Open Close
Reference
Citation
Sutherland, D., Samakovlis, C., Krasnow, M.A. (1996). branchless encodes a Drosophila FGF homolog that controls tracheal cell migration and the pattern of branching.  Cell 87(6): 1091--1101.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0091184
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

The molecular basis for patterning of complex organ structures like the lung and insect tracheal system is unknown. Here, we describe the Drosophila gene branchless (bnl) and demonstrate that it is a key determinant of the tracheal branching pattern. bnl is required for tracheal branching and is expressed dynamically in clusters of cells surrounding the developing tracheal system at each position where a new branch will form and grow out. Localized misexpression of bnl can direct branch formation and outgrowth to new positions. Generalized misexpression activates later programs of tracheal gene expression and branching, resulting in massive networks of branches. bnl encodes a homolog of mammalian fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and appears to function as a ligand for the breathless receptor tyrosine kinase, an FGF receptor homolog expressed on developing tracheal cells. The results suggest that this FGF pathway specifies the tracheal branching pattern by guiding tracheal cell migration during primary branch formation and then activating later programs of finer branching at the ends of growing primary branches.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
Associated Information
Comments
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Cell
    Title
    Cell
    Publication Year
    1974-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0092-8674
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (1)
    Alleles (12)
    Gene Groups (1)
    Genes (9)
    Insertions (6)
    Experimental Tools (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (4)