia et al., 2012, Talsma et al., 2012, Umezaki et al., 2012, Chen et al., 2011, Damulewicz and Pyza, 2011, Gatto and Broadie, 2011, Goda et al., 2011, Griffith, 2011, Hara et al., 2011, Keene et al., 2011, Lim et al., 2011, Lone and Sharma, 2011, Mehnert and Cantera, 2011, Ng et al., 2011, Siller and Broadie, 2011, Umezaki et al., 2011, Coffee et al., 2010, Hamasaka et al., 2010, Ko et al., 2010, Nässel and Winther, 2010, Sun et al., 2010, Yasuyama and Meinertzhagen, 2010, Zhang et al., 2010, Zhao et al., 2010, Górska-Andrzejak et al., 2009, Hector et al., 2009, Huang et al., 2009, Hung et al., 2009, Hung et al., 2009, Johard et al., 2009, Landskron et al., 2009, Rieger et al., 2009, Veenstra, 2009, Yew et al., 2009, Yoshii et al., 2009, Ayaz et al., 2008, Hodge and Stanewsky, 2008, Park et al., 2008, Shafer et al., 2008, Shang et al., 2008, Veenstra et al., 2008, Wang et al., 2008, Codd et al., 2007, Hamasaka et al., 2007, Helfrich-Forster et al., 2007, Kadener et al., 2007, Neupert et al., 2007, Zheng et al., 2007, Birse et al., 2006, Hamasaka and Nassel, 2006, Houl et al., 2006, Rieger et al., 2006, Cyran et al., 2005, Hamasaka et al., 2005, Hassan et al., 2005, Holmes and Sheeba, 2005, Hyun et al., 2005, Johnson et al., 2005, Lear et al., 2005, Mertens et al., 2005, Nitabach, 2005, Nitabach et al., 2005, Yuan et al., 2005, Dissel et al., 2004, Jaramillo et al., 2004, Sathyanarayanan et al., 2004, Ashmore et al., 2003, Herrero et al., 2003, Johnson et al., 2003, Peng et al., 2003, Malpel et al., 2002, Blau and Young, 1999, Helfrich-Forster and Homberg, 1993)
          anon-WO0140519.261
          anon-WO0140519.3
          pdf
          (Filošević et al., 2018, Luo et al., 2018, Lamaze et al., 2017, Liang et al., 2017, Mezan et al., 2016, Head et al., 2015, Kunst et al., 2015, Lerner et al., 2015, Means et al., 2015, Gorostiza et al., 2014, Park et al., 2014, Seluzicki et al., 2014, Ghezzi et al., 2013, Joiner et al., 2013, Kaneko et al., 2012, Sundram et al., 2012, Beckwith et al., 2011, Depetris-Chauvin et al., 2011, Lamaze et al., 2011, Sprecher et al., 2011, Gong et al., 2010, Liu et al., 2010, Choi et al., 2009, Chung et al., 2009, Cusumano et al., 2009, Donlea et al., 2009, Dubruille et al., 2009, Johard et al., 2009, Kadener et al., 2009, Kilman and Allada, 2009, Kilman et al., 2009, Shafer and Taghert, 2009, Zhou et al., 2009, Berni et al., 2008, Fernandez et al., 2008, Parisky et al., 2008, Rezával et al., 2008, Sheeba et al., 2008, T et al., 2008, Tomioka et al., 2008, Wu et al., 2008, Yoshii et al., 2008, Busza et al., 2007, de la Paz Fernandez et al., 2007, Fang et al., 2007, Harrisingh et al., 2007, Hung et al., 2007, Isaac et al., 2007, Lim et al., 2007, McBrayer et al., 2007, Miyasako et al., 2007, Murad et al., 2007, Picot et al., 2007, Santos et al., 2007, Suh and Jackson, 2007, Wang et al., 2007, Hamasaka and Nassel, 2006, Howlader et al., 2006, Kula et al., 2006, Park and Griffith, 2006, Shafer et al., 2006, Wang et al., 2006, Lear et al., 2005, Melcher and Pankratz, 2005, Mertens et al., 2005, Mertens et al., 2005, Zhou et al., 2005, Klarsfeld et al., 2004, Lin et al., 2004, Hendricks et al., 2003, Stanewsky, 2003, Van Gelder et al., 2003, Zhao et al., 2003, Hendricks et al., 2002, Panda et al., 2002, Stanewsky, 2002, Blanchardon et al., 2001, Hendricks et al., 2001, Jackson et al., 2001, Rosato and Kyriacou, 2001, Taghert et al., 2001, Williams et al., 2001, Emery et al., 2000, Park et al., 2000, Scully and Kay, 2000, Barinaga, 1999, Renn et al., 1999, Park, 1998.11.22, Park and Hall, 1998)
          Name Synonyms
          PDF-associated peptide
          PDF-precursor PDF-associated peptide
          PIGMENT-DISPERSING FACTOR
          Pigment-dispersing hormone-like peptide
          pigment dispersing hormone
          pigment-dispersing hormone
          Secondary FlyBase IDs
          • FBgn0044602
          • FBgn0044606
          • FBgn0047045
          Datasets (0)
          Study focus (0)
          Experimental Role
          Project
          Project Type
          Title
          References (396)