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General Information
Symbol
Dmel\park
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
parkin
Annotation Symbol
CG10523
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0041100
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
parkin (park) encodes an E3 ubiquitin ligase with a key role in protein ubiquitination. It is involved in mitochondrion organization, oxidative stress and locomotion. [Date last reviewed: 2019-06-13]
Also Known As
dParkin, D-parkin, dpk
Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
3L:21,194,754..21,196,853 [-]
Recombination map
3-47
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Protein Family (UniProt)
-
Summaries
Gene Group (FlyBase)
RING-BETWEEN-RING UBIQUITIN LIGASES -
E3 (ubiquitin) ligases interact with ubiquitin-E2 (ubiquitin-conjugating) enzymes and the target protein, transferring the ubiquitin from the E2 to the substrate. RING-between-RING (RBR) E3 ligases are characterised by three closely spaced domains: RING1 (a classical RING finger domain), a In-Betweeen-RING (IBR) domain and a RING2 domain. The mechanism of action is described as RING/HECT-like, with the RING1 domain facilitating E2-transfer (E3 RING-like) to form a thioester intermediate with a cysteine in RING2 which then modifies the substrate protein (HECT-like). (Adapted from PMID:24469331).
Summary (Interactive Fly)
ubiquitin protein ligase - degrades proteins with aberrant conformations - mutants exhibit muscle degeneration, male sterility, and defects in brain dopaminergic cells - PINK1 activates Parkin activity leading to ubiquitination of multiple proteins, which in turn promotes clearance of mitochondria by mitophagy
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
2
Number of Unique Polypeptides
1

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\park or the JBrowse view of Dmel\park for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model
Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.
Gene model reviewed during 5.45
Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0078318
1630
482
FBtr0078319
1609
482
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0077974
54.1
482
6.08
FBpp0077975
54.1
482
6.08
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

The group(s) of polypeptides indicated below share identical sequence to each other.

482 aa isoforms: park-PB, park-PC
Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
Comments
External Data
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\park using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (37 terms)
Molecular Function (4 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (4 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from physical interaction with HGNC:12490
inferred from direct assay
inferred from mutant phenotype
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by CACAO )
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188395
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188395
(assigned by GO_Central )
Biological Process (27 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (24 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:Drp1; FB:FBgn0026479
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:Marf; FB:FBgn0029870
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:Opa1; FB:FBgn0261276
inferred from direct assay
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:bsk; FB:FBgn0000229
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:hep; FB:FBgn0010303
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
(assigned by BHF-UCL )
inferred from mutant phenotype
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from mutant phenotype
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (8 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188399
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188399
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188395
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188399
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188399
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188399
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188395
(assigned by GO_Central )
Cellular Component (6 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from direct assay
colocalizes_with mitochondrion
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (6 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188395
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188399
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188399
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188399
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188399
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000188395
(assigned by GO_Central )
Expression Data
Expression Summary Ribbons
Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
Transcript Expression
in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
organism | ubiquitous

Comment: maternally deposited

northern blot
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
park transcript is expressed in 0-2 hr embryos, and in third instar larvae through adults.
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
immunolocalization
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
western blot
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
In the germarium, park protein is specifially detected in germarium region 2b. In egg chambers park protein is detected up to stage 9-10 in the oocyte. It is preferentially localized at the posterior pole and is specifically expressed in the anterior margin of the oocyte. It colocalizes with eIF4E1 protein in the oocyte.
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from direct assay
colocalizes_with mitochondrion
inferred from direct assay
Expression Deduced from Reporters
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\park in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
Alleles, Insertions, and Transgenic Constructs
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 19 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Other relevant insertions
Transgenic Constructs ( 37 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of park
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of park
Deletions and Duplications ( 1 )
Phenotypes
For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
Lethality
Allele
Sterility
Allele
Other Phenotypes
Allele
Phenotype manifest in
Allele
indirect flight muscle & mitochondrion
indirect flight muscle & nuclear membrane
mitochondrion & dorso-lateral dopaminergic neuron, with Scer\GAL4ple.PF
mitochondrion & skeletal muscle of thorax
myofibril & skeletal muscle of thorax
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Homo sapiens (Human) (1)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
15 of 15
Yes
Yes
 
 
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (1)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
14 of 15
Yes
Yes
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (1)
7 of 13
Yes
Yes
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (0)
No records found.
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (1)
11 of 15
Yes
Yes
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (1)
12 of 15
Yes
Yes
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (0)
No records found.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
No records found.
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (0)
No records found.
Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG0919066P )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
AAA Syntenic Ortholog
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Drosophila melanogaster
fruit fly
Drosophila suzukii
Spotted wing Drosophila
Drosophila simulans
Drosophila sechellia
Drosophila erecta
Drosophila yakuba
Drosophila yakuba
Drosophila ananassae
Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
Drosophila persimilis
Drosophila willistoni
Drosophila virilis
Drosophila mojavensis
Drosophila grimshawi
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091504CS )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Musca domestica
House fly
Glossina morsitans
Tsetse fly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Anopheles darlingi
American malaria mosquito
Anopheles gambiae
Malaria mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W0507 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X05ZB )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G09PU )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Paralogs
Paralogs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (4)
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
Human Disease Associations
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
Disease Model Summary Ribbon
Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 16 )
Allele
Disease
Evidence
References
Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 3 )
Human Ortholog
Disease
Evidence
References
Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 11 )
Allele
Disease
Interaction
References
is ameliorated by GstO1UAS.cKa
is ameliorated by AMPKαTD.UAS
is ameliorated by Ucp4AUAS.cWa
is ameliorated by srlUAS.cTa
is ameliorated by CatUAS.cAa
is ameliorated by simaHMS00833
is exacerbated by ShmtGD8851
is ameliorated by foxoUAS.cFa
is ameliorated by Lrrke03680
is ameliorated by ThorUAS.cMa
is ameliorated by Opa1s3475
is ameliorated by Opa1f02779
is ameliorated by ParpCH1
is NOT ameliorated by cluUASp.cSa
is NOT ameliorated by Hsap\CLUHUASp.cSa
is ameliorated by PEKGD5584
is NOT ameliorated by ND-42UAS.Tag:HA
is NOT ameliorated by ND-42UAS.cBa
is NOT ameliorated by sicilyUAS.cZa
is ameliorated by MTF-1UAS.cSa
is exacerbated by MTF-1140-1R
is NOT ameliorated by TER94UAS.cRa
is NOT ameliorated by Hsap\TRAP1UAS.cBa
is ameliorated by Trap1UAS.cCa
Comments on Models/Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 5 )
 
Co-expression (but not single expression of either construct) of parkScer\UAS.T:Zzzz\FLAG and Pink1Scer\UAS.T:Ivir\HA1 ameliorates neurodegenerative disease modeled by trpP365.
Parkinson's disease-related phenotypes are observed in Vps35E42 park25 double heterozygotes.
Parkinson's disease-related phenotypes are observed in Vps35MH20 park25 double heterozygotes.
model of Parkinson's disease ; DOID:14330 | IC with parkΔ21
While expression of parkScer\UAS.cGa ameliorates the behavioral phenotypes seen in Pink1B9 mutants, it achieves this without restoring complex I activity.
Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1 and OMIM)
Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
Functional Complementation Data
Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
Dmel gene
Ortholog showing functional complementation
Supporting References
Interactions
Summary of Physical Interactions
esyN Network Diagram
Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
Select Layout:
Legend:
Protein
RNA
Selected Interactor(s)
Interactions Browser

Please see the Physical Interaction reports below for full details
protein-protein
Physical Interaction
Assay
References
Summary of Genetic Interactions
esyN Network Diagram
esyN Network Key:
Suppression
Enhancement

Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
Starting gene(s)
Interaction type
Interacting gene(s)
Reference
Starting gene(s)
Interaction type
Interacting gene(s)
Reference
External Data
Linkouts
BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
Pathways
Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
Chromosome (arm)
3L
Recombination map
3-47
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
3L:21,194,754..21,196,853 [-]
FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
Cytogenetic map
Evidence for location
78C2-78C2
Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{EP}chbEP3403 and P{PZ}ppl00217
Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
Cytogenetic map
Notes
References
Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
Left of (cM)
Right of (cM)
Notes
Stocks and Reagents
Stocks (16)
Genomic Clones (21)
cDNA Clones (25)
 

Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

cDNA clones, fully sequences
BDGP DGC clones
Other clones
Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
RNAi and Array Information
Linkouts
DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
Antibody Information
Laboratory Generated Antibodies
Commercially Available Antibodies
 
Other Information
Relationship to Other Genes
Source for database identify of
Source for database merge of
Source for merge of: parkin CG10523
Additional comments
Source for merge of parkin CG10523 was sequence comparison ( date:020502 ).
Other Comments
park is required for the regulation of tubulin levels.
The condition of park mutants raised on zinc-supplemented food is greatly improved.
Flies mutant for park show significantly reduced lifespan but no difference in dopamine neuron numbers when raised on food supplemented with environmental pesticides or mitochondrial toxins.
The increased lifespan of park mutants is due to metal chelation.
park mutants display increased vulnerability to environmental pesticides and mitochondrial toxins associated with Parkinson's disease.
park gene function is necessary for mitochondrial morphogenesis during earlier and later phases of spermiogenesis.
In park mutants, the investment cones are scattered along the post-elongated spermatid bundles and fail to act properly in the process of sperm individualization.
The level of dopamine is significantly reduced in park mutants compared to controls.
Inhibition of park leads to a reduction of phospho-Akt levels.
park appears to have a role in mitochondrial function.
Origin and Etymology
Discoverer
Etymology
Identification
External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 66 )
Sequence Crossreferences
NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
Other crossreferences
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center (DGRC) cDNA clones
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
iBeetle-Base - RNAi phenotypes in the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum)
KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
Reactome - An open-source, open access, manually curated and peer-reviewed pathway database.
Linkouts
BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
FlyAtlas - Adult expression by tissue, using Affymetrix Dros2 array
FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
Reactome - An open-source, open access, manually curated and peer-reviewed pathway database.
Synonyms and Secondary IDs (20)
Reported As
Symbol Synonym
PARKIN
park
(Doktór et al., 2019, Doktór et al., 2019, Gumeni et al., 2019, Meltzer et al., 2019, Qiu et al., 2019, Vincow et al., 2019, von Stockum et al., 2019, Xu et al., 2019, Bajracharya and Ballard, 2018, Baranski et al., 2018, Chakraborty et al., 2018, Lee et al., 2018, Liu et al., 2018, Steyaert et al., 2018, Tan et al., 2018, Thomas et al., 2018, Celardo et al., 2017, Galluzzi et al., 2017, Ketosugbo et al., 2017, Martinez et al., 2017, Ng et al., 2017, Transgenic RNAi Project members, 2017-, Zanon et al., 2017, Bajracharya and Ballard, 2016, Celardo et al., 2016, Dwivedi and Lakhotia, 2016, Sung et al., 2016, Cagin et al., 2015, Gao et al., 2015, Khalil et al., 2015, Liu et al., 2015, Malik et al., 2015, Srivastav et al., 2015, Srivastav et al., 2015, Bhandari et al., 2014, Bingol et al., 2014, Klein et al., 2014, Ma et al., 2014, Pogson et al., 2014, Politi et al., 2014, Shiba-Fukushima et al., 2014, Wu et al., 2014, Burchell et al., 2013, Chambers et al., 2013, Costa et al., 2013, de Castro et al., 2013, Goh et al., 2013, Vos et al., 2013, Wu et al., 2013, Yacobi-Sharon et al., 2013, Zhang et al., 2013, Humphrey et al., 2012, Japanese National Institute of Genetics, 2012.5.21, Kim et al., 2012, Munoz-Soriano et al., 2012, Pezzulo et al., 2012, Pimenta de Castro et al., 2012, Vincent et al., 2012, Vos et al., 2012, Fernandes and Rao, 2011, Muñoz-Soriano and Paricio, 2011, Saini et al., 2011, Hao et al., 2010, Lorbeck et al., 2010, Saini and Schaffner, 2010, Saini et al., 2010, Schnorrer et al., 2010, Ziviani et al., 2010, Cox and Spradling, 2009, Park et al., 2009, Tain et al., 2009, Tain et al., 2009, Kim et al., 2008, Poole et al., 2008, Riparbelli and Callaini, 2007, Wang et al., 2007, Kuo et al., 2006, Park et al., 2006, Cha et al., 2005)
Name Synonyms
parkin
(Kim et al., 2019, Ortega-Arellano et al., 2019, Yadav and Srikrishna, 2019, Shao et al., 2018, Valadas et al., 2018, Basil et al., 2017, M'Angale and Staveley, 2017, Meng et al., 2017, Wangler et al., 2017, Zhang et al., 2017, Brooks et al., 2016, Kandul et al., 2016, Lehmann et al., 2016, Liu et al., 2016, Spinazzi and De Strooper, 2016, Sung et al., 2016, Wang et al., 2016, Wang et al., 2016, Zhang et al., 2016, Gehrke et al., 2015, Johnson et al., 2015, Khalil et al., 2015, Liu et al., 2015, Malik et al., 2015, Sen et al., 2015, van der Merwe et al., 2015, Vanhauwaert and Verstreken, 2015, Wang et al., 2015, Wangler et al., 2015, West et al., 2015, Zhu et al., 2015, Cornelissen et al., 2014, Hwang et al., 2014, Ma et al., 2014, Tufi et al., 2014, Yun et al., 2014, Bonilla-Ramirez et al., 2013, Burchell et al., 2013, Chambers et al., 2013, Debattisti and Scorrano, 2013, Esposito et al., 2013, Goh et al., 2013, Kim et al., 2013, Manzanillo et al., 2013, Rana et al., 2013, Spratt et al., 2013, Vincow et al., 2013, Yacobi-Sharon et al., 2013, Elliott and Sparrow, 2012, Guo, 2012, Humphrey et al., 2012, Kim et al., 2012, Koh et al., 2012, Ng et al., 2012, Pimenta de Castro et al., 2012, Vilain et al., 2012, Vincent et al., 2012, Lee et al., 2011, Ottone et al., 2011, Saini et al., 2011, Hao et al., 2010, Hwang et al., 2010, Imai et al., 2010, Poole et al., 2010, Saini et al., 2010, Schnorrer et al., 2010, Ziviani et al., 2010, Lutz et al., 2009, Tain et al., 2009, Xun et al., 2009, Cox et al., 2008, Deng et al., 2008, Dodson et al., 2008, Kim et al., 2008, Whitworth et al., 2008, Whitworth et al., 2008, Guo et al., 2007, Korey, 2007, Muñoz-Soriano and Paricio, 2007, Riparbelli and Callaini, 2007, Wang et al., 2007, Clark et al., 2006, Kuo et al., 2006, Lin and Beal, 2006, Maricich and Zoghbi, 2006, Pallanck and Greenamyre, 2006, Greene et al., 2005, Greene et al., 2003, Fortini et al., 2000, Pallanck, 2000.3.3)
Secondary FlyBase IDs
  • FBgn0037054
Datasets (0)
Study focus (0)
Experimental Role
Project
Project Type
Title
References (284)