Open Close
Reference
Citation
Beumer, K.J., Rohrbough, J., Prokop, A., Broadie, K. (1999). A role for PS integrins in morphological growth and synaptic function at the postembryonic neuromuscular junction of Drosophila.  Development 126(24): 5833--5846.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0111801
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

A family of three position-specific (PS) integrins are expressed at the Drosophila neuromuscular junction (NMJ): a beta subunit ((betaPS), expressed in both presynaptic and postsynaptic membranes, and two alpha subunits (alphaPS1, alphaPS2), expressed at least in the postsynaptic membrane. PS integrins appear at postembryonic NMJs coincident with the onset of rapid morphological growth and terminal type-specific differentiation, and are restricted to type I synaptic boutons, which mediate fast, excitatory glutamatergic transmission. We show that two distinctive hypomorphic mutant alleles of the beta subunit gene myospheroid (mys(b9) and mys(ts1)), differentially affect betaPS protein expression at the synapse to produce distinctive alterations in NMJ branching, bouton formation, synaptic architecture and the specificity of synapse formation on target cells. The mys(b9) mutation alters betaPS localization to cause a striking reduction in NMJ branching, bouton size/number and the formation of aberrant 'mini-boutons', which may represent a developmentally arrested state. The mys(ts1) mutation strongly reduces betaPS expression to cause the opposite phenotype of excessive synaptic sprouting and morphological growth. NMJ function in these mutant conditions is altered in line with the severity of the morphological aberrations. Consistent with these mutant phenotypes, transgenic overexpression of the betaPS protein with a heat-shock construct or tissue-specific GAL4 drivers causes a reduction in synaptic branching and bouton number. We conclude that betaPS integrin at the postembryonic NMJ is a critical determinant of morphological growth and synaptic specificity. These data provide the first genetic evidence for a functional role of integrins at the postembryonic synapse.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
DOI
Associated Information
Comments
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Development
    Title
    Development
    Publication Year
    1987-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0950-1991
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (8)
    Genes (8)
    Insertions (3)
    Experimental Tools (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (2)