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Citation
Morcillo, P., Rosen, C., Dorsett, D. (1996). Genes regulating the remote wing margin enhancer in the Drosophila cut locus.  Genetics 144(3): 1143--1154.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0090702
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

The mechanisms that allow enhancers to activate promoters from thousands of base pairs away are disrupted by the suppressor of Hairy-wing protein (SUHW) of Drosophila. SUHW binds a DNA sequence in the gypsy retrotransposon and prevents enhancers promoter-distal to a gypsy insertion in a gene from activating without affecting promoter-proximal enhancers. Several observations indicate that SUHW does not affect enhancer-binding activators. Instead, SUHW may interfere with factors that structurally facilitate interactions between an enhancer and promoter. To identify putative enhancer facilitators, a screen for mutations that reduce activity of the remote wing margin enhancer in the cut gene was performed. Mutations in scalloped, mastermind, and a previously unknown gene, Chip, were isolated. A TEA DNA-binding domain in the Scalloped protein binds the wing margin enhancer. Interactions between scalloped, mastermind and Chip mutations indicate that mastermind and Chip act synergistically with scalloped to regulate the wing margin enhancer. Chip is essential and also affects expression of a gypsy insertion in Ultrabithorax. Relative to mutations in scalloped or mastermind, a Chip mutation hypersensitizes the wing margin enhancer in cut to gypsy insertions. Therefore, Chip might encode a target of SUHW enhancer-blocking activity.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC1207607 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
DOI
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Genetics
    Title
    Genetics
    Publication Year
    1916-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0016-6731
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (2)
    Alleles (27)
    Balancers (1)
    Genes (9)
    Insertions (4)