|Citation||Fasken, M.B., Saunders, R., Rosenberg, M., Brighty, D.W. (2000). A leptomycin B-sensitive homologue of human CRM1 promotes nuclear export of nuclear export sequence-containing proteins in Drosophila cells. J. Biol. Chem. 275(3): 1878--1886. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||The Rev protein of human immunodeficiency virus is a nuclear shuttling protein that promotes nuclear export of mRNAs that encode the viral structural proteins Gag, Pol, and Env. Rev binds to a highly structured RNA motif, the Rev-responsive element (RRE), that is present in all Rev-responsive viral transcripts and facilitates their entry into a nuclear export pathway by recruiting cellular export factors. In mammalian and yeast cells, the principal export receptor engaged by Rev has been identified as the importin/transportin family member CRM1/exportin 1. CRM1 binds directly to a leucine-rich nuclear export sequence (NES) present in Rev, and similar motifs have been identified in a variety of cellular nuclear shuttling proteins. We and our colleagues previously demonstrated that, in transfected Drosophila cells, HIV-1 Rev is fully functional and promotes expression of the viral envelope glycoprotein. We now demonstrate that the fundamental mechanism of Rev action in insect cells is identical to that observed in the mammalian systems. In particular, we show that Drosophila cells express a leptomycin B-sensitive homologue of human CRM1 that supports Rev-dependent gene expression and is required for nuclear export of NES-containing proteins in insect cells.|
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|Language of Publication||English|
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|Abbreviation||J. Biol. Chem.|
|Title||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
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