laminin, laminin γ, knod, knodel, l(3)67BDb
Gene model reviewed during 5.55
Annotated transcripts do not represent all supported alternative splices within 5' UTR.
Low-frequency RNA-Seq exon junction(s) not annotated.
Gene model reviewed during 5.46
Laminin is a complex glycoprotein, consisting of three different polypeptide chains (alpha, beta, gamma), which are bound to each other by disulfide bonds into a cross-shaped molecule comprising one long and three short arms with globules at each end.
The alpha-helical domains I and II are thought to interact with other laminin chains to form a coiled coil structure.
Domains VI and IV are globular.
Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\LanB2 using the Feature Mapper tool.
LanB2 transcripts are detected in 4-6hr embryos, peak at 10-12hr, and then decline. Later peaks occur in early larvae, and late pupae. Developmental increases in Laminin transcripts are associated with periods of morphogenesis and precede those of Col4a1 transcripts. Laminin transcripts appear in newly formed mesoderm and are later expressed in fat body, in some glial cells and prominantly in hemocytes found distributed around many organs where basement membrane deposition occurs such as brain, nerve cord, sensory organs, and various internal organs. LanA transcripts are detected at a lower level than LanB1 and LanB2 transcripts.
LanB2 expression is first detected during germ band extension in the mesoderm and at lower levels in the ectoderm including the neurogenic region. At ~8hr, the level of LanB2 expression dramatically increases in both the somatic and visceral mesoderm and expression in these tissues continues through the rest of embryonic development. At 8hr, expression in the ectoderm also increases but mainly in the epidermis and not in ectodermal derivatives such as the salivary glands and the CNS. The only LanB2 expression in the CNS is found along the midline. The interface glia were also tentatively identified as a site of LanB2 expression. The patterns of expression of LanA, LanB1, and LanB2 are nearly identical.
Antibodies against secreted laminin trimers (not just LanB2 alone) localize to the surface of most internal organs (midgut primordia, visceral muscle, Malpighian tubules, fat body) at embryonic stage 13. By stage 16, anti-secreted laminin antibodies localize to the surface of internal organs, muscle tendons, and to basement membrane surrounding the brain, nerve cord, and gut.
In dissected embryos between 10-13 hours of development, LanB2 is detected in basement membrane throughout the embryo. These include basement membranes covering the inside of the epidermis, developing muscles, gut, and internal glands and organs. LanA is also detected in the dorsal basement membrane overlying the developing CNS and in a prominent pair of mesodermal cells just dorsal to the nervous system. The most striking staining in the developing CNS is seen along the axon pathways, including the longitudinal pathways, the commissural pathways, and the peripheral nerve roots. The glia around the peripheral nerve roots also stain. Staining is also observed surrounding clusters of peripheral sensory organs and their support cells. All three Laminin subunits show similar patterns of staining.
GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signalsView Dmel\LanB2 in GBrowse 2
Please Note FlyBase no longer curates genomic clone accessions so this list may not be complete
Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.
For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.
Source for merge of LanB2 anon- EST:fe2H3 was sequence comparison ( date:030707 ).
dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene tested in RNAi screen for effects on Kc167 and S2R+ cell morphology.
Chain-specific polyclonal antibodies reveal that LanB1 and LanB2 form a stable dimer before they are disulfide-bonded to each other. LanA associates with neither monomeric LanB1, monomeric LanB2 nor LanB1 LanB2 dimer without disulfide-bonding but only with disulfide-bonded LanB1 LanB2 dimer to form LanA LanB1 LanB2 trimers. Results demonstrate that the interchain disulfide-bonding between LanB1 and LanB2 is essential for LanA LanB1 LanB2 trimer formation.
The three Laminin genes (LanA, LanB1 and LanB2) encode the three subunits of Drosophila laminin, which associate to form a cruciform molecule in which the carboxy-terminal ends are α helical and associate with one another and whose amino-terminal ends are free to form three short arms of the cross.
Laminin protein distribution in ovarian follicles has been studied.