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General Information
Symbol
Dmel\aPKC
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
atypical protein kinase C
Annotation Symbol
CG42783
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0261854
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Gene Snapshot
atypical protein kinase C (aPKC) encodes a member of the conserved Par complex and is asymmetrically localized to the apical cortex, where it phosphorylates and thus excludes the basal determinants encoded by mira and numb. It is involved in neuroblast proliferation and self-renewal. [Date last reviewed: 2019-03-07]
Also Known As
DaPKC, atypical PKC, l(2)k06403, aPKCζ, pschur
Key Links
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2R:14,944,458..14,962,969 [-]
Recombination map
2-73
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
Function
GO Summary Ribbons
Gene Group (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt)
Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. AGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. PKC subfamily. (A1Z9X0)
Summaries
Gene Group (FlyBase)
PROTEIN KINASE C FAMILY -
The Protein Kinase C (PKC) family are serine/threonine kinases activated by diacylglycerol (DAG), lipid or Ca2+. PKCs are regulated by auto-inhibition through a pseudosubstrate site located in the regulatory domain. (Adapted from PMID:20094051).
Protein Function (UniProtKB)
Serine/threonine protein kinase which is required for apico-basal cell polarity in the germ line as well as in epithelial and neural precursor cells, for epithelial planar cell polarity and for cell proliferation. During oocyte development, required for the posterior translocation of oocyte specification factors and for the posterior establishment of the microtubule organizing center within the presumptive oocyte. Phosphorylates l(2)gl which restricts l(2)gl activity to the oocyte posterior and regulates posterior enrichment of par-1, leading to establishment of correct oocyte polarity. Essential for apical localization of l(2)gl and par-6 in neuroblasts and for exclusion of mira from the apical cortex. Phosphorylates baz which is required for targeting of baz to the postsynaptic region where it is involved in actin organization, and for apical exclusion of baz which is necessary for establishment of the apical/lateral border in epithelial cells. Phosphorylates yrt which prevents its premature apical localization and is necessary for correct epithelial cell polarization. Required for the establishment of mitotic spindle orientation during symmetric division of epithelial cells and for apical exclusion of raps/Pins. Involved in symmetric adherens junction positioning during embryogenesis. Required for polarization of the spermatid cyst which is necessary for sperm differentiation. Required for stimulation of the Toll signaling pathway which activates Dif and dl and plays a role in innate immunity. Plays a role in memory enhancement.
(UniProt, A1Z9X0)
Summary (Interactive Fly)
kinase regulating asymmetric cell division - member of the conserved Par complex (aPKC/baz/par-6) that is asymmetrically localized to the apical cortex, where it phosphorylates and thus excludes the basal determinants Mira and Numb - involved in neuroblast proliferation and self-renewal.
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
12
Number of Unique Polypeptides
11

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\aPKC or the JBrowse view of Dmel\aPKC for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model
Gene model reviewed during 5.50
Annotated transcripts do not represent all possible combinations of alternative exons and/or alternative promoters.
Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.
Gene model reviewed during 5.44
gene_with_stop_codon_read_through ; SO:0000697
Stop-codon suppression (UGA) postulated; FBrf0216884.
Tissue-specific extension of 3' UTRs observed during later stages (FBrf0218523, FBrf0219848); all variants may not be annotated
Gene model reviewed during 5.55
Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0303434
3240
606
FBtr0303429
2075
526
FBtr0303430
2392
606
FBtr0303431
3320
608
FBtr0303432
2069
524
FBtr0303433
3023
503
FBtr0303435
3560
951
FBtr0303437
2191
511
FBtr0329887
4573
958
FBtr0329888
2863
519
FBtr0329889
3023
634
FBtr0329890
2964
620
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0292491
69.6
606
5.93
FBpp0292486
60.0
526
6.14
FBpp0292487
69.6
606
5.93
FBpp0292488
69.7
608
5.71
FBpp0292489
59.9
524
6.33
FBpp0292490
57.7
503
6.51
FBpp0292492
104.1
951
6.85
FBpp0292494
58.3
511
7.05
FBpp0302921
105.0
958
6.85
FBpp0302922
59.6
519
6.51
FBpp0302923
72.9
634
6.58
FBpp0302924
71.3
620
6.51
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

The group(s) of polypeptides indicated below share identical sequence to each other.

606 aa isoforms: aPKC-PA, aPKC-PC
Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
Comments
External Data
Subunit Structure (UniProtKB)
Interacts with baz; the interaction is required for apical localization of aPKC in neuroblasts and epithelial cells. Interacts with Dap160; the interaction promotes aPKC apical localization and kinase activity. Interacts with and phosphorylates l(2)gl and yrt. Interacts with crb and ref(2)P. Forms a complex with baz, fz and Patj.
(UniProt, A1Z9X0)
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\aPKC using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (46 terms)
Molecular Function (4 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (2 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from biological aspect of ancestor with PANTHER:PTN000683254
(assigned by GO_Central )
Biological Process (37 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (31 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
(assigned by UniProt )
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:sgg; FB:FBgn0003371
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:sgg; FB:FBgn0003371
inferred from genetic interaction with FLYBASE:l(2)gl; FB:FBgn0002121
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (10 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Cellular Component (5 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (4 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
non-traceable author statement
non-traceable author statement
traceable author statement
traceable author statement
Expression Data
Expression Summary Ribbons
Colored tiles in ribbon indicate that expression data has been curated by FlyBase for that anatomical location. Colorless tiles indicate that there is no curated data for that location.
For complete stage-specific expression data, view the modENCODE Development RNA-Seq section under High-Throughput Expression below.
Transcript Expression
Polypeptide Expression
immunolocalization
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
somatic cell

Comment: enriched at cell borders and apical cortex; forms continuous band around cell circumference

somatic cell

Comment: apical-most part of lateral cortex

neuroblast

Comment: NOT ganglion mother cell

mass spectroscopy
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
In stage 13 embryos aPKC is expressed in Malpighian tubule Type II (stellate) cells, particularly those that contact the tubule lumen but is lower than in the neighboring Malpighian tubule Type I (principal) cells.
aPKC protein is localized above baz protein in the apicolateral plasma membrane of follicle cells.
aPKC localized to presynaptic boutons and muscle at cellular regions containing microtubules. Colocalizes with par-6 and baz presynaptically, but not in the postsynaptic peribouton area.
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
Expression Deduced from Reporters
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\aPKC in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Linkouts
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
Images
Alleles, Insertions, and Transgenic Constructs
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 24 )
For All Classical and Insertion Alleles Show
 
Other relevant insertions
Transgenic Constructs ( 28 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of aPKC
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of aPKC
Deletions and Duplications ( 12 )
Phenotypes
For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
Lethality
Allele
Sterility
Allele
Other Phenotypes
Allele
Phenotype manifest in
Allele
larval brain & neuroblast
larval brain & neuroblast | supernumerary, with Scer\GAL4wor.PA
larval brain | posterior & neuroblast | supernumerary
microtubule & synapse
microtubule & synapse, with Scer\GAL4BG487
microtubule & synapse, with Scer\GAL4futsch-C380
microtubule & synapse (with Df(2R)Jp1)
mushroom body & neuron | somatic clone
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Homo sapiens (Human) (2)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
13 of 15
Yes
Yes
10 of 15
No
Yes
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (2)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
13 of 15
Yes
Yes
Mmus\Prkcz
9 of 15
No
Yes
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (2)
9 of 13
Yes
Yes
9 of 13
Yes
Yes
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (2)
6 of 12
Yes
Yes
3 of 12
No
Yes
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (2)
12 of 15
Yes
Yes
6 of 15
No
Yes
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (1)
12 of 15
Yes
Yes
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (16)
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
No
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
1 of 9
Yes
Yes
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (1)
3 of 15
Yes
No
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (2)
1 of 12
Yes
No
1 of 12
Yes
No
Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091903XN )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
AAA Syntenic Ortholog
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Drosophila melanogaster
fruit fly
Drosophila suzukii
Spotted wing Drosophila
Drosophila simulans
Drosophila sechellia
Drosophila erecta
Drosophila yakuba
Drosophila ananassae
Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
Drosophila persimilis
Drosophila willistoni
Drosophila virilis
Drosophila mojavensis
Drosophila grimshawi
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091502UN )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Musca domestica
House fly
Musca domestica
House fly
Glossina morsitans
Tsetse fly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Anopheles darlingi
American malaria mosquito
Anopheles gambiae
Malaria mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W02LV )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X01FN )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged tick
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Stegodyphus mimosarum
African social velvet spider
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Tetranychus urticae
Two-spotted spider mite
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G03Q9 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Paralogs
Paralogs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Drosophila melanogaster (Fruit fly) (12)
3 of 10
3 of 10
3 of 10
3 of 10
2 of 10
2 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
1 of 10
Human Disease Associations
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
Disease Model Summary Ribbon
Disease Ontology (DO) Annotations
Models Based on Experimental Evidence ( 1 )
Allele
Disease
Evidence
References
Potential Models Based on Orthology ( 0 )
Human Ortholog
Disease
Evidence
References
Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 1 )
Allele
Disease
Interaction
References
model of  cancer
is NOT ameliorated by bskK53R.UAS
Comments on Models/Modifiers Based on Experimental Evidence ( 0 )
 
Disease Associations of Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1 and OMIM)
Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
Homo sapiens (Human)
Gene name
Score
OMIM
OMIM Phenotype
DO term
Complementation?
Transgene?
Functional Complementation Data
Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
Interactions
Summary of Physical Interactions
esyN Network Diagram
Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
Select Layout:
Legend:
Protein
RNA
Selected Interactor(s)
Interactions Browser

Please see the Physical Interaction reports below for full details
RNA-protein
Physical Interaction
Assay
References
protein-protein
Physical Interaction
Assay
References
Summary of Genetic Interactions
esyN Network Diagram
esyN Network Key:
Suppression
Enhancement

Please look at the allele data for full details of the genetic interactions
Starting gene(s)
Interaction type
Interacting gene(s)
Reference
Starting gene(s)
Interaction type
Interacting gene(s)
Reference
External Data
Subunit Structure (UniProtKB)
Interacts with baz; the interaction is required for apical localization of aPKC in neuroblasts and epithelial cells. Interacts with Dap160; the interaction promotes aPKC apical localization and kinase activity. Interacts with and phosphorylates l(2)gl and yrt. Interacts with crb and ref(2)P. Forms a complex with baz, fz and Patj.
(UniProt, A1Z9X0 )
Linkouts
DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
Pathways
Gene Group - Pathway Membership (FlyBase)
External Data
Linkouts
KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
SignaLink - A signaling pathway resource with multi-layered regulatory networks.
Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
Chromosome (arm)
2R
Recombination map
2-73
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
2R:14,944,458..14,962,969 [-]
FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
Cytogenetic map
Evidence for location
51D5-51D5
Limits computationally determined from genome sequence between P{lacW}Rpn6k00103 and P{PZ}chn02064
Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
Cytogenetic map
Notes
References
51D7-51D8
(determined by in situ hybridisation)
Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
Location
Left of (cM)
Right of (cM)
Notes
Stocks and Reagents
Stocks (20)
Genomic Clones (19)
cDNA Clones (63)
 

Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

cDNA clones, fully sequences
BDGP DGC clones
Other clones
Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
BDGP DGC clones
RNAi and Array Information
Linkouts
DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
Antibody Information
Laboratory Generated Antibodies
Commercially Available Antibodies
 
Other Information
Relationship to Other Genes
Source for database identify of
Source for identity of: aPKC l(2)k06403
Source for database merge of
Source for merge of: l(2)k06403 CG10261
Source for merge of: aPKC CG30475
Additional comments
Annotations CG10261 and CG30475 merged as CG42783 in release 5.28 of the genome annotation.
Mutations in aPKC complement mutations in gsu.
Source for identity of aPKC l(2)k06403 was sequence comparison ( date:000915 ).
Other Comments
aPKC antagonizes yrt function to preserve the integrity of the apical domain and epithelial tissue organization.
aPKC promotes neuroblast self-renewal.
In vivo overexpression experiments reveal the kinase activity of aPKC on crb to be required for epithelial polarity.
Phosphorylation of l(2)gl by aPKC at the apical neuroblast cortex restricts l(2)gl activity and mira localisation to the opposite, basal side of the cell in embryonic neuroblasts.
aPKC phosphorylates l(2)gl and thus directs asymmetric cell division.
dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene tested in RNAi screen for effects on Kc167 and S2R+ cell morphology.
New annotation (CG30475) in release 3 of the genome annotation.
A loss of function mutation in aPKC results in loss of apico-basal polarity and multilayering of epithelia in the embryo.
Origin and Etymology
Discoverer
Etymology
Identification
External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 97 )
Sequence Crossreferences
NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
UniProt/Swiss-Prot - Manually annotated and reviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
Other crossreferences
Drosophila Genomics Resource Center - Drosophila Genomics Resource Center (DGRC) cDNA clones
Eukaryotic Promoter Database - A collection of databases of experimentally validated promoters for selected model organisms.
Fly-FISH - A database of Drosophila embryo and larvae mRNA localization patterns
Flygut - An atlas of the Drosophila adult midgut
FlyMine - An integrated database for Drosophila genomics
GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
iBeetle-Base - RNAi phenotypes in the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum)
KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
modMine - A data warehouse for the modENCODE project
Reactome - An open-source, open access, manually curated and peer-reviewed pathway database.
SignaLink - A signaling pathway resource with multi-layered regulatory networks.
Linkouts
ApoDroso - Functional genomic database for photoreceptor development, survival and function
DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
DRSC - Results frm RNAi screens
Interactive Fly - A cyberspace guide to Drosophila development and metazoan evolution
InterologFinder - Protein-protein interactions (PPI) from both known and predicted PPI data sets.
KEGG Pathways - Wiring diagrams of molecular interactions, reactions and relations.
MIST (genetic) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
MIST (protein-protein) - An integrated Molecular Interaction Database
Reactome - An open-source, open access, manually curated and peer-reviewed pathway database.
Synonyms and Secondary IDs (29)
Reported As
Symbol Synonym
aPKC
(Barr et al., 2019, Bonello and Peifer, 2019, Brantley and Fuller, 2019, Casas-Tintó and Ferrús, 2019, Hannaford et al., 2019, Xu et al., 2019, Carmena, 2018, Cho et al., 2018, de Vreede et al., 2018, Donohoe et al., 2018, Hong, 2018, Rust et al., 2018, Schmidt and Grosshans, 2018, Takeda et al., 2018, Wang et al., 2018, Erceg et al., 2017, Golub et al., 2017, Harris, 2017, Jouette et al., 2017, Lang and Munro, 2017, Liu et al., 2017, Neuert et al., 2017, Paglia et al., 2017, Richardson and Portela, 2017, Romani et al., 2017, Song et al., 2017, Yamamoto et al., 2017, Yu and Fernandez-Gonzalez, 2017, Ajduk and Zernicka-Goetz, 2016, Anllo and Schüpbach, 2016, Barr et al., 2016, Bodaleo and Gonzalez-Billault, 2016, Flores-Benitez and Knust, 2016, Jiang et al., 2016, Koch et al., 2016, Moreira and Morais-de-Sá, 2016, Padash Barmchi et al., 2016, Roman-Fernandez and Bryant, 2016, Soriano et al., 2016, Veeman and McDonald, 2016, Walther et al., 2016, Yasugi and Nishimura, 2016, Zhang et al., 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Name Synonyms
Atypical PKC
Atypical Protein Kinase C
atypical protein kinase
atypical-Protein Kinase C
Secondary FlyBase IDs
  • FBgn0022131
  • FBgn0033986
  • FBgn0260478
  • FBgn0050475
Datasets (0)
Study focus (0)
Experimental Role
Project
Project Type
Title
References (584)