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Dimitri, P., Junakovic, N., Arca, B. (2003). Colonization of heterochromatic genes by transposable elements in Drosophila.  Mol. Biol. Evol. 20(4): 503--512.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0159196
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

As a further step toward understanding transposable element-host genome interactions, we investigated the molecular anatomy of introns from five heterochromatic and 22 euchromatic protein-coding genes of Drosophila melanogaster. A total of 79 kb of intronic sequences from heterochromatic genes and 355 kb of intronic sequences from euchromatic genes have been used in Blast searches against Drosophila transposable elements (TEs). The results show that TE-homologous sequences belonging to 19 different families represent about 50% of intronic DNA from heterochromatic genes. In contrast, only 0.1% of the euchromatic intron DNA exhibits homology to known TEs. Intraspecific and interspecific size polymorphisms of introns were found, which are likely to be associated with changes in TE-related sequences. Together, the enrichment in TEs and the apparent dynamic state of heterochromatic introns suggest that TEs contribute significantly to the evolution of genes located in heterochromatin.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Mol. Biol. Evol.
    Title
    Molecular Biology and Evolution
    Publication Year
    1983-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0737-4038 1537-1719
    Data From Reference