Open Close
General Information
Symbol
Dmel\Mip
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
Myoinhibiting peptide precursor
Annotation Symbol
CG6456
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0036713
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
Insufficient genetic data for FlyBase to solicit a summary. [Date last reviewed: 2016-06-30]
Also Known As
drostatin-B2, AstB, myoinhibitory peptide, AstB-1, Allatostatin B
Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
3L:17,344,947..17,349,666 [-]
Recombination map
3-45
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Gene Group (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt)
-
Protein Signatures (InterPro)
    -
    Molecular Function (GO)
    [Detailed GO annotations]
    Summaries
    Gene Group (FlyBase)
    NEUROPEPTIDES -
    Neuropeptides are secreted into the extracellular space where they interact with cell surface receptors (usually G protein coupled receptors). They are extremely diverse, acting as neurotransmitters, neuromodulators, hormones or growth factors. (Adapted from FBrf0211443 and PMID:27813667).
    Protein Function (UniProtKB)
    Ligand for the sex peptide receptor (SPR) (PubMed:20308537, PubMed:20458515, PubMed:25333796). Stabilizes sleep and maintains sleep homeostasis to inhibit the activity of wake-promoting circuits, such as those that involve the pigment dispersing factor (pdf) neurons. Regulated by the circadian clock network and pathways associated with a sleep homeostat (PubMed:25333796). May also have a regulatory role in gut motility (PubMed:11181081).
    (UniProt, Q9VVF7)
    Summary (Interactive Fly)
    ancestral ligand for the Sex peptide receptor - acts directly in the polyamine-detecting olfactory and taste neurons - regulation of polyamine attraction, stabilization of sleep
    Gene Model and Products
    Number of Transcripts
    1
    Number of Unique Polypeptides
    1

    Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\Mip or the JBrowse view of Dmel\Mip for information on other features

    To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

    Protein Domains (via Pfam)
    Isoform displayed:
    Pfam protein domains
    InterPro name
    classification
    start
    end
    Protein Domains (via SMART)
    Isoform displayed:
    SMART protein domains
    InterPro name
    classification
    start
    end
    Comments on Gene Model
    Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.
    Gene model reviewed during 5.45
    Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
    Transcript Data
    Annotated Transcripts
    Name
    FlyBase ID
    RefSeq ID
    Length (nt)
    Assoc. CDS (aa)
    FBtr0075241
    1396
    211
    Additional Transcript Data and Comments
    Reported size (kB)
    Comments
    External Data
    Crossreferences
    Polypeptide Data
    Annotated Polypeptides
    Name
    FlyBase ID
    Predicted MW (kDa)
    Length (aa)
    Theoretical pI
    RefSeq ID
    GenBank
    FBpp0075003
    23.4
    211
    9.51
    Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

    There is only one protein coding transcript and one polypeptide associated with this gene

    Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
    Reported size (kDa)
    Comments
    Small Mip-derived neuropeptides identified by 2D capillary LC/ESI-MS/MS: AWKSMNVAW, DQWQKLHGGW-amide.
    Small Mip-derived neuropeptides identified by LC-MS/MS: AWKSMNVAW-amide, DQWQKLHGGW-amide.
    External Data
    Crossreferences
    Linkouts
    Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
    Mapped Features

    Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\Mip using the Feature Mapper tool.

    External Data
    Crossreferences
    Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
    Linkouts
    Gene Ontology (8 terms)
    Molecular Function (3 terms)
    Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (2 terms)
    CV Term
    Evidence
    References
    inferred from direct assay
    (assigned by UniProt )
    Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
    CV Term
    Evidence
    References
    Biological Process (4 terms)
    Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (3 terms)
    CV Term
    Evidence
    References
    inferred from direct assay
    (assigned by UniProt )
    Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (2 terms)
    CV Term
    Evidence
    References
    non-traceable author statement
    (assigned by UniProt )
    non-traceable author statement
    Cellular Component (1 term)
    Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (1 term)
    CV Term
    Evidence
    References
    inferred from direct assay
    Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
    CV Term
    Evidence
    References
    inferred from sequence model
    Expression Data
    Expression Summary Ribbons
    Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
    For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
    Transcript Expression
    Polypeptide Expression
    immunolocalization
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    mass spectroscopy
    Stage
    Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
    Reference
    Additional Descriptive Data
    Mip protein is expressed in around 70 neurons of the adult brain innervating the adult antennal lobe and subesophageal zone.
    Mip protein is detected in most layers of the fan-shaped body, which the authors identify as layers 2-7, in a columnar organisation. The strongest staining is observed in layer 5, where it co-localises with Scer\GAL4c205. Co-localisation with Scer\GAL4ChAT.7.4 is detected in a group of 4 neurons in the dorsolateral protocerebrum and their projections in the fan-shaped body.
    Mip peptides were detected in extracts from adult and larval midguts.
    Mip protein is expressed in 10-15 local neurons that innervate most adult antennal lobe glomeruli. These neurons have their cell bodies in one lateral cluster. Four to five of these neurons co-express Scer\GAL4ChAT.7.4.
    Strong immunoreactivity was observed in the adult CNS but not in male reproductive organs.
    Mip is expressed in a group of 7-30 large endocrine cells in the larval anterior midgut in a region just before the copper cells of the middle midgut. It is also expressed in up to 20 smaller cells in the copper cell region that tend to more numerous at the posterior end of the middle midgut. It is also expressed in a group of cells in the anterior region of the posterior midgut
    Marker for
     
    Subcellular Localization
    CV Term
    Evidence
    References
    inferred from direct assay
    Expression Deduced from Reporters
    High-Throughput Expression Data
    Associated Tools

    GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

    View Dmel\Mip in GBrowse 2
    RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
    Reference
    See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
    Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
    Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
    External Data and Images
    Linkouts
    BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
    FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
    FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
    Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
    Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
    Images
    FlyExpress - Embryonic expression images (BDGP data)
    • Stages(s) 13-16
    Alleles, Insertions, and Transgenic Constructs
    Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 8 )
    For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
     
    Other relevant insertions
    Transgenic Constructs ( 7 )
    For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
    Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of Mip
    Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of Mip
    Deletions and Duplications ( 1 )
    Phenotypes
    Orthologs
    Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
    Homo sapiens (Human) (10)
    Species\Gene Symbol
    Score
    Best Score
    Best Reverse Score
    Alignment
    Complementation?
    Transgene?
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
     
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
    Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (10)
    Species\Gene Symbol
    Score
    Best Score
    Best Reverse Score
    Alignment
    Complementation?
    Transgene?
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (10)
    1 of 13
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 13
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 13
    Yes
    No
    1 of 13
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 13
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 13
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 13
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 13
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 13
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 13
    Yes
    Yes
    Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (2)
    1 of 12
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 12
    Yes
    Yes
    Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (14)
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (8)
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 15
    Yes
    Yes
    Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (2)
    1 of 9
    Yes
    Yes
    1 of 9
    Yes
    Yes
    Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
    No records found.
    Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (0)
    No records found.
    Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG09190G56 )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    AAA Syntenic Ortholog
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Drosophila melanogaster
    fruit fly
    Drosophila simulans
    Drosophila sechellia
    Drosophila erecta
    Drosophila yakuba
    Drosophila ananassae
    Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
    Drosophila persimilis
    Drosophila willistoni
    Drosophila virilis
    Drosophila mojavensis
    Drosophila grimshawi
    Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG09150AEK )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Musca domestica
    House fly
    Glossina morsitans
    Tsetse fly
    Lucilia cuprina
    Australian sheep blowfly
    Aedes aegypti
    Yellow fever mosquito
    Culex quinquefasciatus
    Southern house mosquito
    Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W0OYP )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Bombyx mori
    Silkmoth
    Danaus plexippus
    Monarch butterfly
    Heliconius melpomene
    Postman butterfly
    Apis florea
    Little honeybee
    Apis florea
    Little honeybee
    Apis florea
    Little honeybee
    Dendroctonus ponderosae
    Mountain pine beetle
    Tribolium castaneum
    Red flour beetle
    Pediculus humanus
    Human body louse
    Rhodnius prolixus
    Kissing bug
    Cimex lectularius
    Bed bug
    Acyrthosiphon pisum
    Pea aphid
    Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X0P9F )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Strigamia maritima
    European centipede
    Ixodes scapularis
    Black-legged tick
    Ixodes scapularis
    Black-legged tick
    Stegodyphus mimosarum
    African social velvet spider
    Tetranychus urticae
    Two-spotted spider mite
    Daphnia pulex
    Water flea
    Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G12MK )
    Organism
    Common Name
    Gene
    Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
    Purple sea urchin
    Ciona intestinalis
    Vase tunicate
    Ciona intestinalis
    Vase tunicate
    Gallus gallus
    Domestic chicken
    Gallus gallus
    Domestic chicken
    Gallus gallus
    Domestic chicken
    Gallus gallus
    Domestic chicken
    Gallus gallus
    Domestic chicken
    Gallus gallus
    Domestic chicken
    Gallus gallus
    Domestic chicken
    Gallus gallus
    Domestic chicken
    Paralogs
    Paralogs (via DIOPT v7.1)
    Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (0)
    No records found.
    Human Disease Associations
    FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
      Disease Model Summary Ribbon
      Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
      Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
      Allele
      Disease
      Evidence
      References
      Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 0 )
      Human Ortholog
      Disease
      Evidence
      References
      Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
      Allele
      Disease
      Interaction
      References
      Comments on Models/Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
       
      Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1 and OMIM)
      Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
      Homo sapiens (Human)
      Gene name
      Score
      OMIM
      OMIM Phenotype
      DO term
      Complementation?
      Transgene?
      Functional Complementation Data
      Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
      Interactions
      Summary of Physical Interactions
      esyN Network Diagram
      Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
      Select Layout:
      Legend:
      Protein
      RNA
      Selected Interactor(s)
      Interactions Browser

      Please see the Physical Interaction reports below for full details
      protein-protein
      Physical Interaction
      Assay
      References
      Summary of Genetic Interactions
      esyN Network Diagram
      Starting gene(s)
      Interaction type
      Interacting gene(s)
      Reference
      Starting gene(s)
      Interaction type
      Interacting gene(s)
      Reference
      External Data
      Linkouts
      DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
      MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
      Pathways
      Gene Group - Pathway Membership (FlyBase)
      External Data
      Linkouts
      Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
      Chromosome (arm)
      3L
      Recombination map
      3-45
      Cytogenetic map
      Sequence location
      3L:17,344,947..17,349,666 [-]
      FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
      Cytogenetic map
      Evidence for location
      74A5-74A5
      Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{PZ}Baldspot02281 and P{PZ}blot01658
      Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
      Cytogenetic map
      Notes
      References
      Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
      Location
      Left of (cM)
      Right of (cM)
      Notes
      Stocks and Reagents
      Stocks (8)
      Genomic Clones (22)
      cDNA Clones (17)
       

      Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

      cDNA clones, fully sequences
      BDGP DGC clones
      Other clones
      Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

      For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

      cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
      RNAi and Array Information
      Linkouts
      DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
      GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
      Antibody Information
      Laboratory Generated Antibodies
       
      polyclonal
      Commercially Available Antibodies
       
      Other Information
      Relationship to Other Genes
      Source for database identify of
      Source for identity of: MIP CG6456
      Source for database merge of
      Additional comments
      Source for identity of MIP CG6456 was sequence comparison ( date:001216 ).
      Other Comments
      Mip encodes a B-type prepro-allatostatin which contains one copy each of 5 putative allatostatins ("drostatin-B1" through to "drostatin-B5").
      Origin and Etymology
      Discoverer
      Etymology
      Identification
      External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 31 )
      Sequence Crossreferences
      NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
      GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
      GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
      RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
      UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
      Other crossreferences
      BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
      Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center (DGRC) cDNA clones
      Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
      Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
      Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
      GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
      KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
      modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
      Linkouts
      DPiM - Drosophila Protein interaction map
      DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
      DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
      FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
      FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
      FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
      Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
      MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
      Synonyms and Secondary IDs (52)
      Reported As
      Symbol Synonym
      Secondary FlyBase IDs
        Datasets (0)
        Study focus (0)
        Experimental Role
        Project
        Project Type
        Title
        References (94)