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Citation
Song, Z., Guan, B., Bergman, A., Nicholson, D.W., Thornberry, N.A., Peterson, E.P., Steller, H. (2000). Biochemical and genetic interactions between Drosophila caspases and the proapoptotic genes rpr, hid, and grim.  Mol. Cell. Biol. 20(8): 2907--2914.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0127334
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

In Drosophila melanogaster, the induction of apoptosis requires three closely linked genes, reaper (rpr), head involution defective (hid), and grim. The products of these genes induce apoptosis by activating a caspase pathway. Two very similar Drosophila caspases, DCP-1 and drICE, have been previously identified. We now show that DCP-1 has a substrate specificity that is remarkably similar to those of human caspase 3 and Caenorhabditis elegans CED-3, suggesting that DCP-1 is a death effector caspase. drICE and DCP-1 have similar yet different enzymatic specificities. Although expression of either in cultured cells induces apoptosis, neither protein was able to induce DNA fragmentation in Drosophila SL2 cells. Ectopic expression of a truncated form of dcp-1 (DeltaN-dcp-1) in the developing Drosophila retina under an eye-specific promoter resulted in a small and rough eye phenotype, whereas expression of the full-length dcp-1 (fl-dcp-1) had little effect. On the other hand, expression of either full-length drICE (fl-drICE) or truncated drICE (DeltaN-drICE) in the retina showed no obvious eye phenotype. Although active DCP-1 protein cleaves full-length DCP-1 and full-length drICE in vitro, GMR-DeltaN-dcp-1 did not enhance the eye phenotype of GMR-fl-dcp-1 or GMR-fl-drICE flies. Significantly, GMR-rpr and GMR-grim, but not GMR-hid, dramatically enhanced the eye phenotype of GMR-fl-dcp-1 flies. These results indicate that Reaper and Grim, but not HID, can activate DCP-1 in vivo.

PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC85526 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Mol. Cell. Biol.
    Title
    Molecular and Cellular Biology
    Publication Year
    1981-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0270-7306
    Data From Reference
    Alleles (9)
    Genes (7)
    Insertions (2)
    Experimental Tools (1)
    Transgenic Constructs (8)