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General Information
Symbol
Dmel\grp
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
grapes
Annotation Symbol
CG17161
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0261278
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
grapes (grp) encodes a protein that functions in a cell cycle checkpoint pathway that responds to DNA damage. [Date last reviewed: 2019-03-07]
Also Known As
Chk1, lemp, Dchk1, 1C, last empress
Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2L:16,680,054..16,699,926 [+]
Recombination map
2-52
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Protein Family (UniProt)
Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CAMK Ser/Thr protein kinase family. NIM1 subfamily. (O61661)
Molecular Function (GO)
[Detailed GO annotations]
Summaries
Gene Group (FlyBase)
CALCIUM/CALMODULIN-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES -
The Calcium/Calmodulin-dependent kinase family are serine/threonine kinases which, in general, prefer substrates containing basic residues. Many, but not all, members are regulated by calcium or calmodulin. (Adapted from FBrf0132098).
Protein Function (UniProtKB)
Serine/threonine-protein kinase which is required for checkpoint-mediated cell cycle arrest and activation of DNA repair in response to the presence of DNA damage or unreplicated DNA. May also negatively regulate cell cycle progression during unperturbed cell cycles. May phosphorylate the CDC25 phosphatase stg, which promotes its degradation. This results in increased inhibitory tyrosine phosphorylation of Cdk1-cyclin complexes and consequent inhibition of cell cycle progression.
(UniProt, O61661)
Summary (Interactive Fly)
kinase - Chk1 homolog - cell cycle checkpoint protein - replication-checkpoint mutations and DNA damage trigger a Chk2-dependent block at the Drosophila midblastula transition
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
5
Number of Unique Polypeptides
2

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\grp or the JBrowse view of Dmel\grp for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model
Gene model reviewed during 5.47
Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.
Shares 5' UTR with upstream gene.
Gene model reviewed during 5.49
Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0080886
2563
512
FBtr0080884
2234
512
FBtr0080885
2344
512
FBtr0100459
1649
398
FBtr0339514
2010
398
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
2.5, 2.0 (northern blot)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0080443
57.8
512
8.20
FBpp0080441
57.8
512
8.20
FBpp0080442
57.8
512
8.20
FBpp0099886
45.3
398
8.54
FBpp0308597
45.3
398
8.54
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

The group(s) of polypeptides indicated below share identical sequence to each other.

512 aa isoforms: grp-PA, grp-PB, grp-PC
398 aa isoforms: grp-PD, grp-PF
Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
Comments
External Data
Post Translational Modification
Phosphorylated in a MEI-41/ATR dependent manner in response to DNA damage or the presence of unreplicated DNA.
(UniProt, O61661)
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\grp using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (20 terms)
Molecular Function (3 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by BHF-UCL )
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from electronic annotation with InterPro:IPR000719, InterPro:IPR002290, InterPro:IPR017441
(assigned by InterPro )
non-traceable author statement
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000678822
(assigned by GO_Central )
Biological Process (14 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (9 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from mutant phenotype
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (8 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
traceable author statement
traceable author statement
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000678822
(assigned by GO_Central )
traceable author statement
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000678822
(assigned by GO_Central )
non-traceable author statement
(assigned by UniProt )
traceable author statement
Cellular Component (3 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from high throughput direct assay
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000678822
(assigned by GO_Central )
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000678822
(assigned by GO_Central )
Expression Data
Expression Summary Ribbons
Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
Transcript Expression
in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
northern blot
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
grp transcripts are detected at high levels in the oocyte and in early embryogenesis (abundant and homogeneous in the first 12 nuclear cycles), decline until cellularization, and remain at low levels in late embryogenesis and in larval stages. Levels are higher in pupariation. The transcript is abundant in adult females but not in adult males.
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
western blot
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from high throughput direct assay
inferred from direct assay
(assigned by UniProt )
Expression Deduced from Reporters
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\grp in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
Alleles, Insertions, and Transgenic Constructs
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 97 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Other relevant insertions
Transgenic Constructs ( 18 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of grp
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of grp
Deletions and Duplications ( 8 )
Phenotypes
For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
Lethality
Allele
Sterility
Allele
Other Phenotypes
Allele
Phenotype manifest in
Allele
adult abdomen & macrochaeta, with Scer\GAL4sca-537.4
interphase & organism | embryonic cycle 11 | maternal effect
interphase & organism | embryonic cycle 12 | maternal effect
interphase & organism | embryonic cycle 13 | maternal effect
mitosis & nuclear chromosome
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Homo sapiens (Human) (1)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
15 of 15
Yes
Yes
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (1)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
14 of 15
Yes
Yes
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (1)
10 of 13
Yes
Yes
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (1)
8 of 12
Yes
Yes
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (1)
14 of 15
Yes
Yes
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (6)
12 of 15
Yes
Yes
6 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
5 of 15
No
Yes
4 of 15
No
Yes
3 of 15
No
Yes
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (25)
2 of 9
Yes
Yes
2 of 9
Yes
Yes
2 of 9
Yes
Yes
2 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
No
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
No
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
1 of 9
No
Yes
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (10)
11 of 15
Yes
Yes
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
Yes
1 of 15
No
Yes
1 of 15
No
Yes
1 of 15
No
Yes
1 of 15
No
Yes
1 of 15
No
Yes
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
Yes
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (2)
8 of 12
Yes
Yes
1 of 12
No
No
Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091906XD )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
AAA Syntenic Ortholog
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Drosophila melanogaster
fruit fly
Drosophila suzukii
Spotted wing Drosophila
Drosophila simulans
Drosophila sechellia
Drosophila erecta
Drosophila yakuba
Drosophila ananassae
Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
Drosophila persimilis
Drosophila willistoni
Drosophila willistoni
Drosophila virilis
Drosophila mojavensis
Drosophila grimshawi
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091505FU )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Musca domestica
House fly
Musca domestica
House fly
Glossina morsitans
Tsetse fly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Anopheles darlingi
American malaria mosquito
Anopheles gambiae
Malaria mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W09R5 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X09N7 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G09E4 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Paralogs
Paralogs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (11)
2 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
Human Disease Associations
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
Disease Model Summary Ribbon
Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 2 )
Allele
Disease
Evidence
References
Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 0 )
Human Ortholog
Disease
Evidence
References
Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 2 )
Comments on Models/Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
 
Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1 and OMIM)
Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
Homo sapiens (Human)
Gene name
Score
OMIM
OMIM Phenotype
DO term
Complementation?
Transgene?
Functional Complementation Data
Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
Interactions
Summary of Physical Interactions
esyN Network Diagram
Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
Select Layout:
Legend:
Protein
RNA
Selected Interactor(s)
Interactions Browser

Please see the Physical Interaction reports below for full details
protein-protein
Physical Interaction
Assay
References
RNA-protein
Physical Interaction
Assay
References
Summary of Genetic Interactions
esyN Network Diagram
esyN Network Key:
Suppression
Enhancement

Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
Starting gene(s)
Interaction type
Interacting gene(s)
Reference
Starting gene(s)
Interaction type
Interacting gene(s)
Reference
External Data
Linkouts
BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
Pathways
Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
Chromosome (arm)
2L
Recombination map
2-52
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2L:16,680,054..16,699,926 [+]
FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
Cytogenetic map
Evidence for location
36A10-36A11
Left limit from in situ hybridisation (FBrf0067338) Right limit from in situ hybridisation (FBrf0067338)
Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
Cytogenetic map
Notes
References
36A10-36A10
(determined by in situ hybridisation)
36A-36B
(determined by in situ hybridisation)
36A10-36A14
(determined by in situ hybridisation)
36A-36A
(determined by in situ hybridisation)
Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
Location
Left of (cM)
Right of (cM)
Notes
Stocks and Reagents
Stocks (53)
Genomic Clones (29)
cDNA Clones (118)
 

Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

cDNA clones, fully sequences
BDGP DGC clones
Other clones
Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
RNAi and Array Information
Linkouts
DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
Antibody Information
Laboratory Generated Antibodies
Commercially Available Antibodies
 
Other Information
Relationship to Other Genes
Source for database identify of
Source for database merge of
Source for merge of: grp lemp
Source for merge of: grp Pk36A
Source for merge of: grp l(2)k15102
Additional comments
Annotation CG4711 has been restored as a distinct annotation from CG17161 in release 3.2 of the genome annotation. In addition, release 3.2 annotations CG17161 (which corresponds to grp) and CG4711 encode alternative transcripts which share untranslated sequences, but encode non-overlapping open reading frames.
Release 1 annotation CG4711 (which was eliminated in release 2 of the genome annotation) has been merged with CG17161 in release 3 of the genome annotation.
Other Comments
Expression is enriched in embryonic gonads.
When dsRNA constructs are made and transiently transfected into S2 cells in RNAi experiments, spindle abnormalities, chromosome alignment defects, lagging chromatids are seen.
S2 cells are treated with dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene to assess effect on proteolysis of dup and geminin genes.
dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene tested in RNAi screen for effects on Kc167 and S2R+ cell morphology.
grp is required for normal CycA turnover in the early embryo, and may activate CycA proteolysis.
Transcription unit identified during molecular analysis of the her gene region.
Interphase lengthening during somatic cycles 10-13 requires grp, delay in polar nuclear divisions is grp-independent.
Molecular characterisation of grp and cellular analysis of grp mutants.
Mutations in grp block the morphological and biochemical changes that accompany the midblastula transition (MBT), lead to a continuation of the maternal cell-cycle programme and disrupt DNA-replication checkpoint control of cell-cycle progression.
X-irradiation of grp derived embryos results in metaphase arrest even during the pre-migration and initial cortical nuclear cycles.
Deficiency analysis localized grp to 36A8-36D1.
Defined in a screen of maternal-effect lethal mutations that cause defects in nuclear movement, organization or morphology during the syncytial embryonic divisions.
Isolated from a genomic library using a Pka-C1 probe.
grp may encode a protein kinase.
Gene in D.melanogaster encoding product related (by sequence comparison) to the serine-threonine protein kinases of mammals. Isolated from Drosophila clones obtained with mammalian probes.
Origin and Etymology
Discoverer
Etymology
Identification
External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 91 )
Sequence Crossreferences
NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
Other crossreferences
Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center (DGRC) cDNA clones
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
iBeetle-Base - RNAi phenotypes in the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum)
KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
SignaLink - A signaling pathway resource with multi-layered regulatory networks.
Linkouts
ApoDroso - Functional genomic database for photoreceptor development, survival and function
BioGRID - A database of protein and genetic interactions.
DPiM - Drosophila Protein interaction map
DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
FLIGHT - Cell culture data for RNAi and other high-throughput technologies
Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
Synonyms and Secondary IDs (27)
Reported As
Symbol Synonym
CHK1/Grapes
Pk36A
Pk?1
grp
(Meltzer et al., 2019, Michalak et al., 2019, Seller et al., 2019, Aydogan et al., 2018, Lefebvre and Lécuyer, 2018, Richardson and Portela, 2018, Tasnim and Kelleher, 2018, Bayona-Feliu et al., 2017, Lefebvre et al., 2017, Lefebvre et al., 2017, Merigliano et al., 2017, Transgenic RNAi Project members, 2017-, Clandinin and Owens, 2016-, Hunter et al., 2016, John et al., 2016, Levinson and Cagan, 2016, Ma et al., 2016, Yamaki et al., 2016, Blythe and Wieschaus, 2015, Perkins et al., 2015, Ashwal-Fluss et al., 2014, Barclay et al., 2014, Pushpavalli et al., 2014, Sopko et al., 2014, Di Talia et al., 2013, Di Talia et al., 2013, Pushpavalli et al., 2013, Schertel et al., 2013, Japanese National Institute of Genetics, 2012.5.21, Lee et al., 2012, Sakaguchi et al., 2012, Zhai et al., 2012, Kondo and Perrimon, 2011, Kurzhals et al., 2011, Campos et al., 2010, Reis et al., 2010, Benoit et al., 2009, McCleland et al., 2009, McNamee and Brodsky, 2009, Merkle et al., 2009, Peng and Karpen, 2009, Peretz et al., 2009, Perkins et al., 2009.8.10, Yi et al., 2009, Burgio et al., 2008, Cenci et al., 2008, Markstein et al., 2008, McNamee and Brodsky, 2008, Musarò et al., 2008, Sakaguchi et al., 2008, Stofanko et al., 2008, Titen and Golic, 2008, Yi et al., 2008, Abdu et al., 2007, Brunk et al., 2007, Buszczak et al., 2007, Garcia et al., 2007, Georlette et al., 2007, LaRocque et al., 2007, LaRocque et al., 2007, Lecuyer et al., 2007, Minidorff et al., 2007, Pane et al., 2007, Quinones-Coello, 2007, Rickmyre et al., 2007, Sakaguchi and Steward, 2007, Smolik and Jones, 2007, Takada et al., 2007, Hochwagen, 2006, Jaklevic et al., 2006, McCaffrey et al., 2006, Mogila et al., 2006, Mukai et al., 2006, Oikemus et al., 2006, Shigenobu et al., 2006, Silva et al., 2006, Venken, 2006, Venken et al., 2006, Bi et al., 2005, Laviolette et al., 2005, Purdy et al., 2005, Raymond et al., 2004, Stanyon et al., 2004, Radcliffe et al., 2002)
l(2)k15102
Secondary FlyBase IDs
  • FBgn0011598
  • FBgn0004632
  • FBgn0024213
  • FBgn0040478
  • FBgn0069054
  • FBgn0021840
Datasets (0)
Study focus (0)
Experimental Role
Project
Project Type
Title
References (280)