|Citation||Frankham, R. (1990). Adding the heterochromatic YL arm to an X chromosome reduces reproductive fitnesses in Drosophila melanogaster: implications for the evolution of rDNA, heterochromatin, and reproductive isolation. Genome 33: 340--347. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||For X-Y exchange to be of importance in the coevolution of X and Y rDNA, there must be a mechanism to maintain cytologically normal X chromosomes in the face of continual infusions of X.YL chromosomes produced by X-Y exchanges. Replicated populations were founded with different frequencies of isogenic X and X.YL chromosomes. The X.YL chromosome declined in frequency over time in all lines. Relative fitnesses, estimated from chromosome frequency trajectories, were 0.40, 1.01, and 1.0 for X.YL/X.YL, X.YL/X, and X/X females and 0.75 and 1.0 for X.YL/Y and X/Y males, respectively. The equilibrium frequency for the X.YL chromosome due to the balance between X-Y exchange and selection was predicted to be 4-16 x 10(-4). The results strengthen the evidence for the involvement of X-Y exchange in the coevolution of X and Y rDNA arrays. Conditions for the evolution of reproductive isolation by sex-chromosome translocation are much less probable than previously supposed since the X.YL translocation chromosome is at a selective disadvantage to cytologically normal X chromosomes. Additional heterochromatin was not neutral but was only deleterious beyond a threshold, as one dose of the heterochromatic XL arm did not reduce female reproductive fitness, but two doses did.|
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|Language of Publication||English|
|Additional Languages of Abstract||French|
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