|Citation||Csink, A.K., Bounoutas, A., Griffith, M.L., Sabl, J.F., Sage, B.T. (2002). Differential gene silencing by trans-heterochromatin in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 160(1): 257--269. (Export to RIS)|
|Publication Type||Research paper|
|PubMed Abstract||The brown(Dominant) (bw(D)) allele contains a large insertion of heterochromatin leading to the trans-inactivation of the wild-type allele in bw(D)/bw(+) heterozygous flies. This silencing is correlated with the localization of bw(+) to a region of the interphase nucleus containing centric heterochromatin. We have used a series of transgene constructs inserted in the vicinity of the bw locus to demarcate both the extent of bw(D) influence along the chromosome and the relative sensitivities of various genes. Examples of regulatory regions that are highly sensitive, moderately sensitive, and insensitive were found. Additionally, by using the same transgene at increasing distances from the bw(D) insertion site in trans we were able to determine the range of influence of the heterochromatic neighborhood in terms of chromosomal distance. When the transgene was farther away from bw, there was, indeed, a tendency for it to be less trans-inactivated. However, insertion site also influenced silencing: a gene 86 kb away was trans-inactivated, while the same transgene 45 kb away was not. Thus location, distance, and gene-specific differences all influence susceptibility to trans-silencing near a heterochromatic neighborhood. These results have important implications for the ability of nuclear positioning to influence the expression of large blocks of a chromosome.|
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|Language of Publication||English|
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