Open Close
Reference
Citation
Poux, S., Horard, B., Sigrist, C.J.A., Pirrotta, V. (2002). The Drosophila Trithorax protein is a coactivator required to prevent re-establishment of Polycomb silencing.  Development 129(10): 2483--2493.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0146993
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract
Polycomb group (PcG) and Trithorax (TRX) complexes assemble at Polycomb response elements (PREs) and maintain respectively the repressed and active state of homeotic genes. Although PcG and TRX complexes are distinct, their binding to some PRE fragments in vitro depends on GAGA motifs. GAGA factor immunoprecipitates with both complexes. In presence of a PRE, TRX stimulates expression and prevents the return of repression at later stages. When TRX levels are reduced, repression is re-established in inappropriate regions of imaginal discs, suggesting that TRX insufficiency impairs the epigenetic memory of the active state. Targeting a GAL-TRX fusion shows that TRX is a coactivator that stimulates expression of an active gene but cannot initiate expression by itself. Targeting a histone acetylase to a PRE does not affect embryonic silencing but causes a loss of memory in imaginal discs, suggesting that deacetylation is required to establish the memory of the repressed state.
PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
DOI
Associated Information
Comments
Associated Files
Other Information
Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Development
    Title
    Development
    Publication Year
    1987-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0950-1991
    Data From Reference