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Citation
Chung, H.R., Schafer, U., Jackle, H., Bohm, S. (2002). Genomic expansion and clustering of ZAD-containing C2H2 zinc-finger genes in Drosophila.  EMBO Rep. 3(12): 1158--1162.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0155739
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract
C2H2 zinc-finger proteins (ZFPs) constitute the largest family of nucleic acid binding factors in higher eukaryotes. In silico analysis identified a total of 326 putative ZFP genes in the Drosophila genome, corresponding to approximately 2.3% of the annotated genes. Approximately 29% of the Drosophila ZFPs are evolutionary conserved in humans and/or Caenorhabditis elegans. In addition, approximately 28% of the ZFPs contain an N-terminal zinc-finger-associated C4DM domain (ZAD) consisting of approximately 75 amino acid residues. The ZAD is restricted to ZFPs of dipteran and closely related insects. The evolutionary restriction, an expansion of ZAD-containing ZFP genes in the Drosophila genome and their clustering at few chromosomal sites are features reminiscent of vertebrate KRAB-ZFPs. ZADs are likely to represent protein-protein interaction domains. We propose that ZAD-containing ZFP genes participate in transcriptional regulation either directly or through site-specific modification and/or regulation of chromatin.
PubMed ID
PubMed Central ID
PMC1308319 (PMC) (EuropePMC)
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Secondary IDs
    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    EMBO Rep.
    Title
    EMBO Reports
    Publication Year
    2000-
    ISBN/ISSN
    1469-221X 1469-3178
    Data From Reference