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Citation
Crozatier, M., Kongsuwan, K., Ferrer, P., Merriam, J.R., Lengyel, J.A., Vincent, A. (1992). Single amino acid exchanges in separate domains of the Drosophila serendipity zinc finger protein cause embryonic and sex biased lethality.  Genetics 131: 905--916.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0056268
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

The Drosophila serendipity (sry) delta (delta) zinc finger protein is a sequence-specific DNA binding protein, maternally inherited by the embryo and present in nuclei of transcriptionally active cells throughout fly development. We report here the isolation and characterization of four ethyl methanesulfate-induced zygotic lethal mutations of different strengths in the sry delta gene. For the stronger allele, all of the lethality occurs during late embryogenesis or the first larval instar. In the cases of the three weaker alleles, most of the lethality occurs during pupation; moreover, those adult escapers that emerge are sterile males lacking partially or completely in spermatozoa bundles. Genetic analysis of sry delta thus indicates that it is an essential gene, whose continued expression throughout the life cycle, notably during embryogenesis and pupal stage, is required for viability. Phenotypic analysis of sry delta hemizygote escaper males further suggests that sry delta may be involved in regulation of two different sets of genes: genes required for viability and genes involved in gonadal development. All four sry delta alleles are fully rescued by a wild-type copy of sry delta, but not by an additional copy of the sry beta gene, reinforcing the view that, although structurally related, these two genes exert distinct functions. Molecular characterization of the four sry delta mutations revealed that these mutations correspond to single amino acid replacements in the sry delta protein. Three of these replacements map to the same (third out of seven) zinc finger in the carboxy-terminal DNA binding domain; interestingly, none affects the zinc finger consensus residues. The fourth mutation is located in the NH2-proximal part of the protein, in a domain proposed to be involved in specific protein-protein interactions.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC1205101 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
DOI
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Genetics
    Title
    Genetics
    Publication Year
    1916-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0016-6731
    Data From Reference