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Citation
Meller, V.H. (2000). Dosage compensation: making 1X equal 2X.  Trends Cell Biol. 10(2): 54--59.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0125380
Publication Type
Review
Abstract
Animals that have XX females and XY or XO males have differing doses of X-linked genes in each sex. Overcoming this is the most immediate and vital aspect of sexual differentiation. A number of systems that accurately compensate for sex-chromosome dosage have evolved independently: silencing a single X chromosome in female mammals, downregulating both X chromosomes in hermaphrodite Caenorhabditis elegans and upregulating the X chromosome in male Drosophila all equalize X-linked gene expression. Each organism uses a largely non-overlapping set of molecules to achieve the same outcome: 1X = 2X.
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Trends Cell Biol.
    Title
    Trends in Cell Biology
    Publication Year
    1991-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0962-8924
    Data From Reference
    Genes (10)