General Information
Symbol
Dmel\kl-5
Species
D. melanogaster
Name
male fertility factor kl5
Annotation Symbol
CG45786
Feature Type
FlyBase ID
FBgn0267433
Gene Model Status
Stock Availability
Enzyme Name (EC)
Adenosinetriphosphatase (3.6.1.3)
Gene Snapshot
In progress.Contributions welcome.
Also Known As
Dhc-Yh3, DhcYh3, Lms4, kl5
Genomic Location
Cytogenetic map
Sequence location
Y:22,250..137,486 [-]
Recombination map
Y-
Sequence
Other Genome Views
The following external sites may use different assemblies or annotations than FlyBase.
GO Summary Ribbons
Families, Domains and Molecular Function
Gene Group Membership (FlyBase)
Protein Family (UniProt, Sequence Similarities)
-
Molecular Function (see GO section for details)
Experimental Evidence
-
Predictions / Assertions
Catalytic Activity (EC)
Experimental Evidence
-
Predictions / Assertions
ATP + H(2)O = ADP + phosphate (3.6.1.3)
Summaries
Gene Group Membership
AXONEMAL OUTER ARM DYNEIN HEAVY CHAINS -
Dynein heavy chains are minus end-directed microtubule motor proteins. Axonemal dynein complexes interact with adjacent microtubules in the axoneme. Coordinated binding and release of the axonemal dyneins slide the microtubules relative to each other causing the axoneme to bend driving ciliary and flagellar motion. Axonemal outer arm dynein heavy chains are the microtubule-binding motor protein of the dynein outer arm. (Adapted from FBrf0230280).
Phenotypic Description from the Red Book (Lindsley and Zimm 1992)
kl-5
Males mutant for kl-5 fail to assemble the outer dynein arms associated with the A tubules of the peripheral doublets of the sperm tail axoneme [Hardy, Tokuyasu, and Lindsley, 1981, Chromosoma 83: 593-617 (fig.)]. Such males also fail to produce kl-5-specific 300-325 kilodalton sperm polypeptide considered to be a component of the outer arms (Goldstein, Hardy, and Lindsley, 1982, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 79: 7404-09). kl-5 mutants exhibit very low level of fertility at 25 but not at 18 and in young but not older males (Kennison, 1983, Genetics 103: 219-34). Deficiencies for kl-5 completely sterile, and in addition to the mutant phenotype they fail to produce aggregates of tubuli normally seen in thin sections of primary spermatocyte nuclei (Hardy et al.). Within the kl-5 fertility region of the spermatocyte nucleus, a loop-forming site has been demonstrated by its reaction with the monoclonal antibody S5 (Bonaccorsi et al., 1988). These loops are stained with the protein-specific dye CBB, but are not visible in living preparations.
Gene Model and Products
Number of Transcripts
1
Number of Unique Polypeptides
1

Please see the GBrowse view of Dmel\kl-5 or the JBrowse view of Dmel\kl-5 for information on other features

To submit a correction to a gene model please use the Contact FlyBase form

Protein Domains (via Pfam)
Isoform displayed:
Pfam protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Protein Domains (via SMART)
Isoform displayed:
SMART protein domains
InterPro name
classification
start
end
Comments on Gene Model
Gene model reviewed during 6.01
Gene model reviewed during 6.02
Sequence Ontology: Class of Gene
Transcript Data
Annotated Transcripts
Name
FlyBase ID
RefSeq ID
Length (nt)
Assoc. CDS (aa)
FBtr0346772
13680
4559
Additional Transcript Data and Comments
Reported size (kB)
Comments
External Data
Crossreferences
Polypeptide Data
Annotated Polypeptides
Name
FlyBase ID
Predicted MW (kDa)
Length (aa)
Theoretical pI
RefSeq ID
GenBank
FBpp0312367
526.2
4559
5.48
Polypeptides with Identical Sequences

There is only one protein coding transcript and one polypeptide associated with this gene

Additional Polypeptide Data and Comments
Reported size (kDa)
Comments
External Data
Linkouts
Sequences Consistent with the Gene Model
Mapped Features

Click to get a list of regulatory features (enhancers, TFBS, etc.) and gene disruptions (point mutations, indels, etc.) within or overlapping Dmel\kl-5 using the Feature Mapper tool.

External Data
Crossreferences
Linkouts
Gene Ontology (5 terms)
Molecular Function (3 terms)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (0 terms)
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (3 terms)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from electronic annotation with InterPro:IPR011704
(assigned by InterPro )
inferred from sequence or structural similarity
inferred from electronic annotation with InterPro:IPR004273, InterPro:IPR026983
(assigned by InterPro )
Biological Process (1 term)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (0 terms)
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from electronic annotation with InterPro:IPR004273, InterPro:IPR026983
(assigned by InterPro )
inferred from sequence or structural similarity
Cellular Component (1 term)
Terms Based on Experimental Evidence (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
Terms Based on Predictions or Assertions (1 term)
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from sequence or structural similarity
Expression Data
Transcript Expression
in situ
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
organism

Comment: kl-5+ transcripts are detected only in adult males

northern blot
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Polypeptide Expression
mass spectroscopy
Stage
Tissue/Position (including subcellular localization)
Reference
Additional Descriptive Data
Marker for
 
Subcellular Localization
CV Term
Evidence
References
inferred from mutant phenotype
Expression Deduced from Reporters
High-Throughput Expression Data
Associated Tools

GBrowse - Visual display of RNA-Seq signals

View Dmel\kl-5 in GBrowse 2
RNA-Seq by Region - Search RNA-Seq expression levels by exon or genomic region
Reference
See Gelbart and Emmert, 2013 for analysis details and data files for all genes.
Developmental Proteome: Life Cycle
Developmental Proteome: Embryogenesis
External Data and Images
Alleles, Insertions, Transgenic Constructs and Phenotypes
Classical and Insertion Alleles ( 24 )
Transgenic Constructs ( 2 )
For All Alleles Carried on Transgenic Constructs Show
Transgenic constructs containing/affecting coding region of kl-5
Allele of kl-5
Mutagen
Associated Transgenic Construct
Stocks
Transgenic constructs containing regulatory region of kl-5
Deletions and Duplications ( 93 )
Disrupted in
Summary of Phenotypes
For more details about a specific phenotype click on the relevant allele symbol.
Lethality
Allele
Sterility
Allele
Phenotype manifest in
Allele
Orthologs
Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Homo sapiens (Human) (3)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
1 of 15
Yes
No
1 of 15
Yes
No
1 of 15
Yes
No
Model Organism Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
Mus musculus (laboratory mouse) (3)
Species\Gene Symbol
Score
Best Score
Best Reverse Score
Alignment
Complementation?
Transgene?
2 of 15
Yes
No
1 of 15
No
No
1 of 15
No
No
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat) (3)
2 of 13
Yes
No
2 of 13
Yes
Yes
1 of 13
No
No
Xenopus tropicalis (Western clawed frog) (0)
No orthologs reported.
Danio rerio (Zebrafish) (1)
1 of 15
Yes
No
Caenorhabditis elegans (Nematode, roundworm) (0)
No orthologs reported.
Arabidopsis thaliana (thale-cress) (0)
No orthologs reported.
Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Brewer's yeast) (0)
No orthologs reported.
Schizosaccharomyces pombe (Fission yeast) (0)
No orthologs reported.
Orthologs in Drosophila Species (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG0919000S )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
AAA Syntenic Ortholog
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Drosophila melanogaster
fruit fly
Drosophila pseudoobscura pseudoobscura
Drosophila persimilis
Drosophila willistoni
Orthologs in non-Drosophila Dipterans (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG09150015 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Musca domestica
House fly
Musca domestica
House fly
Glossina morsitans
Tsetse fly
Glossina morsitans
Tsetse fly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Lucilia cuprina
Australian sheep blowfly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Mayetiola destructor
Hessian fly
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Aedes aegypti
Yellow fever mosquito
Anopheles darlingi
American malaria mosquito
Anopheles darlingi
American malaria mosquito
Anopheles gambiae
Malaria mosquito
Anopheles gambiae
Malaria mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Culex quinquefasciatus
Southern house mosquito
Orthologs in non-Dipteran Insects (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090W000E )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Bombyx mori
Silkmoth
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Danaus plexippus
Monarch butterfly
Heliconius melpomene
Postman butterfly
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis florea
Little honeybee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Apis mellifera
Western honey bee
Bombus impatiens
Common eastern bumble bee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Bombus terrestris
Buff-tailed bumblebee
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Linepithema humile
Argentine ant
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Megachile rotundata
Alfalfa leafcutting bee
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Nasonia vitripennis
Parasitic wasp
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Dendroctonus ponderosae
Mountain pine beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Red flour beetle
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Pediculus humanus
Human body louse
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Rhodnius prolixus
Kissing bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Cimex lectularius
Bed bug
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Acyrthosiphon pisum
Pea aphid
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Zootermopsis nevadensis
Nevada dampwood termite
Orthologs in non-Insect Arthropods (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG090X000C )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Strigamia maritima
European centipede
Daphnia pulex
Water flea
Orthologs in non-Arthropod Metazoa (via OrthoDB v9.1) ( EOG091G00Z2 )
Organism
Common Name
Gene
Multiple Dmel Genes in this Orthologous Group
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus
Purple sea urchin
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Ciona intestinalis
Vase tunicate
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Gallus gallus
Domestic chicken
Human Disease Model Data
FlyBase Human Disease Model Reports
    Alleles Reported to Model Human Disease (Disease Ontology)
    Download
    Models ( 0 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Evidence
    References
    Interactions ( 0 )
    Allele
    Disease
    Interaction
    References
    Comments ( 0 )
     
    Human Orthologs (via DIOPT v7.1)
    Note that ortholog calls supported by only 1 or 2 algorithms (DIOPT score < 3) are not shown.
    Homo sapiens (Human)
    Gene name
    Score
    OMIM
    OMIM Phenotype
    Complementation?
    Transgene?
    Functional Complementation Data
    Functional complementation data is computed by FlyBase using a combination of the orthology data obtained from DIOPT and OrthoDB and the allele-level genetic interaction data curated from the literature.
    Interactions
    Summary of Physical Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    Show neighbor-neighbor interactions:
    Select Layout:
    Legend:
    Protein
    RNA
    Selected Interactor(s)
    Interactions Browser

    Please look at the Interaction Group reports for full details of the physical interactions
    protein-protein
    Interacting group
    Assay
    References
    Summary of Genetic Interactions
    esyN Network Diagram
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    Starting gene(s)
    Interaction type
    Interacting gene(s)
    Reference
    External Data
    Linkouts
    DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
    Pathways
    Gene Group - Pathway Membership (FlyBase)
    External Data
    Linkouts
    Genomic Location and Detailed Mapping Data
    Chromosome (arm)
    Y
    Recombination map
    Y-
    Cytogenetic map
    Sequence location
    Y:22,250..137,486 [-]
    FlyBase Computed Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Evidence for location
    h2-h3
    Left limit from complementation mapping against T(Y;3)G42 (FBrf0039037) Right limit from complementation mapping against T(Y;3)J94 (FBrf0039037)
    Experimentally Determined Cytological Location
    Cytogenetic map
    Notes
    References
    h3-h3
    (determined by in situ hybridisation)
    Experimentally Determined Recombination Data
    Left of (cM)
    Right of (cM)
    Notes
    Stocks and Reagents
    Stocks (3)
    Genomic Clones (4)
     

    Please Note FlyBase no longer curates genomic clone accessions so this list may not be complete

    cDNA Clones (11)
     

    Please Note This section lists cDNAs and ESTs that fall within the genomic extent of the gene model, which may include cDNAs and ESTs of genes within introns, or of overlapping genes. Please see GBrowse for alignment of the cDNAs and ESTs to the gene model.

    cDNA clones, fully sequences
    BDGP DGC clones
      Other clones
        Drosophila Genomics Resource Center cDNA clones

        For each fully sequenced cDNA the DGRC maintains various forms of the cDNA (e.g tagged or untagged) in several different host vectors for subsequent cloning and expression in Drosophila and Drosophila cell lines.

          cDNA Clones, End Sequenced (ESTs)
          BDGP DGC clones
            Other clones
              RNAi and Array Information
              Linkouts
              GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
              Antibody Information
              Laboratory Generated Antibodies
               
              Commercially Available Antibodies
               
              Other Information
              Relationship to Other Genes
              Source for database identify of
              Source for database merge of
              Source for merge of: kl-5 Dhc-Yh3
              Source for merge of: CG12573 CG17616
              Source for merge of: kl-5 CG41497
              Additional comments
              Annotations CG40444 and CG41497 merged as CG45786 in release 6.02 of the genome annotation. This gene is no longer fragmented in the release 6 genome assembly.
              Annotations CG12573 and CG17616 merged as CG40444 in release 3 of the genome annotation.
              Williamson (1972) reported 26 non-complementing and nine complementing alleles induced by EMS.
              Other Comments
              Sequence of transcript(s) changed in r6 genomic release relative to r5 release.
              New annotation (CG41497) in release 5.2 of the genome annotation.
              dsRNA made from templates generated with primers directed against this gene tested in RNAi screen for effects on Kc167 and S2R+ cell morphology.
              Identification: PCR screen for Dynein heavy chain genes.
              kl-5 has been cloned and characterised.
              kl-5 gene locus encodes a dynein heavy chain, the dynein heavy chain sequences are localised to the kl-5 region of the Y chromosome. These results provide evidence that at least one of the Y chromosome fertility regions encodes a polypeptide required for spermatogenesis.
              Primary spermatocyte nuclei exhibit three giant lampbrush-like loops formed by the kl-5, kl-3 and ks-1 Y chromosome fertility factors.
              AAGAC satellite DNA repeats which map to the kl-5 and ks-1 loop forming regions are abundantly transcribed in primary spermatocytes. These transcripts are detected at all stages of development of these two loops, do not appear to migrate to the cytoplasm and are degraded when the loops disintegrate during the first meiotic prophase.
              Males mutant for kl-5 fail to assemble the outer dynein arms associated with the A tubules of the peripheral doublets of the sperm tail axoneme (Hardy, Tokuyasu, and Lindsley, 1981). Such males also fail to produce kl-5-specific 300-325 kilodalton sperm polypeptide considered to be a component of the outer arms (Goldstein, Hardy and Lindsley, 1982). kl-5 mutants exhibit very low level of fertility at 25oC but not at 18oC and in young but not older males (Kennison, 1983). Deficiencies for kl-5 completely sterile and in addition to the mutant phenotype they fail to produce aggregates of tubuli normally seen in thin sections of primary spermatocyte nuclei (Hardy et al., 1981). Within the kl-5 fertility region of the spermatocyte nucleus, a loop-forming site has been demonstrated by its reaction with the monoclonal antibody S5 (Bonaccorsi et al., 1988). These loops are stained with the protein-specific dye CBB, but are not visible in living preparations.
              Origin and Etymology
              Discoverer
              Etymology
              Identification
              External Crossreferences and Linkouts ( 49 )
              Crossreferences
              NCBI Gene - Gene integrates information from a wide range of species. A record may include nomenclature, Reference Sequences (RefSeqs), maps, pathways, variations, phenotypes, and links to genome-, phenotype-, and locus-specific resources worldwide.
              GenBank Nucleotide - A collection of sequences from several sources, including GenBank, RefSeq, TPA, and PDB.
              GenBank Protein - A collection of sequences from several sources, including translations from annotated coding regions in GenBank, RefSeq and TPA, as well as records from SwissProt, PIR, PRF, and PDB.
              RefSeq - A comprehensive, integrated, non-redundant, well-annotated set of reference sequences including genomic, transcript, and protein.
              UniProt/TrEMBL - Automatically annotated and unreviewed records of protein sequence and functional information
              Linkouts
              DroID - A comprehensive database of gene and protein interactions.
              GenomeRNAi - A database for cell-based and in vivo RNAi phenotypes and reagents
              iBeetle-Base - RNAi phenotypes in the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum)
              KEGG Genes - Molecular building blocks of life in the genomic space.
              Synonyms and Secondary IDs (18)
              Datasets (0)
              Study focus (0)
              Experimental Role
              Project
              Project Type
              Title
              References (94)