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Citation
Lemaitre, B., Meister, M., Govind, S., Georgel, P., Steward, R., Reichhart, J.M., Hoffmann, J.A. (1995). Functional analysis and regulation of nuclear import of dorsal during the immune response in Drosophila.  EMBO J. 14(3): 536--545.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0080205
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract
In addition to its function in embryonic development, the NF-kappa B/rel-related gene dorsal (dl) of Drosophila is expressed in larval and adult fat body where its RNA expression is enhanced upon injury. Injury also leads to a rapid nuclear translocation of dl from the cytoplasm in fat body cells. Here we present data which strongly suggest that the nuclear localization of dl during the immune response is controlled by the Toll signaling pathway, comprising gene products that participate in the intracellular part of the embryonic dorsoventral pathway. We also report that in mutants such as Toll or cactus, which exhibit melanotic tumor phenotypes, dl is constitutively nuclear. Together, these results point to a potential link between the Toll signaling pathway and melanotic tumor induction. Although dl has been shown previously to bind to kappa B-related motifs within the promoter of the antibacterial peptide coding gene diptericin, we find that injury-induced expression of diptericin can occur in the absence of dl. Furthermore, the melanotic tumor phenotype of Toll and cactus is not dl dependent. These data underline the complexity of the Drosophila immune response. Finally, we observed that like other rel proteins, dl can control the level of its own transcription.
PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC398111 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
DOI
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    EMBO J.
    Title
    The EMBO Journal
    Publication Year
    1982-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0261-4189
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (2)
    Alleles (30)
    Genes (14)
    Insertions (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (1)