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Turunen, O., Sainio, M., Jaaskelainen, J., Carpen, O., Vaheri, A. (1998). Structure-function relationships in the ezrin family and the effect of tumor-associated point mutations in neurofibromatosis 2 protein.  Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1387(1-2): 1--16.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0105384
Publication Type
Review
Abstract

Ezrin, radixin and moesin (ERM proteins) link cell adhesion molecules to the cytoskeleton, modulate cell morphology and cell growth and are involved in Rho-mediated signal transduction. Merlin, the tumor suppressor in neurofibromatosis 2, is a diverged member of the ezrin family, but its function is at least partially similar to the ERM proteins. In the N-domain, the ezrin family belongs to the band 4.1 superfamily. Secondary structure predictions made separately for the ezrin and band 4.1-tyrosine phosphatase families give a similar pattern for the homologous N-domains, indicating that both families have a similar binding site for the integral membrane proteins. The alpha-domain shows a strong coiled-coil prediction, that can be involved in the protein dimerization. The C-terminal actin-binding site in the ERM proteins and the actin-binding helix in the villin headpiece have a common amino acid motif. In merlin, the published tumor-associated single amino acid mutations in the N-domain are located in the conserved sites, and they affect mainly the predicted helices and strands, indicating that these mutations cause the disease primarily by disturbing the protein structure. In the alpha- and C-domains, some of the mutations break the helical structures. Some known mutations are observed at a site potentially interacting with cell adhesion molecules. We will also discuss the implications of the evolutionary information and the actin-binding models in the ezrin family.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta
    Title
    Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
    Publication Year
    1947-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0006-3002
    Data From Reference
    Genes (3)