The segregation distortion phenomenon occurs in Drosophila melanogaster males carrying an SD second chromosome and an SD+ homolog. In such males the SD chromosome is transmitted to the progeny more frequently than the expected 50% because of an abnormal differentiation of the SD+-bearing sperms. Three major loci are involved in this phenomenon: SD and Rsp, associated with the SD and SD+ chromosome, respectively, and E(SD). In the present work we performed a cytogenetic analysis of the Rsp locus which was known to map to the centromeric heterochromatin of the second chromosome. Hoechst- and N-banding techniques were used to characterize chromosomes carrying Responder insensitive (Rspi), Responder sensitive (Rsps) and Responder supersensitive (Rspss) alleles. Our results locate the Rsp locus to the h39 region of 2R heterochromatin. This region is a Hoechst-bright, N-banding negative heterochromatic block adjacent to the centromere. Quantitative variations of the h39 region were observed. The degree of sensitivity to Sd was found to be directly correlated with the physical size of that region, demonstrating that the Rsp locus is composed of repeated DNA.