|Citation||Maier, D., Sperlich, D., Powell, J.R. (1993). Conservation and change of the developmentally crucial fushi tarazu gene in Drosophila. J. Mol. Evol. 36(4): 315--326. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||We have studied the evolutionary changes occurring in the noncoding regions around the developmentally important fushi tarazu (ftz) gene in a total of 11 species in the genus Drosophila. Previous molecular developmental studies have identified DNA elements both 3' and 5' to the coding region which are important in proper regulation of expression of the Drosophila melanogaster ftz gene. We show here that these same elements are the most evolutionarily conserved regions in the vicinity of the gene homologs. Parts of some control elements are more conserved than exonic sequences. Not only is there sequence conservation, but the relative position, orientation, and distances among the control elements remain conserved. One quite significant difference does exist between the two major subgenera studied, Sophophora and Drosophila: namely, an inversion of the ftz unit with respect to other genes in the Antennapedia complex, ANT-C. As a comparison, we applied similar analysis to a "housekeeping" gene-rosy (ry), or Xdh. In contrast, DNA sequences 5' to the ry coding region revealed little evolutionary conservation. These studies bear out the proposition that functionally important DNA sequences remain more conserved through evolutionary time than do less functionally important sequences. This proposition could be tested in the present case because we could predict a priori from the developmental studies which DNA regions should be most conserved.|
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|Language of Publication||English|
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|Abbreviation||J. Mol. Evol.|
|Title||Journal of Molecular Evolution|
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