|Citation||Chao, Y., Pellegrini, M. (1993). In vitro transcription of Drosophila rRNA genes shows stimulation by a phorbol ester and serum. Mol. Cell. Biol. 13(2): 934--941. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||The phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and serum both stimulate rapid increases in the transcription of Drosophila rRNA genes in vivo. Here we report that this stimulation is observed in in vitro transcription assays using nuclear extracts from cells treated with TPA or serum. Experiments in which extracts from TPA- or serum-treated cells were mixed with extracts from cells grown in serum-restricted medium showed that there was an increased RNA polymerase I (Pol I) activity present in the cell extracts from treated cells. We used a series of plasmids that had been deleted in the region 5' to the start site of rRNA transcription to determine which sequences were necessary to support the increased transcription seen in extracts from stimulated cells. DNA templates that contain sequences between -150 and +32 (with +1 as the Pol I transcription start site) show dramatic increases in transcription with TPA- and serum-stimulated cell extracts; however, templates that contain 5' sequences to -60 or -43 show at most one-third of the stimulation level of transcription in nuclear extracts from treated cells in comparison with untreated cell extracts. The 5' deletion to -34 abolishes the stimulation effect and drops the basal-level transcription by 20-fold. These results indicate that the regulation of Pol I transcription in Drosophila cells by serum and TPA requires two DNA elements, sequences from -150 to -60 (upstream control element) and sequences from -43 to -34 (a portion of the core promoter.|
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|Language of Publication||English|
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|Abbreviation||Mol. Cell. Biol.|
|Title||Molecular and Cellular Biology|
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