|Citation||Baker, B.S., Hoff, G., Kaufman, T.C., Wolfner, M.F., Hazelrigg, T. (1991). The doublesex locus of Drosophila melanogaster and its flanking regions: a cytogenetic analysis. Genetics 127(): 125--138. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||The region of the third chromosome (84D-F) of Drosophila melanogaster that contains the doublesex (dsx) locus has been cytogenetically analyzed. Twenty nine newly induced, and 42 preexisting rearrangements broken in dsx and the regions flanking dsx have been cytologically and genetically characterized. These studies established that the dsx locus is in salivary chromosome band 84E1-2. In addition, these observations provide strong evidence that the dsx locus functions only to regulate sexual differentiation and does not encode a vital function. To obtain new alleles at the dsx locus and to begin to analyze the genes flanking dsx, 59 lethal and visible mutations in a region encompassing dsx were induced. These mutations together with preexisting mutations in the region were deficiency mapped and placed into complementation groups. Among the mutations we isolated, four new mutations affecting sexual differentiation were identified. All proved to be alleles of dsx, suggesting that dsx is the only gene in this region involved in regulating sexual differentiation. All but one of the new dsx alleles have equivalent effects in males and females. The exception, dsxEFH55, strongly affects female sexual differentiation, but only weakly affects male sexual differentiation. The interactions of dsxEFH55 with mutations in other genes affecting sexual differentiation are described. These results are discussed in terms of the recent molecular findings that the dsx locus encodes sex-specific proteins that share in common their amino termini but have different carboxyl termini. The 72 mutations in this region that do not affect sexual differentiation identify 25 complementation groups. A translocation, T(2;3)Es that is associated with a lethal allele in one of these complementation groups is also broken at the engrailed (en) locus on the second chromosome and has a dominant phenotype that may be due to the expression of en in the anterior portion of the abdominal tergites where en is not normally expressed. The essential genes found in the 84D-F region are not evenly distributed throughout this region; most strikingly the 84D1-11 region appears to be devoid of essential genes. It is suggested that the lack of essential genes in this region is due to the region (1) containing genes with nonessential functions and (2) being duplicated, possibly both internally and elsewhere in the genome.|
|Personal communication to FlyBase||T(1;3;4)dsx<up>M+R35</up>.
Baker, 1994.4.25, T(1;3;4)dsx<up>M+R35</up>. [FBrf0075382]
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|Language of Publication||English|
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