|Citation||Gremke, L., Lord, P.C., Sabacan, L., Lin, S.C., Wohlwill, A., Storti, R.V. (1993). Coordinate regulation of Drosophila tropomyosin gene expression is controlled by multiple muscle-type-specific positive and negative enhancer elements. Dev. Biol. 159(2): 513--527. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||Muscle development involves the coordinated regulation of transcription of muscle-type-specific genes and their encoded proteins during myogenesis. We show here that transcriptional regulation of the Drosophila tropomyosin I (TmI) gene during myogenesis is under the control of at least two muscle enhancer regions located within the first intron of the gene. Together these enhancer regions contain multiple muscle-type-specific positive and negative cis-acting elements which together contribute toward full expression of the gene. One of these enhancers is contained within a 355-bp fragment that is sufficient to direct high levels of temporally regulated expression from a heterologous promoter in all muscles of transgenic flies. Dissection of this enhancer region into smaller fragments has allowed us to identify a 91-bp enhancer fragment sufficient for directing expression in all somatic and visceral muscles of the larva and adult but not in the indirect flight muscles and tergal depressor of the trochanter or jump muscles of the adult. We also show that this somatic/visceral muscle element(s) can be repressed through an adjacent negative control region, suggesting that the regulation of expression in these muscles is under dual control during both phases of myogenesis. We propose a model in which transcriptional regulation of the Drosophila TmI gene is controlled by the cooperative interaction of multiple positive and negative cis-acting regulatory elements that control the temporal and muscle-type pattern of expression. The distribution of enhancer elements and their control of TmI gene expression are similar to those regulating transcription of the muscle promoter of the TmII gene and provide a framework for the coordinate expression of the two genes.|
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|Language of Publication||English|
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