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General Information
Symbol
Dmel\Dcr-2
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
Dicer-2
Annotation Symbol
CG6493
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0034246
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Enzyme Name (EC)
Deoxyribonuclease I (3.1.21.1)
Ribonuclease III (3.1.26.3)
Adenosinetriphosphatase (3.6.1.3)
Gene Snapshot
Dicer-2 (Dcr-2) encodes a member of the RNase III family of double-stranded RNA-specific endonucleases. It acts in the RNAi pathway by cutting long dsRNA into siRNAs. It helps defend flies against viral infection, particularly RNA viruses. It also processes long, partially double-stranded endogenous transcripts (hairpin RNAs) into endo-siRNAs. [Date last reviewed: 2019-03-07]
Also Known As

Dcr2, Dicer, dmDcr-2, dcr

Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2R:17,574,979..17,581,525 [-]
Recombination map

2-83

RefSeq locus
NT_033778 REGION:17574979..17581525
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Protein Family (UniProt)
-
Catalytic Activity (EC)
Experimental Evidence
Endonucleolytic cleavage to 5'-phosphomonoester (3.1.26.3)
ATP + H(2)O = ADP + phosphate (3.6.1.3)
Predictions / Assertions
Endonucleolytic cleavage to 5'-phosphodinucleotide and 5'-phosphooligonucleotide end-products (3.1.21.1)
Endonucleolytic cleavage to 5'-phosphomonoester (3.1.26.3)
Summaries
Pathway (FlyBase)
Positive Regulators of Toll-NF-KappaB Signaling Pathway -
In Drosophila, the canonical Toll signaling pathway is initiated by the binding of a spatzle ligand to Toll (Tl) or a Toll-like receptor leading to the nuclear localization of the NF-κB (dl or Dif) transcription factor. Positive regulators of Toll-NF-κB Signaling lead to the increased nuclear accumulation of the NF-κB proteins and regulated expression of target genes. (Adapted from FBrf0091014 and FBrf0223077).
Summary (Interactive Fly)
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
2
Number of Unique Polypeptides
2

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\Dcr-2 or the JBrowse view of Dmel\Dcr-2 for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model

Gene model reviewed during 5.44

Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.

Gene model reviewed during 5.50

Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0086904
5684
1722
FBtr0340217
5681
1721
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0086061
197.8
1722
6.84
FBpp0309192
197.7
1721
6.84
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

None of the polypeptides share 100% sequence identity.

Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
Comments
External Data
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\Dcr-2 using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (35 terms)
Molecular Function (11 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (6 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from physical interaction with UniProtKB:Q9V9K7
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (6 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from electronic annotation with InterPro:IPR006935, InterPro:IPR011545
(assigned by InterPro )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN001029377
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from sequence or structural similarity
inferred from sequence or structural similarity
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000383724
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000383724
(assigned by GO_Central )
Biological Process (20 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (18 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN001029377
(assigned by GO_Central )
traceable author statement
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000383724
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000383724
(assigned by GO_Central )
Cellular Component (4 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (4 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000383724
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000383724
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000383724
(assigned by GO_Central )
Expression Data
Expression Summary Ribbons
Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
Transcript Expression
Additional Descriptive Data
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
mass spectroscopy
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Expression Deduced from Reporters
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\Dcr-2 in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
Alleles, Insertions, and Transgenic Constructs
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 17 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Other relevant insertions
Transgenic Constructs ( 25 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of Dcr-2
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of Dcr-2
Deletions and Duplications ( 0 )
Phenotypes
This section contains too much data to display. For phenotype data see the individual allele pages.
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Homo sapiens (Human) (1)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
6 of 15
Yes
No
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (1)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
7 of 15
Yes
No
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (1)
5 of 13
Yes
No
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (1)
2 of 12
Yes
No
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (1)
5 of 15
Yes
No
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (1)
6 of 15
Yes
No
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (6)
7 of 9
Yes
Yes
6 of 9
No
Yes
6 of 9
No
Yes
3 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (1)
1 of 15
Yes
No
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (1)
8 of 12
Yes
No
Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091900D4 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
AAA Syntenic Ortholog
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Drosophila melanogaster
fruit fly
Drosophila suzukii
Spotted wing Drosophila
Drosophila simulans
Drosophila sechellia
Drosophila erecta
Drosophila yakuba
Drosophila ananassae
Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
Drosophila persimilis
Drosophila willistoni
Drosophila virilis
Drosophila mojavensis
Drosophila grimshawi
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091500VI )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Musca domestica
House fly
Glossina morsitans
Tsetse fly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Anopheles darlingi
American malaria mosquito
Anopheles gambiae
Malaria mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W07GL )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X00TG )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( None identified )
No non-Arthropod Metazoa orthologies identified
Paralogs
Paralogs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (2)
7 of 10
1 of 10
Human Disease Associations
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
    Disease Model Summary Ribbon
    Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
    Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Evidence
    References
    Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 2 )
    Human Ortholog
    Disease
    Evidence
    References
    Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Interaction
    References
    Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1 and OMIM)
    Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
    Functional Complementation Data
    Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
    Interactions
    Summary of Physical Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
    Select Layout:
    Legend:
    Protein
    RNA
    Selected Interactor(s)
    Interactions Browser

    Please see the Physical Interaction reports below for full details
    protein-protein
    Physical Interaction
    Assay
    References
    RNA-protein
    Physical Interaction
    Assay
    References
    Summary of Genetic Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    esyN Network Key:
    Suppression
    Enhancement

    Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    External Data
    Linkouts
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    Pathways
    Signaling Pathways (FlyBase)
    Positive Regulators of Toll-NF-KappaB Signaling Pathway -
    In Drosophila, the canonical Toll signaling pathway is initiated by the binding of a spatzle ligand to Toll (Tl) or a Toll-like receptor leading to the nuclear localization of the NF-κB (dl or Dif) transcription factor. Positive regulators of Toll-NF-κB Signaling lead to the increased nuclear accumulation of the NF-κB proteins and regulated expression of target genes. (Adapted from FBrf0091014 and FBrf0223077).
    Metabolic Pathways
    External Data
    Linkouts
    Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
    Chromosome (arm)
    2R
    Recombination map

    2-83

    Cytogenetic map
    Sequence location
    2R:17,574,979..17,581,525 [-]
    FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Evidence for location
    54C10-54C10
    Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{EP}MESR4EP386&P{EP}POSHEP1206 and P{PZ}l(2)1050510505
    Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Notes
    References
    Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
    Location
    Left of (cM)
    Right of (cM)
    Notes
    Stocks and Reagents
    Stocks (33)
    Genomic Clones (28)
    cDNA Clones (22)
     

    Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

    cDNA clones, fully sequences
    BDGP DGC clones
    Other clones
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

    For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

    cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
    RNAi and Array Information
    Linkouts
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    Antibody Information
    Laboratory Generated Antibodies
    Commercially Available Antibodies
     
    Other Information
    Relationship to Other Genes
    Source for database identify of

    Source for identity of: Dcr-2 CG6493

    Source for database merge of
    Additional comments
    Other Comments

    The loqs-PD isoform is capable of associating with the Dcr-2 protein, but not with the Dcr-1 protein. The loqs-PB and loqs-PA isoforms can associate with the Dcr-1 protein, and also to some extent with Dcr-2 protein.

    The loqs-PB isoform, and to a lesser extent the loqs-PA isoform, is capable of associating with the Dcr-1 protein. The loqs-PD isoform is capable of associating with the Dcr-2 protein, but not with the Dcr-1 protein.

    Production of mature siRNAs from endogenous long hairpin RNA genes is a hybrid mechanism that combines canonical RNA interference factors (Dcr-2, Hen1 and AGO2) and a canonical microRNA factor loqs.

    The Dcr-2-r2d2 heterodimer acts as a gatekeeper for the assembly of AGO2 complexes, promoting the incorporation of siRNAs and disfavoring miRNAs as loading substrates for AGO2. A separate mechanism acts in parallel to favor miRNA/miRNA* duplexes and exclude siRNAs from assembly into AGO1 complexes.

    Dcr-2 is required for maintenance of long-distance chromosomal interactions between endogenous PcG target loci.

    Dcr-2 is in the top 2% of fastest-evolving Drosophila genes.

    Expression is enriched in embryonic gonads.

    Dcr-2 is not required for repeat-associated small interfering RNA (rasiRNA) production

    The orientation of the Dcr-2/r2d2 protein heterodimer on the siRNA duplex determines which siRNA strand associates with the core RISC (RNA-induced silencing complex) protein AGO2. r2d2 protein binds the siRNA end with the greatest double-stranded character, thereby orienting the Dcr-2/r2d2 heterodimer on the siRNA duplex. Strong binding by the r2d2 protein requires a 5'-phosphate on the siRNA strand that is excluded from the RISC.

    Dcr-2 protein alone efficiently cleaves dsRNA into siRNA. This enzymatic activity is not affected by association with r2d2 protein. Dcr-2 protein alone does not bind siRNA, but the r2d2/Dcr-2 protein complex binds siRNA and also facilitates the loading of siRNA onto the RNA-initiated silencing complex (RISC). This latter activity is dependent on the dsRNA-binding domains of the r2d2 protein.

    Origin and Etymology
    Discoverer
    Etymology
    Identification
    External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 67 )
    Sequence Crossreferences
    NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
    GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
    GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
    RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
    UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
    Other crossreferences
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center (DGRC) cDNA clones
    Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
    Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
    Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    iBeetle-Base - RNAi phenotypes in the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum)
    KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
    modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
    Linkouts
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
    FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
    FlyCyc Genes - Genes from a BioCyc PGDB for Dmel
    FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
    Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
    MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    Synonyms and Secondary IDs (23)
    Reported As
    Symbol Synonym
    Dcr-2
    (Ahlers et al., 2019, Palmer et al., 2019, Poe et al., 2019, Xu et al., 2019, Barckmann et al., 2018, Conway et al., 2018, Fareh et al., 2018, Kunzelmann and Förstemann, 2017, Tants et al., 2017, Teixeira et al., 2017, Trettin et al., 2017, Brewer-Jensen et al., 2016, Guida et al., 2016, Lo et al., 2016, Na et al., 2016, Hermant et al., 2015, Liang et al., 2015, Reitman et al., 2015, Romano et al., 2015, Van Bortle et al., 2015, Bronkhorst et al., 2014, Chtarbanova et al., 2014, Guarner et al., 2014, Jalvingh et al., 2014, Korenjak et al., 2014, Lim et al., 2014, McElroy et al., 2014, Sievers et al., 2014, Xu and Cherry, 2014, Yang et al., 2014, Bandura et al., 2013, Borg and Cauchi, 2013, Durdevic et al., 2013, Durdevic et al., 2013, Hahn et al., 2013, Kemp et al., 2013, Nishida et al., 2013, Sabin et al., 2013, Smibert et al., 2013, Taliaferro et al., 2013, Xiong et al., 2013, Fukunaga et al., 2012, Han et al., 2012, Lawlor et al., 2012, Preall et al., 2012, Qi et al., 2012, Toledano et al., 2012, Castillo et al., 2011, Cenik et al., 2011, Chatterjee et al., 2011, Gerbasi et al., 2011, Guo et al., 2011, Handler et al., 2011, Han et al., 2011, Hartig and Förstemann, 2011, Johnson et al., 2011, King et al., 2011, Kirilly et al., 2011, Lim et al., 2011, Liu et al., 2011, Okamura et al., 2011, Poulton et al., 2011, Tao and Rolls, 2011, Bao et al., 2010, Bayersdorfer et al., 2010, Carthew, 2010.7.8, Iwasaki et al., 2010, Kim et al., 2010, Marques et al., 2010, Moshkovich and Lei, 2010, Mueller et al., 2010, Mukherjee and Hanley, 2010, Nayak et al., 2010, Raja et al., 2010, Sabin et al., 2010, Sellami et al., 2010, Swami, 2010, Tsurudome et al., 2010, Habayeb et al., 2009, Kavi and Birchler, 2009, Kawamata et al., 2009, Lipardi and Paterson, 2009, Okamura et al., 2009, Parrish et al., 2009, Rogowski et al., 2009, Sabin et al., 2009, Taft et al., 2009, Zhou et al., 2009, Bai et al., 2008, Chotkowski et al., 2008, Czech et al., 2008, Deddouche et al., 2008, Kawamura et al., 2008, Okamura et al., 2008, Okamura et al., 2008, Yapici et al., 2008, Zhou et al., 2008, Baumgardt et al., 2007, Dietzl et al., 2007, Haerty et al., 2007, Heger and Ponting, 2007, Liu et al., 2007, Okamura et al., 2007, Tomari et al., 2007, Brodersen and Voinnet, 2006, Budde, 2006, Budde, 2006, Dorner et al., 2006, Galiana-Arnoux et al., 2006, Liu et al., 2006, Meyer et al., 2006, Obbard et al., 2006, Preall et al., 2006, Shigenobu et al., 2006, van Rij et al., 2006, Pham and Sontheimer, 2005, Preall and Sontheimer, 2005)
    cg6493
    Name Synonyms
    Dicer-2
    (Sinha et al., 2018, Tsuboyama et al., 2018, Banerjee and Roy, 2017, Mussabekova et al., 2017, Azlan et al., 2016, Kandasamy and Fukunaga, 2016, Iwasaki et al., 2015, Stratoulias and Heino, 2015, Appocher et al., 2014, Lim et al., 2014, Mackay et al., 2014, Majzoub et al., 2014, McElroy et al., 2014, Simões et al., 2014, Borg and Cauchi, 2013, Carré et al., 2013, Chauhan et al., 2013, Durdevic et al., 2013, Durdevic et al., 2013, Kemp et al., 2013, Kingsolver et al., 2013, Kiss et al., 2013, Merkling and van Rij, 2013, Peterson and O'Connor, 2013, Sabin et al., 2013, Taliaferro et al., 2013, Chauhan et al., 2012, Han et al., 2012, Lawlor et al., 2012, Qi et al., 2012, Toledano et al., 2012, White-Cooper, 2012, Cenik et al., 2011, Gangaraju et al., 2011, Handler et al., 2011, Han et al., 2011, Hartig and Förstemann, 2011, Lawlor et al., 2011, Lim et al., 2011, Liu et al., 2011, Rotkopf et al., 2011, Schnakenberg et al., 2011, Tomita et al., 2011, Welker et al., 2011, Blanchard et al., 2010, Gerbasi et al., 2010, Marques et al., 2010, Mukherjee and Hanley, 2010, White et al., 2010, Avadhanula et al., 2009, Fagegaltier et al., 2009, Leiss et al., 2009, Liu et al., 2009, Singh et al., 2009, Taft et al., 2009, Zhou et al., 2009, Bai et al., 2008, Berdnik et al., 2008, Berdnik et al., 2008, Blumenstiel et al., 2008, Chung et al., 2008, Czech et al., 2008, Deddouche et al., 2008, Deddouche et al., 2008, Kawamura et al., 2008, Okamura et al., 2008, Shcherbata et al., 2008, Eulalio et al., 2007, Glaser et al., 2007, Heger and Ponting, 2007, Lin, 2007, Pelisson et al., 2007, Tchurikov and Kretova, 2007, Waterhouse et al., 2007, Carmi, 2006, Grimaud et al., 2006, Kupsco et al., 2006, Liu et al., 2006, Rehwinkel et al., 2006, Saleh et al., 2006, Ulvila et al., 2006, Vagin et al., 2006, van Rij et al., 2006, Wang et al., 2006, Pham and Sontheimer, 2005, Rand et al., 2005, Bernstein et al., 2001)
    Secondary FlyBase IDs
      Datasets (0)
      Study focus (0)
      Experimental Role
      Project
      Project Type
      Title
      References (553)