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Ren, X., Eisenhour, L., Hong, C., Lee, Y., McKee, B.D. (1997). Roles of rDNA spacer and transcription unit-sequences in X-Y meiotic chromosome pairing in Drosophila melanogaster males.  Chromosoma 106(1): 29--36.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0096147
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Meiotic pairing of the X and Y chromosomes in Drosophila melanogaster males is mediated by the rDNA repeats, which are present in two tandem clusters, one in the centric X heterochromatin and the other near the base of the short arm of the Y chromosome. Deletion of the X chromosomal rDNA cluster disrupts X-Y pairing and causes high frequences of X-Y nondisjunction. Pairing can be partly restored by insertions of cloned complete rRNA genes or by rDNA fragments that include the intergenic spacer (IGS) region. A 240 bp repeated sequence in the IGS was shown to be effective in promoting pairing when present at copy numbers above five. This study further defines the rDNA sequences involved in mediating pairing. Germline insertions of a P element construct containing most of the rDNA transcription unit but no promoter or IGS region were obtained. Two single-copy insertions and four two-copy insertions proved unable to stimulate X-Y disjunction when located on an rDNA-deficient X chromosome. In addition, three insertions of a P element construct consisting of the IGS and promoter regions of the rDNA were characterized molecularly. These three insertions had previously been shown to range in pairing ability from very weak to quite strong. Molecular analysis revealed that the three insertions also vary in copy number of the 240 bp IGS repeat and that these structural differences correlate with the differences in pairing ability. These data indicate that 240 bp repeats are considerably more effective than other regions of the rDNA in stimulating chromosome pairing.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Chromosoma
    Title
    Chromosoma
    Publication Year
    1939-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0009-5915
    Data From Reference
    Aberrations (2)
    Alleles (6)
    Genes (2)
    Insertions (2)
    Transgenic Constructs (3)