This report describes dilated cardiomyopathy 1MM, also known as left ventricular noncompaction 10 (LVNC10), which is one of several forms of heart disease associated with the human cardiac myosin-binding protein C (MYBPC3) (see OMIM:600958). Information about fly models for this and related diseases can be found in the report 'cardiomyopathy, MYBPC3-related' (FBhh0000421).
[updated Oct. 2016 by FlyBase; FBrf0222196]
Nonsyndromic isolated dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by left ventricular enlargement and systolic dysfunction, a reduction in the myocardial force of contraction. DCM usually presents with any one of the following: (1) Heart failure with symptoms of congestion (edema, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea) and/or reduced cardiac output (fatigue, dyspnea on exertion); (2) arrhythmias and/or conduction system disease; (3) thromboembolic disease (from left ventricular mural thrombus) including stroke. [from Dilated Cardiomyopathy Overview, pubmed:20301486 2016.01.26]
Dilated cardiomyopathy (CMD) is characterized by cardiac dilatation and reduced systolic function. CMD is the most frequent form of cardiomyopathy and accounts for more than half of all cardiac transplantations performed in patients between 1 and 10 years of age. A heritable pattern is present in 20 to 30% of cases. Most familial CMD pedigrees show an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance, usually presenting in the second or third decade of life (summary by Levitas et al., 2010, pubmed:20551992). [from OMIM:115200, 2016.01.27]
[LEFT VENTRICULAR NONCOMPACTION 10; LVNC10](https://omim.org/entry/615396)
[MYOSIN-BINDING PROTEIN C, CARDIAC; MYBPC3](https://omim.org/entry/600958)
Cardiac myosin-binding protein C (MYBPC3) is arrayed transversely in sarcomere A-bands and binds myosin heavy chain (see OMIM:160710) in thick filaments and titin (OMIM:188840) in elastic filaments. Phosphorylation of this protein appears to modulate contraction. [From OMIM:600958, 2016.02.01]
MYBPC3 encodes the cardiac isoform of myosin-binding protein C. Myosin-binding protein C is a myosin-associated protein found in the cross-bridge-bearing zone (C region) of A bands in striated muscle. MYBPC3, the cardiac isoform, is expressed exclussively in heart muscle. Regulatory phosphorylation of the cardiac isoform in vivo by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) upon adrenergic stimulation may be linked to modulation of cardiac contraction. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]