|Citation||Long, A.D., Lyman, R.F., Morgan, A.H., Langley, C.H., Mackay, T.F.C. (2000). Both naturally occurring insertions of transposable elements and intermediate frequency polymorphisms at the achaete-scute complex are associated with variation in bristle number in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 154(3): 1255--1269. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||A restriction enzyme survey of a 110-kb region including the achaete scute complex (ASC) examined 14 polymorphic molecular markers in a sample of 56 naturally occurring chromosomes. Large insertions as a class were associated with a reduction in both sternopleural and abdominal bristle number, supporting deleterious mutation-selection equilibrium models for the maintenance of quantitative genetic variation. Two polymorphic sites were independently associated with variation in bristle number measured in two genetic backgrounds as assessed by a permutation test. A 6-bp deletion near sc alpha is associated with sternopleural bristle number variation in both sexes and a 3.4-kb insertion between sc beta and sc gamma is associated with abdominal bristle number variation in females. Under an additive genetic model, the small deletion polymorphism near sc alpha accounts for 25% of the total X chromosome genetic variation in sternopleural bristle number, and the 3.4 kb insertion accounts for 22% of the total X chromosome variation in female abdominal bristle number. The observation of common polymorphisms associated with variation in bristle number is more parsimoniously explained by models that incorporate balancing selection or assume variants affecting bristle number are neutral, than mutation-selection equilibrium models.|
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|Language of Publication||English|
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