|Citation||Hough, C.D., Woods, D.F., Park, S., Bryant, P.J. (1997). Organizing a functional junctional complex requires specific domains of the Drosophila MAGUK Discs large. Genes Dev. 11(23): 3242--3253. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||Discs large (Dlg) was the first identified member of an increasingly important class of proteins called membrane-associated guanylate kinase homologs (MAGUKs), which are often concentrated at cell junctions and contain distinct peptide domains named PDZ1-3, SH3, HOOK, and GUK. Dlg is localized at and required for the formation of both septate junctions in epithelial cells and synaptic junctions in neurons. In the absence of Dlg, epithelia lose their organization and overgrow. We tested the functions of each domain of Dlg in vivo by constructing transgenic flies expressing altered forms of the protein. In the first set of experiments each domain was examined for its ability to correctly target an epitope-tagged Dlg to pre-existing septate junctions. Based on these results the Hook domain is necessary for localization of the protein to the cell membrane and the PDZ2 is required for restricting the protein to the septate junction. In the second set of experiments each domain was tested for its role in growth regulation and organization of epithelial structure. These results show that PDZ1 and GUK are apparently dispensable for function, PDZ2 and PDZ3 are required for growth regulation but not for epithelial structure, and SH3 and HOOK are essential for both aspects of function. The results demonstrate the functional modularity of Dlg and clarify the functions of individual MAGUK domains in regulating the structure and growth of epithelial tissue.|
Anonymous, 1998, Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 8(1): 7 [FBrf0102115]
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|Language of Publication||English|
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|Title||Genes & Development|
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