The first committed step in the purine de novo synthesis pathway is performed by amidophosphoribosyltransferase (EC 220.127.116.11) or Prat. Drosophila melanogaster Prat is an essential gene with a promoter that lacks a TATA-box and initiator element and has multiple transcription start sites with a predominant start site. To study the regulation of Prat expression in the adult eye, we used the Prat:bw reporter gene, in which the Prat coding region was replaced with the brown (bw) coding region. The pale-orange eye color of a single copy of Prat:bw prompted us to use a multicopy array of Prat:bw that was derived using P transposase mutagenesis and produces a darker-orange eye color in a bw(D); st genetic background. We used a 13-copy array of Prat:bw as a tool to recover dominant EMS-induced mutations that affect the expression of the transgene. After screening 21,000 F(1)s for deviation from the orange eye color, we isolated 23 dominant modifiers: 21 suppressors (1 Y-linked, 5 X-linked, 4 2-linked, and 11 3-linked) and 2 enhancers (1 2-linked and 1 3-linked). Quantification of their effect on endogenous Prat gene expression, using RT-PCR in young adult fly heads, identifies a subset of modifiers that are candidates for genes involved in regulating Prat expression.