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General Information
Symbol
Dmel\γTub23C
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
γ-Tubulin at 23C
Annotation Symbol
CG3157
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0260639
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
In progress.Contributions welcome.
Also Known As
γ-tubulin, γ tubulin, γ-Tub, γTub, gamma-tubulin
Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2L:2,972,891..2,974,858 [+]
Recombination map
2-8
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Gene Group (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt)
Belongs to the tubulin family. (P23257)
Summaries
Gene Group (FlyBase)
GAMMA TUBULINS -
Tubulins are cytoskeletal proteins. γ- tubulin is principally involved in the nucleation of microtubules at microtubule organising centres. (Adapted from PMID:1121746).
Protein Function (UniProtKB)
Tubulin is the major constituent of microtubules. The gamma chain is found at microtubule organizing centers (MTOC) such as the spindle poles or the centrosome, suggesting that it is involved in the minus-end nucleation of microtubule assembly.
(UniProt, P23257)
Summary (Interactive Fly)
γ Tubulin at 23C - microtubule nucleating factor - critical component of microtubule organizing centers - γ Tubulin ring complex components Grip75 and Grip128 have an essential microtubule-anchoring function in the Drosophila germline
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
1
Number of Unique Polypeptides
1

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\γTub23C or the JBrowse view of Dmel\γTub23C for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model
Annotated transcripts do not represent all supported alternative splices within 5' UTR.
Gene model reviewed during 5.52
Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0077641
1850
475
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
1.875 (longest cDNA)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0077326
53.3
475
5.78
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

There is only one protein coding transcript and one polypeptide associated with this gene

Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
Comments
External Data
Subunit Structure (UniProtKB)
Interacts with Ote.
(UniProt, P23257)
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\γTub23C using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (27 terms)
Molecular Function (5 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172598
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from electronic annotation with InterPro:IPR003008, InterPro:IPR008280
(assigned by InterPro )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172598
(assigned by GO_Central )
Biological Process (12 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (6 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from direct assay
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from high throughput mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (8 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from electronic annotation with InterPro:IPR002454
(assigned by InterPro )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172659
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172598
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172659
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172598
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172598
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172659
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172659
(assigned by GO_Central )
Cellular Component (10 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (8 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:Grip163; FB:FBgn0026432
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:Grip128; FB:FBgn0026433
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:Grip91; FB:FBgn0001612
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:Grip84; FB:FBgn0026430
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (6 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172659
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172598
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172659
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172598
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172659
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000172659
(assigned by GO_Central )
Expression Data
Expression Summary Ribbons
Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
Transcript Expression
in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
organism

Comment: maternally deposited

Additional Descriptive Data
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
mass spectroscopy
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:Grip163; FB:FBgn0026432
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:Grip128; FB:FBgn0026433
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:Grip91; FB:FBgn0001612
inferred from physical interaction with FLYBASE:Grip84; FB:FBgn0026430
inferred from direct assay
inferred from direct assay
Expression Deduced from Reporters
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\γTub23C in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
Alleles, Insertions, and Transgenic Constructs
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 12 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Other relevant insertions
Transgenic Constructs ( 12 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of γTub23C
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of γTub23C
Deletions and Duplications ( 18 )
Phenotypes
For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
Lethality
Allele
Other Phenotypes
Allele
Phenotype manifest in
Allele
spermatocyte & aster
spermatocyte & spindle
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Homo sapiens (Human) (12)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
14 of 15
Yes
Yes
14 of 15
Yes
Yes
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (11)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
15 of 15
Yes
Yes
12 of 15
No
Yes
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (10)
13 of 13
Yes
Yes
12 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
1 of 13
No
No
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (10)
5 of 12
Yes
No
1 of 12
No
Yes
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
No
1 of 12
No
Yes
1 of 12
No
Yes
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (13)
13 of 15
Yes
Yes
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
Yes
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
Yes
1 of 15
No
Yes
1 of 15
No
No
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (7)
12 of 15
Yes
Yes
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (2)
8 of 9
Yes
No
8 of 9
Yes
No
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (2)
14 of 15
Yes
Yes
1 of 15
No
No
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (2)
11 of 12
Yes
No
1 of 12
No
No
Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091906QM )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
AAA Syntenic Ortholog
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Drosophila melanogaster
fruit fly
Drosophila suzukii
Spotted wing Drosophila
Drosophila simulans
Drosophila sechellia
Drosophila erecta
Drosophila yakuba
Drosophila ananassae
Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
Drosophila persimilis
Drosophila willistoni
Drosophila virilis
Drosophila mojavensis
Drosophila grimshawi
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091503Z6 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Musca domestica
House fly
Musca domestica
House fly
Glossina morsitans
Tsetse fly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Anopheles gambiae
Malaria mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W03Z6 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X03WV )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G08A9 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Paralogs
Paralogs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (11)
8 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
Human Disease Associations
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
    Disease Model Summary Ribbon
    Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
    Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Evidence
    References
    Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 1 )
    Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Interaction
    References
    Comments on Models/Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
     
    Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1 and OMIM)
    Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
    Functional Complementation Data
    Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
    Interactions
    Summary of Physical Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
    Select Layout:
    Legend:
    Protein
    RNA
    Selected Interactor(s)
    Interactions Browser

    Please see the Physical Interaction reports below for full details
    protein-protein
    Physical Interaction
    Assay
    References
    Summary of Genetic Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    esyN Network Key:
    Suppression
    Enhancement

    Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    External Data
    Subunit Structure (UniProtKB)
    Interacts with Ote.
    (UniProt, P23257 )
    Linkouts
    BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
    MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    Pathways
    Gene Group - Pathway Membership (FlyBase)
    External Data
    Linkouts
    Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
    Chromosome (arm)
    2L
    Recombination map
    2-8
    Cytogenetic map
    Sequence location
    2L:2,972,891..2,974,858 [+]
    FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Evidence for location
    23C1-23C4
    Left limit from inclusion within Df(2L)JS17 (FBrf0125088) Right limit from inclusion within Df(2L)JS17 (FBrf0125088); Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{PZ}lilli00632 and P{PZ}toc01361
    Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Notes
    References
    23C1-23C4
    (determined by in situ hybridisation)
    23C-23D
    (determined by in situ hybridisation)
    Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
    Location
    Notes
    Stocks and Reagents
    Stocks (10)
    Genomic Clones (17)
     

    Please Note FlyBase no longer curates genomic clone accessions so this list may not be complete

    cDNA Clones (60)
     

    Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

    cDNA clones, fully sequences
    BDGP DGC clones
    Other clones
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

    For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

    cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
    RNAi and Array Information
    Linkouts
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    Antibody Information
    Laboratory Generated Antibodies
     
    polyclonal
    Commercially Available Antibodies
     
    Other Information
    Relationship to Other Genes
    Source for database identify of
    Source for database merge of
    Source for merge of: γTub23C l(2)23Ce
    Additional comments
    The "Pearl-2" allele of "γTub23C" (γTub23CPl-2) maps to the same chromosomal location as the Pl1 mutant allele of the "Pl, Pearl" locus. Both mutations have the same unique combination of mutant phenotypes, but the Pl1 mutation is no longer extant and so the relationship between the "γTub23C" and "Pl" loci cannot be tested.
    Other Comments
    γTub23C is required for efficient recruitment of pericentriolar material.
    RNAi screen using dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene results in the formation of an aberrantly long, monopolar spindle when assayed in S2 cells. This phenotype can be observed when the screen is performed with or without Cdc27 dsRNA.
    SL2 cells treated with dsRNA against γTub23C show a clear increase in the mitotic index compared to control cells. The treated cells show bipolar monastral and monopolar anastral spindle organisation with metaphase-like chromosome arrangements.
    dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene tested in RNAi screen for effects on Kc167 and S2R+ cell morphology.
    Immunoblot analysis and immunolocalisation show that γTub23C and γTub37C are differentially expressed during gametogenesis and development.
    Subcellular localisation of the protein during the cell cycle of cells with and without centrioles is determined. Data suggests centrioles are not essential to the formation of a functional mitotic spindle, but participate in the focal concentration of γTub23C and γTub37C protein during both interphase and mitosis.
    γTub23C is required for spermatogenesis.
    γTub23C is required for the structure as well as the function of the microtubule organising center MTOC.
    Drosophila γ tubulin is part of a complex containing Cp190 and Map60 gene products.
    γTub23C has been cloned and sequenced.
    Isolated from a D.melanogaster ovary cDNA library using an A.nidulans mipA gene cDNA probe, under low stringency conditions.
    A γTub23C cDNA has been cloned and sequenced.
    Origin and Etymology
    Discoverer
    Etymology
    Identification
    External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 42 )
    Sequence Crossreferences
    NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
    GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
    GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
    RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
    UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
    Other crossreferences
    BDGP expression data - Patterns of gene expression in Drosophila embryogenesis
    Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center (DGRC) cDNA clones
    Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
    Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
    Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
    FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
    GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
    KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
    modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
    Linkouts
    BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
    DPiM - Drosophila Protein interaction map
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
    FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
    Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
    InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
    MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
    Synonyms and Secondary IDs (52)
    Reported As
    Symbol Synonym
    gamma tubulin
    Name Synonyms
    &ggr Tubulin 23C
    &ggr-tubulin 23C
    Gamma-tubulin
    lethal (2) 23Ce
    γ tubulin 23C
    γ-Tubulin at 23C
    γ-tubulin
    (Malerød et al., 2018, Zheng et al., 2016, Bouissou et al., 2014, Chen et al., 2013, Volpi et al., 2013, Delgehyr et al., 2012, Gopalakrishnan et al., 2012, Ori-McKenney et al., 2012, Sanghavi et al., 2012, Yuan et al., 2012, Mottier-Pavie et al., 2011, Kracklauer et al., 2010, Akbar et al., 2009, Bouissou et al., 2009, Bucciarelli et al., 2009, Guerin and Kramer, 2009, Mottier-Pavie and Megraw, 2009, Andersen and Tapon, 2008, Blachon et al., 2008, Colombié et al., 2008, Giansanti et al., 2008, Goshima et al., 2008, Mottier et al., 2008, Tan et al., 2008, Trammell et al., 2008, Wei et al., 2008, Dix and Raff, 2007, Ohlstein and Spradling, 2007, Pandey et al., 2007, Peel et al., 2007, Rodrigues-Martins et al., 2007, Yamashita et al., 2007, Yamashita et al., 2007, Zhang et al., 2007, Januschke et al., 2006, Verollet et al., 2006, Barros et al., 2005, Caussinus and Gonzalez, 2005, Goshima et al., 2005, Januschke et al., 2005, Morales-Mulia and Scholey, 2005, Prigent et al., 2005, Siegrist and Doe, 2005, Wilson, 2005, Cottam et al., 2004, Harris and Peifer, 2004, Kwon and Scholey, 2004, Roper and Brown, 2004, Salisbury, 2004, Wilson et al., 2004, Albertson and Doe, 2003, Blagden and Glover, 2003, Fuse et al., 2003, Gunawardane et al., 2003, Mathe et al., 2003, Murphy, 2003, Silvanovich et al., 2003, Yamashita et al., 2003, Gergely, 2002, Mollinari et al., 2002, Bolivar et al., 2001, Ceron et al., 2001, Greaves, 2001, Huynh et al., 2001, Lee et al., 2001, MacDougall et al., 2001, Megraw et al., 2001, Ohkura et al., 2001, Wakefield et al., 2001, Afshar et al., 2000, Barbosa et al., 2000, Bonaccorsi et al., 2000, Brent et al., 2000, Grieder et al., 2000, Gunawardane et al., 2000, Lange et al., 2000, Lemos et al., 2000, Moritz et al., 2000, Riparbelli et al., 2000, Sibon et al., 2000, Su and Vidwans, 2000, Bamburg et al., 1999, Callaini et al., 1999, Gho et al., 1999, Gunawardane et al., 1999, Megraw et al., 1999, Moutinho-Santos et al., 1999, Oegema et al., 1999, Swan et al., 1999, Vaizel-Ohayon and Schejter, 1999, Vidwans et al., 1999, Herrmann et al., 1998, Marshall, 1998, Riparbelli and Callaini, 1998, Callaini et al., 1997, Davis, 1997, Li and Kaufman, 1996, Moritz et al., 1995, Lajoie-Mazenc et al., 1994, Moritz and Alberts, 1992)
    γ-tubulin (23C)
    γ-tubulin(23C)
    γ-tubulin-1
    Secondary FlyBase IDs
    • FBgn0004176
    • FBgn0040117
    Datasets (0)
    Study focus (0)
    Experimental Role
    Project
    Project Type
    Title
    References (322)