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Citation
Belvin, M.P., Jin, Y., Anderson, K.V. (1995). Cactus protein degradation mediates Drosophila dorsal-ventral signaling.  Genes Dev. 9(7): 783--793.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0079887
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract
Dorsal-ventral patterning in the Drosophila embryo relies on a signal transduction pathway that is similar to a signaling pathway leading to the activation of the mammalian transcription factor NF-kappa B. Stimulation of this Drosophila pathway on the ventral side of the embryo causes the nuclear translocation of Dorsal, the Drosophila NF-kappa B homolog. Cactus, like its mammalian homolog I kappa B, inhibits nuclear translocation by binding Dorsal and retaining it in the cytoplasm. We show that Cactus, like I kappa B, is rapidly degraded in response to signaling. More importantly, signal-dependent degradation of Cactus does not require the presence of Dorsal, indicating that Cactus degradation is a direct response to signaling, and that disruption of the Dorsal/Cactus complex is a secondary result of Cactus degradation. Mutant alleles of cactus that encode more stable forms of the protein block signaling, showing that efficient degradation is necessary for signaling. We find that Cactus protein stability is regulated by two independent processes that rely on different regions within the protein: signal-dependent degradation requires sequences in the amino terminus or ankyrin repeats, whereas signal-independent degradation of free Cactus requires the carboxy-terminal region of the protein that includes a PEST sequence.
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Genes Dev.
    Title
    Genes & Development
    Publication Year
    1987-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0890-9369
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (3)
    Alleles (16)
    Gene Groups (2)
    Genes (9)
    Transgenic Constructs (1)