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General Information
Symbol
Dmel\sNPF
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
short neuropeptide F precursor
Annotation Symbol
CG13968
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0032840
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
short neuropeptide F precursor (sNPF) encodes a protein that binds to the product of sNPF-R and activates ERK-Dilps signaling or the PKA-CREB pathway. Its roles include the regulation of cell and organism growth, carbohydrate metabolism, lifespan, feeding behavior, locomotion, circadian rhythm, and sleep. [Date last reviewed: 2019-03-14]
Also Known As

short neuropeptide F, Drm-sNPF-1, short NPF, Drm-sNPF-3, Drm-sNPF-2

Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2L:20,027,915..20,056,373 [+]
Recombination map

2-54

RefSeq locus
NT_033779 REGION:20027915..20056373
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Gene Ontology (GO) Annotations (19 terms)
Molecular Function (2 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Biological Process (13 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (13 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from expression pattern
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from expression pattern
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from mutant phenotype
(assigned by UniProt )
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Cellular Component (4 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (4 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (0 terms)
Gene Group (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt)
Belongs to the NPY family. (Q9VIQ0)
Protein Signatures (InterPro)
    -
    Summaries
    Gene Group (FlyBase)
    NEUROPEPTIDES -
    Neuropeptides are secreted into the extracellular space where they interact with cell surface receptors (usually G protein coupled receptors). They are extremely diverse, acting as neurotransmitters, neuromodulators, hormones or growth factors. (Adapted from FBrf0211443 and PMID:27813667).
    Protein Function (UniProtKB)
    Plays a role in controlling food intake and regulating body size.
    (UniProt, Q9VIQ0)
    Summary (Interactive Fly)

    neuropeptide that engenders ERK-mediated insulin expression and thus systemically modulates growth, metabolism and lifespan

    Gene Model and Products
    Number of Transcripts
    1
    Number of Unique Polypeptides
    1

    Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\sNPF or the JBrowse view of Dmel\sNPF for information on other features

    To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

    Protein Domains (via Pfam)
    Isoform displayed:
    Pfam protein domains
    InterPro name
    classification
    start
    end
    Protein Domains (via SMART)
    Isoform displayed:
    SMART protein domains
    InterPro name
    classification
    start
    end
    Comments on Gene Model

    Gene model reviewed during 5.39

    Gene model reviewed during 5.52

    Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
    Transcript Data
    Annotated Transcripts
    Name
    FlyBase ID
    RefSeq ID
    Length (nt)
    Assoc. CDS (aa)
    FBtr0081327
    2447
    281
    Additional Transcript Data and Comments
    Reported size (kB)
    Comments
    External Data
    Crossreferences
    Polypeptide Data
    Annotated Polypeptides
    Name
    FlyBase ID
    Predicted MW (kDa)
    Length (aa)
    Theoretical pI
    RefSeq ID
    GenBank
    FBpp0080859
    32.5
    281
    8.19
    Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

    There is only one protein coding transcript and one polypeptide associated with this gene

    Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
    Reported size (kDa)
    Comments

    Small sNPF-derived neuropeptides identified by 2D capillary LC/ESI-MS/MS: WFGDVNQKPI, SDPDMLNSIVE, SPSLRLRF-amide.

    Antibody is to WFGDVNQKPIRSPSLRLRF peptide.

    Small sNPF-derived neuropeptides identified by LC-MS/MS: WFGDVNQKPI, SDPDMLNSIVE, SDPDM(ox)LNSIVE.

    External Data
    Crossreferences
    Linkouts
    Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
    Mapped Features

    Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\sNPF using the Feature Mapper tool.

    External Data
    Crossreferences
    Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
    Linkouts
    Expression Data
    Expression Summary Ribbons
    Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
    For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
    Transcript Expression
    in situ
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    northern blot
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    RNA-seq
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    Additional Descriptive Data

    sNPF is expressed in the embryo in the midline in VUM interneuron 2 (called iVUM5 in the paper) of the labial segment and segments T1-A7.

    In situ labelling closely approximates that of antisera labelling in both adults and larvae. At the larval stage approximately 35 neurons per hemisphere, other than the Kenyon cells, are positive for sNPF mRNA. These cells are located dorsally and ventrally and include three strongly labelled neurons with large cell bodies that are probably neurosecretory cells. In each of the thoracic and abdominal neuromeres of the larval ventral nerve cord, three to four lateral cell bodies and one dorso-medial cell body express sNPF transcript. In abdominal neuromeres A7 and A8 there are additional labelled cell bodies with large diameters, and a pair of large dorso-medially located cell bodies expressing sNPF transcript are found in abdominal segment A1. In adults, expression of sNPF transcript is seen in approximately 280 neuronal cell bodies other than the Kenyon cells. The approximately 28 neurons distributed in the adult subesophageal ganglion are located in three bilateral clusters: one cluster close to the esophageal foramen; another ventrolateral in the ganglion; and a third cluster dorsolateral in the ganglion. At the base of the adult optic lobe there are clusters of about 50 small cell bodies distributed anteriorly and posteriorly. Several clusters of sNPF-XR expressing cells are located in the adult dorsal protocerebrum, mostly in the posterior with only approximately four cells located anteriorly.

    Late embryonic expression of sPNF transcript is observed in the antennomaxillary sense organ, in the posterior of the brain hemispheres, in the fused ventral ganglion, and in bilaterally symmetrical pairs of cells along the ventral midline of the ventral ganglion. In the third instar larval central nervous system, expression is observed in the dorsal anterior region of the protocerebrum of the brain hemispheres, in cells of the subesophageal ganglion, along the ventral midline, and in the thoracic and abdominal segments of the ventral ganglion.

    Marker for
     
    Subcellular Localization
    CV Term
    Polypeptide Expression
    distribution deduced from reporter (Gal4 UAS)
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    immunolocalization
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    in situ
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    mass spectroscopy
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    western blot
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    Additional Descriptive Data

    sNPF-protein is expressed in larval and adult Kenyon cells as well as in larval and adult lateral neurosecretory cells. Expression in Hugin neurons and antennal olfactory receptor neurons is only detected in adults.In addition, sNPF-protein is expressed in four cells of the hypocerebral ganglion express that project to the outermost layer of the proventriculus.

    sNPF protein is expressed in a subset of neurons in the adult brain. Ten of these co-express mnb protein.

    sNPF protein is expressed in 4 layers of the fan-shaped body. Co-localisation with Scer\GAL4GMR64H09 is observed in these regions.

    sNPF colocalizes with Scer\GAL4ATP7.PB expressing peptidergic neurons in the hypocerebral ganglion.

    sNPF protein is detected in dorsal and ventral layers of the fan-shaped body, which the authors identify as layers 1-2 and 6-7, respectively. The strongest staining is observed in layer 2. Co-localisation with Scer\GAL4ChAT.7.4 is observed in the dorsal layers of the fan-shaped body and in a cluster of 6-8 neurons in the dorsoposterior protocerebrum. These latter neurons also express Scer\GAL4VGlut.PD.

    sNPF peptides were detected in extracts from adult and larval midguts.

    sNPF protein is expressed in distinct glomeruli in the adult antennal lobe. A subset of these is glomeruli is also labelled by Scer\GAL4ChAT.7.4.

    In the adult sNPF protein is expressed in three neurons of the LNd cluster. Two of these LNd neurons also express Scer\GAL4Mai179 and do not correspond to the LNd neurons labeled by Scer\GAL4NPF.4.5 in males. In late third instar larva, sNPF protein is expressed in two s-LNv Pdf neurons. These two s-LNv Pdf neurons are also labeled by Scer\GAL4NP6301.

    sNPF precursor and sNPF1 peptide are co-localized in the same neurons in the third instar larval brain. sNPF is detected in large numbers of cell bodies and axons within the brain, ventral ganglion, and ring gland. In the brain, it is detected in the neurons, Kenyon cells, and mushroom body. In the ring gland, corpora cardiaca region, strong staining is observed in axonal projections from neurons adjacent to insulin-producing cells.

    Strong sNPF staining is seen in cell bodies in the hypocerebral ganglion with axons running over the proventriculus and the first part of the anterior midgut. Staining is also observed in the anterior midgut and in the posterior midgut immediately after the iron cells.

    In adult mushroom bodies, sNPF protein is strongly expressed at the end of the alpha lobe, and in the beta and gamma lobes, and heel. Expression is absent from the core stratum of the alpha and beta lobes, and in the alpha' and beta' lobes. In the larva, strong staining is detected in the dorsal tips of the vertical lobes and in the median portions of the medial lobe. Expression is absent from the core of the peduncle, vertical and medial lobes.

    Antisera labelling closely approximates that of in situ labelling in both adults and larvae. sNPF protein appears to be expressed in most of the approximately 600 larval Kenyon cells, and in 190-200 cells of the larval central nervous system, approximately 70 of which are in the brain (including the subesophageal ganglion) and a minimum of 120 in the thoracic and abdominal neuromeres. Three pairs of intensely immunolabelled cells (referred to as LNCs) located dorsally in the protocerebrum are probably neurosecretory cells of the pars lateralis and have axons terminating in the ring gland and anterior aorta. Processes of sNPF immunopositive larval cells are seen in neuropils of the protocerebrum, deutocerebrum, subesophageal ganglion, and most densely in the lobes of the mushroom body. Further processes are seen in the larval optic center, non-glomerular neuropils surrounding the mushroom body lobes, and the pars intercerebralis and lateralis. In the abdominal and thoracic neuromeres of the larval ventral nerve cord, sNPF immunopositive cells are located dorsally, ventrally and laterally. In larval abdominal neuromeres A7 and A8 there are additional immunopositive cell bodies with large diameters, and a pair of large dorso-medially located cell bodies expressing sNPF-XP are found in abdominal segment A1. Two bundles of sNPF immunopositive fibres are found in the ventral ganglia associated with the dors-median and ventro-median tracts. Expression was also seen in two layers of the fan shaped body of the central complex, and in the basal portion of the medulla. Expression within the antennal lobe is located within the olfactory receptor neurons, as determined by coexpression of Scer\GAL4ChAT.7.4.

    sNPF peptide is found in neurons in the dorsal anterior of the larval prototcerebrum, and in six projecting axons of the thoracic ventral ganglion, and in axons of the descending connectives in the abdominal ventral ganglion. In the adult, sNPF peptide is found in the medulla of the optic lobe and in the calyx of the mushroom body.

    Marker for
     
    Subcellular Localization
    CV Term
    Evidence
    References
    inferred from direct assay
    inferred from direct assay
    (assigned by UniProt )
    inferred from direct assay
    Expression Deduced from Reporters
    Reporter: P{GawB}sNPFNP6301
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    Reporter: P{GMR20F11-GAL4}
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    Reporter: P{sNPF-GAL4.2.4}
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    Reporter: P{sNPF-GAL4.V}
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    High-Throughput Expression Data
    Associated Tools

    GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

    View Dmel\sNPF in GBrowse 2
    RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
    Reference
    See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
    Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
    Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
    External Data and Images
    Linkouts
    BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
    FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
    FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
    Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
    Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
    Images
    Alleles, Insertions, and Transgenic Constructs
    Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 14 )
    For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
     
    Other relevant insertions
    Transgenic Constructs ( 10 )
    For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
    Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of sNPF
    Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of sNPF
    Deletions and Duplications ( 1 )
    Phenotypes
    For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
    Other Phenotypes
    Allele
    Phenotype manifest in
    Allele
    Orthologs
    Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0)
    Homo sapiens (Human) (0)
    No records found.
    Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0)
    Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (0)
    No records found.
    Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (0)
    No records found.
    Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (0)
    No records found.
    Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (0)
    No records found.
    Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (0)
    No records found.
    Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (0)
    No records found.
    Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
    No records found.
    Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (0)
    No records found.
    Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG09190D7Z )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    AAA Syntenic Ortholog
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Drosophila suzukii
    Spotted wing Drosophila
    Drosophila simulans
    Drosophila sechellia
    Drosophila erecta
    Drosophila yakuba
    Drosophila ananassae
    Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
    Drosophila persimilis
    Drosophila willistoni
    Drosophila virilis
    Drosophila mojavensis
    Drosophila grimshawi
    Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG09150B57 )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Musca domestica
    House fly
    Glossina morsitans
    Tsetse fly
    Lucilia cuprina
    Australian sheep blowfly
    Aedes aegypti
    Yellow fever mosquito
    Anopheles darlingi
    American malaria mosquito
    Culex quinquefasciatus
    Southern house mosquito
    Culex quinquefasciatus
    Southern house mosquito
    Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W0CUZ )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Bombyx mori
    Silkmoth
    Danaus plexippus
    Monarch butterfly
    Heliconius melpomene
    Postman butterfly
    Cimex lectularius
    Bed bug
    Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X0CT2 )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Stegodyphus mimosarum
    African social velvet spider
    Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
    No non-Arthropod Metazoa orthologies identified
    Paralogs
    Paralogs (via DIOPT v8.0)
    Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (0)
    No records found.
    Human Disease Associations
    FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
      Disease Model Summary Ribbon
      Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
      Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
      Allele
      Disease
      Evidence
      References
      Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 0 )
      Human Ortholog
      Disease
      Evidence
      References
      Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
      Allele
      Disease
      Interaction
      References
      Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v8.0 and OMIM)
      Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
      Homo sapiens (Human)
      Gene name
      Score
      OMIM
      OMIM Phenotype
      DO term
      Complementation?
      Transgene?
      Functional Complementation Data
      Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
      Interactions
      Summary of Physical Interactions
      esyN Network Diagram
      Interactions Browser
      Summary of Genetic Interactions
      esyN Network Diagram
      Starting gene(s)
      Interaction type
      Interacting gene(s)
      Reference
      Starting gene(s)
      Interaction type
      Interacting gene(s)
      Reference
      External Data
      Linkouts
      DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
      Pathways
      Signaling Pathways (FlyBase)
      Metabolic Pathways
      External Data
      Linkouts
      Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
      Chromosome (arm)
      2L
      Recombination map

      2-54

      Cytogenetic map
      Sequence location
      2L:20,027,915..20,056,373 [+]
      FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
      Cytogenetic map
      Evidence for location
      38B1-38B1
      Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{lacW}l(2)k10239k10239 and P{lacW}barrk14014
      Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
      Cytogenetic map
      Notes
      References
      Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
      Location
      Left of (cM)
      Right of (cM)
      Notes
      Stocks and Reagents
      Stocks (11)
      Genomic Clones (38)
      cDNA Clones (62)
       

      Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

      cDNA clones, fully sequenced
      BDGP DGC clones
      Other clones
      Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

      For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

      cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
      BDGP DGC clones
      RNAi and Array Information
      Linkouts
      DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
      GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
      Antibody Information
      Laboratory Generated Antibodies
      Commercially Available Antibodies
       
      Other Information
      Relationship to Other Genes
      Source for database identify of

      Source for identity of: LRLRFamide CG13968

      Source for database merge of
      Additional comments
      Other Comments

      sNPF encodes a putative precursor of four "short NPF"-like peptides.

      Origin and Etymology
      Discoverer
      Etymology
      Identification
      External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 34 )
      Sequence Crossreferences
      NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
      GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
      GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
      RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
      UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
      Other crossreferences
      BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
      Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center (DGRC) cDNA clones
      Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
      Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
      Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
      GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
      KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
      modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
      Linkouts
      DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
      DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
      FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
      FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
      FlyCyc Genes - Genes from a BioCyc PGDB for Dmel
      FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
      Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
      Synonyms and Secondary IDs (42)
      Reported As
      Symbol Synonym
      sNPF
      (Cheng and Frye, 2020, Emanuel et al., 2020, Alekseyenko et al., 2019, Brunet Avalos et al., 2019, Deng et al., 2019, Hegazi et al., 2019, Juneau et al., 2019, Kozlov and Nagoshi, 2019, Lin et al., 2019, Nagy et al., 2019, Nässel et al., 2019, Nixon et al., 2019, Oh et al., 2019, Rao and Deng, 2019.10.23, Shih et al., 2019, Ameku et al., 2018, Clemson et al., 2018, Croset et al., 2018, Jékely et al., 2018, Ly et al., 2018, Nässel, 2018, Schiemann et al., 2018, Top and Young, 2018, Ugrankar et al., 2018, Liang et al., 2017, Liu and Jin, 2017, Martelli et al., 2017, Schoofs et al., 2017, Transgenic RNAi Project members, 2017-, Brookheart and Duncan, 2016, Crocker et al., 2016, Fear et al., 2016, Liu et al., 2016, Schiesari et al., 2016, Shen et al., 2016, Slade and Staveley, 2016, Aradska et al., 2015, Beckwith and Ceriani, 2015, Dissel et al., 2015, Nässel et al., 2015, Ashwal-Fluss et al., 2014, Owusu-Ansah and Perrimon, 2014, Ruiz et al., 2014, Vecsey et al., 2014, Asahina and Anderson, 2013.9.23, Carlsson et al., 2013, Erion and Sehgal, 2013, Farhan et al., 2013, Hur et al., 2013, Itskov and Ribeiro, 2013, Kannan and Fridell, 2013, Lemaitre and Miguel-Aliaga, 2013, Marianes and Spradling, 2013, Nässel et al., 2013, Sengupta, 2013, Shang et al., 2013, Sim and Denlinger, 2013, Zhu, 2013, Bendena et al., 2012, Chintapalli et al., 2012, Hong et al., 2012, Kahsai et al., 2012, Kapan et al., 2012, Langley et al., 2012, Ruben et al., 2012, Sellami et al., 2012, Damulewicz and Pyza, 2011, Ida et al., 2011, Kahsai and Winther, 2011, Reiher et al., 2011, Wegener et al., 2011, Aerts et al., 2010, Carlsson et al., 2010, Kahsai et al., 2010, Kahsai et al., 2010, Kula-Eversole et al., 2010, Johard et al., 2009, Lee et al., 2009, Yew et al., 2009, Yew et al., 2009, Lee et al., 2008, Nässel et al., 2008, Veenstra et al., 2008, Wegener and Gorbashov, 2008, Yu et al., 2008, Wegener et al., 2006, Predel et al., 2004)
      sNPF1<up>4-11
      Secondary FlyBase IDs
        Datasets (0)
        Study focus (0)
        Experimental Role
        Project
        Project Type
        Title
        References (166)