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Citation
Freeman, M.R., Delrow, J., Kim, J., Johnson, E., Doe, C.Q. (2003). Unwrapping glial biology: gcm target genes regulating glial development, diversification, and function.  Neuron 38(4): 567--580.
FlyBase ID
FBrf0160527
Publication Type
Research paper
Abstract

Glia are the most abundant cell type in the mammalian brain. They regulate neuronal development and function, CNS immune surveillance, and stem cell biology, yet we know surprisingly little about glia in any organism. Here we identify over 40 new Drosophila glial genes. We use glial cells missing (gcm) mutants and misexpression to verify they are Gcm regulated in vivo. Many genes show unique spatiotemporal responsiveness to Gcm in the CNS, and thus glial subtype diversification requires spatially or temporally restricted Gcm cofactors. These genes provide insights into glial biology: we show unc-5 (a repulsive netrin receptor) orients glial migrations and the draper gene mediates glial engulfment of apoptotic neurons and larval locomotion. Many identified Drosophila glial genes have homologs expressed in mammalian glia, revealing conserved molecular features of glial cells. 80% of these Drosophila glial genes have mammalian homologs; these are now excellent candidates for regulating human glial development, function, or disease.

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    Language of Publication
    English
    Additional Languages of Abstract
    Parent Publication
    Publication Type
    Journal
    Abbreviation
    Neuron
    Title
    Neuron
    Publication Year
    1988-
    ISBN/ISSN
    0896-6273
    Data From Reference